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									     NON STATE ACTORS SUPPORT PROGRAM
                PROGRAM MANAGEMENT AND
                          FACILITATION UNIT



                        THE REPORT OF ZONAL WORKSHOPS
                                         ON
 MKUKUTA 2007 REPORT, AGRICULTURE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT POGRAM,
                        AGRICULTURE AND MINING POLICIES




       HELD IN MASASI, MBEYA, DODOMA, ARUSHA, MOROGORO AND MWANZA
                         13 NOVEMBER 2007 TO 14TH JANUARY 2008




FEBRUARY 2008


Zito Kabwe (Lead Consultant)
                                             List of Contents

1.0     INTRODUCTION

        1.1     Background

        1.2     Workshop Objectives

        1.3     Target Group and Participants

        1.4     Methodology

2.0     SUMMARY OF THE WORKSHOPS PROCEEDINGS

        2.1     PRESENTATIONS

                2.1.1   MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007

                2.1.2   The National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997

                2.1.3   The National Agriculture and Livestock Policy of 1997

                2.1.4   Agricultural Sector Development Program of 2006

        2.2     DISCUSSIONS AND KEY OUTPUTS

                2.2.1   MKUKUTA report

                2.2.2   National Mineral Sector Policy

                2.2.3   Discussion of Agriculture Policy

                2.2.4   Discussion on ASDP

                2.2.5   General Issues

3.0     CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

4.0     LIST OF ANNEXES
Annex 1: Extract of Presentations
Annex 2: Group Work Questions and Presentations
Annex 3: List of Presentations and Materials disseminated
Annex 4: Workshop Timetable
Annex 5: Zonal Workshops Schedule
Annex 6: Workshops Evaluation Report
Annex 7: List of Participants and Contacts




                                                    1
1.0 INTRODUCTION


       1.1 Background


The workshops on the popularisation of national policies are part of the 9th EDF Non State
Actors (NSA) capacity building support program planned activities. The workshops activity
lies within the Program Management Facilitation Unit as highlighted within the unit work plan
for 2007 – 2008. The organisation and later on implementation of the workshops marks the
beginning of implementation of NSA-SP core objective which is establishment of learning
platforms for stakeholders with the aim of promoting improved communication and access to
information to enhance collaboration and networking among NSA’s, at and between all levels.

NSA-SP is a capacity building program established under the ACP-EU economic partnership
agreements. The decision to establish the PMFU with the responsibility to implement the
program was reached in November 2006 by the government of Tanzania and European Union
after three years of intense negotiations with representatives of NSA organisations in Tanzania.
The program is part of ACP-EU Cotonou partnership agreement signed in 23 June 2000 which
emphasizes effective participation of non state actors in all the negotiations and activities
relating to this unique north-south multilateral economic engagement. The idea as stipulated in
the Cotonou Agreement of 2000 is to promote effective and constructive participation of
NSA’s through implementation of various capacity building projects.

The decision to include popularisation of national policies was done by the PMFU for the
purpose of giving stakeholders a chance to learn and discuss about national policy formulation,
implementation and evaluation process. The need to undertake the activity comes from the fact
that there is a general lack of adequate information and understanding of the national policies
among the Tanzanian population. More so even among NSAs, as it has proved during the
workshops, the problem persists. The workshops are seen as one of the way to improve
competent, effective and viable participation of NSA stakeholders in matters concerning
national policies either during their formulation, implementation, evaluation and review
processes.




                                               2
    Base on the current national economical and political sphere where issues of mining and
    agriculture have become the most sensitive one and many people would like to have more
    information on the regimes guiding the two sectors, a decision was made to begun
    popularisation activities with the Mineral Policy of 1997 and The National Agriculture and
    Livestock Act of 1997. The choice of the two policies was supported by another fact that the
    two policies are in review process and it was agreed that presenting the policies would give
    NSA’s stakeholders an opportunity to discuss and express their views of the two sectors.

    As all policies in Tanzania are supposed to be linked to the MKUKUTA as a general
    framework for poverty reduction, it was also agreed that there should be presentation and
    discussion of The MKUKUTA Implementation Report of 2007 as part of the workshops.

    In line with the presentation of Agriculture Policy of 1997, the Agricultural Sector
    Development Program (ASDP) 2006 – 2017 was also presented and discussed thoroughly. The
    rationale is the fact that ASDP is an instrument to achieve growth targets of agricultural sector
    as shown in MKUKUTA and the MKUKUTA implementation report shows to what extent the
    nation is heading towards achieving the overall goals. Moreover, due to recent institutional
    changes where Agriculture sector was separated from Livestock sector which has adopted new
    different policy, presentation and discussion of National Agriculture and Livestock Policy
    focused entirely on Agriculture issues.



    1.2 OBJECTIVES

    The main objective of the workshop was;

   To promote improved communication and access to information to enhance collaboration and
    networking among NSA’s, at and between all levels.

    Other objectives were:

1. Creating awareness among the NSA’s about the existing national policies.

2. Promote participation of NSA’s in national policies formulation, implementation, evaluation
    and review processes.




                                                   3
3. Providing a platform for NSAs to give inputs on the ongoing national policies’ review
    processes.

4. Collecting participants views on the policies in general and suggested points of improvements

5. Informing NSA’s about the Agricultural Development Programme of 2006 and its importance
    to the poverty reduction efforts as spearheaded by the government through MKUKUTA

6. Informing NSA’s on the MKUKUTA annual implementation report of 2007.


    1.3 Target Group and Participants

   A total of 240 participants from various NSA organisations in the country were targeted. The
    main targets were NSA’s stakeholders who work on areas of mining and agriculture sector.

   However other stakeholders from NSA organisations that do not involved in the two sectors
    were invited and attended.

   Some of the participants came from workers unions, research institutions, large and small
    business related organisations, media houses, advocacy organisations and religious
    organisations.

   Although majority of the participants identified as hailing from rural districts, it was obvious
    that some of them in reality were not rural dwellers. Participants were from all ages but
    majority were of middle and old ages with some few young people under 35 years old. Most of
    the participants were male with poor female representation.

   Participation of officials from responsible ministries i.e. Ministry of Agriculture and
    Cooperatives and Ministry of Energy and Mining was not possible as most of them were
    having tight schedule relating with the ongoing policy review processes. However, in all
    workshop centres, a number of government representatives attended. These include some ward
    councillors, district agricultural officers and other local government officials. Only in Mwanza
    zone, a representative from Zonal Mineral Office attended. Officials from Ministry of
    Agriculture and Ministry of Energy and Mineral were directly invited by the NSA-SP through
    their Headquarters in Dar Es Salaam and other local government officials invited by the Zonal




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Coordinators, either through their official positions or their affiliation with NSA’s in those
zones.



         1.4 Workshops Methodology

The workshops were conducted by using power point presentations, plenary discussions and
group presentations and discussions. Swahili language was the means of communication during
the workshops.

Each presentation was followed by general discussion were participants got a chance to ask
questions, clarifications and give their views.

Plenary discussions, group presentations and evaluation forms distributed at the end of each
workshops played important role in collecting participants’ views over various issues related to
the presentations and the two sectors in general.

Discussions proved important tools for information gathering were participants were able to
give their views, perceptions, and even personal feelings over the state of economic and
political development in the country.

In each group work, a question was asked for participants to mention various challenges facing
agriculture sector in their areas.

In general, the workshop technique focused on giving participants enough chance to raise
issues of their concerns while extending their knowledge about EPA, MKUKUTA, Agriculture
and Mineral sectors.




                                                  5
    2.0 SUMMARY OF THE WORKSHOPS PROCEEDINGS

As first phase of national policies popularisation activities, a total of six workshops were conducted
in six zones in mainland Tanzania. Zanzibar will follow immediately after the adoption of MKUZA
and identification of relevant Zanzibar policies. All workshops were of two days long. All the
workshops started early in the morning and ended by evening of each of the two days.

The Zonal centres were Masasi-Mtwara, Mbeya, Mwanza, Dodoma, Arusha and Morogoro. In each
centre the zonal coordinating organisations were responsible for logistics of the workshops including
venue organisation and invitation of the relevant NSA’s from the zones.

      Masasi workshop involved participants from Mtwara and Lindi regions.

      Mbeya involved participants from Mbeya, Iringa, Rukwa and Ruvuma regions.

       Dodoma involved participants from Dodoma, Tabora, Singida and Kigoma regions.

      Arusha involved participants from Arusha, Manyara, Kilimanjaro and Tanga,

       Morogoro involved participants from Morogoro, Dar es Salaam and Pwani regions.

      While Mwanza workshop involved participants from Mwanza, Mara, Shinyanga and Kagera
       regions.

The workshops were conducted by lead consultants Hon Zitto Kabwe and Mr Omar Ilyas,
presentation be done by well informed and experienced team of facilitators that included Hon Zitto
Kabwe, Mr Oliver Mwikila and John Mnyika. The workshop organisation and administration were
conducted by PMFU staff. Facilitation, moderation and report writing has been conducted by Mr
Omar Ilyas.

The workshops were conducted through the use of power point presentations, plenary discussions and
group works, presentations and discussions. Presentations and discussions were conducted in Swahili.

All the workshops started with session of brief introduction about the Non State Actors Supporting
Program progress and activities. This was important part of the event as it gave participants a chance
to know each other and familiarise with the newly established NSA-SP team. This activity followed
general introduction exercise where all participants were given a chance to introduce themselves and
say few words about the organisations they were representing.




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      2.1 PRESENTATIONS.

As mentioned earlier, a total of four presentations were delivered during the workshops.
These are:

1. MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007

2. The National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997,

3. The National Agriculture and Livestock Policy of 1997

4. Agricultural Sector Development Program of 2006.

In Masasi, Mbeya, Dodoma and Arusha, presentations of MKUKUTA Annual
Implementation Report 2006/2007 and Mineral Sector Policy of 2007 were conducted
by Hon Zitto Kabwe while Mr Mnyika presented on his behalf in Morogoro and the two
collaborated in Mwanza. Presentations of the National Agriculture and Livestock Policy
of 1997 and the Agricultural Sector Development Program of 2006 were conducted by
Mr. Mwikila.

All presentations took about one hour each and followed by plenary discussion of one
and half hour each. All the presentations focused on the contents of the policy, program
and reports documents. Presenters also gave some personal observations and
background information, reasons and existing conditions when the policies were
formulated and adopted.

Presenters used interactive techniques during their presentations by asking participants
various questions relating to the either contents of the documents, level of awareness
about the document existence and contents and other general matters.

All presentation sessions were moderated by, Mr Ilyas.




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2.1.1 Presentation One: MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007,

Presentation begun with brief information on the origin, meaning, goals, strategy and
implementation of MKUKUTA. Presenters wanted to know about the level of
participants understanding of MKUKUTA. They asked audience as to how many people
have heard about MKUKUTA which most of them answered positively. On how many
know the content of MKUKUTA, a very few of participants answered positively while
majority said they do not know.

Presenters informed the audience that the report has been prepared by the government
experts from Ministry of Planning, Economy and Empowerment. Informed participants
that the purpose of the government is to inform stakeholders on the progress in
MKUKUTA implementation and associated progress with view to stimulate dialogue on
key issues.

In general, presentations on MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007
were very informative and allowed participants to have active debate during discussion
session. Participants were able to ask several questions on economic matters and
presenters managed to respond effectively. The issue of degree of stuntedness that the
report shows slight decrees to 385 in 2006 from 43.8% in 1990’s was the most
controversial.

Presentation of the report focused on three clusters that the report identified as crucial
ones. These are Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty, Improved Quality of life and
Social Wellbeing and Good Governance and Accountability. (see details on: Annex 1-
extract of presentations I)




                                              8
  2.1.2 Presentation two: The National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997


Presenters begun with background information of the policy. Argued that the policy was
formulated when Tanzania was undergoing radical economic changes. The policy recognises
three types of mining activities which are Artisanal Mining, Small Scale Mining and Large
Scale Mining as the three types of mining activities existing in the country. The policy
focuses on increasing role of private sector, promotion of foreign capital investments and
improvement of the state of artisan and small scale mining activities.
Presenters noted that the policy was formulated and adopted when Tanzania had negative
history of nationalisation and fiscal instability and that it was virtually unknown as mineral
sector investment destination. Presenters also argue that the policy was formulated purposely
to address country need of foreign capital.

Presenters noted that the Policy approach is based on having a powerful a private sector
runned mineral industry in 25 and 30 years and that the focus is to transfer the roles of
exploration, mining and business of mineral sector entirely to private sector.

Presenters noted policy recognised advocacy and improvement on private sector investments
as main roles of the government. That the government will concentrate on administration,
control, promotion of sectoral growth and provision of technological know-how to small scale
and artisanal miners.

Presentation ended with mentioning and explanation of various multisectoral issues regarded
a central to the effective policy implementation.

Apart from the contents of the policy, presenters were able to introduce some of the
contentious issues surrounding the mineral sector in Tanzania. This part of presentation was
extremely informative to participants as it involved receiving insider information of the state
of mineral sector specifically large mining sector from Hon Zitto Kabwe a member of
Presidential Committee of Mining Sector Review. Zitto managed to present an overview of
the current situation of the mining industry in the country. Effective participation of the
audience including some mining experts and stakeholders made the plenary discussions very
effective. (see details on: Annex 1- extract of presentations II)




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  2.1.3 Presentation three: The National Agriculture and Livestock Policy of 1997

Presentation begun with brief background information on the stages of policy making, what
leads to policy making, what involves in policy making and how can the policy be judged as
good or poor policy. The presenter introduced the importance of Agriculture sector to national
development and the sector contributes about 44% of national income and provides direct and
indirect employment to about 80% of the population.

Presenter noted origin of the Agriculture policy as realization of the fact that even though
Agriculture sector contributes much in employment and national economy, most of the farmers are
still poor. Mentioned improvement of general life of all people depending agriculture, specifically
subsistence farmers as the main goal of the policy. This would be achieved through policy approach
that focuses on empowering small scale farmers to improve their production for commercial
purposes. Having defined general goals and objectives, presenters focused on policy instruments
that the policy argues should enable the nation to move towards the stated objectives.

That the policy has specifically mentioned Services to be provided by the Ministry of
Agriculture and Cooperatives, these include provision of extension services, researches,
trainings, regulatory services that includes food and plant regulatory services. That the focus
will be on how the Government deploys these services to support the private sector in promoting
growth and commercialization in the agricultural sector. All these services were supported by
policy statements.

Presentation also dealt with policy statements of various crops. Presenter chose few dominant
crops found in each zone and left behind other crops for participants to learn during their free
time.

Finally presenter noted the relationship of the Agriculture policy and implementation of
MKUKUTA whereby all focuses on improving life standard of majority of Tanzanians through
increasing personal and national income.

Much of the discussion on Agriculture policy focused on the position of small scale farmer in
the policy. Most of the participants advocated were of the view that the government should
increase its role in empowering small scale farmer in production and market of their crops. (see
details on: Annex 1- extract of presentations III)



                                                     10
2.1.4 Presentation Four: Agricultural Sector Development Program of 2006

Stated that ASDP was adopted in 2006 as tool for implementation of Agriculture Policy
and its strategy (ASDS). Presenter cautioned participants about the differences between
the strategy and program and that his presentation focuses on program.

Presenter emphasized on the approach of the program that focuses on implementing and
strengthening the logic of participation especially farmers in formulate, planning and
implementation of development activities according to resources and opportunities
available in stakeholders areas.

Presentation was centered on the following aspects;

    a) Program development strategy,

    b) Program Objectives;

    c) ASDP priority areas;

    d) Program Implementation Strategy;

    e) Levels of implementation;

In the end, the presenter argued that ASDP directly focuses on effective implementation
of MKUKUTA targets. (see details on: Annex 1- extract of presentations IV)




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2.2    DISCUSSIONS AND KEY OUTPUTS



 Q&A, Plenary Discussions:

 After each presentation, a moderator took the role of leading question and answers
 sessions were a number of questions were directed to facilitating team including
 presenters and moderator. Also in this session participants were able to express their
 views on either the contents of the documents be the policies, program or report or
 general views on the matters concerning the nation.

 Sometime the discussions were tense and even emotional with participants expressing
 their dissatisfactions on the failure to effectively involve stakeholders on policy
 formulation, implementation and review processes, failure by the government in
 implementing the policies, contents of the policies, program and report, and even lack of
 supporting institutions for the proper policies implementation.

 In Mwanza, a participant shed tears as she was expressing her disappointment of failure
 by the government to secure peoples interests in mining sector while people are living in
 a dire poverty condition.

 Participants were allowed to ask some questions and presenters be given a chance to
 respond before allowing other questions and comments. In some sessions,
 representatives or participants from the government offices participate fully in the
 discussion sessions. The best examples were in Masasi, Mbeya and Mwanza were
 agriculture   experts’      present   participated    fully   responding   questions   about
 implementation of the policy and ASDP.

 Moderator worked hand in hand with presenters during the discussion by adding further
 information about the questions asked either in relation to the presentation or other
 general matters like the issues of EU-ACP partnership agreement, specifically Economic
 Partnership Agreement negotiations and state of play.




                                                  12
 Group Works: Presentations and discussions

 A total of three groups were created at each workshop. Group question were base in two
 parts. One included questions about MKUKUTA annual implementation report and
 Mineral Sector Policy. The second one included questions about Agricultural and
 Livestock Policy and Agricultural Sector Development Program. Group works were
 allocated with 60 minutes and presentation and discussion was for about 45 to 60
 minutes. Some of the issues arise during the group work presentations are included
 above as issues arise in discussions.

 Group members were selected randomly by counting one to three where all those who
 counted same number belonged to same group. In Masasi and Mwanza there was only
 one group work and group presentations session while in other zones there were two
 sessions.

 Each group presentation was followed by discussion on the presentation. Members of
 the group were allowed to add more comments on their presentations while other were
 given chance to ask questions and give comments for presenters or other members of the
 presenting group or anyone among presenters, participants and moderator to respond.(
 See details on Annex 2- Group Work Questions and Presentations).




2.2.1 On MKUKUTA report

In discussions following the presentation about MKUKUTA annual implementation report of
2007, participants raised the following issues;

            While most of participants have heard the word MKUKUTA, very few know about
             its content.

            The government statistic centre should be well equipped with both effective
             equipments and competent experts to ensure collection, utilization and
             dissemination of factual data.




                                                  13
          Participation of NSAs in local government decision making bodies like district and
           village councils is important to ensure stakeholders interests are being safe guarded.

          Budget guidelines should recognise the realities of the ground through broader
           participation of stakeholders.

          All laws that contradict the implementation of MKUKUTA should be immediately
           reviewed.

          Emergency interventions should be done to address the issue of degree of
           stuntedness among Tanzanians. It should be regarded as national calamite.

          Some government officials tend to force regional and district education officers to
           manipulate students’ enrolment data.

          That more emphasise should be given to the issue quality of education being
           provided in primary and secondary schools.

          That in order to meet MKUKUTA targets, it is important that the government
           undertakes serious intervention to improve agriculture sector.

          Women representation in decision making bodies needs to focus on quality and not
           numbers only.



2.2.2 On National Mineral Sector Policy

In discussions following presentations of National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997, participants
raised the following issues;

          There is a need to adopt a different legal mechanism to protect artisanal mining
           rights from marauding brokers and large scale miners,

          The works of the Presidential Mining Sector Review Committee (PMSRC) should
           undertake a vigorous review of the Mining Policy

          That the PMSRC report should be published as soon as the committee finishes its
           works and allow public scrutiny.




                                               14
   The new policy should emphasis more on domestic investment and less on foreign
    investments

   Special project to empower small scale and artisanal miners should be conducted as
    the policy requires

   The government should increase its role in large scale mining industry;

    a. STAMICO should be empowered to take viable role in ownership of large scale
       mining projects.

    b. Mineral Exploration and Licensing activities should be conducted by STAMICO
       only

    c. All land with mineral should be put under STAMICO as people’s custodian.

   Other participants propose for establishment of National Mining Regulatory
    Authority.

   Regional and district officials should have more powers (decentralisation) in
    provision of mineral licences than the current situation where the Minister
    responsible has overruling powers

   Village governments and the local population should be effectively involved in
    decision making bodies when addressing mining issues

   Dodoma Mining Collage should be promoted to ensure availability of more local
    experts in mining sector

   More emphasise should be put to educate our youth on mining industry even if to
    adopt mineral education in our primary curriculum

   A law should be enacted to ensure equitable distribution of mining wealth to local
    governments/authorities. Some participants proposed for the royalty be used in local
    development projects in mining areas.

   Gemstone industry, meaning mining and trading should be preserved for Tanzanians
    only.




                                        15
   On the question that the proposed changes should affect the existing mining projects
    contracts, majority of participants were in a view that we should focus in the future
    projects.

   The policy should recognise other minerals potentials apart from gold and
    gemstones (Industrial minerals like coal, gypsum,)

   Information about national mineral wealth (reserves) should be open and easily
    accessible by the public

   The controversial laws of surface rights Vs Mineral rights should reviewed to give
    more power to artisanal and small scale miners that will allow benefiting from the
    mining reserves found in their lands.

   The government should introduce a system where locals can easily use their land as
    capital to acquire share in large scale mining ventures.

   The government should ensure proper and speedy compensation of local population
    evicted/relocated from their land to allow large scale mining projects. Full
    compensation should be realized before any eviction or relocation process.

   Shipment of mineral concentrate sands abroad should be stopped and the
    government should make sure construction of mineral refinery and smelters
    facilities in the country.

   The problem of Corruption in provision of prospecting licences authorities should
    be effectively addressed

   The government should repossess all major mining prospective rights that have not
    been utilized by few highly placed people and government officials who have
    monopolise the ownership for many years.

   Large scale mining contracts should be not more than five years to allow effective
    review process.

   The new mining policy should address the issue of forward linkage industry
    approach to ensure many Tanzanians benefits from the industry.




                                        16
         More tax incentives should be given to Tanzanians interested to establish the
          necessary the mining sector forward linkage industries.

         The government should have a efficient strategy of how to use much available
          human and physical resources found in several defunct mining facilities like the
          case of Buhemba in 2001 and Meremeta in 2006.

         The government should stop all illegal arbitrary removal of some villages to allow
          mining ventures.



2.2.3 On Agriculture Policy;

         The ministry of Agriculture should ensure effective participation of stakeholders in
          the ongoing policy review process,

         There is a need for enactment of Agriculture Law as a guiding principle of
          agriculture activities in the country,

         Lack of access to investments like loans is a major problem facing farmers hence
          the government should ensure the establishment of farmers’ bank that will provide
          necessary loans in speedy and soft requirements.

         Traditional property rights should be given clear legal recognition to ensure the
          farmers access to loans.

         Implementation of MKURABITA should be given necessary capacity to ensure all
          Tanzanians have a capacity to qualify for loans.

         The government should not intervene on the decisions of farmers to either sell their
          produces locally or export abroad.

         Agriculture sector needs to be insured to protect farmers from the losses they incur
          because of natural hazards and calamities.

         There is a need for establishing National Pension System for farmers just like other
          workers. Here many participants were in support of the idea but differ in how it
          should be implemented;



                                               17
            i. Funds should be deducted direct from farmers’ income

           ii. Funds should come from their taxes

           iii. Funds should come from their contribution in GDP

   The government should improve the existing inefficient and equitable fertilizer
    (both subsidized and non subsidized) distribution system to ensure small farmer do
    benefit within a proper time.

   Farmers and Crop Boards system needs to be overhauled and give stakeholders
    more power of scrutiny. The boards must me formed in a way that ensures
    efficiency based on well informed system of service deliverance. Appointee must be
    well knowledgeable and update on agriculture issues.

   A system of inductive pricing of agriculture produces should be established by the
    government to protect farmers from price manipulation done by unscrupulous
    traders and middle men. The pricing should involve all stakeholders i.e the
    government, farmers, traders, either independently or through their groups and
    societies.

   Need to ensure availability and accessibility of Policy implementation tools to the
    targeted population

   The Agriculture Policy should ensure farmers’ interests by allowing them to sell
    freely their goods to international market without interference from the government
    and politicians.

   Local food and agriculture products should be protected from the negative effects of
    globalization through stipulation within the policy and legal address.

   The policy should emphasis on importance of traceability system to ensure secured
    international market of local agriculture produces.

   The current review process should recognize new crops and address the issue of
    GMO technology in agriculture sector

   The government should clarify the issue of tobacco production if it should be
    abandoned or not


                                        18
   A special per educators like programe should be adopted to train young people who
    will train their colleagues at the village levels on the productive and sustainable
    farming skills.

   More and well equipped agriculture experts are needed to implement policy goals
    and objectives.

   The proposed farmers integrated centers should be established and financed in
    private-public approached.

   The issue of land disputes between farmers and pastoralists should be clearly
    addressed within the policy.

   The roles, mandate and relationship between farmers unions, cooperative societies,
    crop authorities and agricultural bodies should be clearly stipulated in the new
    policy to avoid unnecessary confusions.

   A special compensation system should be adopted to help farmers who have been
    affected by the use of destructive pesticides and inorganic fertilizer approved by the
    government

   Government insistence of using warehouse receipt and cooperatives system conflict
    the policy objective of free market.

   The issue of warehouse receipt marketing system being introduced in some parts of
    the country, most participants in Mtwara and Lindi region agrees with the good will
    of the system, but they raised the following complains;

    d. That the decision to adopt the system was political and not economical based

    e. Stakeholders were not involved in deciding the adoption of the system and lack
       information about the system

    f. That grading system in the warehouses a prone to manipulations

    g. Lacks confidence with the role of Cooperatives societies

    h. The receipts does not show exactly time to be paid their money




                                           19
         i. The system should allow participation of private buyers to compete with
            cooperative societies

         j. Government fails to disburse enough funds to the primary societies and most of
            the time not on time.

         k. Warehouses should be owned by primary societies.



2.2.4 On ASDP;

        That There is a need of more emphasize on irrigation farming to avoid over
         dependency of weather conditions and promote all year agriculture production for
         food and commercial purposes.

        ASDP matters should be taught in our agriculture colleges and universities.

        Graduates of agriculture institutions like Sokoine University should be empowered
         and effectively involved in ASDP related projects.

        The role and position of private sector should clearly be established within the
         program strategy.

        NSA’s should gather more information about ASDP and strategies how they can
         participate and have access to program funds on areas of their specialty related to
         ASDP focus.

        NSA’s can play the role of providing necessary know how on project formulation
         and proposal writing techniques to farmer or groups of farmers.

        Participants advised that ASDP funds should go direct to the beneficiaries as
         bureaucracy within district authorities delays ASDPs funds disbursements.

        Inefficiency of district ASDP facilitation teams should be addressed.

        Implementation of ASDP should be detached from the Ministry of Agriculture and
         conducted independently in the form of TASAFII system.

        Politicians should not be involved in ASDP implementation process.




                                            20
   Local authorities’ inefficiency and lack of enough competent officials is seen as a
    major obstacle to the effective implementation of the program.

   Cost sharing requirement will hinder the ability of many small scale farmers to
    access ASDP funds.

   ASDP should adopt exhibition projects that other farmers could learn more about
    the nature, challenges and advantages of the program.

   More trials should have been undertaken before the beginning of implementation of
    the program.

   There is a need to establish special agriculture trade centres in every region in the
    country.

   The government should take tough measures to unscrupulous traders who do not
    follow legal weight and measurements requirements.

   Climate change issues should be noted in the new agriculture policy

   The role of private sector in forest farming should be clarified within the new policy
    and existing laws should be reviewed to address the sector.

   The      relationship   between   technocrats/government      officials    and   targeted
    stakeholders should be enhanced to address the existing prejudices among and
    between them.

   The use of rain water catchments technology should be emphasised to support
    irrigation farming system.

   Cooperative societies should be used to ensure small farmers have access to new
    farming technologies.

   A special consideration should be given to farmers from less developed regions like
    Lindi,      Mtwara,     Coast,    Kigoma,    Singida     in      project     formulation
    processes/requirements.

   The government should ensure that Biofuel Projects affect the rights of small
    farmers especially in land ownership.



                                        21
         Farmers should be educated about their land rights in order to ensure their interests
          when negotiating with commercial farmers with interest to buy their land.



2.2.5 General issues discussed:

         That there is a lack of stakeholders’ involvement in policy making and
          implementation process.

         The policies are virtually unknown to stakeholders, only few of participants have
          seen the policies before the workshop,

         That the policies contents are useful but there is a problem in its implementation

         Participants wanted to be assured how their views will be utilized within the
          ongoing agriculture and mineral sector policies review processes.

         Local government officials are not cooperative to the people especially in regard to
          dissemination of information

         Policies do not put enough emphasis on sectoral harmonisation when addressing
          crosscutting issues

         Impact assessment studies are necessary to ensure policy effectiveness.

         Non state actors should be involved in policy formulation, implementation,
          monitoring and evaluation activities.

         NSA-SP resource centres should be used to collect and disseminate important
          information documents like the national policies to stakeholders.

         PMFU should use MEDIA to ensure that NSA’s views are conveyed to the policy
          makers taking part in the ongoing Agriculture and Mining Policies review process.




                                              22
3.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMENTATIONS.

     In general the workshops were of great benefits to most of the participants. Participants
      were able to first to know the existence of the policies, get a clear picture of the contents
      of the policies, program and the report, analyse the policies and even mange to obtain
      copies of the documents.

     Participants were able to get valuable information from the facilitation team that
      comprised of informed and experienced presenters and facilitators.

     Participants were able to express their views about the two sectors (i.e Mining and
      Agriculture) during the plenary discussions and group works presentations and
      discussions.

     Discussions were lively, interactive and sometimes highly emotional. Some participants
      expressed a lot of anger and frustrations on the policy failures, dishonesty and lack of
      patriotism in defining national interest like in the case of mining sector.

     Active participation of Hon Zitto Kabwe as insider in the issues of mining sector and
      well informed economist was highly commended.

     Participants expressed concerns on the sustainability of the program as it highly
      depended to donors.

     Level of concentration during presentations was high as many participants were eager
      listening the presentations and ask questions where they did not understand.

     Some participants expressed a lot of dissatisfaction over EPA negotiation process and
      that they have no hopes in it. However for the purpose of maintain the focus, EPA
      issues were given minimum time possible for clarifications when and where the
      situation needs.

     Workshops environment were friendly with little dissatisfaction on administrative
      issues and program coordinating committee formation and representation. In Arusha
      two members were adamant to know how was the formation of the Coordinating
      committee conducted and why representation come mostly from national level




                                               23
    organisations. In Mbeya workshop participants from Mbeya region were disappointed
    by the rate of transport allowance.

   Gender balance where in most of the zones with exception of Arusha participants were
    largely male with few was a main challenge observed. It is recommended that in next
    phase of workshop PMFU should strictly emphasise the need of equal gender
    representation.

   Also in some zones like Mtwara most of the participants came from Non Governmental
    Organisations while in Dodoma majority came from TCCIA offices and affiliate
    organisations. This also should be observed when organising further workshops.

   Participants insist on further workshops on other national policies and recommend for
    special trainings that will create a NSA-Sp cadre of zonal young trainers who will be
    able to reach broader number of stakeholders in grassroot levels. Participants
    recommended for more days of the workshops in order for them to understand and
    exhaust the information and knowledge presented. They proposed for at least a 5-day
    workshop in future.

   They also insisted the need for dissemination of more popular versions of the policies
    and when there are no available copies, PMFU should produce and distribute to them
    through zonal resource centres. The also insisted the need to invite policy makers to
    attend the workshop so that they can respond to their questions and hear their views
    directly.

   Participants also proposed for PMFU to strategies on how they can bring together
    NSA’s stakeholders and policy makers to discuss about the policies before being
    adopted.

   On administration, participants from host districts proposed for some sort of sitting
    allowances or increased transport allowances.

   Participants commended PMFU for organising the workshops and good team work
    exhibited by facilitation team.




                                          24
Annex 1: Extract of Presentations (English versions)



    I. MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007,

Presentation begun with brief information on the origin, meaning, goals, strategy and
implementation of MKUKUTA. Presenters wanted to know about the level of participants
understanding of MKUKUTA. They asked audience as to how many people have heard about
MKUKUTA which most of them answered positively. On how many know the content of
MKUKUTA, a very few of participants answered positively while majority said they do not
know.

Presenters informed the audience that the report has been prepared by the government
experts from Ministry of Planning, Economy and Empowerment. Informed participants that the
purpose of the government is to inform stakeholders on the progress in MKUKUTA
implementation and associated progress with view to stimulate dialogue on key issues.

Presentation of the report focused on three clusters that the report identified as crucial ones.
These are Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty, Improved Quality of life and Social
Wellbeing, and Good Governance and Accountability.



On Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty, issues presented and discussed were a
slight slackening of annual economic growth performance were report attributes it to drought
and energy crisis, growing total export of goods and services contributed by mining and
tourism earnings, increased government domestic revenue collection, state of Employment,
increased annual inflation rate and sector based growth.



That on annual inflation rate, reports shows there was substantial increase from 2.9% in 2005
to 7.3% in 2006. Presenters cautioned that this is very bud sign indeed as recent reports
shows the possibility of getting to 9.0%, one point near to two digit rates which tends to be
irreversible and could make it difficult in achieving the targeted under 4% rate.

That on government domestic revenue collection, report shows an increase from 14.3% in
2005 to 15.6% in 2006. However this shows much effort should be made if we will have to
meet the 25% target by 2010.




                                                25
On status of employment, report quote the Intergrated Labour Force Survey of 2006 showing
that the rate of unemployment in 2006 wa 11% while in 2005 it was 11%. Presenters
emphasied that these report is based on both formal and informal employments and that the
current labour force is about 20.6 million people were about 760,000 people enter into the
labour market annually.

Presentation also focused on the issue of broadbased and sustainability of the economy were
they briefly coment on relationship between economic growth and sectorial development on
issues like roads, infractructures and manufacturing industry.

The report cited the need for focusing on comparative advantegous sectors like precious
mining, cultural and eco tourism, organic farming, horticulture, trans regional roads networks.
This will give the nation an advantage to beat the heavely subsidized and highly developed
traditional sectors dominated by industrial countries.


On Improved Quality of life and Social Wellbeing, presentations focused on Education and
Health. A considerable improvement on overall enrolment in primary, secondary and tertiary
level was recognised by presenters. Participants were cautioned that these data base on
gross enrolment and not actual or net enrolment. That the report shows that almost in all areas
report shows achievements of more than 100% of the target hence this brings questions over
data used to earmark targets. Noted that, the report do not say about pre-primary schools and
advice to be included in the future due its importance in childhood development.

On health, presentations focused on infant and under five mortality rates that exhibits a
substantial decline, increased maternal mortality that has been partly attributed to HIV and
AIDS pandemic, HIV prevalence and degree of stuntedness, a problem associated with lack of
balanced diet among many Tanzanians.



On Good Governance and Accountability issues, presentation focused on what the report
saw as substantial improvement in representation and gender equity on all levels, increased
number of corruption cases reported by PCB and challenges facing the Local Government
service delivery. On cases reported by PCB were report shows a significant increase from
1244 case in 2000 to 3121 in 2005, presenters argued that the records give different
meanings. It can mean increasingly corrupt tendencies or improved people’s awareness about




                                               26
their duty to report such case. Presentations noted that the report does not shows that out of
all reported cases how many were resolved and how many people were convicted.

In general, presentations on MKUKUTA Annual Implementation Report 2006/2007 were
very informative and allowed participants to have active debate during discussion session.
Participants were able to ask several questions on economic matters and presenters managed
to respond effectively. The issue of degree of stuntedness that the report shows slight decrees
to 385 in 2006 from 43.8% in 1990’s was the most controversial to many and participants
showed a lot of emotional disturbances over the matter.



    II. The National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997,

Presenters begun with background information of the policy. Argued that the policy was
formulated when Tanzania was undergoing radical economic changes. The policy recognises
three types of mining activities which are Artisanal Mining, Small Scale Mining and Large
Scale Mining as the three types of mining activities existing in the country. The policy focuses
on increasing role of private sector, promotion of foreign capital investments and improvement
of the state of artisan and small scale mining activities. Noted that, according the recent
government reports on mining sector, only 0.8% of the total mineral reserve is under
utilization.

Mentioned the following as main reasons for National Mineral Sector Policy of 1997;

       Need to promote foreign direct investment when Tanzania as whole was not known as
        a place for foreign investment,

       To encourage the role of private sector in mining industry hence substantially limited
        the role of the state to regulation and supervision,

       In general the country was hungry of capital investment hence the policy was
        formulated to encourage foreign capital with less emphasis on domestic capital.

       The need for advanced mining technology was another focus of the policy. Realisation
        of huge role that mining sector can play in radical growth of the economy forced the
        government to formulate the Mining Policy in 1997.

Presenters noted that the policy was formulated and adopted when Tanzania had negative
history of nationalisation and fiscal instability and that it was virtually unknown as mineral




                                                27
sector investment destination. Presenters also argue that the policy was formulated purposely
to address countries hunger of foreign capital.

Presenters noted that the Policy approach is based on having a powerful a private sector
runned mineral industry in 25 and 30 years and that the focus is to transfer the roles of
exploration, mining and business of mineral sector entirely to private sector.

Presenters mention that the objectives of the policy as;

      Having mineral sector that is undertaken in respect to safe environmental standards

      Empowering the sector to contribute as much as 10% of the GDP

      Ensure the availability of vibrant mineral produces processing and manufacturing
       industry in the country

      Support the national strategy of increasing reliable employment to Tanzanians

      Ensure that the sector plays a significant role in poverty reduction.



That the policy recognises the following as main challenges facing the mining industry;

      Contribution of the sector the GDP,

      Improved flow of foreign currency in national economy

      Provision of reliable employment

      Providing alternative source of income specifically to rural population,

      Ensuring environmental protection.

Presenters noted policy recognised advocacy and improvement on private sector investments
as main roles of the government. That the government will concentrate on administration,
regulation, promotion of sectoral growth and provision of technological knowhow to small scale
and artisanal miners.

Presentation ended with mentioning and explanation of various multisectoral issues regarded
a central to the effective policy implementation.

These includes;

      Creation of conducive environment for investments

      Reform of tax regime


                                                  28
      Establish internationally recognised legal systems and regulations that will assure
       foreign investors

      The government to support small mining sector by ensuring changes within the existing
       mining regulations

      Construct and improve infrastructural system like roads, railways and ports for
       development of mining sector.

      Establishment of new marketing systems for internal and external market development

      Creating and ensuring backward and forward linkage system to ensure mining sector
       contribution to national development

      Ensure human resource development with a target to attain a big number of local
       mineral professionals and experts

      Ensure health and physical safety of people working in mining sector

      Working on gender and children issues in mining sector.

      Promoting community participation in the mining activities

      Giving a priority chance to Tanzanians in precious stone mining investments

      Regulating environmental and social effects emanating from mineral sector and

      Ensuring availability and access to new technology necessary for mineral sector
       development.

Presentation ended by a note from the presenters on the government information strategy that
focuses on advertising of national mineral wealth and identification of targeted groups for
effective policy implementation.

Apart from the contents of the policy, presenters were able to introduce some of the
contentious issues surrounding the mineral sector in Tanzania. This part of presentation was
extremely informative to participants as it involved receiving insider information of the state of
mineral sector specifically large mining sector from Hon Zitto Kabwe a member of Presidential
Committee of Mining Sector Review. Zitto managed to present an overview of the current
situation of the mining industry in the country. Effective participation of the audience including
some mining experts and stakeholders made the plenary debate very effective.




                                               29
Presenters tried to explain to the audience about the controversial mineral fiscal regime and
how do the government supposed to benefit and what the experience is. The Mineral Act of
1998, Masha Report and other documents were used during presentation and also the debate
followed. Much of the discussion focused on the benefits of large scale mining to the national
and the role of local small scale miners in the sector.



   III. The National Agriculture and Livestock Policy of 1997

Presentation begun with brief background information on the stages of policy making, what
leads to policy making, what involves in policy making and how can the policy be judged as
good or poor policy. The presenter introduced the importance of Agriculture sector to national
development and the sector contributes about 44% of national income and provides direct and
indirect employment to about 80% of the population.

Presenter noted origin of the Agriculture policy as realization of the fact that even though
Agriculture sector contributes much in employment and national economy, most of the farmers
are still poor. Mentioned improvement of general life of all people depending agriculture,
specifically subsistence farmers as the main goal of the policy. This would be achieved
through policy approach that focuses on empowering small scale farmers to improve their
production for commercial purposes.

The following were mentioned as objectives of the Policy;

      To assure basic food security for the nation, and to improve national standards of
       nutrition by increasing output, quality and availability of food commodities.

      To improve standards of in the rural areas through increased income generation from
       agricultural and livestock production, processing and marketing

      In increase foreign exchange earnings for the nation by encouraging the production
       and increased exportation of cash crops, livestock products, other agricultural
       surpluses, including food crops, by-products and residues

      To produce and supply raw materials, including industrial crops, livestock, by-products
       and residues for local industries, while also expanding the role of the sector as a
       market for industrial outputs through the application of improved production, marketing
       and processing technologies




                                                30
   To develop and introduce new technologies which increase the productivity of labour
    and land

   To promote integrated and sustainable use and management of natural resources such
    as land, soil, water and vegetation in order to conserve the environment

   To develop human resources within the sector in order to increase the productivity of
    labour and to improve ability, awareness and morale

   To provide support services to the agricultural sector which cannot be provided
    efficiently by the private sector

   To promote specifically the access of women and Youth to land, credit, education and
    information.



Having defined general goals and objectives, presenters focused on policy instruments
that the policy argues should enable the nation to move towards the stated objectives.

The appropriate instruments are the following: -

   Agricultural research, extension and training;

   Monitoring and evaluation of agricultural development and identification of new
    opportunities (products), technologies, markets, etc. and promotion of new production
    processes;

   Collection and dissemination of market information in order to integrate the domestic
    markets and make foreign markets accessible;

   Facilitate the provision of a good infrastructure, especially transport and storage;

   Control of quality, hygienic and sanitary standards;

   Control of Vermin, epidemic pests and diseases;

   Providing an adequate legal and regulatory framework;

   Natural resources management;

   Promotion of institutional structures in the agricultural sector;

   Taxes and subsidies.




                                             31
That the policy has specifically mentioned Services to be provided by the Ministry of
Agriculture and Cooperatives, these include provision of extension services, researches,
trainings, regulatory services that includes food and plant regulatory services. That the focus
will be on how the Government deploys these services to support the private sector in
promoting growth and commercialization in the agricultural sector. All these services were
supported by policy statements.

Presentation also dealt with policy statements of various crops. Presenter chose few dominant
crops found in each zone and left behind other crops for participants to learn during their free
time.

Finally presenter noted the relationship of the Agriculture policy and implementation of
MKUKUTA whereby all focuses on improving life standard of majority of Tanzanians through
increasing personal and national income.

Much of the debate on Agriculture policy focused on the position of small scale farmer in the
policy. Most of the participants advocated were of the view that the government should
increase its role in empowering small scale farmer in production and market of their crops.



  IV. Agricultural Sector Development Program of 2006

Stated that ASDP was adopted in 2006 as tool for implementation of Agriculture Policy and its
strategy (ASDS). Presenter cautioned participants about the differences between the strategy
and program and that his presentation focuses on program.

Presenter emphasized on the approach of the program that focuses on implementing and
strengthening the logic of participation especially farmers in formulate, planning and
implementation of development activities according to resources and opportunities available in
stakeholders areas.



Presentation was centered on the following aspects;

   f) Program development strategy,

    That the program was created through sector wide approach




                                               32
    That the program has seven year lifespan where about 7 trillion Tanzanian shillings
        have been earmarked to be spent and national implementation begun by financial year
        2007/2008.



   g) Program Objectives;

   1. Empower farmers and livestock keepers to achieve higher farm productivity,
        profitability and income by giving them agricultural knowledge, technology,
        infrastructure and reliable market

   2. Create better policy and legal conditions for the purpose promoting private sector
        investment in agriculture sector



   h) ASDP priority areas;

In order to achieve the above mentioned objectives, the following areas have been given
priority in implementation process;

   1. To strengthen agriculture development administration system

   2. Creating better condition for the purpose of promoting commercial farming

   3. Reforming and improving capacity of both public and private agriculture service
        providers to respond to demands and provide appropriate advice, services and
        technologies.

   4. Enhancing market development includes the overall policy and regulatory environment
        to foster private investment.

   5. Involving other cross cutting sectors for the purpose of insuring that they include
        agriculture development issues into their programs.



   i)   Program Implementation Strategy;

That the program is implemented in the all over the country and large part of its
implementation is through District Agriculture Development Plans that should be part of the
District Development Plans. In district level, the responsibility of program implementation lies




                                              33
under Prime Minister’s Office-Local Governance while in national level it is within the Ministry
of Agriculture.

Activities to be implemented by the program are;

       To empower farmers in resource utilization plans in agriculture services and
        investment,

       Improving the role of private sector in extension services delivery

       Increase access to agriculture services to farmers and livestock keepers.

       To improve government funds management and prepare farmers in loan management

       Improving the laws and regulations governing agricultural products production and
        marketing

       Enhance farmers’ ability/capacity in project formulation, management and evaluation.

       Increase farmers’ incentives and income by investing in important agricultural
        production areas like irrigation schemes.



   j)   Levels of implementation;

In district level the program focuses on;

   1. Investments

   2. Provision of Agriculture services

   3. Capacity building trainings for farmers and agriculture and local government officials.

In national level the focus is on;

   1. Strengthening agricultural services specifically researches and extension services

   2. Improvement of general policy regimes

   3. Improvement of availability, access and dissemination of information

   4. Investing on irrigation system where large projects will be financed by NATIONAL
        IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT FUND-NIDF and administered in national level while
        small scale projects will be financed and administered by District Irrigation
        Development Fund-DIDF




                                                34
Also mentioned in the presentations is the local government capital development grant
regulations and criteria’s were there are three types of grants;

   1. District Agriculture Development Grant (DADG)

   2. Extension Block Grant (EBG)

   3. Agriculture Capacity Building Grant (ACG)

In the end, the presenter argued that ASDP directly focuses on effective implementation of
MKUKUTA targets.




                                               35
Annex II: Extract of Presentations (Swahili versions)



MKUKUTA annual implimentation report 2007

OUTLINE:

1.          Ukuaji na kupunguza umaskini wa kipato

2.          Kuboresha maisha na ustawi wa jamii

3.          Utawala bora na Uwajibikaji



Cluster 1. Ukuaji wa uchumi na kupunguza umaskini wa kipato:

     i.            Mfumuko wa bei lengo ni kufikia 4% ifikapo mwaka 2010, mwaka 2005 ilikuwa
                   5.9% lakini mwaka 2006 ni 7.3%.

     ii.           Mapato ya Serikali lengo ni kufikia 25% ifikapo mwaka 2010, mwaka 2005 ilikuwa
                   14.3% kwa mwaka 2006 ni 15.6%

     iii.          Ukosefu wa ajira lengo ni 6.9% ifikapo 2010, mwaka 2005 ilikuwa 12.9% mwaka
                   2007 ni 11%.Jumala ya nguvukazi ni kiasi cha watanzania milioni 18 na walio na
                   ajira (rasmi na zisizo rasmi za vipato vyote) ni milioni 16. Idadi ya waingiao katika
                   soko la ajira kila mwaka ni 800,000.

Muhtadha wa Uchumi endelevu na unaokua ie broadbased growth:

               Asilimia (%) ya barabara za wilaya na za Mikoa zilizo katika hali nzuri (good and fair
                condition), zenye lami na zisizo na lami.

               Mwaka 2005 ilikuwa 84%, mwaka 2006 ni 78%, sababu ya kushuka ni wa wahisani
                kutotekeleza majukumu yao kwa wakati na kiasi wanachopaswa

               GDP mwaka 2005 ilikuwa 6.8% mwaka 2006 ni 6.2%, MKUKUTA unahitaji kukua kwa
                uchumi katika kasi ya kati ya 6% hadi 8% bila ya kushuka, sababu inayotajwa ni
                ukame na matatizo ya nishati ya umeme.

Ukuaji wa sekta mbalimbali:

                  Sekta ya viwanda       mwaka 2005 ilikuwa 9%, mwaka 2006 ni 8.6%, sababu
                   inayotajwa ni ukame na matatizo ya nishati ya umeme. Ukuaji bado hausaidii
                   kukua kwa sekta zingine kama kilimo.


                                                       36
                 Sekta ya Kilimo 2005 ilikuwa 5.1%, mwaka 2006 ni 4.1%, MKUKUTA unahitaji
                  kilimo kukua kati ya 8% na 10% kwa miaka mitano mfululizo.

                 Sekta ya mifugo 2005 ilikuwa 4.2%, mwaka 2006 ni 4.1%

                 Sekta ya madini 2005 ilikuwa 15.4%, mwaka 2006 ni 16.4%, mchango wake katika
                  uchumi ni 3.8%, sababu ni kukosekana kwa uhusiano wa muunganiko wa nyuma
                  na kwenda mbele (backward and forward linkage)ambao ungechangia ukuaji
                  katika sekta zingine kama viwanda, kilimo n.k

                 Sekta ya utalii, vigezo ni kukua kwa biashara ya mahoteli na migawa na vilevile
                  idadi ya watalii wingiao nchini,



     Cluster 2: Kuboresha maisha na ustawi wa jamii

1.        Elimu

          Uandikishaji watoto kuingia darasa la kwanza lengo ulikuwa 99% lakini kwa mwaka 2006,
           ulikuwa 114% (uandikishaji wa jumla),

          Wanaofaulu mitihani darasa la saba lengo ni 60%,2006 ilikuwa ni 78%

          Wanaojiunga sekondari lengo ni 50% kufikia mwaka 2010, 2006 ilikuwa ni 67% ya vijana
           waliomaliza darasa la saba.

          Wanaojiunga na kidato cha tano lengo 25% kufikia mwaka 2010, 2006 ilikuwa 50% kati
           yao 65% ni wavulana na 35% wasichana.

          Elimu ya awali. Ripoti inashauri

     2.      Afya.

          Watoto wanaopoteza maisha wakati wa kuzaliwa lengo ni 50/1000 lakini kwa miaka ya
           nyuma ilikuwa 115/1000. 2006 imekuwa 68/1000. tatizo limeelezwa kuwa ni huduma za
           kujifungua zisizo bora

          Watoto wanaopoteza maisha wakiwa chini ya miaka mitano, lengo ni 79/1000, nyuma
           ilikuwa 191/1000. 2006 imekuwa 133/1000.

          Kudumaa kwa akili (stuntedness) na ukuaji lengo ni kupunguza hadi kufikia 20%, 1990’s
           ilikuwa 43.8%, mwaka 2006 imekuwa 38%. Chanzo kimeelezwa kuwa kukosa lishe bora
           wakati wa utoto na mapungufu katika elimu ya awali.



                                                     37
        Janga la UKIMWI

3.        Utawala bora na Uwajibikaji

Vigezo viwili vinaangaliwa sana, navyo ni jinsia na rushwa.

          Uwakilishi wa wanawake katika vyombo vya maamuzi umeongezeka mpaka kufikia
           asilimia 30.4 katika Bunge na asilimia 26.8 katika Halmashauri za Wilaya. Lengo la
           MKUKUTA ni asilimia 30% kwa mujibu ya makubaliano ya SADC

          Idadi ya kesi za rushwa ambazo zilizorekodiwa na PCCB zimeongezeka kutoka kesi
           1244 katika mwaka 2005 mpaka 3121 katika mwaka 2006.

          Utendaji wa Halmashauri wilaya, majiji, miji na miji midogo, ripoti imeonyesha kuwa
           utendaji katika halmashauri nyingi bado sio wa kuridhisha wakati mipango mingi ya
           utekelezaji wa MKUKUTA umejikita katika ngazi ya halmashauri.



                                            MWISHO




                                               38
The National Agriculture Policy Presentation



                          Sera ya Kilimo ya Taifa ya mwaka 1997

Uhusiano wa Kilimo na Uchumi wa taifa

    Mchango wa kilimo katika pato la Tanzania ni zaidi ya 44%.

    Mchango wa Sekta ya kilimo katika kutoa ajira ni zaidi ya 80%



Chimbuko la sera ya kilimo

    Japokuwa sekta ya kilimo ndiyo inayotoa mchango mkubwa katika ajira na
       uchumi,lakini wakulima wengi ni maskini.

    Umasikini wa chakula na kipato kwa wakulima, Kushuka kwa uzalishaji wa mazao
       asilia ndio chimbuko la sera ya Taifa ya kilimo.



Lengo kuu la Sera ya Kilimo

    Lengo kuu ni kuinua maisha ya watu wote ambao msingi wa shughuli zao na namna
       yao ya maisha unategemea kilimo. Wengi wa watu hawa ni wakulima wadogo wadogo.



Mwelekeo wa sera

Mwelekeo wa sera hii ni kuwawezesha kuzalisha kibiashara ili waongeze kipato chao na cha
Taifa kwa ujumla.



Madhumuni ya sera ya kilimo ya Taifa.

    Kuhakikisha usalama wa Chakula kwa Taifa,na kuinua hali ya lishe kwa kuongeza
       uzalishaji,ubora na upatikanaji wa chakula.

    Kuinua kiwango cha maisha katika maeneo ya vijijini kwa kuongeza pato litokanalo na
       uzalishaji wa mazao, usindikaji na biashara.

    Kuongeza pato la Taifa la fedha za kigeni kwa kuhimiza uzalishaji na ongezeko la
       kuuza nje mazao ya biashara.


                                              39
    Kuzalisha na kutoa mali ghafi, ikiwa ni pamoja na mazao ya viwanda, aidha kupanua
        uwezo wa sekta hii kuwa soko kwa bidhaa za viwandani.

    Kuendeleza na kuleta teknolojia mpya ambazo zitaongeza tija ya nguvukazi ardhi.

    Kuhimiza matumizi yanayoungana na yanayohimili pamoja uangalizi wa rasilimali asili
        kama vile ardhi, udongo,maji na mimea ili kuhifadhi mazingira.

    Kuendeleza raslimali watu iliyo katika sekta hii ili kuongeza tija ya unguvukazi na
        kuinua uwezo, ufahamu na moyo.

    Kutoa huduma za kuimarisha sekta ya kilimo ambazo haziwezi kutolewa kwa ufanisi na
        sekta binafsi.



Nyenzo za Sera ya Kilimo

Baada ya kuainisha lengo na madhumuni hatua inayofuata ni kuchagua nyenzo zinazofaa ili
sera kufikia madhumuni yaliyotajwa. Nyenzo hizo za utekelezaji ni:-

   1. Utafiti wa kilimo, huduma za ushauri na mafunzo.

   2. Kuratibu na kutathmini maendeleo ya kilimo na kufungua nafasi
        mpya,teknolojia,masoko n.k

   3. Ukusanyaji na usambazaji wa taarifa za masoko ili kuunganisha masoko ya ndani na
        nje.

   4. Kuhimiza na kudhibiti utoaji wa miundombinu mizuri,hasa usafirishaji na maghala.

   5. Kudhibiti ubora, viwango vya afya na usafi
   6.   Kuzuia na kudhibiti viatilifu vya mazao.
   7. Kutoa mwongozo mzuri wa kanuni na sheria
   8. Usimamizi wa maliasili
   9. Kuimarisha miundo ya taasisi katika sekta ya kilimo.
   10. Kodi na ruzuku katika sekta ya kilimo



HUDUMA ZITAKAZOTOLEWA NA WIZARA YA KILIMO

   1. Huduma za ushauri




                                               40
   2. Utafiti wa kilimo-lengo ni kukuza usalama wa chakula, kuongeza pato,ajira na matumizi
      ya teknolojia sahihi.
   3. Mafunzo-Kwa wakulima na watendaji wa sekta kuwaongezea uwezo.
   4. Huduma za Udhibiti-Katika uzalishaji, ununuzi, uuzaji na usindikaji. Kanuni na sheria
      hutumika kudhibiti viwango hivyo, Serikali ndiyo inayo taasisi inayofaa zaidi kutekeleza
      huduma hii.
   5. Huduma za Kitaalamu-Zinajumuisha umwagiliaji, zana za kisasa za kilimo, mipango ya
      matumizi ya ardhi hifadhi ya maji na udongo.
   6. Masuala yanayohusiana na sekta nyingine;

    Ardhi

    Viwanda

    Miundonbinu



Mazingira Sera inasemaje kuhusu Huduma za ushauri?

   1. Mfumo wa huduma za ushauri utaendelea kuwa kwa njia ya kufundisha na
      kuwatembelea wakulima.

   2. Serikali itaimarisha huduma za ushauri vijijini ili kuongeza ufanisi katika mwelekeo na
      menejimenti

   3. Programu ya kitaifa ya utoaji huduma za ushauri itatumia njia na taratibu ambazo
      zitapunguza gharama za uendeshaji.

   4. Huduma za ushauri hazitahodhiwa na Serikali,ushirikishwaji wa sekta binafsi
      utahimizwa.

   5. Huduma za ushauri zitazingatia mahitaji na zitalenga kutimiza mahitaji ya
      wakulima,mkazo utawekwa kwa wanawake katika kutambua majukumu yao makubwa
      katika familia, na mchango wao katika uzalishaji wa chakula.

   6. Wizara italenga kuwapanga nchini kote mabwana shamba wenye ujuzi, wanaojiamini
      na wenye elimu nzuri.

   7. Mafunzo kwa wakulima yataendelea kutolewa katika vituo vya mafunzo,vyuo vya
      maendeleo na vitengo vya elimu kwa wakulima katika taasisi za wizara.




                                              41
   8. Huduma za ushauri zitatolewa na watumishi wenye vyeti kwa ngazi ya kijiji,wenye
      stashahada kwa ngazi ya kata na shahada kwa ngazi ya wilaya

   9. .Kazi na wajibu wa Bwana Shamba wa kijiji zitakuwa katika ngazi ya kata akihudumia
      karibu familia 700.

           Yeye hatahusika na ugawaji wa pembejeo, mikopo au kulazimisha watu kufuata
              sheria.

           Ila yeye atakuwa msaidizi au kiungo kati ya wakulima na wahusika wengine.

   10. Kiungo imara kati ya huduma za ushauri na utafiti kitaimarishwa ili kuhakikisha kuwa
   ushauri wa teknolojia unaotolewa kwa wakulima unatilia maanani mahitaji wanayoyapa
   kipaumbele walengwa. Teknolojia mpya itafanyiwa majaribio kwenye mazingira ya
   mkulima.



Sera inasemaje kuhusu utafiti?

   1. Kutilia mkazo wa kipekee njia za asili za kibiolojia katika kudhibiti wadudu,ndege na
      wanyama waharibifu ambazo zinaweza tumiwa na wakulima na kuendeleza utunzaji
      bora wa mazao katika ngazi ya kaya.

   2. Utafiti utaendeshwa kwa kutegemea mahitaji, hivyo basi mahitaji ya wateja ndiyo
      yatakayotoa mwongozo wa maeneo ya utafiti yatakayopewa kipaumbele na programu
      gani zitatekelezwa kila mwaka.

   3. Ili kuongeza na kudumisha uwekezaji katika utafiti Serikali itahimiza ushirikishwaji wa
      wauzaji na wanunuzi wa mazao katika kupanga na kuchangia utafiti.

   4. Wizara itahimiza uendelezaji wa utafiti wa asili na vitendo,ili kutoa kipaumbele kwa
      makundi ambayo ni rahisi kuathirika,kwa lengo la kuboresha msingi wa maarifa ya
      kisayansi na teknolojia dhidi ya matatizo ya lishe ya chakula. Kilimo na afya kuweza
      kuchanganuliwa na kufumbuliwa.



Sera inasemaje kuhusu huduma za udhibiti?

    Ili kulinda maslahi ya pande zote husika katika sekta ya Kilimo, Serikali itaweka
      utaratibu na viwango vinavyokubalika kwa wahusika.




                                              42
   Kanuni na sheria hutumika kudhibiti viwango hivyo na serikali ndiyo taasisi inayofaa
     zaidi katika kutelekeza huduma hiyo. Au serikali inaweza kuteua taasisi yeyote
     kufanyakazi hiyo kwa niaba yake.

   Udhibiti umegawanyika katika makundi makuu yafuatayo:-

         1) Sekta ndogo ya Mbegu.
         2) Udhibiti wa maradhi na wadudu, ndege na wanyama waharibifu wa mazao.
         3) Taarifa za kilimo na Masoko ya Mazao na Pembejeo.
         4) Huduma za Maendeleo ya Ushirika.


SERA ZA SEKTA NDOGO ZA MAZAO YA KILIMO,                 kauli za sera

A. ZAO LA KAHAWA

  1. Serikali itahamasisha huduma za utafiti ili kupata miche ya mibuni bora.

  2. Serikali itatoza ushuru ktk magulio kufidia gharama za utafiti

  3. Serikali itabinafsisha mashamba makubwa ya kahawa.

  4. Serikali itahimiza sekta binafsi,vyama vya wakulima pamoja na ushirika kwenye
     viwanda vya kuongeza ubora wa kahawa.

  5. Shughuli za udhibiti wa ubora zitaendelea kuwa chini ya Bodi ya Kahawa.



B. PAMBA

   Maeneo yanayolima Pamba ardhi imechoka sana na kuharibu mazingira. Kazi kubwa
     ya Serikali ktk maeneo hayo ni kutafiti jinsi ya kurutubisha maeneo hayo ili kilimo kiwe
     na tija.

   Aidha kuhimiza uzalishaji ktk maeneo mapya, mikoa ya Pwani, Kigoma, Mbeya na
     Pwani.

   Serikali itahimiza uanzishaji wa mtandao wa vituo vya kuuza pembejeo za kilimo ili
     ziwafikie wakulima kwa urahisi.

   Serikali itatafuta fedha ili kuhamasisha utafiti wa pamba.

   Bodi itaendelea kudhibiti ubora wa Pamba na upatikanaji wa mbegu bora, taratibu za
     uuzaji na ununuzi.


                                             43
C. ZAO LA CHAI

   a) Serikali itahimarisha huduma za kitaalamu kwenye sekta binafsi,ili kuongeza uzalishaji.

   b) Serikali itaruhusu sekta binafsi kununua chi mbichi toka kwa wakulima,ili kuhamasisha
       upatikanaji wa pembejeo na mikopo nafuu.

   c. Serikali itahamasisha sekta binafsi kumiliki viwanda na kuendeleza vile vilivyopo chini
       ya mamlaka ya chai.

   d. Wizara itahimiza uimarishaji miundombinu, hasa kule kwa wakulima wadogo wadogo,ili
       kusafirisha zao la chai.



MAZAO YASIYO YA ASILI

    Ni mazao ambayo yanauzwa nje pale tu kunapokuwa na ziada.

    Mazao hayo ni kama, mbegu za mafuta,mazao ya jamii ya kunde,mboga na
       matunda,viungo,kakao,sukari na vyakula vikuu.

    Kauli za Sera kuhusu mazao yasiyo ya asili.

   1. Serikali itaweka mazingira ya kuzifanya sekta binafsi kuwekeza kwa,

      Kuweka mfumo mzuri wa masoko

      Kufanya utafiti juu ya mahitaji ya soko ili kujua kiasi cha kuuzwa katika soko la nje.

   2. Serikali itahimiza na kuboresha mfumo wa usafirishaji na mawasiliano wenye ufanisi ili
       kuokoa uharibifu wa mazao hayo, perishables



Namna sera ya kilimo inavyoendana na malengo ya mkukuta.

    MKUKUTA ni mkakati wa kukuza uchumi na kupunguza umasikini Tanzania, wakati
       LENGO KUU LA SERA YA KILIMO ni kuinua maisha ya watu wote ambao msingi wa
       shughuli zao unategemea kilimo. Aidha kuwawezesha kuzalisha kibiashara ili
       waongeze kipato chao na cha Taifa kwa ujumla.


                                             MWISHO.




                                               44
Agriculture Sector Development Program of 2006 Presentation



     PROGRAMU YA KUENDELEZA SEKTA YA KILIMO-AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
                          DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ASDP)

 ASDP ni chombo cha kutekeleza malengo ya Mkatakati wa kuendeleza sekta ya kilimo
   (ASDS).

 Mkakati una lengo la kukiwezesha kilimo kiwe cha kisasa,cha kibiashara, kilicho na
   tija,kinacholeta faida,kinachozingatia matumizi endelevu ya raslimali na kinachochochea
   maendeleo ya sekta nyingine.

 ASDP itatekeleza na kuimarisha dhana ya ushirikishwaji wa walengwa hususan wakulima
   na wafugaji katika kuibua,kupanga na kutekeleza shughuli za maendeleo kulingana na
   fursa na raslimali zilizo katika maeneo yao.



Uundaji wa Programu (ASDP)

 Programu hii ilibuniwa na kupanuliwa ili kutekeleza mkakati ASDS) uliotengenezwa kwa
   kutumia mtazamo mpana wa kisekta-SECTOR WIDE APPROACH (SWAP) – ushirikishaji
   sekta mbali mbali, Ili kujenga uelewa wa kijumla wa matatizo ya sekta ya kilimo.

 Programu hii itatekelezwa kwa kipindi cha miaka saba kuanzia 2006/07 hadi 2012/2013,
   itatekelezwa katika ngazi ya wilaya na Taifa.



Malengo ya ASDP.

 ASDP ina malengo makuu mawili, nayo ni:-

1. Kuwawezesha wakulima na wafugaji kuongeza tija na uzalishaji ili kupata faida na mapato
   kwa kuwapatia elimu, teknolojia, miundombinu na masoko ya uhakika.

2. Kujenga mazingira bora ya kisera na kisheria ili kuongeza uwekezaji wa sekta binafsi
   katika kilimo.




                                              45
Maeneo ya kipaumbele katika ASDP

 Ili kufikia malengo tajwa katika programu, maeneo matano yamepewa kipaumbele kwenye
   utekelezaji:-

1. Kuimarisha mfumo wa usimamizi wa maendeleo ya kilimo katika ngazi zote(Serikali
   kuu,mitaa,taasisi za Serikali,jumuiya za wakulima na sekta binafsi).

2. Kujenga mazingira bora kwa ajili ya kuendeleza kilimo cha biashara,ikiwa ni pamoja na
   kufanya mapitio ya kodi kwenye kilimo,kuainisha sheria na kanuni zilizopo kwa lengo la
   kuvuita uwekezaji kwenye sekta ya kilimo.

3. Kuainisha majukumu ya Serikali na Sekta binafsi ili kuimarisha ushirikiano kwa lengo la
   kutoa huduma bora za kilimo (utafiti,ugani,mafunzo,usimamiaji wa kanuni,utoaji mikopo na
   huduma za ufundi).

4. Kuimarisha huduma za masoko ya mazao na pembejeo za kilimo na mifugo. Kuendeleza
   ujasiriamali,usindikaji wa mazao na kukuza viwanda vya kilimo. Pia kuimarisha ukusanyaji
   wa Takwimu na utoaji taarifa za masoko kwa wadau.

5. Kushirikisha sekta nyingine katika maendeleo ya kilimo ili zijumuishe masuala ya
   maendeleo ya kilimo katika mipango yao.Maeneo hayo ni:-Miundombinu,
   Maji,Mazingira,Nishati,Viwanda na Biashara,Jinsia na Afya(UKIMWI na Malaria)



Utekelezaji wa ASDP

 Programu hii itatekelezwa nchi nzima, sehemu kubwa ya utekelezaji utakuwa kupitia
   Mipango ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo Wilayani-District Agriculture Development Plans,
   (DADPs).

 DADPs itakuwa ni sehemu ya mipango ya maendeleo ya wilaya, District Development
   Plans-DDPs.

 A. Utekelezaji katika ngazi ya wilaya

 Utekelezaji wa Programu katika ngazi hii utasimamiwa na Serikali za mitaa chini ya
   uangalizi wa OWM-TAMISEMI.



Shughuli zitakazotekelezwa ni:-




                                               46
       1. Kuwaongezea uwezo wakulima wa kupanga matumizi ya raslimali kwa ajili ya huduma za
          kilimo na uwekezaji.

       2. Kuimarisha ushiriki wa sekta binafsi katika utoaji wa huduma za ugani.

       3. Kuongeza upatikanaji wa huduma za kilimo kwa wakulima na wafugaji.

       4. Kuimarisha usimamizi wa matumizi ya fedha za Serikali na kuwaandaa wakulima kupata
          mikopo.

       5. Kuboresha sheria na kanuni zinazosimamia uzalishaji na masoko ya mazao ya kilimo na
          mifugo.

       6. Kuimarisha uwezo wa kuandaa mipango, kusimamia utekelezaji na kufanya tathmini.

       7. Kuongeza tija na mapato ya wakulima na wafugaji kwa kuwekeza katika maeneo muhimu
          ya uzalishaji katika sekta ya kilimo kama umwagiliaji.



       Maeneo yatakayotekelezwa

        Katika ngazi ya Wilaya na Vijiji, Programu kupitia Mipango ya Maendeleo ya
          Wilaya(DADPs) itatekeleza maeneo yafuatayo:-

       1. Uwekezaji

       2. Utoaji wa huduma za kilimo na,

       3. Kujenga uwezo wa wakulima na watendaji katika kupanga na kutekeleza mipango ya
          kilimo.

        B.Utekelezaji katika ngazi ya Taifa

        Katika ngazi ya Taifa ni jukumu la Wizara za Sekta ya kilimo. Shughuli zitakazo tekelezwa
          katika eneo hili ni:-

 i.       Uimarishaji huduma za kilimo, hususan utafiti na ugani.

ii.       Uboreshaji wa miundo ya jumla ya kisera na kisheria, usimamizi wa sekta binafsi na
          upatikanaji wa masoko.

iii.      Uboreshaji wa ukusanyaji na usambazaji wa taarifa.

iv.       Uwekezaji na uwezeshaji katika miundombinu ya umwagiliaji maji mashambani. (Miradi
          mikubwa ya umwagiliaji itagharimiwa na NATIONAL IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT



                                                     47
       FUND-NIDF na kusimamiwa katika ngazi ya Taifa. Miradi midogo itagharimiwa kupitia
       DADPs na Mfuko wa maendeleo ya Umwagiliaji Wilayani (District Irrigation Development
       Fund-DIDF) miradi itawashirikisha walengwa ktk kupanga na kuchangia gharama).

 v.       Kuimarisha uhakika wa upatikanaji wa chakula.

 vi.      Kuhakikisha uwekezaji unafanyika kitaalam na huduma bora za kilimo zinatolewa
          wilayani.



Taratibu za kupeleka ruzuku za kilimo kwenye serikli za mitaa

 Serikali za mitaa lazima zitimize vigezo vya ruzuku ya maendeleo ya serikali za mitaa
       (local government capital development grant)

 Kutakua na aina tatu za ruzuku za kilimo

           Ruzuku ya maendeleo ya kilimo wilayani (District Agriculture Development Grant
              DADG)

           Ruzuku ya maendeleo ya ugani (Extension Block Grant EBG)

           Ruzuku ya kujenga uwezo wa serikali za mitaana wakulima wa kuboresha mifumo
              ya uendaji *Agriculture Capacity Building Grant ACG)

 Taratibu za kupeleka ruzuku za kilimo kwenye serikli za mitaa…

 Kila ruzuku itakua na sehemu mbili

           Sehemu ya msingi itatolewa na kila halmashauri

           Sehemu ya usindani kwa halmashauri zitakazokidhi vigezo vya ufanisi na
              utekelezaji

 Kwa kuangalia Programu hii ya kuendeleza sekta ya kilimo, inalenga moja kwa moja katika
       kutekeleza lengo kuu na madhumuni ya Sera ya Kilimo ya Taifa. Aidha inalenga katika
       kutoa suluhu ya malengo ya MKUKUTA.



                                             Mwisho




                                                48
National Mineral Sector Policy Presentation.



                        SERA YA SEKTA YA MADINI YA MWAKA 1997

YALIYOMO:

1.       Sura ya kwanza: Sera ya Taifa ya Uchumi

2.       Sura ya pili: Hazina ya madini nchini

3.       Sura ya tatu: Sera ya Madini ya Mwaka 1997

             a. Malengo ya Sera

             b. Changamoto

             c. Madhumuni ya Sera

4.       Sura ya nne: Dhima ya Serikali

              Masuala muhimu yaliyomo katika sera

5.       Sura ya tano: Mkakati wa mawasiliano



Sura ya kwanza: Sera ya Taifa ya Uchumi

        Mwishoni mwa miaka ya 1980, Serikali ilifanya mabadiliko ya Sera ya Uchumi nchini.

        Sera ya Taifa ya Uchumi ilitengenezwa ili kusisitiza juhudi za sekta binafsi kuwekeza
         katika uchumi. Mwelekeo wa Sera ya Taifa pia ulilenga kuvutia teknolojia ya kisasa na
         mitaji inayohitajika katika uwekezaji kwenye sekta za uchumi ikiwa ni pamoja na sekta
         ya madini.

        Aidha, Serikali ilitambua uwezo mkubwa wa sekta ya madini katika kuchangia ufufuaji
         wa haraka wa uchumi na maendeleo ya nchi. Ili iweze kutumia uwezo huo, Serikali
         ilitayarisha Sera ya Madini ya mwaka 1997 itakayoongoza na kuelekeza maendeleo
         ya shuguli za madini hapa nchini.




                                                 49
Sura ya tatu: Sera ya Madini ya Mwaka 1997

      Sera ya Madini inatoa mwelekeo wa sekta ya madini kwa miaka 25 hadi 30 ijayo kuwa
       na sekta ya madini yenye nguvu inayoongozwa na sekta binafsi inayojumuisha
       utafutaji, uchimbaji na biashara ya madini.



Malengo ya Sera:

      kuwa na shughuli za madini zinazoendeshwa kwa kuzingatia kanuni za usalama
       kimazingira na kuiwezesha sekta hii kuchangia zaidi ya asilimia 10% ya pato la taifa
       (GDP).

      kuhakikisha kunakuwapo viwanda vinavyokata na kusanifu vito na usonara hapa nchini
       vitakavyoifanya Tanzania kuwa kituo cha vito katika Afrika; na

      kutoa ajira ya kuaminika kwa watanzania na kupunguza umasikini.



Changamoto:

Sera ya Madini imeainisha changamoto zifuatazo:

      Kuinua mchango wa sekta ya madini kwa kuongeza pato la Taifa (GDP),

      Kuongeza fedha za kigeni,

      Kuongeza mapato ya serikali,

      Kutoa ajira ya kuaminika,

      Kutoa chanzo mbadala cha mapato hususan kwa wakazi wa vijijini,

      Kuhakikisha hifadhi na usimamizi wa mazingira.




Madhumuni ya Sera:

      Sera ya Madini inalenga kuvutia na kuiwezesha sekta binafsi kushika usukani katika
       utafutaji, uchimbaji na biashara ya madini.




                                              50
Sura ya nne: Dhima ya Serikali

Dhima ya serikali itakuwa:-

      kuchochea na kuongeza uwekezaji wa sekta binafsi katika madini kwa:-

           (i)     Kusimamia

           (ii)    Kudhibiti

           (iii)   Kuhamasisha ukuaji wa sekta; na

           (iv)    Kutoa huduma za ushauri wa kitaalumu kwa wachimbaji wadogo.



Masuala muhimu yaliyomo katika sera ni pamoja na:--

      Mazingira bora ya uwekezaji,

      Kuweka mfumo wa kodi,

      Kuanzisha mfumo wa sheria na udhibiti unaokubalika kimataifa ili kuvutia na
       kudumisha uwekezaji wa ndani na nje, na kuunda mazingira ya biashara yaliyo imara,

      Serikali kusaidia sekta ndogo ya madini kwa kufanikisha mabadiliko ya shughuli za
       uchimbaji ili ziwe na mpangilio bora na wa kisasa zaidi,

      Kuweka mazingira nafuu kwa watanzania ya kiuwekezaji katika sekta ya madini ili
       washiriki katika shughuli za madini,

      Kujenga na kudumisha miundombinu inayotosheleza kwa ajili ya maendeleo ya
       shughuli za sekta ya madini,

      Uanzishaji wa mifumo rasmi ya masoko kwa ajili ya kuhakikisha ustawi wa masoko ya
       ndani na nje,

      Kushirikisha uchimbaji wa madini katika uchumi wa taifa kwa ajili ya kujenga viwanda
       na kuendeleza uchumi wa Tanzania ili kuongeza mchango wa sekta ya madini katika
       maendeleo,

      Kuhakikisha kuwapo kwa mafunzo ya kutosha kwa watumishi yenye fani mbali mbali ili
       kutumia kwa ufanisi ujuzi na maendeleo ya teknolojia katika sekta ya madini,

      Kuhakikisha afya na usalama wa watu katika shughuli za madini,

      Kushughulikia masuala ya wanawake na watoto katika shughuli za madini,


                                              51
      Kuimarisha ushirikishwaji na uhusishwaji wa jamii katika shughuli za madini,

      Kuwapa nafasi kubwa watanzania katika uwekezaji kwa madini ya vito,

      Kudhibiti athari za kimazingira na kijamii zinazotokana na shughuli za madini;

      Kuboresha huduma za kifedha zinazotolewa kwa sekta ya madini,

      Kurahisisha upatikanaji wa misaada na nyenzo muhimu kwa uhawilishaji wa teknolojia
       na ustawi wa maendeleo ya sekta.



Sura ya tano: Mkakati wa mawasiliano

      Kufanya juhudi za kutangaza hazina ya madini.

      Kubainisha makundi yanayolengwa katika utekelezaji wa sera ili kuongeza ufanisi.

                                            MWISHO




                                              52
     Annex III: ZONAL GROUP PRESENTATIONS.


     MTWARA ZONE GROUP PRESENTATIONS:
     KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA:
     1.0    KILIMO:
     Swali ; Ainisha mafanikio na mapungufu katika sera ya kilimo ya mwaka 1997 na kasha toa
     mapendekezo kuhusu mapungufu hayo.
     Majawabu;
MAFANIKIO                                             MAPUNGUFU
A. Hakuna                                             -Udhibiti wa usalama wa chakula bado ni
                                                      mdogo,
                                                      -Hali ya lishe bado ni duni.
                                                      -Upatikanaji wa chakula ni mdogo.
B. Hakuna                                             Kipato cha maisha na kipato cha wananchi
                                                      bado ni duni.
C. Kuongezeka kwa pato la Taifa kwa fedha        za
kigeni kwa 44%


D. Tumefanikiwa kwa kiwango kidogo katika
kuzalisha na kutoa malighafi ikiwa ni pamoja na
mazao ya viwandani n mifugo na usindikaji ambao
hufanyika kwa kiasi kidogo.
E. Mafanikio ymepatikana katika kuingiza na
kuongeza Teknolojia mpya zinazoongeza tija na
nguvu kazi ardhi.
F. Mafanikio yapo katika kuhimiza        matumizi
yanayoungana na yanayohimili pamoja menejiment
ya raslimali asili kama vile ardhi,udongo,maji na
mimea ili kuhifadhi mazingira.
G.                                                    Hakuna mafanikio katika kuendeleza raslimali
                                                      watu iliyo katika sekta hii ili kuongeza tija ya
                                                      nguvu na kuinua uwezo,ufahamu na moyo.
                                                      Mfano- Hakuna mikopo
                                                            - Mazao kukosa soko.
H. Yapo katika huduma za kuimarisha sekta ya
kilimo ambazo haziwezi kutolewa kwa ufanisi na
sekta ya binafsi.
I.                                                    Hakuna     mafanikio    katika   kuhamasisha
                                                      upatikanaji wa ardhi, mikopo, elimu na taarifa
                                                      kwa wanawake na vijana.




                                                53
MAPENDEKEZO
             a. Elimu itolewe juu ya udhibiti wa chakula na lishe
             b. Kuwepo na ufuatiliaji na ukaguzi wa mara kwa mara kwa vyakula vilivyopo
                sokoni.
             c. Serikali iweke utaratibu wa mikopo nafuu kwa wakulima.
             d. Kuboresha mfumo wa masoko
             e. Kuboresha katika upatikanaji wa         ardhi, mikopo,elimu na taarifa kwa
                wanawake n vijana.


KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

2.0      MADINI:

Swali; Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997? Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jawabu;

Mafanikio:-

      a. Kuwepo kwa sera

      b. Kuwepo kwa wawekezaji

      c. Kuongeza pato la Taifa

      d. Kugundua mapungufu katika mpango mzima wa madini.

Mapungufu:-

  a.     Jamii kutoshirikishwa katika mchakato wa kuandaa sera.

  b.     Sera ya sasa ya madini imemlenga zaidi muwekezaji wa nje.

  c.     Huduma za jamii hazitolewi ipasavyo katika machimbo/mgodi

  d.     Ukosefu wa Takwimu sahihi za madini.

  e.     Ukosefu wa ufuatiliaji na usimamizi

  f.     Ukosefu wa taaluma ya madini kwa jamii.

  g.     Mfumo wa kodi ya sera ya madini unaikosesha mapato makubwa Serikali.




                                               54
Mapendekezo:-

              1) Sera mpya itengenezwe kwa mchakato wa kushirikisha jamii.

              2) STAMICO ipewe nguvu ya kumiliki migodi kupitia Hisa za wananchi.

              3) Huduma za kuhudumia wfanyakazi migodini na maeneo ya machimbo
                 zitolewe/ zifanywe na wazalendo.

              4) Wawekezaji watoe huduma za jamii kwa wananchi kama            elimu, afya,
                 barabara na maji.

              5) Ziandaliwe takwimu za madini kupitia tovuti ya madini.

              6) STAMICO ipewe uwezo wa kufanya usimamizi na ufuatiliaji.

              7) Taratibu zifanyike ili jamii ipewe taaluma ya madini

              8) Mfumo mpya wa kodi katika sekta ya madini uzingatie maslahi ya nchi na
                 misamaha ya kodi iangaliwe upya.



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU

3.0   MKUKUTA:

(a) Uelewa wa malengo ya MKUKUTA kwa wananchi:

Dhana ya MKUKUTA haieleweki vyema kwa wananchi kwa sababu:

          -     Hakuna elimu ya kutosha iliyotolewa kwa wananchi.

          -     Kutokuwepo kwa taarifa ya utekelezaji inayopimika.

(b). Mapendekezo ya kuboresha utekelezaji wa MKUKUTA

         Wananchi kupatiwa elimu ya kutosha juu ya dhana MKUKUTA na utekelezaji
          wake.

         Kila kiongozi awajibike kwa nafasi yake katika utekelezaji wa MKUKUTA.

         Kuwe na sheria thabiti za kumwajibisha kila mtu katika utekelezaji wa malengo ya
          MKUKUTA.

         Kufanya mapitio ya sera kwa kushirikisha wadau mbali mbali ili sera hizo ziendane
          na malengo ya MKUKUTA.




                                                55
   Kuwe na mahusiano mazuri ya wadau wa utekelezaji wa MKUKUTA.

   Sheria zilizopitwa na wakati zifutwe au zirekebishwe ili ziweze kuendana na
    malengo ya MKUKUTA.

   Uingiaji na ufungaji wa mikataba uwe wazi ba kushirikisha wadau mbali mbali,
    mfano NSA.

   AZISE zipewe majukumu ya kufikisha elimu ya MKUKUTA kwa jamii.

   Kuboresha mapato ya ndani kwa kuimarisha na kutumia fursa zilizopo.

   Kuwe na usambazaji wa taarifa sahihi kwa jamii kwa muda muafaka.




                                    56
MBEYA ZONE GROUP PRESENTATIONS



1.0      KILIMO:



KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA;

Swali: Ainisha mfanikio /mapungufu yaliyomo katika sera ya kilimo ya mwaka 1997, na kisha
toa mapendekezo.

Jawabu;

Mafanikio:-

      a. Kuwepo kwa sera.

      b. Sera ya kilimo ya 1997 imesababisha kuwepo kwa mkakati na programu.

      c. Kuwepo kwa ushiriki wa AZISE katika kupashana taarifa.

      d. Kuanzishwa kwa mfumo wa ushirikishwaji wa AZISE katika uboreshaji wa sera.

      e. Kuwepo kwa sera kumesababisha soko huria na kuongeza pato la mkulima.



Mapungufu:-

      1) Sera haikuwafikia walengwa wakulima kwa wakati.

      2) Jamii/wakulima haikushiriki kuandaa sera ya 1997.

      3) Sera haiainishi fidia ambazo anapaswa kupewa mkulima atapatwa na majanga au
          maafa.

      4) Sera imeainisha mazao ya kibiashara yanayo liingizia Taifa fedha za kigeni na
          kuyaacha mazao ya chakula yanayotumiwa na baadhi ya maeneo kama mazao ya
          biashara.

      5) Licha ya sera kutamka kuwa kilimo ni uti wa mgongo lakini haijaainisha haki
          anazopaswa kupewa mkulima anapostaafu shughuli za kilimo.

      6) Licha ya sera kuainisha malengo mbali mbali lakini toka 1997 hdi leo 2007
          imeshindwa kuinua pato la mkulima.




                                               57
   7) Sera inatambua zao la Tumbaku kuwa ni zao la biashara licha ya kupingana na
      wizara ya Afya kuwa sigara ni sumu kwa afya.

   8) Sera iliandaliwa bila kushirikisha wizara zingine kama vile, Maliasili,Maji na Madini.

   9) Sera haijazungumza kuhusu kilimo hai.

   10) Mkulima haja ainishiwa motisha.

   11) Mwelekeo wa sera ni tgemezi kwa wafadhiri.

   12) Sera haiainishi kuwa wataalam wanaohitimu vyuo, mfano, SUA kuwa ni nyenzo
      muhimu katika kumuinua mkulima.



Mapendekezo:

     Sera zitafsiriwe kwa lugha nyepesi na kutwanywa katika kila kijiji

     Sera ya kilimo ishirikishe jamii ya wakulima wakati wa kuiandaa

     Sera ianishe wazi fidia ambazo mkulima anapaswa kulipwa endapo atapatwa na
      majanga/maafa

     Mkulima apewe kiinua mgongo na mafao muda anapostaafu kilimo

     Tamko la sera liendane na kuwepo rasilimali za utekelezaji wa sera

     Wizara ya kilimo na wizara ya afya zikubaliane kuhus kufutwa au kuendeleza zao la
      tumbaku

     Sera ziandaliwe kwa kushirikisha wizara nyingine ili kuondoa migongano katika
      utekelezaji

     Sera iweke wazi motisha anazopaswa kupewa mkulima

     Mwelekeo wa sera uendane na uwezo halisi alionao mkulima

     Sera itamke wazi kuwa bajeti ya mkulima ni asilimia kumi 10% kwa mujibu ya
      makubaliano ya mkataba wa SADC/tamko la MAPUTO

     Sera itambue na kuainisha rasilimali wtu wanaohitimu vyuo kuwa ndio nyenzo muhimu
      katika kuinua kilimo

     Sera imuandae mkulima kuweza kuongeza thamani mazao yake ili apate faida



                                             58
      Sera imuandalie mkulima mazingira mazuri ya kumuwezesha kukukopesheka kwenye
       vyombo vya fedha kama mabenki.




KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

Swali; Nini muono wako kuhusu Programu ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo (ASDP) ya mwaka 2006?
Ni mapungufu yapi unayoyaona katika Programu hiyo na nini ushauri wako katika kufanikisha
utekelezaji wake?

Jawabu; Muono ni mzuri kwa kuwa

       - Ni mpango shirikishi

       - Jamii inaibua, kupanga na kutekeleza mipango bora ya kuendeleza kilimo ambayo
       itasaidia kukuza uchumi, kuondoa umasikini na kuwa na uhakika wa chakula kulingana
       na fursa na rasilimali zilizopo katika eneo husika

Mapungufu:

   -   uchelewashaji wa fedha kunakopeleka mpango kutoenda kwa wakati

   -   uelewa mdogo miongoni mwa jamii juu ya programu ya maendeleo ya kilimo

   -   Upungufu wa maofisa ugani utapeleka ASDP kutofanyika kwa ufanisi

   -   Programu haijaangalia namna ya kumfidia mkulima kutokana na majanga yanayomfika
       mfano ukame, mafuriko

Mapendekezo:

   -   kuboresha mazingira ya kuwafanya maofisa ugani waishi maeneo ya vijijini

   -   Kuwepo kwa mfuko wa penshini wa wakulima

   -   Kuwepo na mpango wa kufidia wakulima kutokana na majanga yanayowakuta

   -   Kwa kuwa soko la uhakika la nje halihitaji mazao yaliyokuzwa na mbolea za viwandani,
       programu iangalie namna ya kuhamasisha matumizi ya mbolea za asili

   -   Kuwepo kwa vituo vya taarifa za kibiashara katika ngazi za kata ili kuimarisha
       mawasiliano




                                               59
   -    Kuweko na mfumo wa kutowa fidia kwa wakulima wanaoathirika kutokana na
        maelekezo ya kisiasa yanayokingana na hali halisi ya kiutendaji kama vile matamko ya
        viongozi wa serikali kupiga marufuku wakulima wa mazao ya kilimo kuuza nje ya
        wilaya zao hivyo kusababisha kushuka kwa bei za mazao ya ama kuwalazimu kutumia
        aina za mbolea ambazo baadaye huleata huathiri ardhi na hata afya za wakulima



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali; Tafadhali orodhesha changamoto zilizopo katika utekelezaji wa mipango ya maendeleo
ya kilimo katika eneo lako na pendekeza njia mbadala za kusuluhisha changamoto hizo?

Jawabu;

CHANGAMOTO: Ukosefu wa elimu ya mipango ya maendeleo kwa viongozi wa serikali ya
mitaa

Mapendekezo: patolewe elimu hiyo kwa viongozi wa serikali za mitaa



CHANGAMOTO: Upungufu mkubwa wa wataalamu wa kilimo katika vijiji, kata n.k

Mapendekezo: Serikali iajiri wataalamu wa kilimo wa kutosheleza mahitaji yaliyopo



CHANGAMOTO: Wataalmu wa kilimo waliopo kutowafikia wakulima kuwapa ushauri

Mapendekezo: Serikali iwawezeshe wataalamu wa kilimo kuwafikia wakulima kwa kufanya
yafuatayo:

               a. inawapa vitendea kazi

               b. Iongoze usimamizi wa kazi



CHANGAMOTO: ukosefu na gharama kubwa za pembejeo

Mapendekezo: Serikali ihakikishe upatikanaji wa pembejeo kwa wakati na iweke ruzuku ili
kupunguza gharama



CHANGAMOTO: ukosefu wa soko la uhakika kwa bidhaa za wakulima



                                              60
Mapendekezo: Serikali ihakikishe inaanda mazingira mazuri ya soko



CHANGAMOTO: Uduni wa vitendea kazi kwa wakulima wadogo

Mapendekezo: Serikali iwawezesha wakulima wadogo kupata vitendea kazi vilivyo bora




2.0        MADINI:

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA

Swali; Idadi kubwa ya migodi mikubwa ya madini iliyopo Tanzania inamilikiwa na wawekezaji
kutoka nje kwa asilimia 100. Je, Unadhani umefika wakati mwafaka kwa Serikali kushiriki
katika .

Jawabu; Wakati umefika ambapo serikali inapaswa kushiriki katika umiliki kwa sababu
zifuatazo:

          Sera iliyopo inawalinda na kuwapa maslahi wawekezaji wageni kuliko wazawa
          Wawekezaji wageni hawataki kutekeleza masharti ya mikataba
          Wawekezaji wageni wanakwepa kulipa kodi
          Wanawalipa mishahara midogo wafanyakazi wazawa ukilnganisha na wageni
          Wanaharibu mazingira
          Mikataba iliyopo inawapa mwanya wageni kupora madini na vito vya thamani
          Wawekezaji wageni wanahamisha madeni kutoka mwaka mmoja kwenda mwaka
           unaofuata hali inayokoseha serikali mapati hivyo ni sababu ya msingi kwa serikali
           kushiriki

MAPENDEKEZO

          Sera mpya ilenge kuwapa wazawa nafasi ya kumiliki migodi kwa kribu asilimia arobaini
           40% na kuingia ubia na wageni
          Prospective Licences zote zilizochukuliwa kinyemela zibatilishwe
          Fehda zote zinazoingi na kutoka nje ya nchi zipitie BOT kama ambavyo sheria
           inavyotaka
          Mikatba ya madini inayosainiwa kwa maslahi ya taifa ihusishe wanasheria wa
           kujitegema


                                                 61
      Mikataba inayosainiwa iwe wazi na itangazwe katika vyombo vya habari
      Wazawa waandaliwe ili waweze kumilikishwa nakutoa ajira kwa wataalamu wetu
       wanaohitimu vyuo
      Miundo mbinu iandaliwe mapema na serikali kabla ya kuingia mkataba na mwekezaji
      Sera iainishe wazi kuwapa wafanyakazi wa ndani kipaumbele katka ajira kwenye
       migodi

KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

Swali; Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997? Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jawabu; Mapungufu ni kama -

   1. kujitoa kwa serikali kwa asilimia 100% uzalishaji na kufanya biashara na kufanya
       biashara kunaacha mwanya kwa sekta binafsi kutokuwa na uwazi

   2. Mgongano baina ya sera ya ardhi na sera ya madini, na kupunguza nguvu ya sera ya
       ardhi

   3. Sera haimbani mwekezaji wa nje katika kutoa vipaumbele kwa ajira za ndani

   4. fidia ya uharibifu wa madini itokanayo na kazi za migodini haizungumziwi kwa uwazi

   5. serikali za mitaa hazijazungumziwa mamalaka/nafasi zake katika kufanya
       maamuzi/ushirikishwaji wa uendeshwaji/uwekezaji

   6. Sera haijazingatia uengezekaji wa thamani ya vito kwa kusindika/ufungashaji sokoni.
       i.e Kupeleka mchanga wa madini

   7. Sera kuwa na mfumo wa kodi usiobadilika unasababisha serikali kukosa mapato



Mapendekezo:

   1. Jamii kupitia serikali katika ngazi ya mitaa zishirikishwe kwa kutoa kauli mfano katika
       suala la mrahaba

   2. Uundaji wa iundo mbinu wakati wa uwekezaji uwe sehemu ya gharama ya uwekezaji

   3. Serikali isijitoe moja kwa moja katika kuzalisha mali na kufanya biashara hususani
       sekta ya madini

   4. Sera iwe inahusisha pia maeneo mengine ya kisera, mfano sera ya ardhi


                                              62
   5. Azimio la songea




KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali; Kumekuwa na malalamiko sana kutoka kwa wachimbaji wadogo kuhusu umiliki wa
machimbo. Tafadhali toa mapendekezo ya kisera ili kuboresha uchimbaji mdogo.

Jawabu; Mapendekezo:

   1. Sera ya madini ibadilishwe na kufanywa kuwa shiriki na sera nyingine ambazo
      zinahusiana kama ardhi, maji, mazingira, misitu na kilimo

   2. Leseni za umiliki wa maeneo ya madini zilizotolewa kabla ya sera ya madini 1997
      zifutwe na wamiliki wa leseni hizo waombe upya ili waweze kuendana na sera mpya ya
      mwaka 1997

   3. Sera iliyopo ya mwaka 1997 imelenga zaidi kwa wawekezaji wakubwa na kuwaacha
      wachimbaji wadogo hivyo hivyo itebgenezwe sera nyingine ambayo italenga
      wachimbaji wadogo na maslahi ya taifa

   4. Sera ibadilishe utaratibu wa utoaji wa leseni kutoka ngazi ya wizara, kanda na mkoa ili
      kumuwezesha mchimbaji mdogo kupata leseni kwa urahisi na kuondo urasimu

   5. Sera izingatie maslahi ya mchimbaji mdogo katika kukaribisha wawekezaji wakubwa
      kwa kuingi ubia na wachimbaji wadogo ambao wanamiliki eneo hilo.




                                             63
                          DODOMA ZONE GROUP PRESENTATIONS



1.0      KILIMO;

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA:

Swali: Nini muono wako kuhusu Programu ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo ya mwaka 2006?. Ainisha
changamoto zilizopo na pendekeza njia za kuboresha?

Jawabu:

Maoni: Mpango wa Maendeleo ya Kilimo ya 2006 haujatosheleza kukidhi haja za mlengwa
yaani mkulima.

Changamoto:

      1. Mpango haueleweki kwa walengwa

      2. Mpango haunyeshi nafasi ya wadau wa asasi zisizo za kiserekali katika utekelezaji
         wake

      3. Uandaaji wa mpango huu ulianzia juu badala ya kuanzia chini kwa walengwa

Mapendekezo:

      1. Elimu zaidi kuhusu mpango huu inahitajika kupelekwa kwa walengwa wengi zaidi

      2. AZISE zijumuishwe katika utekelezaji wa mpango huu

      3. Mipango mingine kama hii na ile inayoendana na huu inapaswa kuanzia kwa
         walengwa wenyewe.



KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

Swali; Ainisha mfanikio na mapungufu yaliyomo katika Sera ya Kilimo ya mwaka 1997, na
kisha toa mapendekezo ya kuboresha katika mapungufu hayo.

Jawabu;

Mafanikio:

      1. Sera imetambua mchango wa sekta ya kilimo kwa jamii




                                               64
   2. Sera imeweza kuonyesha lengo kuu, madhumuni sahihi na nyenzo za kufanikisha
       madhumuni hayo

   3. Sera imeonyesha kuibuliwa kutokana na matatizo yanayokabili sekta ya kilimo nchini

Mapungufu:

   1. Sekta binafsi haikutamkwa rasmi katika sera hii

   2. Sera imetungwa bila kuwa na ushikishwaji wa kutosha wa wadau wa kilimo

   3. Kukosekana kwa kutambua umuhimu wa kuwepo sheria maalum yenye kulenga
       kumuwezesha mkulima kupata mikpo muhimu na soko la mazao yake

Mapendekezo:

   1. Sera iweke wazi njia za kumuwezesha mkulima kupata pembejeo za kilimo, masoko
       na mipango ya kuboresha miundombinu ya usafiri na maghala

   2. Sera itoe fursa maalum ya kuunda taasisi maalum za kuwezesha wakulima wadogo
       kuweza kupata mitaji kam vile kuanzishwa kwa benki za kilimo

   3. Elimu itolewe kwa wadau kuhusu sera ya kilimo na wadau wote wahusishwe katika
       hatua zote za uundaji wa sera mpya ya kilimo unaoendelea hivi sasa.



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali; Taja changamoto zinazowakuta wakulima katika maeneo tutokayo na pendekeza njia
mbadala za kurekebisha changamoto hizo.

Jawabu; Changamoto zinazowakuta wakulima katika maeneo yetu:

ELIMU:

   -   Uwezo mdogo kwa wataalamu wa klimo kuwafikia wakulima

   -   Ukosefu wa taarifa muhimu za kitaalamu

Mapendekezo;

   -   Iwepo sera maalum ya wataalamu wa kilimo itakayohakikisha wanawafikia wakulima
       vijijini

   -   Wataalamu hawa wapewe taarifa zote muhimu zinaohusu kilimo kutaka kwa taasisi za
       tafit mbalimbali za kilimo nchini na duniani



                                               65
MITAJI:

   -   Wakulima wanashindwa kupata mitaji kutokana na kushindwa kumilikishwa ardhi
       kisheria

   -   Sera kutoweka msisitizo wa kuwawezesha wakulima wadogo kuweza kupata mikopo
       ya riba nafuu na mabenki yaliyopo

   -   Wakulima kushindwa kupata zana za kilimo na pembejeo za kutosha na kwa wakati
       muafaka

Mapendekezo:

   -   Serikali iweke utaratibu rahisi wa upatokanaji wa hati miliki

   -   Serikali ianzishe benki ya wakulima itakayotoa mikopo ya masharti na riba nafuu

   -   Serikali ihakikishe inapunguza riba kubwa itozwayo na mabenki yaliyopo

   -   Serikali iweke mazingira mazuri yatakayowezesha wakulima kupata pembejeo na zana
       za kilimo kwa urahisi



MIUNDOMBINU:

   -   rabara mbovu zinazosababisha wataalamu wa kilimo na wanunuzi wa mazaoa kufika
       krahisi maeneo ya kilimo na wakulima kushindwa kusafirisha mazao yao kutoka
       mashambani kwenda sokoni.

Pendekezo:

   -   Serikali ifanye utaratibu wa kujenga na kuboresha barabara ziendazo vijijini na
       mashambani

SERA MBOVU YA MASOKO:

   -   Sera ya soko huria inayomuumiza mkulima kwa kumpa nguvu mnunuzi ama mlanguzi
       kupanga bei ya mazao yake

Pendekezo:

   -   Kuwepo na mazingira ya kumuwezesha mkulima kuunganishwa moja kwa moja na
       mnunuzi wa nje




                                               66
2.0       MADINI:

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA;

Swali; Idadi kubwa ya migodi mikubwa ya madini iliyopo Tanzania inamilikiwa na wawekezaji
kutoka nje kwa asilimia 100. Je, Unadhani umefika wakati mwafaka kwa Serikali kushiriki
katika umiliki?

Jawabu; NDIYO

Sababu:

      -   Tumeshakuwa na uelewa kuona kuwa hatufaidiki asilimia kubwa katika mapato
          yatokanayo na sekta ya madini

      -   Kuweza kujua uzalishaji halisi unaotokana na hiyo migodi

      -   Kulinda maslahi ya taifa

Mapendekezo:

      -   Pawepo na ushikishwaji wa wadau katika kuandaa sera ya madini

      -   Sera ianishe mgawo rasmi wa mapato yatokanayo na sekta ya madini

      -   Serikali ijiimarishe kudhibiti uchimbaji wa madini

      -   Kuwepo na uhusiano mzuri kati ya sekta ya madini na sekta mtambuka

KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

Swali; Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997?. Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jawabu: Mapungufu ya Sera ya Madini ya mwaka 1997

      1. Uandaaji wa sera haukushikisha wadau

      2. Hadi sasa sera haijaweza kuwanufaisha wananchi kama ilivyolenga

      3. Sera imebagua wachimbaji wadogowadogo na kuwapendela wachimbaji wakubwa
          hasa wale wa kutoka nje ya Tanzania

      4. Sera imeondoa nguvu za serikali katika udhibiti wwa uchimbaji wa madini nchini hivyo
          kutoa mianya kwa wachimbaji walaghai kuliibia taifa

      5. Sera imeshindwa kuonyesha wazi mahusiano na sekta na wizara mtambuka kama vile
          ardhi, mazingira n.k


                                                  67
KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali; Kumekuwa na malalamiko sana kutoka kwa wachimbaji wadogo kuhusu umiliki wa
machimbo. Tafadhali toa mapendekezo ya kisera ili kuboresha umiliki na uchimbaji mdogo.

Jawabu; Umiliki na uchimbaji mdogomdogo

Mapendekezo:

   1. Kuwepo na sera maalum inayowatambua wachimbaji wadogowadogo na mchango
       wao katika pato la taifa

   2. Iwepo sera ya kuwamilikisha wachimbaji wadogo maeneo ya machimbo kwa masharti
       nafuu na kwa muda mrefu

   3. Serikali ifute leseni na vibali vilivyotolewa kumilikishwa maeneo makubwa ambayo
       hayajaendelezwa kwa muda mrefu na badala yake maeneo hayo wamilikishwe wenyeji
       wa maeneo hayo

   4. Kuwe na mpango wa kuwapatia elimu wachimbaji wadogo kuhus mbinu za kibiashara

   5. Sera itambue umuhimu wa kuwawezesha wachimbaji wadogo kimtaji kwa
       kuwapa/kuwakopesha fedha na nyenzo bora za kufanyia kazi

   6. Kuwe na mfumo maalum wa soko utakaowawezesha wachimbaji wadogo kuuza
       madini yao kwa faida na uhakika

   7. STAMICO irudishiwe majukumu ya utafiti, usimamizi na tathmini ya madini nchini

   8. Sera iwezeshe STAMICO kuingia ubia na makampuni yote makubwa ya nje na ya
       ndani yanayojihusisha na uchimbaji na biashara ya madini hapa nchini




                                            68
ARUSHA ZONE GROUP PRESENTATIONS:



1.0      MADINI

KUNDI LA NAMBARI MOJA:

Swali: Idadi kubwa ya migodi mikubwa ya madini iliyopo Tanzania inamilikiwa na wawekezaji
kutoka nje kwa asilimia 100. Je, Unadhani umefika wakati mwafaka kwa Serikali kushiriki
katika umiliki?

Jibu: Ndiyo, kuna umuhimu wa ushiriki wa serikali.

Sababu:

      1. Ni haki ya nchi kumiliki rasilimali ya ardhi na madini

      2. Kurahisisha jukumu la serikali katika kuhakiki mchakato mzima wa utaji wa kodi na
         mapato mengine yatokanayo na madini yetu

      3. Serikali iweze kuweka mazingira mazuri kwa wananchi kuwekeza na kumiliki migodi

      4. Ubia uwe kati ya makampuni ya ndani nay a nje na serikali isimamie maslahi ya wabia
         wa ndani

      5. sera na sheria ziainishe jinsi zitakazowezesha wawekezaji wazawa

      6. Serikali ikuze utafiti wa madini ili kufahamu kiasi na ubora wa rasilimali ya madini
         iliyopo badala kuaachia jukumu hilo kwa walanguzi wa nje

      7. Mikataba yote ya madini ipitiwe na kuekebishwa kwa kuzingatia maslahi ya pande zote

      8. Serikali iimarishe chuo cha madini dodoma

      9. Serikali iwe na mpango maalumu wa kukuza wachimbaji wadogo ili waweze kukua na
         kuingia katika katika miradi mikubwa

      10. Kamati iangalie suala la umiliki wa mgodi ili serikali ama wananchi kumiliki kati ya 49%
         ama 51%.

      11. Kudurusu mfumo wa kodi ili kuondoa mianya ya ukwepaji unaofanywa na wawekezaji

      12. Kuwa na chombo na mamlka ya kufahamu ukweli wa kiasi cha madini yanayokwenda
         nje

      13. Watendaji wa serikali na taasisi zinazohusika katika sekta ya madini wawe wazalendo.



                                                  69
KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI

Swali: Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997? Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jibu: Mapungufu yaliyoko katika sera ya madini

   1. Sera imewapa kipaumbele wawekezaji wakubwa kutoka nje badala ya muwekezaji na
       mchimbaji wa ndani

   2. Sera imempa waziri husika na sekta ya madini madaraka makubwa ya kutoa maamuzi
       na kutoa nafasi ya kuweko na uonevu na rushwa

   3. Sera kutoonyesha umiliki wa hisa kwa serikali

   4. Sera haikuonyesha jinsi ya kuwajengea uwezo watanzania katika kuendeleza sekta ya
       madini

   5. Sera haikutoa umuhimu wa kuwa na viwanda vya kuboresha madini ghafi kama vile
       viwanda vya kukatia vito

Mapendekezo:

   1. Sera iwe wazi kuhusu aina gain ya madini yanayostahili kuwekeza kwa wawekezaji
       wakubwa

   2. Sera itoe kipaumbele umuhimu wa kuwa na vyuo vya elimu ya madini haswa
       vitakavyotoa elimu ya wataalamu wa kada ya kati

   3. Wawekezaji wasiwekeze katika migodi ambayo tayari imeshaanza kuchimbwa, wao ni
       lazima waanzishe mipya

   4. Sera iweke wazi kwa kubainisha mamlaka ya serikali za vijiji ambako kuna miraadi ya
       migodi

KUNDI NAMBA TATU:

Swali: Kumekuwa na malalamiko sana kutoka kwa wachimbaji wadogo kuhusu umiliki wa
machimbo. Tafadhali toa mapendekezo ya kisera ili kuboresha umiliki na uchimbaji mdogo.

Jawabu:

   1. Ushirikishwaji wa wachimbaji wadogo katika kutunga sera ambazo zitakuwa wazi
       kulinda haki zao




                                            70
      2. Kipindi cha umiliki wa eneo la mchimbaji kwa mchimbaji mdogo kongezwe kutoka
         miaka mitatno had kumi

      3. Wachimbaji wadogo waelimishwe kuhusu sera na sheria za madini hasa zile zinahusu
         umiliki

      4. Sera na sheria zimlinde mchimbaji mdogo kutoingiliwa na mchimbaji mkubwa ama
         serikali

      5. Serikali iwajenge uwezo na mazingira bora wachimbaji wado ili waweze kuingia ubia
         na wachimbaji wakubwa

      6. Serikali iwajengee uwezo wachimbaji wadogo ili waweze kukopesheka

      7. Wachimbaji wadogo wapewe elimu ya uchimbaji bora na uthamanishaji wa mazao ya
         madini

      8. Serikali itenge fedha kwa ajili ya vifaa bora vya uchumbaji na ukataji madini kuinua
         kwangu cha madini yetu

      9. Kuwepo na mfumo wa soko la kuaminika kama vile uanzishwaji wa vituo vya uuzaji
         madini nchini

      10. Kuweko na mfumo bora wa kutoa taarifa za masoko na bei za madin nchini na duniani
         katika hali itakayomwezesha mchimbaji mdogo kupata taarifa hizo mapema na kwa
         urahisi.



2.0      KILIMO:

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA:

Swali; Nini muono wako kuhusu Programu ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo ya mwaka 2006?. Ainisha
changamoto zilizopo na pendekeza njia za kuboresha?

Jawabu; Muono ni kuwa -

      1. Mchakato wa uanzishaji wa mpango huo haujashirikisha wadau hivyo hawaufahamu

      2. Malengo hayawezi kufikiwa kwa sababu serikali haikuwa wazi na unategemea
         wafadhili wa nje

      3. Uendelevu na umiliki wa miradi uko mashakani kutokana na historia mbaya ya
         utekelezaji wa mipango na miradi mingine iliyopita


                                                71
Changamoto:

   1. Ushirikishwaji finyu wa wadau

   2. Uhaba wa maofisa ugani

   3. Elimu na uelewa mdogo wa kuibua miradi miongoni mwa walengwa

   4. Sera ya uwekezaji mkubwa na kutoka nje kupewa kipaumbele zaidi badala ya
      kuwawezesha zaidi wakulima/wananchi kumiliki na kuendelza ardhi

   5. Miundombinu mibovu vijijini

   6. Uwezo hafifu na ukosefu wa vitendea kazi miongoni mwa maofisa ugani

   7. Muundo wa utekelezaji wa mpango hauko wazi

   8. Mradi haukuonyesha wazi aina na kiasi cha mchango wa jamii.

Mapendekezo:

   1. Wadau zaidi kama vile AZISE washirikishwe katika kutoa ushawishi, usimamizi na
      ufahamu wa mpango kwa jamii

   2. Elimu zaid ya uibiaji miradi itolewe kwa walengwa

   3. Wanavijiji wapewe elimu zaidi kuhus na sheria ya ardhi na haki zao

   4. Miundo mbinu kama masoko na barabara iboreshwe

   5. Maafisa ugani wapewe elimu ya kutosha kuhusu miradi inayohusu mpango huo na
      taaluma yao kwa ujumla

   6. muundo wa utekelezaji na usimamizi wa mpango huu uwekwe wazi



KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI:

Swali: Ainisha mfanikio na mapungufu yaliyomo katika Sera ya Kilimo ya mwaka 1997, na
kisha toa mapendekezo ya kuboresha katika mapungufu hayo.

Jawabu: Mafanikio

   1. Kuwepo kwa sera kumetoa mwelekeo sahihi katika kuboresha sekta ya kilimo na
      mifugo kufuatana na mageuzi ya kiuchumi yanayoendelea

   2. Sera imeonyesha mafanikio kwa kuwaunganisha wakulima na wafugaji



                                            72
   3. kuwepo kwa sera hii kumewezesha kuwepo kwa miradi na mipango mbalimbali ya
      maendeleo ya kilimo na mifugo

   4. Sera imetoa fursa ya ushirikishwaji wa wadau mbalimbali

Mapungufu:

   1. Kukosa ushirikishwaji wa wadau katika maandalizi na utekelezaji wa sera

   2. Ukosefu wa taarifa za sera kwa wadau na kutopatikana kwa nakala za sera yenyewe

   3. Watendaji wa halamashauri za wilaya wanaweka vikwazo kwa wadau kama AZISE
      kushiriki karika shughuli za utekelezaji wa madhumuni na malengo ya sera

Mapendekezo:

   1. Wakulima wadogo na wafugaji washirikishwe katika kuandaa sera kwa kuzingati
      uwakilishi sawa kijinsia

   2. Kuwepo kwa mpango shirikishi wa kuhakikisha kuwa nakala na taarifa za sera
      zinapatikana na kuwafikia wadau.

   3. Watendaji wa halmashauri waondoe vikwazo wanavyoweka ili kukuhakikisha ushiriki
      wa wadau katika vikao vya maamuzi kama vile FULL COUNCILS kama inavyotakiwa
      kisheria

   4. Sera itambue mchango wa AZISE katika jamii



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali: Taja changamoto zinazowakuta wakulima katika maeneo tutokayo na pendekeza njia
mbadala za kurekebisha changamoto hizo.

Jawabu: Changamoto zinazowakabili wakulima:

   1. Ukosefu wa soko zuri na la uhakika

   2. Ubovu wa miundo mbinu mfano barabara, reli na mifereji ya umwakiliaji

   3. Ukosefu wa nafasi za mikopo na masharti magumu ya mikopo iliyokuwepo

   4. Wakulima kutokujua haki zao

   5. Uhaba wa maji ya umwagiliaji

   6. Ughali wa pembejea


                                           73
  7. Ushuru wa mazao na kodi nyingi watozwazo wakulima na wanunuzi wa mazao

  8. Ukosefu wa umoja miongoni mwa wakulima

  9. Ulaghai wa vipimo vya mazao kama vile tatizo la lumbesa

  10. Wakulima kutoshirikishwa katika vyombo vya maamuzi

  11. Teknolojia duni katika kilimo na hata katika usindikaji vyakula

  12. Mapato duni

Mapendekezo:

  1. Mkulima aruhusiwe kuuza mazao yake popote pale nchini bila ya kuingiliwa na serikali

  2. Serikali ishughulikie miundombinu ya vijijini kama vile barabara, reli na mifereji ya
     umwagiliaji kwa kuwashikisha wakulima kuboresha na kusisitiza utunzaji

  3. Masharti nafuu katika zoezi la urasimishaji wa ardhi za wakulima wadogo ili waweze
     kupata mikopo

  4. Wakulima waelimishwe kuhus haki zao

  5. Elimu ya utunzaji wa vyanzo vya maji na usambazaji wa teknolojia ya uvunaji maji
     itoelewe kwa wakulima wengi

  6. Serikali itoe ruzuku za pembejeo za kilimo kwa wakati muafaka na kwa mazao yote
     bila ya kubagua

  7. Serikali ipunguze wingi wa kodi za mazao na ushuru na kuondoa mageti ya ushuru wa
     mazao kati ya mikoa

  8. Serikali ipeleke wataalamu wa kutosha wa kilimo vijijini

  9. Uundaji wa ushirika wa wakulima

  10. Serikali isimamie matumizi ya vipimo halali katika biashara ya mazao.

  11. Wakulima washirikishwe katika shughuli za vyombo vya kutoa maamuzi yahusuyo
     masuala yote ya kulimo nay ale yahusuyo sekta hiyo

  12. Wakulima wapatiwe elimu ya kilimo cha kisasa

  13. Wakulima wapatiwe nyenzo za kisasa za kukuza mapato yao

  14. Elimu ya usindikaji itolewe kw wakulima na watanzania walio wengi




                                             74
                         MOROGORO ZONE GROUP PRESENTATIONS

1.0       KILIMO

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA:

Swali; Nini muono wako kuhusu Programu ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo (ASDP) ya mwaka 2006?
Ni mapungufu yapi unayoyaona katika Programu hiyo na nini ushauri wako katika kufanikisha
utekelezaji wake?

Jawabu; Muono wa wana kundi ni kuwa Mpango kwa ujumla ni mzuri kinadharia

      -   Umejumuisha vipengele muhimu vya kumuendeleza mkulima

      -   Unaonyehsa kuwepo kwa rasilimali fedha za kutosha (Shilingi 7 Trilioni)

      -   Unalenga katika ngazi ya wilaya na kukusanya maoni ya wadau kutoka ngazi hiyo.

Changamoto:

      -   Walengwa wakuu yaani wakulima wadogowadogo hawajahusihswa kikamilifu

      -   Vigezo vya utekelezaji kwa mkulima havijaainishwa kwa lugha nyepesi

      -   Mpango upo katika lugha ya kisomi hivyo ni vigumu kueleweka kwa wakulima walio
          wengi

      -   Taarifa kuhus mpangu bado hazijawafikia wakulima walio wengi na walifikiwa bado
          wana ujuzi finyu kuhusu mpango huu.

      -   Vigezo vya ufuatiliaji n tathmini ya mpango havijawa wazi kwa mkulima

      -   Mpango haujaainishwa wazi uhusiano wake na utekelezaji wa MKUKUTA na malengo
          ya MDGs

      -   Mfumo wa utekelezaji katika ngazi za wialaya haupo wazi katika kuwatambua
          wahusika wakuu kama maafisa mifugo ama maafisa kilimo

      -   Mpango haujaainisha mfumo wa wazi kuhus kupatikana kwa masoko na uwekezaji
          katika skta ya kilimo

Maboresho:

      1. Kuandaa muhtasari wa mpango katika lugha nyepesi utakaomfikia kila mkulima

      2. Kuandaa vipindi vya uhamasishaji katika vyombo vya habari

      3. kuanisha taratibu za kazi ya ufuatiliaji na utathmini wa mpango kila wakati


                                                75
   4. Wadau walioshirikishwa katika mafunzo ya awali ya utekelezaji wa mpango huu
       watumike kikamilifu katika kuelimisha na kuwahamasisha walengwa

   5. Kuwepo kwa viashiria vya kuonyesha mafanikio ya mpango na miradi yake ili kuweza
       kufanya tathmini nzuri

   6. uwekezaji uweke kipaumbele cha kuboresha masoko ya mazao ya mkulima



KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI

Swali; Ainisha mafanikio na mapungufu katika sera ya kilimo ya mwaka 1997 na kasha toa
mapendekezo kuhusu mapungufu hayo.

Jawabu; Sera ina mafaniko yafuatayo

   1. Kutungwa kwa sera mwaka 1997 ni fanikio la kwanza

   2. Kuwepo kwa dhana shirikishi

   3. Kupelekea kuwepo kwa mikakati, miradi na mipango mbalimbali ya utekelezaji wa sera
       hii



Mapungufu:

1. Kukosekana kwa muondo mzuri wa upashanaji habari kati ya wadau kiasi kwamba hata
   uwepo wa sera yenyewe haujulikani

2. Ugumu katika utekelezaji wake

3. Sera haijazingatia maeneo muhimu ya kiteknolojia kama vile suala la Viinitete na
   Tracebility sustem ya mazao yetu ili kuhakkisha upatikanaji wa soko la uhakika la mazao
   yetu ndani na nje ya nchi

4. Kutokuwepo kwa sheria mama ya kusimami kilimo kama ilivyo katika sekta za madini,
   nishati na utalii.

5. Kukosekana na mfumo wa wazi wa impact assessment, monitoring and evaluation
   processes.




                                             76
Mapendekezo:

1. Kuwepo muundo mzuri wa mawasiliana

2. Kuwepo sheria ya utekelezaji wa sera

3. Marekebisho ya sera yabayofanyika yatilie mkazo mabadiliko ya kiteknolojia kama suala la
   viini-tete

4. Kuwepo na mkakati unao onyesha muda maalum wa kufanya impact assessment,
   monitoring and evaluation processes kwa miradi ya kilimo na kuhusisha taasisi huru.

KUNDI NAMBARI TATU:

Swali; Tafadhali orodhesha changamoto zilizopo katika utekelezaji wa mipango ya maendeleo
ya kilimo katika eneo lako na pendekeza njia mbadala za kusuluhisha changamoto hizo?

Jawabu;

Changamoto za wakulima:

   1. Urasimu katika umiliki wa ardhi kisheria kutokana na gharama za upimaji ,, Ardhi
       idhaminiwe ili kulipiwa fidia wakati wa matatizo

   2. Miundombinu mibovu

   3. Bei duni ya mazao

   4. Ukosefu wa pembejeo na wakai mwengine bei kuwa kubwa kuliko uwezo wa wakulima
       wengi

   5. Athari za ugonjwa wa HIV/Aids

   6. Athari na changamoto zitokanazo na Utandawazi kama vile mfumo wa soko huru
       usiojali maslahi ya mkulima mdogo

   7. Ukosefu wa ghala za mazao

   8. Utaalamu duni wa mbinu za kilimo

   9. Maafisa ugani hawatoshelezi na wengi wao hawana vitendea kazi

   10. Ukosefu wa taarifa sahihi na kupatikana na wakati

   11. Hakuna mwongozo wa kutoa hati miliki ya vijiji kwa mujibu wa sheria ya ardhi.

   12. Ukosefu wa mikopo haswa kwa wakulima wadogowadogo.




                                              77
Njia Mbadala za kurekebisha:

      1. Gharama za kumilikishwa ardhi ziangaliwe upya na kuondoa urasimu wa kiutendaji na
           ardhi ithaminishwe ili itumike kama dhamana.

      2. Serikali kwa kushirikiana na wananchi waboreshe miundombinu vijijini

      3. Kujenga viwanda vya kati vya usindikaji

      4. Kujenga mahusiano bora kati ya mkulima na mnunuzi

      5. Elimu ya ujasiriamali inayolenga kutatua tatizo la soko itolewe zaidi

      6. Mfumo wa ruzuku kwa mkulima uboreshwe na kuweka masharti nafuu ya upatikanaji
           wa mikoo ya pembejeo

      7. Kutilia mkazo ujenzi wa maghala ya mazao na masoko vijijini

      8. Mafunzo zaidi ya stadi za kilimo yatolewe kwa wakulima

      9. Maofisa Ugani wapewe vitendea kazi vya kutosha na kwa wakati

      10. Taarifa zinazohusu kilimo ziwafikie wakulima kwa wakati

      11. Vijiji vipate muungozo mzuri kuhusu majukumu yao katika kuendeleza kilimo na nafasi
           zao katika mipango ya kilimo katika ngazi ya halmashauri

      12. Mifuko ya wakulima ianzishwe kuweza kutoa nafasi za mikopo kwa wakulima wadogo



2.0        MADINI:

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA

Swali; Idadi kubwa ya migodi mikubwa ya madini iliyopo Tanzania inamilikiwa na wawekezaji
kutoka nje kwa asilimia 100. Je, Unadhani umefika wakati mwafaka kwa Serikali kushiriki
katika .

Jawabu; Kuna umuhimu wa serikali kushiriki katika umiliki wa migodi na biashara ya madini

Sababu:

      1. Kudhibiti mfumo wa mapato yatokanayo na uwekezaji katika madini

      2. Kuhakikisha upatikanaji wa kodi stahili kwa serikali




                                                 78
   3. Kuondoa udanganyifu katika mchakato mzima wa utafiti, uchimbaji, usafirishaji, na
       biashara nzima ya madini

   4. Kupunguza unyanyasaji wa wananchi waishio katika maeneo ya jirani na migodi na
       kulinda hakimiliki za wananchi hao

   5. kuhakissha udhibiti na utekelezaji wa hatua za kulinda mazingira

Ili kufanikisha hayo, inahitajika kufanya yafuatayao:

   1. Kupitia upya sera na sheria zinazohusiana na madini

   2. Kupitia upya sera na sheria mtambuka zenye mahusiano ya karibu na sekta ya madini



KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI

Swali; Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997? Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jawabu; Mapungufu yaliyonekana katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997 ni -

   1. Kutotekelezwa kwa baadhi ya vipengele vya sera kama uboreshaji wa miundombinu ya
       barabara na umeme nayotoa mwanya kwa wawekezaji wakubwa kukwepa kulipa kodi

   2. Kutokuwepo kwa elimu ya kutosha ya Sera ya Madini ya mwaka 1997 kwa wadau
       walio wengi

   3. Sera inatoa mamlaka makubwa kwa serikali kuu katia utoaji wa vibali hivyo kuleta
       mgongano wa kiutendaji na ngazi za mikoa, wilaya na vijiji

   4. Muda wa mwekezaji kufanya utafiti ni mkubwa hivyo kutoa mwanya wa udanganyifu
       kwa upande wa mwekezaji

   5. Sera imeshindwa kutatua matatizo iliyoainisha kama vile upungufu wa staid za kisasa
       za usimamizi na ufundi.

Mapendekezo:

   1. Serikali iwajibike katika kutekeleza majukumu yaliyoainishwa katika sera

   2. Serikali itoe elimu ya madini kwa wadau wote

   3. Kuainishwa wazi kwa mgawanyo wa mamlaka ya serikali katika usimamizi wa sekta ya
       madini na kutambua ushiriki wa wananchi kupitia njia husika



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   4. Serikali iangalie upya suala la muda wanaopewa wawekezaji kufanya utafiti



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU

Swali; Kumekuwa na malalamiko sana kutoka kwa wachimbaji wadogo kuhusu umiliki wa
machimbo. Tafadhali toa mapendekezo ya kisera ili kuboresha uchimbaji mdogo.

Jawabu; Mapendekezo ya kisera ili kuboresha maslahi ya wachimbaji wadogowadogo

   1. Waziri husika ashirikishe uongozi wa vijiji husika wakati anapotoa leseni za uchimbaji

   2. Sheria itambue viongozi na watendaji wa halamashauri za wilaya na vijiji katika
      masuala yanayohusu madini

   3. leseni kubwa zisingilie leseni ndogo ili kulinda haki na maslahi ya wachimbaji wadogo

   4. wachimaji wadogo wapewe utaalamu zaidi wa uchimbaji na sheria za nchi ili wasiingilie
      miliki za watu wengine haswa katika suala la uchimbaji wa chini kwa chini

   5. Kupunguza urasimu katika utoaji wa leseni kwa wachimbaji wadogowadogo

   6. Wagunduzi wa maeneo ya madini watambuliwe kama wamiliki wa kwanza na
      wawezeshwe kiutaalamu na kisheria kuingia ubia na wawekezaji wakubwa wa ndani
      na kutoka nje.




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MWANZA ZONE GROUP PRESENTETIONS

KUNDI NAMBARI MOJA

1.0      PROGRAMU YA KUENDELEZA KILIMO (ASDP)

Swali; Nini muono wako kuhusu Programu ya Maendeleo ya Kilimo (ASDP) ya mwaka 2006?
Ni mapungufu yapi unayoyaona katika Programu hiyo na nini ushauri wako katika kufanikisha
utekelezaji wake?

Jawabu; Mpango ni mzuri kama utatekelezwa kadiri ilivyopangwa

Changamoto:

      1. Ufahamike kwa walengwa wengi zaidi

      2. Walengwa wajengewe uwezo wa utekelezaji wa mpango

      3. Kuwepo kwa mipango ya kubadilishani ujuzi na uzoefu wa utekelezaji wa malengo ya
         mpango huo

      4. Mapngo ulenge kuwatayarisha wakulima kuingia katika soko la pamoja la afrika
         mashariki

      5. Mapendekezo ya kubinafsihsa hudumu ya ugani kwa sekta binafsi yafanywe kwa
         umakini ili kuepusha madhara ya muono wa kutengeneza faida zaidi ya kutoa huduma
         bora miongoni mwa sekta binafsi

      6. Huduma za utafiti na vituo vya taarifa ziwe karibu na wakulima na kusiwe na urasimu
         wa upatikanaji wa taarifa za kitafiti na huduma zingine

      7. Muundo a kiofisi wa ASDP upewe nafasi ya kipekee kama ilivyo katika mpango wa
         TASAF II kuanzia ngazi ya taifa, kanda, mkoa, wilaya, kata, kijiji.

      8. ASDP iwezeshe ushiriki wa asasi za kiraia katika ngazi za wilaya katika kuto elimu
         yakujengea uwezo wanajamii walengwa wa mradi huo.

      9. AZISE zishrikishwe kikamilifu katika utekelezaji wa ASDP

      10. Mpango utilie mkazo miradi ya kilimo hai na enedelevu

      11. Miradi ya kilimo cha viinitete G.M.O kisipewe nafasi katika mpango huu.




                                                 81
KUNDI NAMBARI MBILI

KILIMO:

Swali; Ainisha mafanikio na mapungufu katika sera ya kilimo ya mwaka 1997 na kasha toa
mapendekezo kuhusu mapungufu hayo.

Jawabu; Mafanikio ya sera ni kam yafuatayo -

   1. Sera imeweka mazingira ya kuboresha kilimo na kuweka mchango katika sekta ya
      kilimo katika uchumi wa kitaifa

   2. Sera inajaribu kuainisha umuhimu wa sekta zingine katika maendeleo ya sekta ya
      kilimo.

Mapungufu:

   1. Sera haijawafikia walengwa

   2. Sera haijatoa maelekezo jinsi ya kukabiliana na dharura kama mafuriko, ukame,
      wadudu waharibifi n.k na jinsi ya kushughulikia/kufidia hasara inayoletwa na dharura
      hizo

   3. Sera haikutoa muongozo kwa ajili ya mazao mapya kama jatropha, vanilla, n.k

Changamoto:

   1. Wakulima wengi bado hawajaweza kukifanya kilimo kuwa cha kibiashara

   2. Kilimo bado kinatumia mbinu za kizimani kama kutegemea mvua tu na matumizi ya
      jenbe la mkono ama plau

   3. wakulima hawana elimu ya kutosha ya usindikaji na uhifadhi wa chakula

   4. Wakulima wanakosa masoko ya uhakika kwa ajili ya mazao yao

   5. Miundombinu ya kuwezasha kufika kwa mazao ya kulima sokoni bado ni mibovu na
      kwengineko inakosekana kabisa

   6. Mazingira yaliyopo hayamwezeshi mkulima mdogo na hata yule mkubwa kupata mitaji
      ama kwa njia ya mkpo ama vinginevyo

   7. Wakulima bado hawapai taarifa za kilimo, upatikanaji wa mbegu bora, elimu ya
      matumizi sahihi ya ardhi, na masoko kwa wakati mwafaka



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      8. Bei ya mazao mengi bado ni hafifu na isiyo na tija kwa mkulima



Mapendekezo:

      1. Serikali ishirikiane na wakulima katika kuweka mfumo bora wa bei ya mazao

      2. Kuwe na mpango maalumu wa maboresho ya ASDP kila baada ya muda mchache ili
         kuhakikisha programu hii inatekeleza lengo kuu la sera ya Kilimo ambalo ni kuongeza
         uwezo wa uzalishaji na faida kwa mkulima



KUNDI NAMBARI TATU

2.0      MADINI

Swali; Ni mapungufu gani unayoyaona katika sera ya madini ya mwaka 1997? Nini
mapendekezo yako katika kuboresha.

Jawabu; Mapungufu katika Sera

      1. sheria ya umiliki ardhi inagongana na sheria ya uchimbaji madini, mfano haki ya umiliki
         wa mita 3 kwenda chini na si zaidi ya hapo

      2. Sera imeandaliwa bila kubainisha ufuatiliaji wa utekelezaji wake hivyo kushindwa
         kutekelezwa ipasavyo katika kipindi cha miaka kumi tangu ipitishwe

      3. malengo ya sera yamekuwa ya muda mrefu (miaka 25 hadi 30) bila ya kuainisha muda
         wa kupitia upya kuanagalia maendeleo ya utekelezaji wake

      4. Sera inalenga mno katika kuchochea uwekezaji wa nje hivyo kutotilia mkazo uwekezaji
         wa ndani na haki za mchimbaji wa ndani

      5. Mfumo wa kodi kulingana na sera unataoa mwanya kwa wawekezaji kutolipa baadhi ya
         kodi hivyo kupelekea hasara kubwa kwa taifa

Mapendekezo

      1. Sheria zianishe ushiriki wa wananchi katika kila hatua inayohusu maslahi yao

      2. Sera ibainishe mpangilio wa ufuatiliaji wa utekelezaji wake

      3. Sera ibainishe muda wa mapitio ya sera




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  4. Wawekezaji wa ndani wapewe kipaumbele katika sera na sera iwe wazi kuhusu
     jukumu la kuwawezesha wawekezaji hao kwa manufaa ya taifa

  5. Ni muhimu kufuta aina zote za misamaha ya kodi isiyo na tija kwa taifa



Wachimbaji wadogowadogo

  1. Mchimabji mdogo atambuliwe kisera na kujengewa uwezo wa kisheria ili kumlinda na
     kumuendeleza

  2. wachimbaji wadogo wamilikishwe maeneo ya machimbo na wawekezaji wa nje wawe
     wanaingia ubia na mchimbaji mdogo

  3. Wachimbaji wadogo wapewe misamaha ya kodi kwenye mitaji

  4. Sheria zirekebishwe kuwalinda wawekezaji wa mazao ya madini kama suala la Sheria
     ya usonara ambayo iliyopo ni ya zamani mno (1937)ambayo ni ya kibaguzi.

  5. Serikali ichukue jukumu la ulipaji wa fidia kutoa nafasi ya miradi mikubwa ya uchumbaji
     madini na isiawache jukumu hilo kwa wawekezaji pekee.

  6. Miundombinu kama mfumo wa kusafisha mchanga wa madini (concentrate) iandaliwe
     ili kutoruhusu usafirishaji wa mchanga huo nje ya nchi.

  7. Serikali itekeleze jukumu lake la kuboresha Miundombinu kama ya UMEME na
     USAFIRISHAJI katika maeneo ya uchimbaji mkubwa ili kuongeza tija ya uchimbaji kwa
     pato la taifa na pia kuondo mianya ya udanganyifu unaofanywa na wawekezaiji
     wakubwa kutoka nje.




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Annex IV: Workshops Timetable


Day One Workshop Programme

S/N   TIME            ACTIVITY                                  RESPONSIBLE

1.    08:30 - 09:30   Registration                              Moderator

2.    09:30 - 09:50   Introduction                              Mr Bituro

3.    09:50 - 10:15   Update from NSA Support Programme.        NSA-SP officer

4.    10:15 - 11:15   Presentation One: Agricultural Policy     Mr Mwikila


5.    11:15 - 11:45   Tea Break                                 All

6.    11:45 –12:15    Q&A on Agriculture Policy                 Mr Mwikila

7.    12:15 - 13:00   Agricultural Sector Development           Mr Mwikila
                      Program (ASDP)Lunch break

8.    13:00 - 13:30   Q&A on ASDP                               Mr Mwikila
9.    13:30 - 14:30   Lunch Break                               All

10.   14:30 - 15:30   Group Discussions                         Moderator

11.   15:30 - 16:30   Group Work Presentations                  Moderator

12.   16:30 – 17:00   Administration Matters (end of day one)   NSA-SP&Host




                                           85
Annex V: Day Two Workshop Programme

S/N   TIME            ACTIVITY                                  RESPONSIBLE

1.    08:30 - 09:00   Registration                              Moderator

2.    09:00 - 09:15   Moderator                                 Host

3.    09:15 - 09:45   Group presentations                       Moderator

4.    09:45 - 10:30   Presentation Three: Mkukuta               Zitto Kabwe
                      Implementation Report of 2007


5.    10:30 - 11:00   Tea Break                                 All

6.    11:00 –12:00    Presentation Four: National Mining        Zitto Kabwe
                      Policy

7.    12:00 - 12:30   Q&A                                       Zitto Kabwe

8.    12:30 - 13:30   Group Works                               Moderators
9.    13:30 - 14:30   Lunch Break                               All

10.   14:30 - 15:00   Group Works Presentations                 Moderator

11.   15:00 - 16:00   General Discussion                        Moderator

12.   16:00 – 16:30   Administration Matters (end of day Two)   NSA-SP&Host




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Annex VI: Zonal Popularisation Workshop Schedule

  Zone                       Regions                             Dates

Mtwara:     Mtwara, Lindi,                           30th Nov -1st Dec, 2007

Mbeya:      Mbeya, Rukwa, Iringa, Ruvuma             4th -5th Dec, 2007

Dodoma:     Dodoma, Singida, Tabora and Kigoma       14th - 15th Dec, 2007

Arusha:     Arusha, Manyara, Kilimanjaro and Tanga   17th - 18th Dec, 2007

Morogoro:   Morogoro, Pwani and Dar Es Salaam        4th – 5th January, 2008

Mwanza:     Mwanza, Kagera, Mara and Shinyanga       10th – 11th January, 2008




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Annex v: WORKSHOP EVALUATION REPORT



In order to collect the views of participants regarding the conduct of the workshop, its
usefulness and proposed changes or improvements to other workshop, a simple mixed
questionnaire was distributed to all participants to be filled at the end of every workshop.

The questionnaire had eight questions were every participants was supposed to respond. The
questions were as follows.

   1. Whether after two days of workshop the level of understanding on two policies have
       increased among participants.

   2. Level of participation in discussions

   3. Did the presenters’ performance meet participants’ expectations?

   4. Comments if presenters performed poorly

   5. Which other three policies that should be included in the future workshops

   6. Any comments to improve the workshops

   7. Condition of the venues

   8. Was the participation broad in a sense that it included representatives from all sectors
       related to the workshop topics



   9. Question one: Whether after two days of workshop the level of understanding on two
       policies have increased among participants.

      In Mwanza zone a total of 20 respondents said they had better understanding of
       policies presented while 5 respondents said to have a moderate understanding

      In Mbeya zone a total of 27 respondents said they had better understanding of policies
       while 3 said they had moderate understanding.

      In Dodoma zone a total of 25 respondents said had better understanding of policies
       presented while 4 said the had moderate understanding.

      In Mororgoro zone a total of 23 respondents said they had better understanding of
       policies presented while 3 said they had moderate understanding.



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      In Arusha zone, a total of 19 respondents said they had better understanding of
       policies presented while 3 said they had moderate understanding.

              In all zones, a total of 104 said they had better understanding of policies
               presented while 18 said they had moderate understanding and non said to have
               poor understanding.



Question two: As to whether participants had broad participation and their views listened.

      In Mwanza zone, a total of 22 participants said they participated fully while 2 said they
       had moderate participation

      In Arusha zone, a total of 17 participants said they participated fully while 7 said they
       had moderate participation

      In Morogoro zone, a total of 23 participants said they participated fully while 3 said they
       had moderate participation

      In Dodoma zone, a total of 24 participants said they participated fully while 6 said they
       had moderate participation

      In Mbeya zone, a total of 25 participants said they participated fully while 5 said they
       had moderate participation

           o   In all zones, a total of 101 participants said they participated fully, 23 said they
               had moderate participation, while non said to have less participation.



Question three: Presenters performance.

      In Mwanza zone, a total of 24 participants acknowledge to have received good
       performance and 1 participant acknowledges receiving moderate performance.

      In Arusha zone, a total of 23 participants acknowledge to have received good
       performance and 0 participants acknowledges receiving moderate performance.

      In Morogoro zone, a total of 24 participants acknowledge to have received good
       performance and 2 participants acknowledges receiving moderate performance.

      In Dodoma zone, a total of 25 participants acknowledge to have received good
       performance and 4 participants acknowledges receiving moderate performance.


                                                89
       In Mbeya zone, a total of 31 participants acknowledge to have received good
        performance and 0 participants acknowledges receiving moderate performance.

            o   In all zones, a total of 127 participants acknowledge to have received good
                performance, 7 participants acknowledge receiving moderate performance and
                none acknowledges poor performance.



Question Five: Five leading policies proposed by participants for next phase of the workshop
activity are:

       A total of 50 participants recommend Land Policy, 36 recommend Environment Policy,
        32 recommend Health policy, 32 recommend Education policy and 27 recommend
        Water Policy.

       **** Other suggested policies are Livestock Policy, Cooperatives, Natural Resources,
        Industries, Investments, Trade and commerce, Social Welfare, Infrastructure, Energy,
        Fishing, NGO’s, Taxation, Foreign Policy, Youth, Employment.



Question Six: Comments on how to improve the future workshops activity

    1. Most of the particicipants proposed for more days of workshops. Most suggest
        workshops should be conducted for four to five days

    2. Workshop materials should be well prepared and distributed to participants some days
        before the workshops so that participants will have a chance for proper preparations.

    3. Allowances/stipends/per deems should be increased to atleast 60,000/= and should be
        equal to all participants

    4. Almost all participants in mbeya complained about per deems that should reflect
        government schemes and be paid to all participants equally

    5. Inclusion of more national programs like TASAF, PADEP, etc

    6. NGOs should be empowered to disseminate and popularize polices

    7. Update information should be distributed to stakeholders

    8. Need of stakeholders to meet and discuss how to improve their networks every after
        workshops



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9. More time for discussions

10. Good facilitators but time was short for a more successful workshops

11. Workshops should be conducted every now and then

12. Broadening the number of participants and workshops should be done in regional
   levels for much broader participation

13. More female participants needed, gender and age representation should be
   emphasized when selecting participants

14. Participation of government officials like policy makers and local government
   operatives is crucial to provide necessary clarifications and hear stakeholder’s views.

15. Workshop venue should not change after distribution of invitation letters

16. Participants should also present papers if they wish and it is important to be briefed on
   the contents of presentations for them to prepare their personal experiences reports

17. Participants should be well informed on the allowances and there should be no last
   minute changes

18. Participants should be provided with workshop reports via post or e-mail

19. Participants selection should be open and more district and grassroots level
   participation should be emphasized

20. There is a need to maintain the same participants during the next workshops to
   promote consistency and effectiveness of the workshops.

21. More time for participants to give their views according to their experiences on the
   ground

22. Eastern Zone NSA’s should be trained on areas of lobbying and advocacy and how to
   participate in evaluation of local governments projects.

23. Policy debates should go together with the existing laws and regulations guiding the
   policy implementation

24. There should be after workshop followup/impact assessment exercises

25. Media should also be included in the workshops as stakeholders

26. Its important to change venues/regions for the future workshops




                                           91
   27. Participants contacts should be distributed to all for future networking

   28. Early distribution of workshop report to stakeholders/participants

   29. Timetable should be well organized to avoid mix-up with lunch break.

   30. HIV/Aids informative documents like brochures should be distributed during the
       workshop

   31. Participants views should be respected

   32. Workshop should include field trips

   33. There should be a special ToT’s to establish a team of consultants who will conduct the
       workshops in grassroot levels

   34. COTONOU related projects should be undertaken early to boost our economy

   35. Increased participation of religious leaders/groups is needed.



Question 7: Workshop venue condition

      In Mwanza zone, a total of 20 participants were well satisfied with the venue while 5
       said were moderately satisfied.

      In Arusha zone, a total of 17 participants noted well satisfied with the venue while 6
       noted moderately satisfied. The venue was in noisy place in the middle of the city.

      In Morogoro zone, a total of 11 participants noted well satisfied with the venue while 14
       noted moderately satisfied.

      In Dodoma a total of 21 participants noted well satisfied with the venue while 7 noted
       moderately satisfied.

      In Mbeya, a total of 26 participants noted well satisfied with the venue while 4 noted
       moderately satisfied.

              In total, 85 participants noted well satisfied with the venue while 36 noted
               moderately satisfied and none noted less satisfied.



Question 8: Whether participation was broad involving stakeholders from all related sectors




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   In Mwanza zone, a total of 19 participants acknowledged a broader representation and
    5 acknowledged a moderate participation.

   In Arusha zone, a total of 20 participants acknowledged a broader representation, 2
    acknowledged a moderate participation and 1 participant noted a poor representation.

   In Morogoro zone, a total of 21 participants acknowledged a broader representation
    and 5 acknowledged a moderate participation.

   In Dodoma zone, a total of 26 participants acknowledged a broader representation and
    4 acknowledged a moderate participation.

   In Mbeya zone, a total of 24 participants acknowledged a broader representation and 6
    acknowledged a moderate participation.

       o   A total of 110 participants acknowledged a broader representation, 22
           acknowledged a moderate participation and 1 noted poor representation.




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