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					UNITED NATIONS United Nations Mission in Sudan UNMIS
MONTHLY ACTIVITY REPORT Section: Return, Reintegration, Recovery Unit: Reports Date: 14 January 2009 Key activities carried out in reporting period:

‫أألمم المتحدة‬

Period:

01-31 December 2008

Returns Overview  By end of 2008 a total of 81,432 IDPs were assisted home in southern Sudan and the Three Areas under the joint plan for organized return, signed on October 2006 between GoNU, GOSS and UN. Also a total of 139,140 refugees were assisted to return home, since the start of repatriation by UNHCR in December 2005. In addition, by the end of year 2008, an estimated 1.9 million internally displaced persons and refugees have spontaneously returned to southern Sudan and the Three Areas since 2005.  UNHCR is planning to bring 2,000 refugees to Nasir and 1,500 refugees from Fugnido camp in Ethiopia to Upper Nile in early 2009. IDP Organised Return  This month IOM organised the return of 250 individuals from Juba to Sindiru in Lobonok Payam in Central Equatoria. IOM also transported 27 stranded returnees from Munuki Payam in Juba to Mundri in Western Equatoria. Spontaneous Returns  Sporadic spontaneous returns continued during this month. UNMIS/RRR in South Darfur reported the spontaneous return of 487 individuals to Northern Bahr el Ghazal, and another 146 individuals to Western Bahr El Ghazal. In Unity, IOM reported that 625 individuals had arrived as spontaneous returnees. In Abyei an estimated 200 individuals were reported to have returned spontaneously. Refugee Returns  This month, UNHCR repatriated 1,235 refugees from Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda under the assisted self-repatriation mechanism, to Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States.  Since 1 January to the end of the year 2008, the total number of persons returned through organized means supported by UNHCR was 62,185, of whom 60,564 persons (97%) were organized and 1,621 persons (3%) were under the assisted self-repatriation programme.  As of the close of the period, repatriation of Sudanese refugees to southern Sudan and Blue Nile had reached a cumulative total of 295,970, of which 139,140 returned under the organized and assisted selfrepatriation programmes. Reintegration Activities Food and NFIs  UNMIS/RRR and SSRRC in coordination with WFP have distributed food to 60 returnees (14 households) in Gangura, 20 km from Yambio. While in Jonglei, WFP distributed food to 7,070 verified IDPs in Nyirol County. In Lakes, WFP plans to be able to distribute next month 274 metric tons of food for 5088 individuals verified in Yirol Town.  In Upper Nile FAO has developed a plan to distribute seeds and tools to 10,000 returnees and IDPs and will also be launching an EHCO project for promoting the growing of fruit and seedlings. Meanwhile, the Upper Nile Ministry of Agriculture reported that farmers had cultivated 1.3-million feddans1 of land this year and that a good dura (sorghum) stock remained from last year in Renk. Also MedAir, WVI and ADRA provided NFIs for 19,379 returnees (3,667 households) across the state this year.  VSF/Germany in Upper Nile has supported two projects funded by EHCO on milk and meat distribution to returnees, while also training people in milk hygiene and safety. Health
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1 feddan = 4200 square metres

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In coordination with the Ministry of Health, WHO conducted the sixth mass polio immunization campaign in Unity state. The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) is currently constructing two primary health care units in Mayendit County/Unity state. SRCS also distributed 15,000 mosquito nets to vulnerable community in Leer County, and is currently conducting a water treatment project in Bentiu town. Water and Sanitation  CARE in South Kordofan started the construction of a water yard in Saga village, 90 km North/East of Dilling, and trained 26 village-based hand pump mechanics. After the training 10 hand pumps were rehabilitated. Oxfam has installed three hand-pumps in the Naivasha resettlement site in Western Bahr el Ghazal. Meanwhile, boreholes drilling is considered a priority, especially in villages located north/east of Abyei-town. Livelihood Opportunities  ACF in Warrab is planning to fund small-scale income-generating enterprises that target returnees and will train them in business skills. Also German Agro Action (GAA) in South Kordofan established a new water and livelihood project targeting IDPs and returnees in Lagawa locality/County, Keilak locality, El Dibab. State-Level Co-ordination and Policy Dialogue  As a part of 2009 planning efforts, on 5 December UNMIS/RRR in South Kordofan met with HACSRRC and VRRC representatives in Dilling to review the reintegration potential of the area, as well as to discuss needs identified by the returnee community. Agricultural skills-training was found to be essential for the returnees, as they lost their traditional agriculture knowledge. Also noted was the need for an irrigation system that would conserve water from the rainy season for use during the dry period. Food security concerns were raised in response to a common phenomenon of failed harvests, as well as a lack of livelihood opportunities for the skilled returnee workforce. Limited accessibility to markets and specialized healthcare facilities was a major issue amongst returnees, while absence of higher education was identified as the main cause of backflow. CIDA-funded reintegration projects implemented in the fifteen Dilling villages by Save the Children-US and Care were praised as most beneficial. Along with IOM, UNMIS/RRR in Lakes held meetings on 10-11 December with UNICEF, WFP, SSRRC and officials of the key government ministries responsible for social welfare and development. The meeting with the agencies focused on their readiness to provide ERA support, while that with the ministries concentrated on reviewing the Memorandum of Understanding previously proposed by IOM covering employment opportunities in state ministries for qualified returnees from the diaspora. On 10 December UNMIS/RRR in Jonglei chaired the state RRWG meeting in Bor. The main issues discussed included the verification of spontaneous returnees registered through the tracking and monitoring programme by IOM and SSRRC, as well as IDP and refugee returns organized by IOM and UNHCR. Concerns were expressed by some return partners, especially WFP, that some of the spontaneous returnees registered and verified by agencies in Bor County tended to approach SSRRC for a second time as ‘new’ returnees. This problem has arisen because of overlapping tracking systems, one managed by IOM and another by SSRRC. Tighter mechanisms were cited as necessary to counter this phenomenon of double registration, in particular by linking the SSRRC and IOM systems. Also discussed was the lack of NFIs for spontaneous returnees to the state. It was agreed that RRR would follow up with UNICEF/Malakal to ensure a supply of NFIs for spontaneous returnees. Since January of this year, out of 43,167 spontaneous returnees verified, only 4,235 had received NFIs. In Abyei, on 20 December, UNMIS/RRR and Civil Affairs met with Civil Administrator [CA], Arop Moyak, to bring to the attention of the CA some concerns about lack of coordination between SSRRCHAC, and between SSRRC-HAC and the new CA, which hopefully will be resolved. Furthermore, it seems that SSRRC-HAC Khartoum is pressing somewhat for returns, while UNMIS/RRR’s position is that there should be little returns until security and basic services improve. Nevertheless, on 18 December, SSRRC reported that a bus with 29 passengers on board arrived form the North. In Lakes, UNMIS/RRR met with WFP and UNICEF-Rumbek and discussed distribution of food and NFIs to verified returnees in Yirol West County. Meanwhile, UNICEF Logistics Hub in Rumbek is ready to deliver NFIs once approval is received from Wau. In Warrab, UNMIS/RRR met with the SSRRC director on 15 December, and planned a field visit to Tonj
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North County to assess the condition of the returnees in the area. Tonj North County is one of the high return areas in Warrab state, where a total of 2133 individuals (361 households) returned in 2008. UNMIS/RRR is recommending, an immediate inter-agency assessment to the area, to determine the human rights and humanitarian situation, and to facilitate the reintegration of the returnees in this part of the State.  On 30 December, UNMIS/RRR in Abyei met with Social Services Dept, SSRRC-HAC, and WFP. WFP reported its strategy of assisting IDPs (both from last May’s clashes and from this December security incidents) and returnees. The WFP plan, supported by UNMIS/RRR, is to enable IDPs/returnees to receive assistance where they choose- either in place of displacement, such as the village of Agok (South of river el arab/ Kiir- 40 km South of Abyei-town). However, Social Services Dept. Secretary Ayom and HAC insisted that WFP should use food assistance to encourage IDPs to return (i.e. food only for returnees, not for IDPs) to which WFP and UNMIS/RRR are opposed.

Assessment/Data-Gathering  In Abyei, following assessment on 16 December, water was identified as the main priority in Awolnom/Banton (10 Km South of Abyei, road to Agok) where the number of watery diarrhoea affected population has risen. On 19 December, representatives of Administration, NGO ACAD, UNICEF and UNMIS/RRR visited remote North-East village of Marial Achak prioritized for water drilling. UNMIS agreed to have regular patrols to the area to re-assure the water drillers, who were threatening to return to Khartoum due to security concerns. Furthermore UNMIS/RRR is following-up with WFP and GOSS on identified food shortage reported in Awolnom, Mijak which is currently hosting an estimated 1,500 IDPs from Abyei, and Abathok (about 25 km South of Abyei, on the road to Agok).  On 17 December, in Central Equatoria UNMIS/RRR, SSRRC and UNHCR visited the community in Lori in Kajo Keji County (35 km north from the County Administration) to verify 7,500 returnees reported by UNHCR who have not received any reintegration assistance and are in urgent need of food. It was found that some 3,207 people have returned from 2005 to date out of which only some 1,000 people have not received reintegration assistance. UNMIS/RRR will explore possible intervention with partners. On 19 December, UNMIS/RRR, IOM, and SSRRC went to the Juba Port to verify the number of returnees that are currently stranded at the Port. The team found that there are 84 individual (16 households) who arrived in Juba on 28 November, heading to Eastern Equatoria and Western Equatoria states. Later in the month UNMIS/RRR followed up on agreed transport assistance with IOM but found that an official letter of request to SSRRC is still pending approval in order to expedite this movement.  In Jonglei, on 5 December, UNMIS/RRR, WFP, UNHCR, ADRA and SSRRC participated in an exercise in Bor where a total of 1,124 returnees (260 households) were verified. The majority had returned from Eastern and Western Equatoria (Nimule and Yei), while most will return to Bor, Anyidi, Jalle and Baidit in Bor County. WFP distributed food rations for this case load. Additionally, UNMIS/RRR continued assessment of major return routes in the state. Assessments covered Bor County, roads linking Bor town to Jalle and to Baidit Payams and Bor and Anyidi road; all were found to be in relatively good condition for use by both light and heavy vehicles.  During the first week of December, UNMIS/RRR, WFP and SSRRC have completed the verification and registration of spontaneous returnees in seven counties of Lakes State verifying 5479 individuals (981 households). Some vulnerable members of the community were identified, such as the disabled, pregnant single-mothers and individuals with chronic diseases numbering 232 individuals (44 households). Partners ensured the delivery of ERAs, where WFP already dispatched 50 MT of assorted food items in four of the seven payams while the rest will receive rations early in 2009. Meanwhile UNMIS/RRR has completed compiling state level data in the areas of water, health and education for the Information Management System and will disseminate the information once RRWG review and validate the data.  As a follow up on an inter-agency assessment last month to Aroyo in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, where poor road conditions had precluded transport of drugs to the local PHCC during the rainy season, UNMIS/RRR co-ordinated with TCC for two trucks able make the delivery from Aweil hospital. Since the returnee community in this area is growing, further provision of long term reintegration assistance is deemed necessary. In a separate development, UNMIS/RRR facilitated a verification exercise in Aweil Centre County. In Achana and Aroyo Payams 30 individuals (6 households) and 15 individuals (3 households)
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were verified, respectively, and were scheduled to receive WFP food assistance. SSRRC secretaries have been failing to inform their constituents about verification procedures, resulting in low turnouts. In Southern Kordofan, after removal of UN travel restrictions, a joint assessment was conducted in the returnee village of Um Shagain (Ildo Payam, Rashad County). It was found that only 15 out of 73 households previously registered by IOM remained in the area due to grave livelihood and water-access problems while other 58 families had moved to Mandi village, about 10 km away. The need for an immediate provision of water source and food was identified for those returnees facing severe nutritional deficit. Returnees are also lacking agricultural inputs, shelter, NFIs and health facilities. Later in the month CARE distributed verification exercise results from Shat Dammam, Umsirdiba/Tangal, Faro, Doli, Mashisha villages in Kadugli County which show that most resident households are composed of women and children and had very little shelter and support; most returnees in the area arrived mid year 2008 and did not receive assistance so far. By the end of the month, as a result of HAC/SRRC report on returnees and host communities living in hardship situation, an inter-agency assessment mission composed of UNMIS/RRR, IOM, WFP, CARE, HAC/SRRC and VRRC visited Abu Hashim and Al Hamra villages in Kadugli locality. In Abu Hashim a total of 1,418 returnees (274 households) live in the area, out of which 150 individuals (38 households) arrived recently. In Al Hamra, the total population is 6,750 individuals, 290 people were returnees, out of which 160 individual (40 households) newly arrived to the village. During focused group discussions, it was noted that returnees continue to arrive in these villages, and lack of water and food insecurity are their main concerns. UNMIS/RRR is discussing possible interventions with RRWG partners. On 30 December, UNMIS/RRR joined UNMO monitoring and verification patrol team to Abiemnom County of Unity State. The security situation was found to be calm although a meeting had yet to take place between Misseriya and the County Authority regarding the unarmed Misseriya who continue grazing their cattle in the area. The County Authorities feel that the Misseriya’s movement is violating the accord that was reached in Bentiu last year. In Upper Nile UNHCR conducted a road assessment for return to Maban by road and found that the road is not yet suitable for the convoys’ movement, and may not be ready by 15 January 2009. This route will be used to return 1,500 refugees from Sherkole camp to Maban. On 30 December, inter-agency mission (SSRRC, UNHCR, World Vision, Medair and ADRA) was undertaken to assess displaced Ethiopian refugees from Anyuak tribe. Approximately 355 individuals (104 households), displaced by inter-tribal clash in Pribor arrived in Malakal on 22 December. They are currently hosted by the Presbyterian Church. UNHCR is organizing an urgent assistance of food and NFIs. In Warrab a joint inter-agency team (UNMIS/RRR, UNMIS/Child Protection, UNRCO, WFP, UNICEF, IOM, FAO, World Vision, Ministry of Social Development and SSRRC) carried out a verification exercise in Gogrial West and Twic Counties, and verified 320 individuals (59 households) in four payams. In Western Bahr el Ghazal on 3 December representatives of various UNMIS sections revisited Achongchong in Jur River County to conduct a confidence-building exercise and learn about the concerns of the community displaced by construction of the Eastern Bank-Warrap State Road. The community expressed concerns regarding the lack of water and education facilities, but also the limited access to healthcare and livelihood opportunities. A need for more awareness-raising programmes was also voiced by IDPs, especially to promote peace-building and women’s empowerment. Norwegian Church Aid informed the team that 1,369 IDPs of the 2,123 who wanted to return to Warrap in the next six months had been verified, while the remaining 754 were requesting assistance in the form of food, agricultural tools and seeds. During the month, UNMIS/RRR also followed up on the distribution of food to verified spontaneous returnees to Tambura, Source-Yubu, Mopoi and Ezo County and found that about 80 percent of the spontaneous returnees received food assistance from UNHCR. SSRRC in Tambura assumed responsibility for distribution to the remaining returnees. Similarly UNMIS/RRR and SSRRC collaborated with the visiting WFP distribution team to distribute food to 60 returnees (14 households) in Gangura (20 km from Yambio) while due to prevailing security situation, the distribution to an estimated 438 individuals in Li-Rangu has been put on hold. In the meantime UNMIS/RRR has worked out a verification schedule with SSRRC which will be implemented when the security improves. As a follow up WFP has started pre-positioning food to the state for emergency purposes. With the exception of the above, all outstanding returnee caseloads requiring food have been supplied.

Operational Planning
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Capacity-Building  This month UNMIS RRR in Khartoum reviewed two Quick Impact Projects (QIPs). The first proposal from TOLORO, a Charitable Society in Omdurman, would be to support its environmental Cleaning Campaign in Omduran/OES Camp. The second proposal is from KUDRA, a Community Based Organization in Jebel Awila Camp; this project is aiming to construct a fence for KODRA and Juba basic Schools in the Camp. Both projects were submitted for final approval. Key Challenges/Priorities:  Continue monitoring the situation of those who have returned  Follow up with agencies on identified gaps in reintegration assistance  Conclude planning of organized returns and reintegration programming for the next season Signature head of unit or designate: Signature head of agency/division or designate: Marie-France Heliere

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