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So_ Too_ Neither and Not either

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									So, Too, Neither and Not either
Grammar Explanations 1. Additions are phrases or short sentences that follow a statement. Use an addition to avoid repeating the information in the statement. 2. Use so or too if the addition follows an affirmative statement. Use neither or not either if the addition follows a negative statement. Examples  Gerald is a firefighter, and so is Mark. (Gerald is a firefighter, and Mark is a firefighter.)  Gerald is a firefighter, and so is Mark. OR  Gerald is a firefighter, and Mark is too.  Gerald didn’t get married. Neither did Mark. OR  Gerald didn’t get married. Mark didn’t either.  So is Mark. NOT: So Mark is.  Neither did Mark. NOT: Neither Mark did.

BE CAREFUL! Notice the word order after so and neither. The verb comes before the subject. 3. Additions always use a form of be or an auxiliary verb (be, have, do, will, or a modal verb such as can, could, should, would). a. If the statement uses a form of be, use a form of be in the addition too. b. If the statement uses an auxiliary verb, use the same auxiliary verb in the addition. c. If the statement has a verb that uses do as an auxiliary verb, use the appropriate form of do in the addition. 4. In conversation, you can use short responses with so, too, neither, and not either to agree with another speaker. USAGE NOTE: In informal speech, people say Me too and Me neither to express similarity or agreement.

 I’m a twin, and so is my cousin.  Gerald had quit his job, and so had Mark.  I can’t drive, and neither can my twin.  Gerald owns a dog, and so does Mark.  Gerald bought a jeep, and so did Mark. A: I have a twin sister. B: So do I. OR I do too. A: I don’t have any brothers or sisters. B: Neither do I. OR I don’t either. A: I’m left-handed. B: Me too. A: I’ve never heard of these twins. B: Me neither.


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