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LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN NURSING

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									LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN NURSING
LEGAL STANDARDS Some things are right or wrong by laws NURSING ETHICS A standard for professional behavior A guide to identify our conduct in relation to NURSING ETHICS A standard for professional behavior A guide to identify our conduct in relation to PATIENTS FELLOW NURSES HEALTH CARE TEAM OUR COMMUNITY OUR PROFESSION

STANDARDS current license know scope of practice commit to fulfill legal responsibility accountability meet ethical / moral obligations of practice of nursing PRACTICE acceptance of assignments know limitations and function accordingly work for good of the patient (patient advocacy) work within the framework of the nursing process

CONTINUING EDUCATION to maintain highest professional competence toward career goals legal requirements opportunities

Public Law: Constitutional Law—defines/limits powers of governments Statutory Law—enacted by legislative bodies,state boards and professional practice acts Administrative Law—appointed to agencies entrusted to enforce statutory laws NURSING LIABILITY: Physician’s orders—nursing responsibility Floating Assignments—limitations/scope of practice Inadequate Staffing---notify administration/do not leave unit Critical Care—assessment skills Pediatric Care---child abuse, safe dose ranges, legal custody Classifications Criminal Law—-felonies / misdemeanors Civil Law—-relationships written—-contracts acts—-”Tort” laws Tort—a wrongful act or failure to act that causes injury to person or property Intentional torts: Assault and Battery Defamation---libel/slander False Imprisonment—restraints Leaving against Medical Advice (AMA) Invasion of Privacy---confidentiality Unintentional torts: Negligence and Malpractice Negligence is a tort—-a failure to provide degree of care an ordinarily prudent person would to prevent injury Most malpractice is some form of negligence.

Types of negligence Contributory negligence Comparative negligence


								
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