SAFETY Our safety policy is our most important policy and must be considered above all others and not compromised. This policy comprises of the advice given in BS4163 2007, COSHH regulations, CLEAPPS Model Risk Assessment, the DCC safety file and the following school requirements. Rooms Pupils must not be left unsupervised in a practical room, which should be locked with power isolated when empty and the keys should be unobtainable to pupils. All pupils entering a practical room must be aware of the safety implications whilst pupils attending lessons must be aware of all appropriate routines and regulations. Store rooms are out of bounds to pupils. Power keys or keys that access hazardous substances should only be held by authorized staff and not left on the staffroom keyboard. Staff Only appropriately qualified staff are allowed to supervise practical work. In the absence of a qualified member of staff, practical work must not take place. Non-qualified staff must follow our policies in principle or find an alternative room. Dress Pupils may enter a practical room as a form room, or for non-practical lessons, in normal school uniform. For all practical lessons, all pupils in the lesson will adhere to the following code. (A practical lesson is where one or more pupils are engaged in the use of hand tools, machine tools or heating equipment except where occasional use is required during model making) 1. Long hair must be securely tied back. 2. No jewellery must be worn. 3. Loose or baggy clothing must be removed. This includes coats, jackets, overlarge jumpers and cardigans that cannot be fully fastened. It also includes ties. 4. A proper apron must be worn at all times. Old shirts, flammable plastic/nylon aprons or any other type of clothing is not acceptable. The school will provide aprons (aprons used in a workshop should not be used for food technology) 5. Goggles must be worn when operating any workshop machine. 6. Footwear must be substantial. Sandals, plimsolls or similar soft shoes are unacceptable. 7. Where instructed by the teacher additional protective clothing must be worn. Pupils wishing to do only non-practical work at break, lunchtime or after school may continue to wear normal school uniform providing that the teacher is satisfied there is no compromise of safety standards. Pupils who might change from non-practical to practical work during the session must dress as for practical. In all disputes with pupils, parents or other teachers regarding safe clothing, hair or jewellery, the joint decision of the subject teacher and head of department is final. Behaviour Pupils must behave in a manner that does not jeopardize the safety of any other pupil, themselves or any other person. The teacher may ban any pupil from an appliance, machine, hand tools or, if absolutely necessary, from the room altogether when safety is an issue. There will be no eating, shouting, horseplay or running. Music or the use of the TV/Video is not permitted during practical sessions. Tidiness Practical rooms must be kept tidy. Bags, folders and debris must not be left on the floor. Tools and equipment must be returned to their correct place after use. All equipment should have a recognized storage place. Sharp tools must not be stored above eye height or in positions where they can be fallen upon. Hazardous substances must also be stored below eye height. Use of tools The safe use of any tool must be demonstrated before it is used. Pupils may only use tools that have been demonstrated to them and must use them only in the prescribed manner. Pupils should also be shown how to carry a tool safely. Use of machines and appliances No pupil may touch or operate a machine or appliance without permission, or without having had a demonstration. No machine must be operated without the teacher checking the machine first, or being satisfied that the user is competent to do so. Machines must be operated in accordance with the correct procedures and with all guards in place. Machines must be turned off at the isolator during adjustment and after use. Gas valves, taps and regulators must be shut after use. Damaged machinery must be physically isolated by locking the isolator and labelling "DO NOT USE". Pupils must be instructed to report any irregularities and not to use a machine where there is any doubt or unfamiliarity. Pupils must know the positions of Emergency Stop buttons. Machines must only be used by one person at a time. The band saw, circular saw, power hacksaw and grinder are for the use of trained staff only. The power router may occasionally be used by senior pupils under strict 1:1 supervision. Maintenance All tools and equipment should be properly maintained. Defective equipment should be physically removed from use until repaired. Repairs should be referred to the technician, but specialist or electrical repairs should be referred to a specialist service engineer or in the case of hired equipment, to the hire company. Fire Flammable substances must be stored in a brick or metal cupboard, with a clear label on the door. The door should be kept closed. Pupils using heat, generating sparks or using flammable substances must be made aware of the dangers, emergency procedures and post work procedures. Electrical All project work shall be restricted to a maximum voltage of 24volts. However, at the discretion of the teacher, certain commercially manufactured mains equipment such as pre-wired lamp holders or low voltage power packs may be incorporated into projects where their correct usage can be ensured. Under no circumstanced may pupils manufacture their own mains equipment. With the exception of brand new equipment carrying a manufacturer’s test certificate, all portable mains equipment must be tested annually by an approved testing company (PAT). Lamps etc made by pupils must also be tested if a plug top is fitted. All portable power tools in a workshop must be 110volt or less. Other mains equipment should preferably be fitted with an RCCB device. The Technician is responsible for monitoring the condition of cables and testing RCCBs. Damaged equipment must be physically withdrawn, labelled "DO NOT USE" and made safe (usually by removing plug top). Larger equipment must be PUWER tested. No electrical equipment must be used without a PAT or PUWER test sticker unless brand new. Gas In the event of a gas leak, turn off all pilot lights and open the windows. Evacuate the room, but do not operate any electrical switches on or off. Call DCC Corporate Resources (TRANSCO outside office hours). Dust and Fumes Local exhaust venting (fumes and dust) must be used at all times where it is provided. COSHH regulations and CLEAPPS risk assessment. All substances must be checked against the COSH register. Any unsuitable substances must be removed in accordance with the appropriate guidelines. Acceptable substances must be kept in their original containers and used and stored in accordance with the manufacturers/COSH instructions and the CLEAPPS risk assessment. Hazardous substances must not be used by staff or pupils until the dangers and emergency procedures have been explained. Any stranger entering a room whilst hazardous substances are in use must be informed of the dangers and emergency procedures. Signs and Notices All safety related signs and symbols should, wherever possible, accord with European Standards. Signs conforming to BS5499 and BS5378 should do this. The use and recognition of signs and symbols is an integral part of departmental curriculum and should not be left to learning by observation, but should be taught as and where appropriate. Group size The ideal group size is up to 15. Our groups are normally about 23, but as the workshops have places for 20 pupils some pupils have no safe place to work. Larger groups are permitted providing the teacher is satisfied there is no compromise of safety. The teacher is responsible for the cessation of practical work if the ability and supervisory requirements justify such action. References to recommended group sizes are in BS4163 2007. Negligence Staff should remember that all actions must be justifiable to a coroner in a court of law. Staff have a legal responsibility to ensure a safe working environment and should not compromise themselves by allowing any dangerous practices, even if instructed or forced to do so. It is worth remembering that whilst the Head and Governors may be under the impression that they can accept ultimate responsibility, they are not subject specialists, and a teacher will still be held negligent if there is an accident in a specialist area caused by the continuation of a dangerous practice. MCA - Revised June 1994/2003/5/7 I confirm that I am aware of the contents of the following safety documents and the requirement by Derbyshire County Council to document this. Departmental Health and Safety Policy Updated June 2007 COSHH regulations for the substances and materials I will use CLEAPPS Model Risk Assessment for Design and Technology in Secondary Schools 2002 Adopted September 2002 Derbyshire LEA Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Generic Risk Assessment for General Teaching Areas/Activities Adopted by Subject and submitted to Head Teacher December 2003 BS4163:2007 Health and Safety for Design and Technology – Code of Practice Adopted May 2007 Name of teacher/technician Date ………………………………….… …………………………………….