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					GARDENNOTES
ISSUE #62 • SPRING 2003 • AN INFORMATION NEWSLETTER FOR VALUED CUSTOMERS

GARDENWORKS

TM

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Spring Baskets & Easter Bows
The sun has finally made it’s way north of the equator! With daylight savings, cool spring evenings have become an inviting time to spend in the garden, puttering and preparing, anticipating warm, colour-filled summer evenings to come. For now, enjoy the excitement of a new gardening season, and of Spring Baskets & Easter Bows!
We have everything to make your garden work. We take pride in the quality plants and products we sell. GARDENWORKS guarantees success in your garden.

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Nine great

GARDENWORKS
locations serving you in B.C.
BURNABY
6250 Lougheed Highway Burnaby V5B 2Z9 (604)299-0621

NORTH VANCOUVER EDGEMONT
3147 Woodbine Drive North Vancouver V7R 2S3 (604)980-6340

NORTH VANCOUVER CAPILANO
705 West 3rd Street North Vancouver V7M 3E3 (604)988-8082

VANCOUVER
8697 Granville Street Vancouver V6P 5A3 (604)266-9313

MISSION
32270 Lougheed Highway Mission V2V 1A4 (604)826-9112

SOUTH SURREY OCEAN PARK
2124 - 128th Street Surrey V4A 3V6 (604)535-8853

er and ns. Warm es, our garde to r tre very kind rtunity fo g has been as created an oppo rowth cycle – sprin The early normal h on their g , and ather than to get a head start eed a trim rier we d nials er, lawns n g earli d peren ating a shrubs an re appearin d start cre blossoms a into the garden an e foliage and ching to get ment for th yone is it and excite ever colour display of beautiful ck in r snow pa summer. s the winte ebruary n issue, a y still be a and January and F Water ma els. We ht, years. l heavy lev tains is lig e last few a the moun t up to their norma ed over th and maintained in elop ated re no ctices dev ner. rains we an be cre -wise pra use water areful man a garden c ever, that ill need to riate and c res. w ow an approp in our sto learned, h en experts ery and e have all r applied in W wate our gard state with r you and anded nurs beautiful usy time fo ou better – an exp ss at the Colwood l be a b s wil serve y ay acce few month Capilano ements to ed drivew The next ke improv Road store, improv departments at the , a fresh e to ma u spring ursery kinsop We contin , later this nial and n t the Blen nial area a layout of our peren cean Park store and mers will find the peren custo t the O w designed naby store eed Highway is no play area a store, a re at store. Bur trance dis new en Village the Lough kyTrain and get off ont on store, a the Edgem s hampered traffic can take the S int at coat of pa that ha or you easier — nstruction kyTrain co riving to the store is S ved so d e an impro zers and complete, re we hav on! su rtili m Stati liers to en organic fe res the Holdo f our supp everal new lines of ll o in our sto sely with a en, as well as s f the staff r any o rking clo to let me o We are wo lants for your gard ol. Be sure p f ntr at selection o pest and disease co products th cts for other new produ ing for u are look know if yo k out for you. see we should ing! ns this spr our garde in y Good luck

deners: Dear Gar

New
Spring has officially arrived, and with it the anticipation of glorious spring and summer gardens and containers bursting with colourful annuals. Although it’s tempting to follow the same planting scheme as in the past, this season promises some new and mouth-watering annuals that are sure to look spectacular! The list of new introductions is quite extensive, so here are a few of the most exciting choices.
Royal Dreams tibouchina (Tibouchina Royal Dreams Series) A new series of tibouchina that blooms when quite young, Two varieties will be available this year: Tropical Princess, with a compact, slightly trailing habit, and Paradise Princess (photo above) which displays a compact, upright growth habit. Each possesses the same velvety purple flowers. Red Star dracaena (Cordyline ‘Red Star’) Popular in England and available only now and again on this side of the pond, ‘Red Star’ has the same light airy texture and bold appearance as the green dracaena palm, but with bronzered foliage. Combines nicely with silver, gold, green and white foliage and flowers. Purple Knight alternanthera (Alternanthera ‘Purple Knight’) Striking dark purple foliage will be fabulous in combination with silver, gold and white blooms in containers or the garden. We had a sneak peak at this one last fall and it looks like a winner! Purple Majesty ornamental millet (Pennisetum glaucum ‘Purple Majesty’) A 2003 AAS Gold Medal Flower Award winner. The stems are somewhat like corn stalks with dark purple leaves and flowers spikes that mature to display reddish-purple seed heads. Grows a “majestic” 3 to 5 feet (90 to 150cm) tall!

Annuals for 2003

by Scott Pearce, GARDENWORKS Merchandise Manager
Grenadine monkey flower (Mimulus ‘Grenadine’) It’s a new shade of Mimulus glutensis, which has been available with bright orange flowers for years. The reddish-orange blooms of ‘Grenadine’ are long-lasting and with a semi-trailing growth habit are perfect for moss hanging baskets. Pumpkin Pie arctotis (Arctotis ‘Pumpkin Pie’) Arctotis is a genus of African daisy that produce daisy-like flowers all season, even during of the hottest days of summer. ‘Pumpkin Pie’ produces luscious orange blossoms with dark centres, offset by silvery foliage. Sweet Caroline Bronze sweet potato vine (Ipomea ‘Sweet Caroline Bronze’) Sweet potato vines have been all the rage the last few years, with black or chartreuse foliage the standards. This one falls somewhere in between, with leaves that emerge pale green and then age to a muted copper tone. Black and Blue anise sage (Salvia guaranitica ‘Black and Blue’) An interesting salvia that grows up to 3 feet (90 cm), ‘Black and Blue’ bears rich blue flowers with very dark purple sepals from midsummer to frost. If any of these selections has piqued your interest, please inquire. As with any new introduction, availability may be a bit unpredictable, but we’ll do our best to have these and many other new annuals in all of our stores during late April and May - giving us all a chance to add something new to our gardens!

SAANICH
4290 Blenkinsop Road Victoria V8X 2C4 (250)721-2140

OAK BAY
1916 Oak Bay Avenue Victoria V8R 1C7 (250)595-4200

tynsky, John Zapla DENWORKS GAR President,

COLWOOD
1859 Island Highway Colwood V8B 1J3 (250)478-2078

GARDENWORKS GARDENNOTES#62

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LAWNS CONTINUED...
To learn more about the European chafer visit the Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Fisheries website at www.agf.gov.bc.ca and enter “European chafer” into the search engine.

CONTAINER GARDENING
One of my favourite ways to garden is in containers. Now is a good time to clean out those used containers and get them ready for planting. If you have not yet pulled out last year’s bedding plants, it is time to do so. If you did not have a problem with disease or insects last summer, discard the dead plants in the compost heap. Usually there is not enough soil to re-use, so I just throw it all into the compost bin and start over with fresh soil each year. To be on the safe side, give the window box or planter a good rinse and wash it down with a bit of bleach mixed into the water. This will kill any insect eggs or fungal spores that may be harbouring in the pot. Use GARDENWORKS Planter Box Mix when planting bedding plants in containers. It provides excellent drainage as it has a good balance of organic matter, peat moss and pumice. Lastly, head on down to your nearest GARDENWORKS store, as there will be a great selection of annuals and perennials to create beautiful window boxes, baskets and containers for colour all season long. Have you always wanted to grow vegetables but have only a small space? Annuals and perennials do not have exclusive planting rights to containers. Vegetables grow great in pots too, as long as you have an area that gets at least 4 hours of sun a day. Tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and zucchini all grow well in containers. I suggest using at least a 5-gallon pot to grow any of these vegetables. Make sure the container has drainage holes. I make a mix of 50% GARDENWORKS Planter Box Mix and 50% GARDENWORKS Mushroom Manure, then add a handful of bonemeal to the soil before planting. One plant per pot is best. I use a tomato cage for my tomatoes and also for cucumbers and zucchini. It works like a charm…. the cucumber and zucchini grow upwards, not outwards, and since the vegetables are not lying on the ground there is less chance of damage from insects or rot. Tomatoes, cucumbers and zucchini are best planted around the May 24 weekend. Peppers do best if planted in June as they require warmth. Be sure that peppers get as much sun as possible. Finally, don’t forget to water. Plants, especially vegetables, tend to dry out quickly in pots. So check them daily and give them a good deep watering every time you water.

KEEPING YOUR LAWN HEALTHY IS AS EASY AS...

1. Keep the lawn well watered, and by this I mean deep,
infrequent waterings to encourage a deep, well-anchored root system.

2. Make sure the lawn is well fed. Now is a good time to
apply GARDENWORKS Lawn Fertilizer 14-4-8 to encourage lots of growth throughout the spring season.

3. When you cut the grass don’t cut it too short. Longer
grass provides shade to the root system and it does not dry out as quickly. Creating a thick lush lawn will not only help prevent European chafer, but it will also help to choke out the weeds.

Garden Agenda – Late Spring 2003
by Debbie Hamilton, GARDENWORKS Burnaby

ODDS & ENDS
Keep checking your garden for weeds and don’t let them get out of control. Remember, weeds can become a host for many different kinds of pests and diseases. Check roses for aphids. Aphids tend to cluster around the new growth and buds. They suck the juices from the plant, causing damage to the rose. There are many different chemical sprays available, but if you don’t want to use chemicals then squish the aphids with your fingers or blast them off with a hard stream of water from the hose. If need be, prune your spring-flowering shrubs now that they have finished blooming. Check out your tall-growing perennials. It is a good idea to stake them at the beginning of the growing season so they have the support they need when they are mature.

Summer is just about here and I can hardly wait! There are still a few things that need to be done before I can sit back, relax and enjoy the fruits of my labour.

KEEPING IN SHAPE
Labour, unfortunately, is what some aspects of gardening is all about — bending to pull weeds, stretching to prune that high branch or digging that vegetable bed. If you think about it with a different mind-set – gardening can be a great way to enjoy the outdoors and get some physical activity. Did you know that tending plants lowers blood pressure and reduces stress? Physical activity, such as digging, raking, shoveling and planting, can give you a full body workout. Make sure to do some stretches before tackling anything strenuous so that you don’t do any damage to your body. That said, let’s get out there and improve our body, our mind, our spirit and, of course, our gardens!

LAWNS
The European chafer, a serious turf pest in Eastern Canada, is now in British Columbia and has (so far) taken up residence in New Westminster. The European chafer is similar to a June beetle and is most damaging when it is in its grub stage. Most damage to lawns is done in fall and in spring. The grubs are not particular and feed on all grass types. They are quite close to the surface, as they feed on the fibrous roots of the grass. Skunks or birds dig up the grass, looking for the grubs and do a lot of damage to lawns and boulevards. At this time there are no controls for this pest except for good cultural practices.

HOUSEPLANTS
Now that you are spending more time outdoors, be sure not to neglect your houseplants. It’s a great time to transplant or take cuttings. Remember to fertilize your tropical plants every two weeks with GARDENWORKS 20-20-20, and regularly mist the air around them.

Have a great time in your garden.

GARDENWORKS GARDENNOTES#62

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Roses

By Dion Litavniks, “The Rose Lady,” GARDENWORKS Blenkinsop Everything is coming up roses, or so you hope. Some people find roses difficult to grow, but with this advice you can’t go wrong. By selecting the proper site, using rich organic soil and choosing a reliable rose, everything will come up roses.
The first consideration is a location in full sun – 8 hours minimum. Growing roses on the cool, damp west coast is a different matter from growing in drier, hotter climates. Fungal diseases thrive in moist weather, so try and keep your roses warm and dry. Sunlight also stimulates new canes, producing a bigger, healthier bush. Roses are heavy feeders, so I recommend a mix of 50% topsoil and 50% organic matter. Try Sea Soil, which is made from fish byproducts and produced on Vancouver Island. Don’t be shy with bonemeal or rock phosphate – this will stimulate root growth for the next year. Another trick to keeping established roses happy is magnesium sulphate (epsom salts) and alfalfa meal. Two tablespoons (30 ml) of magnesium sulphate per bush after pruning will increase chlorophyll production (ie. more green leaves). Add 1 cup (250 ml) of alfalfa meal per bush to stimulate root growth and provide trace nitrogen. Do this now and again in May and finally in August.

T apestry in a pot
By Jennifer Jones, GARDENWORKS Capilano Many city residents have limited space to garden, so they plant in containers on their patios, balconies, windowsills and rooftops to expand their growing space. This can be a fabulous opportunity to be creative as well as resourceful. Here are some plant suggestions from Jennifer Jones.
Some of the most fascinating things to grow in pots are tiny alpines and rockery plants. Jammed together, the different textures and hues create a tapestry treat for the eye. Start with a low, wide pot or trough. Drainage is key here, so make sure there are adequate holes in the bottom. Use GARDENWORKS Planter Box Mix, not regular soil, to fill the pot. To plant, start with some potted bulbs, perhaps the little Iris reticulata or some ‘Tete-a-Tete’ daffodils – they will add immediate colour. Bellis perennis (English daisy) and the Arabis x sturii (hybrid creeping wall cress) are in bloom now, too. Don’t be afraid to plant them close together – leave about an inch (2.5 cm) between. Fresh perennials in 4-inch pots are just arriving at the nursery, so watch for black-leaved clover, cobweb sempervirens, mossy saxifrages (a must!), and Bressingham thyme. Campanula garganica ‘Dickson’s Gold’ and Sedum acre ‘Aureum’(golden stonecrop) are excellent gold accents, while Sedum ‘Capa Blanca’ (cape blanco) will provide a wonderful, ghostly silver hue. One of my favourite “micro” plants for detail is the Saxifraga primuloides – the fleshy leaves appear to be encrusted in silver, and the tall creamy flower fronds add some nice height later in the season. Some later additions (if you can fit them in!) might be the hardy ice plant (Delosperma spp.) with lovely daisy flowers in the summer, or Veronica ‘Georgia Blue’ – a truly magical shade of blue that will spill down the side of the planter. Watch for Convolvulus maritima when the annuals come in. All of the plants suggested so far will flower at some point in the season, but this is almost secondary to the interplay of foliage as the plants mature and weave together. Because these plants are fairly drought tolerant, they are perfect for areas undercover, such as apartment balconies or beside the front door. There is not much maintenance involved – just a trim once in a while. Once the addiction sets in, you may want to expand your collection of pots to accommodate all the little treasures that are available. It’s okay – we understand completely and we’re here for you! Now it’s time to choose the right rose. Remember – all roses are not created equal. There are strong varieties and weak ones. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Ask GARDENWORKS staff, your local rose society or the Canadian rose society www.mirror.org/groups/crs/, or contact me at the GARDENWORKS Blenkinsop location. To get you started, here are a few suggestions for roses that are outstanding in the garden or in containers.

HYBRID TEAS
Rosemary Harkness Apricot, yellow and soft orange blend, with huge, glossy leaves and a passionfruit fragrance. Liebezauber Large, peony-like deep red blooms and moderate fragrance. A great exhibition rose. Stephens Big Purple Longstemmed, fragrant, purple-red blooms on a tall, upright plant.

FLORIBUNDAS
Sunsprite Deep yellow, very fragrant blooms with deep green, glossy foliage. Scentimental Striped red and white rose, great fragrance, on a rounded bush. Hot Cocoa A new introduction this year! I tested it in my garden last year and it stopped me in my tracks. Unusual chocolate orange blooms with a purple blush, very deep green glossy leaves and awesome purplish hips. It’s not much for fragrance but who cares!

DAVID AUSTIN

During the growing season choose from the following fertilizers: water-soluble 1530-15, GARDENWORKS granular rose food 612-16, fish fertilizer mixed with Alaska MorBloom, or my favourite, granular 1530-10 Lawn Starter Fertilizer. Don’t feed your roses after August; you want them to start preparing for winter dormancy. To have beautiful roses, you need to water consistently and deeply – not light infrequent watering and certainly not with a sprinkler. Rain-drip micro-irrigation works well. My favourite is weeper hoses. Both products can be turned on for a good long soak. Deep watering encourages deep roots for disease resistance.

Abraham Darby Huge apricot/ yellow/pink blooms with a strong fruity fragrance. Large glossy leaves SHRUB ROSES on a plant that makes a small, 6-to Livin’ Easy Semi-double apricotorange blooms contrast with deep 7-foot (2-to 2.4-m) climber. Brother Cadfael Rich pink, peony- green, glossy leaves. like blooms, very fragrant, on a plant with a stiff upright habit. Easy Going Same foliage and rounded habit as Livin’ Easy, but with amber yellow blooms.

The Perfect Time for Patio Planters
We’ve got freshly stocked bedding plants for this year’s patio planters and our staff is ready to help you pick the best plants for your particular site. Now more than ever, we’ve got a superb selection of containers to choose from, plus everything you need to get your patio creation off to a healthy start. Once your planter starts to flourish, you are going to want to maintain its beauty throughout the summer season. Here are three simple steps to help keep your container garden performing its best!

CLIMBERS

Lichtkonigin Lucia Fragrant, bright Don Juan Long-stemmed, velvety, yellow blooms on a 6-to 7-foot (2deep red blooms, very fragrant on a to 2.4-m) plant that has deep, 10-to 12-foot plant. glossy green leaves. Royal Sunset Very fragrant, orange The most important thing to fading, apricot, huge glossy leaves remember when growing roses is on a 10-to 12-foot plant. Antike ’89 Fragrant, old-fashioned blooms of red and white on this pillar rose with glossy foliage.

WATERING Check to see if your planter requires water by inserting your
finger in the soil. The first inch (2.5cm)should be dry and the rest moist. If the soil is drier than this, water thoroughly (until water comes out of the bottom).

that prevention is the best cure. Sanitation and healthy plants ensure success.

FERTILIZING During the summer season apply GARDENWORKS 15-30-15 every other week to encourage good strong growth. DEADHEADING This is simply the process of removing dead flowers to encourage more blooms. Do this task routinely on all annuals and perennials.

Organic Pest Control

Tools for

BENEFICIAL INSECTS
Beneficial insects are a great tool in practicing organic pest control. These insects feed on the “insect pests” in your garden. You can buy the following beneficial insects and bacteria and add them to your garden.
• • • •

by Dr. Alan Reid, - GardenSupplies Manager, GARDENWORKS Burnaby
The most common-sense approach to insect control is to use Integrated Pest Management. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of sensible practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property and the environment. Everything you do in your garden environment will eventually have an impact on the garden’s pest population. Good soil care, suitable plants and proper plant care are powerful preventive measures.

Beneficial nematodes for cutworms, weevils, grubs and fungus gnat larvae Predator bugs for aphids, mealybugs, mite and thrips Ladybugs for aphids, mealybugs and leaf hoppers BTK (not an insect but a bacteria) for moths and caterpillars

HOW DO ORGANIC PEST CONTROL PROGRAMS WORK?
This program is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of evaluations, decisions and controls. It is a four-step program.

STEP 1 - SET LEVELS
Sighting a single pest does not always mean control is needed. Establishing the level at which pests will become a threat is critical to guiding future pest control decisions.
Silverleaf whitefly - a common pest of both greenhouses and gardens

STEP 2 - MONITOR AND IDENTIFY PESTS
Not all insects, weeds, and other living organisms require control. Many organisms are innocuous, and some are even beneficial. This monitoring and identification removes the possibility that pesticides will be used when they are not really needed or that the wrong kind of pesticide will be used.

Many people think organic pest control is just a matter of substituting natural poisons for currently used synthetic ones. Contrary to this, organic pest control requires that you take a preventive approach to gardening - monitor for potential problems, use an assortment of cultural practices and tools, and record your observations.

Making the shift to organic pest control requires you to shift your basic thinking. Accept that most insects are not pests and stop trying to kill every insect you see. Also accept that occasional blemishes in your produce are a part of raising healthy organic food.

STEP 3 - PREVENTION
A first line of defense is to manage the crop, lawn, or indoor space to prevent pests from becoming a threat. This may mean using cultural methods, such as rotating crops, selecting pest-resistant varieties, and planting pestfree rootstock. These methods can be very effective controls that are cost-efficient and present little to no risk to people or the environment.
The green lacewing Larva - a beneficial insect that dines on whitefly nymphs

You will find beneficial insects frequenting your garden if you grow native and other desirable plants in and around the periphery of your garden. When these plants are allowed to bloom, they attract beneficial insects with their nectar and pollen.
• Parsley family • Sunflower family

STEP 4 - CONTROL
When pest control is required and preventive methods are no longer effective or available, IPM programs evaluate control methods for effectiveness and risk. Effective, lessrisky pest controls are chosen first, including highly targeted chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical control, such as trapping or weeding. Broadcast spraying of non-specific pesticides is a last resort.

(parsley, fennel, coriander, dill and chervil) • Sweet alyssum • • Baby blue eyes •

(sunflowers, daisies, asters and cosmos) Native buckwheat Tidy tips

Ladybug - a benificial insect that helps control aphids, mealybugs and leaf hoppers

Many chemicals are not available any more – just one more reason to switch to an organic approach. It is a sound choice for both the environment and the balance of nature.

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Store Feature

Rhododendrons
A General Guide to Rhododendron Care
By Peter Fitzmaurice, Store Manager, GARDENWORKS Colwood

Burnaby GARDENWORKS
GARDENWORKS Burnaby is the original GARDENWORKS store. Purchased over 20 years ago, the Burnaby store has become a destination for gardeners in the Pacific Northwest. John and his partners continue their high standards for plant quality and variety not only in Burnaby but throughout the nine store locations.
The Burnaby store is our largest, boasting five acres stocked with enough plants and garden provisions to captivate every gardener’s imagination. The staff at the Burnaby store are a wonderful group who focus on customer satisfaction and providing the information to ensure you are successful in your gardens. There have been some access difficulties with the SkyTrain construction over the past several years, but that is all behind us and we are looking forward to an early and busy season. Managers at the Burnaby store include Joanne Betzler (Tropicals, Perennials and Bedding Plants), Lesley Cuming (Giftware and Pottery), Rob Zieber (Nursery), and Dr. Alan Reid (Garden Supplies). What more could you ask for? A superb plant selection and a knowledgeable staff led by four capable department managers. Come visit us soon! GARDENWORKS Burnaby carries a vast array of seasonal colour. From bedding packs to get you started in spring to established annuals in every shade of the rainbow and a huge selection of perennials, we’re sure to have the right plant for your patio or garden. Want to plant a bulb garden? Are weevils devouring your precious rhododendrons? Need a good garden rake or advice on seeding a new lawn? Visit our garden supply area, where well-informed staff can solve most of your gardening dilemmas and provide you with the equipment and supplies you will need to succeed. Shade trees, fruit trees, roses, conifers, deciduous, or broadleaf evergreens - our extensive collection of trees and shrubs is just beyond the covered greenhouse. Nursery staff will guide you through the labyrinth of greenery to select the ideal specimen for your yard. Imported pottery and wooden garden furniture are just a fraction of the treasures you will find in our Garden Décor department. There are gifts galore —glassware, silk flowers, chimes, candles, garden ornaments and a generous yearround assortment of Department 56 Collectibles. (www.dept56.com) Enter the tropical greenhouse, where exotic foliage, striking succulents and cheerful flowers invite you to stay awhile. Help yourself to a complimentary coffee, visit the pool of friendly koi and enjoy the tropical atmosphere. Be sure to visit our expert florists, who will personally arrange fine hand-tied bouquets, elegant table centrepieces, romantic corsages and more for you to take home or send anywhere in the world (1-877-298-4314). Spring is here and we are ready for all your gardening needs. Starting with daylight savings time we are open weekdays from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Come celebrate spring and save 15% off all merchandise on Customer Apprectiation Day, April 17.

Due to the shallow nature of their root systems, rhododendrons do not tolerate drought very well. Conversely, a rhododendron should never sit in stagnant water. They require an acid soil that is preferably well drained to allow roots access to much-needed oxygen.

PESTS & DISEASES
Even though rhododendrons are very easy and hardy garden plants, they are susceptible to a number of problems. Some are disease-related (fungi and viruses) and some are cultural (water/ light/fertilizer). It is sometimes hard to diagnose a particular problem because the symptoms may be similar. Very often a problem is solved by asking yourself how the plant is treated and where it is planted. If both these conditions are suitable for the plant, bring in a sample — we would be happy to try to determine the source of the problem. An article on rhododendrons would not be complete without mention of the notorious vine root weevil. These creatures live in the soil and wreak havoc on rhododendrons and other treasured ornamentals (bergenias are also favoured). Because they are so elusive, they are hard to control. Chemicals are often ineffectual and environmentally damaging, and removing the adults is futile, since they lay their eggs before climbing up into the plant to feed. The larvae eat the roots and sometimes girdle the stems just at or below the ground. A beneficial nematode is available for their control. When the ground is warm enough (May), the nematodes are watered in; they then seek out grubs and larvae. It is recommended that they be applied again later in the summer. The nematodes may be ordered through most of our stores.

SELECTION
Most commonly planted (and available) varieties are hybrids – developed for their large trusses of showy blooms ranging in colour from the palest of creams and whites to the most vibrant reds, yellows, blues and purples (and combinations of these). There are many species of rhododendrons and they vary in growth habit from groundcovers to huge shrubs. Your local GARDENWORKS will have a good selection and if you are a collector, put in your request. There is always a chance that one of our nine stores may have that special one for which you are looking.

FERTILIZING
Rhododendrons require adequate fertilizing to keep them disease resistant and hardy to cold. GardenWorks Rhododendron and Azalea fertilizer (10-8-6) is recommended by a number of rhododendron societies in the Pacific Northwest. Fertilize when the plant first goes dormant in December or January, again in February/March, a third time in April/May and finally in June/July. If this is not possible, the old idea of fertilizing once before and once after blooming is still valid (better than no fertilizer at all).

by Paul Graham, Manager, GARDENWORKS Burnaby

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Blooming
Beauties
By Joanne Betzler - Bedding Plants/Tropicals Manager, GARDENWORKS Burnaby

Your Pond this Spring . . .
by Rob Zieber, CCHT, Nursery Manager, GARDENWORKS Burnaby

Flowering houseplants are frequently acquired over the winter and provide colour and fragrance indoors when outdoor conditions are dreary. Come spring, many people are uncertain how to prolong and preserve the beauty of their specimen. Provided specific needs are met, many of these, such as citrus, hibiscus, gardenia and jasmine, will continue to thrive indoors. Below are some of the more popular indoor flowering plants:.
CITRUS (Orange, Lemon, Lime) These shrubby
specimens require as much light as you can provide. Water them moderately but consistently year- round. Summer is the normal flowering time but Calamondins can produce flowers and fruit all year long. They require good drainage and protection from cold draughts. Cooler winter temperatures are beneficial, but spending the summer outdoors is also favourable. Pollinating the flowers by hand will encourage fruiting.

After a winter rest, your pond will be buzzing with life as the temperatures start to rise. There are several things that should be done in the spring to ensure the health of your pond and avoid potential problems later on in the season.
Leaves and debris that have built up over the fall and winter start to decompose as the temperatures rise. This upsets the pond balance and is stressful to the fish. Remove as much of the litter as possible, using a net or pond vacuum. It is also very beneficial to do a partial water change to remove the finer debris and freshen up the water. Drain about half the water out and top up with fresh water. Adding pond salt at this time helps balance the pH and makes the fish more disease resistant. An alternative to pond salt is water conditioner, which eliminates chlorine and toxic metals that may be in the tap water. Remove dead foliage on the water plants, being careful not to damage any emerging growth. Plants that are cascading out of their pots or were stunted last year should be split and transplanted, using a pond soil. This should only be done, however, once the water temperature is around 8OC (46OF). Water lilies should be transplanted only when the new buds begin to emerge. Cooler spring temperatures mean the fish are lethargic and might still be hiding at the bottom of the pond. They can be fed once the water temperature is around 10OC (50OF), ideally with a low-temperature food for the first month. It is wise to check all the pumps and filters to ensure they are working properly. Clean out the filter, see that the pump is working to its full capacity and check for any damage to the cords. Finally, it is essential to check the pH (alkalinity or acidity) of your pond, especially if you have fish. A pH test kit is a wise investment and can be used throughout the season. The ideal pH is between 7.0 (neutral) and 8.0 (slightly alkaline), but pH 6.5-8.5 is acceptable. Adjusting the pH can be achieved by using a pH Adjuster. Following these simple yet important steps this spring will ensure your pond will be healthy and relatively problem free for the season. Then you can sit back, relax and enjoy the pond as it begins to burst with life.

JASMINE Jasmine requires night temperatures of 17°19°C (63-66° F) and daytime of 22°C (71° F). Keep this plant cool in winter and place it outdoors in summer. The soil should be moist at all times. GARDENIA A beautiful but demanding plant, the
gardenia requires dedication. To form flower buds it needs nighttime temperatures of 9-12° C (48 – 54° F) but daytime temperatures should be 17 – 20° C (63-68° F). Bud drop will result if you let the soil dry out.

HIBISCUS This plant requires average room temperatures and loves direct sun except during the heat of summer. With proper care, it can produce flowers from spring right through to autumn.

ALL THESE PLANTS HAVE THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMNENTS.
LIGHT Position near a west-or south-facing window to allow four or more hours of bright light, but protect from direct sun in summer. WATER Keep soil evenly moist at all times (except as noted for citrus). Water thoroughly and discard drainage. Reduce watering in winter. FERTILIZATION These plants benefit from acid and iron supplements. A constant diet of GARDENWORKS 20-20-20 mixed at half-strength in winter but at the recommended rate during the growing season will help keep them happy. HUMIDITY All thrive in humid conditions, so frequent misting is advised. The soil should be moist at all times.

MARK IT ON YOUR CALENDAR... Capilano GARDENWORKS is having a pond seminar on Saturday, June 7 at 11 a.m. Perhaps you’re thinking of building a new pond this year but don’t know where to start, or maybe you have a couple pond queries about your existing pond. Our pond expert has a solution for you, so join us for this informative clinic; we look forward to seeing you.

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FREE GARDENWORKS Clinics
Blenkinsop
Saturday, April 19, 11 a.m. to noon • Edible Containers & Baskets Garden designer Karen Mann will show how to use herbs, veggies and regular basket stuffers for edible baskets. Saturday, April 19, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. • Sea Soil’s Rick Hawkes Rick Hawkes from Van Island Sea Soil will explain the virtues of his fish-based compost. Saturday, April 26, 11 a.m. to noon • Spring Bloomers A collection of cheerful spring beauties. Saturday, April 26, 11 a.m. to noon • Van Dusen Master Gardeners Trudy and Christine are here to answer all your gardening queries. Saturday, May 3, 11 a.m. to noon • Herbal Remedies & Lotions Guest speaker: Linda Dowling from Happy Valley Herb Farms. Saturday, May 10, 11 a.m. to noon • Herbal Vinegars a Gift for Mom Linda Dowling is back, creating a culinary treat. Saturday, May 10, 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. • Big Beautiful Baskets Moss baskets made easy. Saturday, May 17, 11 a.m. to noon • Seaside Gardening Guest speaker: Agnes Lynne. Saturday, May 17, 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. • Versatile Veggies What’s new and what’s tried and true. Saturday, May 24, 11 a.m. to noon • The Fragrant Garden in the Ground and in Containers Guest speaker: Theresa Boggs Saturday, May 31, 11 a.m. to noon • Pressed and Dried Flowers Guest speaker: Linda Dowling

Community Events
It’s free to place a community gardening event in GARDENNOTES. If you would like to have your event announced in our newsletter, please send us the information by fax: 604-2994403 or e-mail: editor@gardenworks.ca Due to space limitations, we announce the events we feel most widely interest our readers. Announcement deadline dates are January 5 for February edition, March 1 for April edition, May 1 for June edition and August 1 for September edition.

ISLAND
Government House Garden Tours All tours depart at 2 p.m. from the porte cochere at the front of Government House, 1401 Rockland Avenue, Victoria. Tour takes about 1½ hours. Cost: $10 per person. For information call 250-356-5139 or email gvanslyk@direct.ca. • Wed., April 16 - Woodlands • Sun., April 27 – Woodlands • Sun., May 11 – Woodlands • Wed., May 21 – Birds • Sun., May 25 - Garden Victoria Rhododendron Show and Sale Cadboro Bay Church Hall, 2625 Arbutus Road. • Sat., April 26, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. The Horticulture Centre of the Pacific – Upcoming Events 505 Quayle Road, Victoria. For information phone 250-479-6162.
• Annual Spring Plant Sale Free admission. Light refreshments available. • Sat., May 3, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. • Heritage Trees of Victoria Workshop Instructor: Diane Pierce. Cost: $7.50/ member, $12/non-member. • Sat., May 17, time T.B.A.

Capilano
Saturday, June 7 at 11 a.m. • How to Build a Pond and Spring Preparation Our expert has pond solutions for you. Bring your questions and queries.

Mission
Saturday, April 19 at 11:00 a.m. • Moss Baskets We’ll help you make a beautiful basket. Cost of materials only. Note - this class requires registration, call 604-826-9112. Sign up early!

MAINLAND
15th Annual Burnaby Rhododendron Festival Shadbolt Centre for the Arts and Deer Lake Park, 6450 Deer Lake Avenue, Burnaby, B.C. For more information please call 604-2916864 • Sun., May 4, 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Valley Fuchsia & Geranium Club Plant/Bake Sale St. Andrew’s Anglican Church, 20955 Old Yale Road, Langley. For more information call Cliff, at 604-856-8139, or Emily, at 604-856-8437. • Sat., May 17, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Mother’s Day Tea and Tour of the Glades The Peace Arch Hospital Auxiliary Society invites the public to “The Glades’ a woodland rhododendron garden at 561-172nd Street, Surrey. $5.00 admission at the gate (children under 6 free). Sandwiches, dainties and beverages available at $5.00 per person. • Sun., May 11, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Ocean Park
Once again this spring Ocean Park GARDENWORKS offers an array of clinics to help you get your garden growing. Watch the reader board at 2124 - 128th street, for upcoming clinics. Or call us at 604-535-8853.

Burnaby
All clinics are held at 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. Saturday, April 19 • Designing the Garden with Colour Guest speaker: Catherine Dale, Catherine Dale Garden Consulting Saturday, April 26 • All about Rhododendrons Guest speaker: Margot Moser, Master Gardener and past-president of the Burnaby Rhododendron & Gardens Society Saturday, May 3 • Garden Projects Made of Moss Guest speaker: Debbie Hamilton, Education Coordinator, Burnaby Store Saturday, May 10 • Container Gardening with Perennials: Combining Plants for the best-looking 3-Season Container Guest speaker: Catherine Kennedy, Sales Coordinator, Patio Perennials Saturday, May 24 • How to Make Black Gold: Composting for Beginners Guest speaker: Jennifer Ryan, composting expert

Edgemont Village
Saturday, April 19 at noon • Creating Moss Baskets Saturday April 26 at noon • Container Gardening with Spring Blooms Saturday, May 3 at noon • Selecting and Growing Roses Saturday, May 17 at noon • Growing Vegetables in Containers Saturday, May 31 at noon • Container Gardening with Annuals & Perennials Saturday, June 7 at noon • Late Spring Lawn Care

Kid’s Workshops - Burnaby Store
May is Kid’s Month at the Burnaby store. Workshops start at 10 a.m. Parent participation is required. Saturday, May 3 • Making Garden Journals Saturday, May 10 • Mini Hanging Baskets for Mom Saturday, May 17 • Ladybug Garden Ornament Saturday, May 24 • Paper Flower Mobiles Saturday, May 31 • Teepee Gardens

Plant Marriages, Exceptional Combinations of Flower, Foliage and Structure - An Evening with Dan Hinkley At the Canadian Memorial Church, 15th & Burrard, Vancouver. Presented by the South Surrey Garden Club Plant Sale Vancouver Rose Society. Dan Hinkley is a horticulturist, explorer, author and St. Mark’s Church, 12953 – 20th co-founder of Heronswood Nursery on Avenue, Surrey. Perennials, annuals, vegetables, trees and shrubs. Garden- Bainbridge Island, Washington. Tickets ing experts on hand. For information available at all GARDENWORKS: $15 members, $20 non-members. For phone 604-541-1417. information call Pauline at 604-985• Sat., May 10, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. 6383 or Lesley at 604-261-6417. Point Grey Chrysanthemum Asso• Mon., May 5, at 7:30 p.m. ciation Late & Early Varieties B.C. Fuchsia & Begonia Society Rooted Cuttings Sale Boardwalk, th VanDusen Garden, 37 & Oak Street, Spring Plant, Bake and Craft Sale At the VanDusen Botanical Garden Vancouver. Floral Hall. Fuchsia, begonias, gerani• Sat., April 26, 10 a.m. to noon ums, home baking, houseplants, crafts Meetings are held at 8 p.m. on the 2nd and more. Thursday of every month except July • Sat., April 19, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. and December in the Cedar Room at VanDusen Garden. New members Spring Arts & Crafts Fair At Mount welcome. Seymour United Church, 1200 th Parkgate Avenue (off Mount Seymour 13 Annual Perennial Plant Sale Parkway). Items crafted by local At the UBC Botanical Garden & artisans, hanging baskets, potted Centre for Horticulture at UBC. perennials, bake sale, thrift shop, lunch. Free admission to the garden. No Vendors needed. Contact Alan at 604pre-selling. For further information call 604-822-9666 or 604-822-3928. 929-6893 or Pat at 604-929-2725. • Sat., April 26, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. • Sun., May 11, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

9th Annual Cowichan Valley Garden Tour Six beautiful private gardens will be shared with the public. Tickets: $15, available in gardening and other outlets in South Island. All proceeds fund family/child/education/healthcentred projects in the Cowichan Valley. Sponsored by the Cowichan Family Life Association and Cowichan Dogwoods Chapter of IODE. For information phone 250746-8950 (evenings) or email: bridgetm@shaw.ca • Sun., June 1, 1 a.m. to 5 p.m. 13th Annual Denman Conservancy Home & Garden Tour 2003 Tickets: $15 (available May 15). For information call Roxanna Mandryk at 250335-2576 or visit www.denmanis.bc.ca/gardentour/ index.html • Sat., June 21, 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. • Sun., June 22, 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.

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Spring 2003

Hands–on Workshops
at the Burnaby store
There is a $10 non-refundable pre-registration fee to ensure your space in each class. On the evening of the workshop the registration fee will be deducted from the total of your supplies. Note that all plants and flowers for these classes are pre-chosen. All classes begin at 6:30 p.m. and are held at the Burnaby store. For more information contact Debbie at 604-299-0621 or by e-mail at dhamilton@gardenworks.ca. Thursday, May 1 • Moss Baskets for Shade
If you have no sun in your yard, then this is the class for you. All of the plants used in these moss baskets thrive in shade. Please bring gloves and pruners. $50.00

Thursday, May 29 • Make a Wreath Centrepiece
Come and find out how easy it is to make something new and different to decorate your dining table. Please bring pruners. $40.00

Thursday, May 8 • Flower Arranging in Vases
This class will teach you everything you need to know to design beautiful flower arrangements. Learn how to condition flowers, make proper cuts, care for and arrange your vase of flowers. Just in time for Mother’s Day! Please bring pruners. $40.00

Thursday, June 5 • Corsages and Boutonnieres
Learn how to make a simple corsage and a boutonniere for that upcoming wedding, anniversary or special occasion. Please bring a floral knife or pruners. $25.00

Thursday, June 19 • How to Make a Bridal Bouquet
Come and learn how to make a simple bridal bouquet arranged in oasis foam. Please bring a floral knife or pruners. $50.00

Thursday, May 22 • Living Wreath
Join us and learn how to make a living wreath by using an assortment of annual plants. Please bring gloves and pruners. $40.00

Customer Appreciation Days
On the third Thursday of each month we hold a Customer Appreciation Day, offering 15% off everything in the store (excluding Department 56 Collectibles). Upcoming Customer Appreciation dates include May 15 and June 19.

GARDENNOTESTM
GARDENWORKS 6250 Lougheed Highway Burnaby, B.C. V5B 2Z9
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