Cyclone Nargis_ UNICEF Situation Report No by forrests


									Cyclone Nargis, UNICEF Situation Report No. 7

Tuesday, 13 May 2008

UNICEF is putting all its efforts to deliver life-saving emergency supplies to the affected children and women in Yangon and Irrawaddy Divisions. The monitoring and follow-up of supply distribution is ongoing, while the teams continue to assess the overall situation of children in affected communities. In both divisions, MCO delivered ORS, water purification chemicals, and essential drugs almost at the same time as rapid assessments are being carried out. 47 townships in Yangon and Irrawaddy Division were affected according to the government announcement. MCO is trying to channel its resources to the hardest hit areas in Irrawaddy and Yangon Divisions so as to maximize the impact of its action.

UNICEF Myanmar Cyclone Nargis, Situation Report No. 7 9 May 2008 Major Developments UNICEF is putting all its efforts to deliver life-saving emergency supplies to the affected children and women in Yangon and Irrawaddy Divisions. The monitoring and follow-up of supply distribution is ongoing, while the teams continue to assess the overall situation of children in affected communities. In both divisions, MCO delivered ORS, water purification chemicals, and essential drugs almost at the same time as rapid assessments are being carried out. 47 townships in Yangon and Irrawaddy Division were affected according to the government announcement. MCO is trying to channel its resources to the hardest hit areas in Irrawaddy and Yangon Divisions so as to maximize the impact of its action. Needs Assessment • Rapid assessments of situation and needs of children in affected communities so far reached 27 townships out of 47 affected townships of Yangon and Irrawaddy Divisions, in addition to the 4 townships of Bago Division. Assessment visits are taking place jointly with the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS). The townships visited are Seikkan Dagon, South Dagon, Dawbon, Thaketa, Thinganguyun, Kyeemyindine, Thanlyin, Kyauktan, Thongwa, Kayan, Kungyangone, Kawhmu, Dala, Insein, Shwe Pyi Thar and Hlaing Thar Yar in Yangon Division, Kyaiklat, Mawlamyinegyun, Pyapon, Bogalay, Dedaye and Laputta in Irrawaddy Division, Than Na Pin, Waw, Kawa and Bago in Bago Division. • Due to difficulty in communicating with the field teams in Irrawaddy Division, the detailed data from rapid assessments are still to be processed. However, the field team already visited 6 out of the 7 most affected townships in Irrawaddy Division. Assessment reports from Irrawaddy Division highlight the urgent needs for assistance in Laputta, Bogalay, Mawlamyinegyun and Pyapon Townships in terms of the scale of displaced population and damage to the overall basic social services. In Yangon Division, Hlaing Thar Yar, Shwe Pyi Thar, Kauhmu, Kungyangone, Kyauktan and Kyumyindine Townships are reported to have a large number of displaced populations. 40% of affected people are estimated to be children. • Availability of drinking water in the affected areas remains a severe concern. In the worst-hit townships in delta region, water sources such as pond are already contaminated. This makes

water bleaching difficult even with the pond water which is the only available water source. • Due to the poor environmental conditions and lack of safe drinking water, the risk of diarrhea continues to persist in the affected areas. • The rapid assessment team to Bogalay observed over 5,000 patients a day in one hospital which has limited medical staff, and drugs and medical supplies are scarce. UNICEF's medical supplies are going to reach this hospital and other health facilities in Bogalay by tomorrow. • While nutrition assessment is going on, there was no evidence of acute malnutrition so far. There was a report from the government that they provided vitamin A supplementation together with measles vaccination. However, the exact number of children and age range of these interventions are not informed. • Child Protection is a major concern in all affected areas. The new data shows that there are 1,889 children in Laputta Township in 33 camps scattered in the area. Of these, 558 are children living with extended family members. 24 children are unaccompanied children in this township. With many displaced being relocated to Myaing Mya, some of the displaced children have moved to Myaing Mya except for the 24 unaccompanied children. • The assessment undertaken in Dala Township in Yangon reports that 500 households, amounting 3,860 people in total, are now residing in a monastery. Child population is estimated to be more than 1,000. The shelter is too congested and people are sleeping on the cement floor. Two children already died of Pneumonia. • In one shelter of Hlaing Thar Yar Township, 80 families are currently staying and more people visit the shelter to sleep overnight. 250-300 children are found in the shelter. Nutritional status of nursing mothers is a concern. A key issue highlighted in the assessment is the lack of latrine; there are 4 latrines and one is broken. No separate latrines are provided for men and women. Women and girls are scared to use latrines at night as there is no light. UNICEF Response Health and Nutrition • There are some reports of diarrhoeal epidemic, but no case of cholera or dysentery is confirmed. There is no evidence of malaria or dengue fever outbreaks. • UNICEF and WHO have sent masks, gloves and an IEC material with an instruction and guidance of handling dead bodies to the severely affected areas. • Until today, MCO has sent out and/or distributed 19,210 Water Guard, 18 drums of bleaching powder, 117,500 ORS, 190 drug kit A, 13 drug kit B, 123 first aid kits, 13 emergency health kits, 18 Zinc, 600 ITNs to Yangon, Irrawaddy and Bago Divisions. Supplies are distributed in collaboration with MRCS, township authorities, township hospitals and NGO partners. • Vitamin A, F75, F 100, Resomal, Therapeutic CMV have been ordered to arrive within one week. MUAC for nutrition survey has arrived. Breastfeeding pamphlets were shared to all partners to be distributed to the affected populations. WES • Today, 3 drums of bleaching powder were dispatched for Yangon Division through UNICEF teams; 2 drums are to be delivered to Khayan Township and 1 drum will be sent to Thogwa Township. • MCO provided 50 sets of latrine pans/pipes each to Laputta and Bogalay townships via bulk delivery of Health section.

• Until yesterday, 600 roofing sheets, 300 pounds of roofing nails, 170 sets of latrine pens and pipes, 3500 numbers of carbolic soap have been provided to 5 most severely affected communities in Irrawaddy and Yangon Divisions. In addition, MCO provided WFP with 1,400 water purification tablets for the staff. MCO coordinated with AMDA which has a medical camp in Kungyangone Townshop with 3 doctors, 1 health assistant and 1 staff, to distribute 9,600 water purification tablets for Kungyangone camp. Furthermore, MCO provided 160 litres of Water Guard to Thongwa Township. Shelter and Non-Food Relief Items • 4,000 Tarpaulin sheets were distributed to the affected areas as of 10 May.

Education • 5 tents were sent to Laputta Township in Irrawaddy Division on 9 May by UNICEF-rented truck. • Assessment conducted by Ministry of Education on the condition of schools is to be shared soon with UNICEF, which will help in accelerating our response to the education needs of children affected by the cyclone. Reports from local NGOs in ECD are coming up and will be compiled soon. UNICEF teams visited the affected areas to assess in detail the conditions of schools and to liaise with partners. Child Protection • As for Laputta Township, UNICEF and MRCS are regularly checking up on 24 unaccompanied children who moved to Myaing Mya to see that their care and protection needs are met as they are with families they do not know. UNICEF is also undertaking miking on separated children to find out parents. UNICEF will be travelling with the EMDH team to undertake family tracing activities on Tuesday in both Laputta and Myaing Mya. • Five child friendly spaces have been set up so far in 4 camps in Laputta, meeting the needs of 350 to 400 children. One UNICEF PO has been sent to Myaing Mya to start the identification process of separated children and to set up CFS. • So far, MCO distributed 20 child protection kits to Save the Children to set up child friendly spaces in Shwe Pyi Thar Township, and another 20 child protection kits were supplied to Laputta Township. MCO has established two child-friendly spaces in Hlaing Thar Yar which would support 150 children. They are strategically located to accept children from 3 nearby shelters. In addition, 5 CP kits were sent to World Vision who is working in other wards in Hlaing Thar Yar to set up CFS to support 3,000 children. MCO is negotiating to establish CFS in the most affected areas within Dawbon and Thaketa townships. • Four DSW training schools, 2 monastic institutions and 1 HIV/AIDS centre received ORS and 1,000 Water Guards provided by UNICEF. For the support of HIV/AIDS centre, UNICEF coordinated with Save the Children who already provided food, medicine including ARV, generator, tarpaulins and building materials. EMDH is undertaking assessment of other similar facilities that might be affected and will share information with us. • UNICEF is planning to set up a CFS in Monastery Kama Ka Sit W in Dala Township on Monday in partnership with MNMA.UNICEF is consulting ward authorities to take supplies including Water Guard, ORS and tarpaulins that can be placed on the cement floors. Coordination is ongoing with AMI to provide mobile clinic service and latrines for the shelter. At the same time, UNICEF will provide information to the families on care and protection of children, health and hygiene promotion. Field Operations • Yangon Field Operation: Since the onset of the disaster, MCO has dispatched 42 missions of UNICEF staff teams to the affected townships of Yangon Division. The UNICEF staff distributed

supplies while they carry out the supply monitoring and situation assessment of the areas to maximise our support. • Irrawaddy field operation: Laputta: On Monday 5 May, a field officer joined the Pathein disaster response team of the government to organize the first dispatch of essential health supplies to Laputta. Since 6 May, a UNICEF team of 6 people has been in Laputta to conduct initial assessment and distribute the supplies transported from YGN. This team is composed of a team leader/coordinator, health, education, child protection officers, and assistants. The team has already activated in collaboration with UN sister agencies/NGOs an inter-agency coordinating body. Bogalay/Pyapon/Mawlamkyune On Tuesday 6 May, a health/WES team started assessments in Pyapon and Mawlamykyune. On Wednesday 7 May, an experienced field officer/coordinator and a communication team joined them. This 5-member team has been assessing the situation along the south eastern townships of Irrawaddy, and as supply trucks arrived they distributed/monitored the operation on the ground, moving from one township to another. In Bogaly, the team has managed to establish a good relationship with the government disaster relief team, coordinated the operations details (setting up of UN operations center) with UNDP, WFP, ACF and AZG. Dedaye A team of 4 composed of 2 health, 1 WES, 1 education staff started assessment and response on Wed 7 May. All the team members dispatched to Irrawaddy Division are returning to Yangon on Sunday 11 May. Another set of teams have been/will be dispatched to retain UNICEF presence on the ground on Sunday-Monday period. By Tuesday, new teams (including the mostly same team leaders/members but reorganized and increased in numbers) will go out to Laputta and Bogalay properly equipped with improved satellite equipment, generators, fuel etc, to establish themselves for a longer-term presence as part of the UN joint operations center.

Inter-Agency Collaboration and Key Partnerships/Clusters UNICEF is actively leading the four clusters, as well as participating in various other clusters as deputy-lead or members such as in Health, Shelter, Logistics, etc. Significant discussions in the lead clusters are as follows: • Health Cluster Health Cluster group met and discussed the Health Cluster Response action Plan which includes objectives, strategies, expected results and a timeframe. • Nutrition Cluster: Joint nutrition assessment team of UNICEF and ACF will return to Yangon tonight and analyse the result. The Action Plan of Nutrition Cluster is drafted by UNICEF and will be further discussed by cluster members. • WASH Cluster: WASH Cluster Core Group met and developed a WASH Cluster Response Action Plan which includes objectives, strategies, expected results and a timeframe.

• Education Cluster: UNICEF has contacted the MOE and checklist for school assessments in the affected areas has been provided to township education officers. A dialogue is scheduled by UNICEF with the Deputy Minister of Education to facilitate the support to affected schools. Save the Children is assessing the damages to schools in 4 affected townships of Yangon • Child Protection Cluster: As agreed with cluster members, UNICEF is drafting a Cluster Response Plan for 3 to 6 months (with objectives, beneficiaries, strategies, emergency response activities, outputs and impacts, and operational constraints). The draft will be discussed with a working group on 12 May and shared with other partners. The next meeting is planned on 14 May.

Supply and Logistics • The pre-positioned supplies earmarked for emergency response of value $ 305,000 was mobilized for immediate response. In spite of major destruction to commercial capital, Yangon, essential supplies such as 10,000 each of Tarpaulins and Family kits, 50 barrels (45 Kg each) of Bleaching powder and 5000 Latrine pans/pipes worth $ 406,000 out of $ 500,000 reprogrammed RR funds were ordered and these supplies delivered in record 3 days. • Within one day of receiving $ 4 Million from EPF, supplies worth $ 1.05 Million mainly containing water purification tablets (50,000 packs), basic family water kits (550) and essential medical/pharmaceutical supplies were requisitioned, of which 30,000 tablets have already arrived and under clearance, a combined shipment with UNHCR containing family kits ordered through Dubai hub is on the way. Also, a chartered flight containing 1.8 tons of medical supplies shipped from Supply Division is on its way and scheduled to arrive on 13 May. • From the same fund, $ 1.78 Million worth of supplies containing more tarpaulins, family kits, child protection kits, bleaching powder, latrine pans/pipes, buckets and soap has been requisitioned and these supplies are likely to be delivered in part shipment by 16 May. In addition to this, education supplies worth $ 0.88 million have been requisitioned through regional office, which is under process. • Against grave shortage of vehicles and fuel in the country, expeditious transportation of existing and newly arrived supplies including that of our key partner Myanmar Red Cross Society and UNDP has been arranged. • In a meeting held today, Logistics Cluster in Yangon is being activated in the form of Joint Logistics Centre (as a nucleus to UNJLC in near future) in which UNICEF has committed to keep one logistics person. This unit will address issues related to port clearance, warehousing and distribution. First meeting is scheduled for tomorrow morning. It is learnt that as an experience of clearing first WFP flight, Ministry of Foreign Affairs instead of Ministry of Social Welfare has now been designated the nodal body for addressing port clearance issues. Also, procedure to get cargo flights has been established by MOFA and it is stated that goods will be released to UN agencies. This will be tested in next few days when UNICEF flights arrive. Plans are afoot to establish logistics bases in Yangon, Laputta, Bogalay and Pathein. It is indicated that government presence has been emphasized during distribution of supplies. WFP has been nominated as Interagency Coordination. • In next few days, the focus will be to identify warehousing space and management in light of lack of space in counterpart warehouse and massive incoming supplies and prepare distribution plans and arrangement for systematic distribution.

Funding The total amount of USD 500,000 from RR were re-allocated and committed for the procurement of relief/emergency supplies. EPF funds for the value of USD 4.1 million were utilized for procurement of supplies. The immediate needs appeal for the amount of 8.2 million was launched by UNICEF to respond to the needs and protect the rights of the children and women affected by the cyclone Nargis. On Friday UN launched an emergency appeal for USD 187 million to help Myanmar's cyclone victims. UNICEF's portion is US$25,570,000. In the last days, UNICEF has received contributions as shown in the next page. Perhaps the table below may not reflect all pledges made so far, but it is an indicative of pledges/contributions made.

Funding Updates for Myanmar Funds Received Donor Amount in US$ Thematic or Non Thematic US Fund 500,000 Thematic UK Natcom 197,238 Thematic Dutch NC 778,815 Non Thematic Spanish Natcom 155,763 Thematic German Natcom 778,816 Thematic Humanitarian Total 2,249,453

In the pipeline Donor Amount in US$ Thematic or Non Thematic New Zealand 773,400 Non Thematic Australia 930,230 Non Thematic Japan 1,500,000 Denmark 1,000,000 Total 4,203,630

Total expected (received+ indications) $6,453,083 Total Requirement $8,200,000 Unmet Balance $1,746,917

Staffing • Surge capacity has been closely coordinated with EAPRO and DHR. Immediate needs for staff deployment have been identified in the areas of water and sanitation, health, nutrition, emergency coordination, communication, supply chain management, logistics, child protection, and administration. Candidates have been identified, request for visas have been submitted to MOFA, for 8 staff members/consultants as of Friday 9 May. Additional request for visas for 7 staff members are in process. • Since visa is a major constraint, 7 Burmese IPs serving in other country offices have been identified in the area of health and nutrition, administration, planning and statistics for immediate deployment.

• One consultant in water and sanitation with an approved visa has been mobilised to immediately travel to Yangon. • Two expatriates already in the country in the area of health and nutrition and report writing are being hired on SSA. • The search for expatriates available in the country is ongoing. • 3 Burmese nationals who are former staff and in the country in the area of water and sanitation are being contracted for SSA. • One retired Burmese in the area of finance and operations is on stand-by. • Search for other potential Burmese national for SSA is being pursued.

Security • In Yangon, electricity and water in some part of Yangon have been restored. Most of phone lines are still down. Prices of essential food commodities have gone up. Gasoline and diesel are available at a higher cost. • So far, there are no reported security incidents as of now in Yangon and the delta region where the field staff are operating. Next Sitrep: Next Sitrep will be due on Monday May 12, 2008.

Last Updated ( Tuesday, 13 May 2008 )

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