Guide to COP15 by joepahl


									     Guide to the Copenhagen Summit (Cop15)
                                                                                      1 OCTOBER 2009

WHAT IS IT?       COP15 stands for Conference of the Parties 15. It will be the 15 th time that Environment
                  Ministers and diplomats meet under the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework
                  Convention on Climate Change) since it was established in Rio in 1992. The Conference
                  will take place from 7-18 December 2009 in Copenhagen.

                  The aim of the conference is to hammer out a successor to the 1992 Kyoto Protocol
                  which set a framework for binding greenhouse gas emission reductions for both
                  developed and developing countries. The Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012 and a new
                  agreement is needed to run from that point onwards.

                  The Summit is essentially a political one, but there will also be other attendees. The main
WHO WILL          groups are:
                  ■ Representatives of governments                 ■ Media
                  ■ UN agencies and international                  ■ Observer organisations including
                    organisations e.g. Global Environment            businesses and NGOs
                    Facility (GEF), World Meteorological           ■ Protestors
                    Organisation (WMO) and the World Bank

                  The key players, as the world’s largest emitters of carbon, are the US and China. There is
WHO ARE THE       some doubt as to the likelihood of ratifying a replacement deal to Kyoto since the US and
MAIN PLAYERS AT   China have not met for substantive bilateral negotiations ahead of Copenhagen. The EU
                  is also an important player since it is a large emitter and is also the most progressive of
THE SUMMIT?       the three main players in seeking a deal in Copenhagen. India, as a large country with a
                  fast growing economy, is also crucially important.

                  Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, has identified the following key
WHAT WILL         questions which must be addressed to achieve an international agreement at
THE SUMMIT        Copenhagen:

ACHIEVE?          1. How much are industrialised countries      3. How is the help needed by developing
                     willing to reduce their emissions of          countries to reduce their emissions and
                     greenhouse gases?                             adapt to the impacts of climate change
                  2. How much are the major developing             going to be financed?
                     countries, such as China and India,        4. How is that money going to be
                     willing to do to limit the growth of          managed?
                           Ahead of the Summit, many companies have signed the Copenhagen
WHAT ROLE                  Communiqué – a document which reinforces the message to
IS THERE FOR               governments that a large part of the international business community wants a strong
                           and effective international climate framework. It has been signed by many companies,
BUSINESSES?                including Kingfisher, Tesco, Marks and Spencer, Cadbury, Pepsico and Barclays. There
                           are a number of initiatives from the NGO community (e.g. ActionAid, Friends of the
                           Earth, Oxfam, WWF etc), some of which might be suitable for businesses to engage in.
                           For example, the 10:10 campaign encourages businesses, as well as individuals, to cut
                           their carbon emissions by 10% by the end of 2010.

                           Between 12,000 and 15,000 people are expected to participate in the Summit, including
ARE THERE SIDE             more than 2,000 international journalists. The conference venue will host a series of side
EVENTS AT THE              events organised by NGOs, business associations, countries, and academia, putting the
                           spotlight on various aspects of the battle against climate change. These events will target
COP-15?                    delegates and VIPs, as well as journalists. The city of Copenhagen will host a myriad of
                           parallel events such as seminars, conferences, and fairs organized by grassroots,
                           business, cities and NGOs alike. Target groups will include international media and key
                           opinion leaders, as well as delegates from the Summit.
                           Deadlines for active business participation, such as sponsoring or speaking, at the
                           majority of these events have now passed (February 2009). However most events are
                           open to the public and normal registration is still open. The size and calibre of the
                           expected audiences provide a good platform for networking and companies with an
                           interest in the summit should consider the merits of sending an observer.

                           Thanks to the extensive Fleishman-Hillard network, the company is well positioned to
CAN FLEISHMAN-             draw together important information from its various offices to offer a global overview
HILLARD HELP?              of what is a global challenge. The FH Beijing office, for instance, may have particularly
                           interesting insight into the situation in China. Likewise FH Mumbai, FH Brussels and FH
                           Washington DC could offer vital information from their respective areas of expertise. FH
                           Johannesburg may have particularly useful insight into the approach of the developing
                           world on the challenge of ensuring economic growth, within the context of low carbon

                           Over the coming weeks Fleishman-Hillard will produce Executive Summaries of the
WHAT’S NEXT?               following key issues on the Copenhagen Agenda:

                           ■ Emission targets                             ■ Clean Developing Mechanism
                           ■ Financing                                    ■ Personal carbon credits

       Teresa Calvano
       Tel: +32 2 230 05 45

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