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					U. S. History CP 1 Research Paper Assignment -Write a 5-6 page research paper on an aspect of American culture (fashion, theater, sports, film, television, video games, politics, etc.) during a particular time period (I suggest focusing on no more than 10 years). Pick a time period in which that cultural aspect was particularly important and/or popular. You are encouraged to pick a topic in which you are already interested and of which you have some knowledge. -Your task is research the topic more in depth, take a position on it, and support that position with facts and analysis. It is NOT acceptable for you to simply describe/summarize the topic. You need to develop an analytical and insightful position about the topic. -This packet contains detailed instructions and requirements for each individual step. It is imperative that you pay very close attention to the specific requirements, otherwise you will lose points.

Resources: You must use a minimum of 7 sources. At least three must be books (other than general encyclopedias and your textbook). Internet sources must come from a reputable source, and you must complete and hand in a web site evaluation for every Internet source you use. I will be grading you on the quality of sources you find.

Grading This will count as 15% of your average for 2nd term. Half of that will be based on the steps you take to prepare the paper, and the other half will be based on your finished product.

Due Dates The due dates and point value for the individual steps are below. These due dates are in place regardless of what else is happening in our day-to-day class schedule. Once I have graded one step, we will go over my expectations and suggestions for the next step in class.

Tuesday, Nov 3: Topic Selection and Possible Questions Thursday, Nov 12: Question Selection and Annotated Works Cited page Monday, Nov 23: Position and 35 Note Cards of Research Wednesday, Dec 2: Thesis and Outline Friday, Dec 11: First Copy

10 Points 20 Points 30 Points 20 points 20 points

Dec 14-23: Conference with Me; final copy won’t be accepted if you don’t meet with me Final Copy Due Date Given at Conference (most will be due by Dec 23) 100 Points

Step By Step Directions
I. Topic Proposal and Focus Questions Write a one paragraph description of the topic you plan to research. Include the time period on which you will focus, summarize what was going on with your topic during that time period as well the role that your topic played during the time period. Finally, include 2-3 interesting questions about your topic, each of which has multiple possible alternative answers. Avoid questions that are answered with Yes or No or a single, definitive answer. (See examples below). Later, you will select one of these questions and research it to decide on the best possible answer to that question. That answer will be the position of your thesis. See me ASAP if you need help coming up with these questions.
Examples- Use these to help you come up with your own questions that work with your topic and your time period. -Which individual associated with your topic had the most impact? -Why was your topic so popular at that time period? -In what ways did your topic reflect the values/ideals of that time period? -What was the major way in which your topic shaped America at that time? -In what ways is America today shaped by the contributions of your topic during that time period? -What was the most controversial aspect of your topic at that time period? II. Selecting a Focus Question

From your 4 questions, select which one your paper will try to answer.

III. Locating Sources

We will spend a class period in the library for you to begin looking for sources. Chances are you will need to spend additional time on your own at either the WA library or the Fletcher library. You need to find sources that relate to the particular question you chose. It is very important that you take the time to find high quality sources. If you don’t find high quality information, your paper will not be of high quality. Remember, I will be evaluating you based on the quality of your sources.

Suggestions 1) DO NOT do a google search! At least not at first. Also, from this point forward, avoid general encyclopedias. You need to find more specific and sophisticated information 2) I recommend starting off with the WA Databases InfoTrac (InfoTrac One File, General Reference Center Gold, Student Edition, Expanded Academic ASAP, Biography Research Center) Elibrary (allows you to read transcripts of TV and radio broadcasts),, History Study Center. Databases are not technically the Internet, and therefore any article you find on the databases will NOT require a Web Site Evaluation form. 3) Also, use the WA library online card catalog. In addition to recommending books, magazines, and videos, it also recommends web sites. These web sites have been approved by teachers and librarians. Therefore, sources found on the card catalog also will NOT require Web Site Evaluation forms. (identify it as coming from the card catalog in your annotation) 4) Avoid basic newspaper articles that simply describe a recent event. Most likely, such articles will not provide enough information to be useful in your paper. 5) If you use any type of anthology, each individual article you use from the book will count as a separate source and will need to be listed separately on your Works Cited.

IV. Annotated Works Cited Page

Once you have the sources you intend to use, you will need to create an Annotated Works Cited page. Remember, you can use NoodleTools to make your Works Cited page. Make sure you look at the example of a properly formatted Works Cited page I provided at the beginning of the year. Yours will need to be formatted in the EXACT same way. You will also need to submit it to An Annotated Works Cited is a Works Cited in which you provide a paragraph description of each source. The following information needs to be included 1. The Author's credentials- what has the author done /received that makes his information credible? college degrees, jobs, awards, other books/articles written that RELATE TO THE TOPIC a. If the source doesn’t include this information, google the “author’s name” and see what you find. SUMMARIZE the info. DO NOT GIVE A FULL BIOGRAPHY. b. DO NOT copy and paste information. It must be paraphrased. c. If there is no author, than evaluate the credentials of the source (the magazine, the producer/host of the web site, etc.) 2. A brief summary of the source (show me that you didn't just pick the 1st 7 sources you came across… a summary will show that you actually looked through the source and considered whether or not it will prove useful to you). For books, I don’t expect you to have read the book, but use the table of contents and the index to see which parts of the book will be most useful. Include what type of source it is (a primary source, a newspaper article, a non-fiction book, an editorial, etc.) 3. A comparison of this source with your other sources (you don't want 7 sources that all have the exact same information…so what does this source provide that the others don't?) 4. Evaluation of any bias in the source- is it written from a certain perspective? If so, what is the perspective? How might it impact the information found in the source? Bias alone does not mean you need to rule out a source, but you need to be aware of it and keep it in mind as you are using information from that source. For all web sites, you will also need to complete and hand in a web site evaluation. This is what the librarians and I will be looking for when we grade your Works Cited  Stapled to the Works Cited is your typed focus question  Works cited is formatted correctly (Title, spacing, indentation, order of sources; for each sourcenecessary info, order of info, format of info; documentation of sources from WA Databases)  Contains at least 7 sources, 3 of which are books, none of which are general encyclopedias  Annotations include all required information (author’s credentials, summary, comparison, bias)  Annotations do not contain errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, word usage, etc. No Forbidden Words  Web sources that do not require a Web Site Evaluation are identified as such in the annotation  It is evident that all of the sources contain information that will help you answer your question  Sources are varied in terms of perspective and material  Sources are relevant and appropriate- not written for elementary aged kids, or by students, etc.  All necessary web site evaluations are attached and completed thoroughly  Was submitted to, and the annotations contain no plagiarism

V. Position Before you start taking notes, read through your sources and look for possible answers to the question on which you chose to focus. If you come across a page, a section, or a chapter that you think will be particularly useful, make note of the page number, but don’t take notes yet. Instead, identify the possible answers to that question, and consider the amount and weight of support you find for each answer. Decide which one has the most support: that will be the position of your thesis. If you have sources that do not provide information that supports that position, you should consider replacing them with sources that do. VI. Note Cards Once you know what your position will be, you will then go back and start to take notes; the vast majority of these notes should include the evidence you find that supports your position. Don’t waste time taking a lot of notes on general background information, or recording evidence for other possible positions (unless you plan on being able to refute that evidence in your paper). General background information will only be useful if it somehow relates to the evidence you will provide. You will take notes in the form of note cards, which are explained below. If you follow the format of the note cards correctly, you should find them to be extremely helpful and time-saving when it comes time to actually write your paper. Required Info
Author's Last Name (or “title”) Page # Write down one main idea you found on that page - list details of that main idea - another detail - another detail *Can provide your own analysis/comments

Spielvogel 106 Qin Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall - purpose was to prevent invasion from north - used thousands of laborers o 1/2 of all workers died * Shows how important defense was

The top of the card contains the information that would belong inside the parenthetical citation. Be sure to check your Parenthetical Citations sheet to review all of the “But What If…” scenarios Tips for taking notes Most often you will paraphrase (summarize and put in your own words) information - Record the main point, then record the supporting details in a bulleted list Record just ONE main idea and its supporting details on each note card You can rarely continue a main idea onto a second card. But it’s better to come up with 2 narrower main ideas instead. One main idea can NEVER have more than 2 cards Only write on one side of each card Don’t use complete sentences (unless taking a direct quote). Use brief phrases instead Use abbreviations and familiar words and expressions Your paper needs to contain much information that will require a parenthetical citation. Therefore, your note cards need to contain that type of information as well. If the source includes information about different time periods, be sure to include on the card which time period is being described If you add your own comments or analysis, be sure to indicate it as such in some way If statistics are included, record the original source of the information (eg. U. S. Census Bureau)

Occasionally, select phrases/sentences to quote word for word (you will need to include quotes in your paper) Use a direct quotation when -you want to add the power of an author’s words to support your argument -You want to disagree with an author’s argument -You want to highlight or use particularly eloquent or powerful phrases or passages Whenever you copy word for word (even if it’s just a short phrase, or a unique word), use quotation marks. If you alter the quote in any way, make sure you indicate it properly ( […] ) If the quote is from someone other than the author, clearly record the name of the individual quoted. On the back of each card, please number them (1,2,3…35) On top of your cards, please attach a blank index card with your name, class, paper topic, question, and position. All cards must be securely attached when you come to class (binder clip, Ziploc bag, rubber bands) This is what I will be looking for when I grade your Note Cards  35 Note cards are present, Original Graded Works Cited and Revised Works Cited are attached  All necessary corrections to the Works Cited were made  Top card has name, class, paper topic, question, and position  Format of note cards o Top Center correctly identifies source by what will go inside the parenthetical citation o Page number on top-right-hand corner (unless it is an online source) o Number of card on back  Information o The topic is thoroughly addressed o Note cards consist of one main idea, with a list of supporting details that are indented o The note cards don’t contain repetitive information o Majority of note cards contain information that supports your particular position o Note cards include information from each source o Note cards are written in your own words, except for quotations. Several direct quotes are included, are in quotation marks

VII. Thesis Statement and Outline Once your research is done, you then want to start organizing your information. You will physically organize it by making different piles with your note cards. 1. Put aside any note cards that don’t support your position. That information might or might not be used in your paper. (If you have a lot of note cards that don’t support your position, you will need to go back and do more research in order to find enough information that does support your position.

2. Take your remaining note cards and identify different ways that you can categorize the information; you want 2-3 categories. (HINT- in many cases, PRIMES make great categories.) Then, physically divide them into those categories. In other words, all note cards that are part of one category, put in one pile, and so on, and so on. If you have note cards that don’t fit into any pile, then the information on that note card probably won’t go into your paper (again, if you have a lot of note cards that don’t fit into any pile, you might need to go back and do more research). Ideally, you will have a roughly even number of cards in each pile; if one pile is particularly small, you will probably need to go back and do more research to find more information about that category. You might have to try it many different ways until you come up with a way that works. The categories of these 2-3 piles are the 2-3 reasons for your thesis statement. 3. Use the guidelines I gave your for thesis statements and outlines to write your thesis statement and plan the outline. 4. However, a 5-6 page paper must have more than 5 paragraphs, so you will need to divide your 2-3 piles up into smaller piles. Again, divide the facts up into different sub-categories, and make a pile for each. Aim for a total of between 5 and 8 piles of note cards. You should have at least 2 cards per pile. Each of these piles then represents one paragraph in your paper. Again, if you don’t have enough piles, or enough cards in each pile, then you will probably need to go back and do more research. 5. Write an outline of your paper based on the following format I. Introduction Thesis Statement: II. 1st Body paragraph Topic Sentence: Supporting evidence (detail, fact, or quote) and # of note card: Supporting evidence and # of note card: More as needed III. 2nd body paragraph Topic Sentence: Supporting evidence and # of note card: Supporting evidence and # of note card: More as needed More body paragraphs as needed IV. Conclusion (Nothing needed in your outline about your conclusion) This must be typed. It should be ~2 pages single spaced Your thesis statement and each topic sentence need to be written out in complete sentences. You can have at most ONE body paragraph that gives an overview of the history of your topic. All of the other paragraphs must prove one part of your thesis Remember, your topic sentences need to help answer the question and must refer to both the Position and one of the Reasons of your thesis.

VIII. First Draft You now need to turn your outline into a paper. Do not view this as a “Rough Draft.” It needs to be the best possible paper you can write at this point; look at the grading criteria for the final copy and meet as many of those expectations to the greatest extent that you can. I will not collect this draft. Instead, you will have a peer editing session with a classmate. Still, this draft is worth 20 points Here’s what the grade for this draft will be based on:     is at least 5 full pages long (must go on to the 6th page) and 1600 words (intro – conclusion) basic format is accurate (minor problems are OK at this point) contains citations and an Annotated Works Cited, which was part of the paper submitted to paper was submitted to on time- if not on time, you will receive no credit for your First Draft IX. Conference With Me / 2nd Draft After the peer editing session, go home and make any necessary changes to your paper. Then, sign up for a conference session with me after school one day. If you do not have a conference with me about your paper, I will NOT accept the final copy of your paper. When we meet, you must have your original draft, your REVISED annotated works cited, the completed peer editing worksheet, and the Research Paper Conference Sheet with you. I will be looking to see whether or not you made the changes your peer editor suggested.

X. Final Copy Again, go home and make any changes that are necessary. Once again, submit your final copy – including the Works Cited - to and make any changes that your report indicates are necessary. Your final copy will NOT be accepted late, nor will a late submission. When you come to class, your paper must be completely ready to hand in. Do NOT ask to use my stapler or to borrow a paper clip. You need to hand in the following items, in the following order 1) The final copy of your paper 2) The final copy of your Annotated Works Cited 3) All necessary web site evaluation forms 4) Research Paper Conference sheet 5) The Draft I looked at. The following will result in automatic deductions -5 points off for each problem in report that is not fixed (if there are more than a couple small problems, you could end up with a 0 for the entire assignment) -10 points off if Works Cited isn’t included in submission -10 points off if Works Cited isn’t annotated -5 points off if 2nd draft is not attached -5 points off if conference sheet is not attached -5 points off for each type of Forbidden Word used (Are allowed in quotations)

Grading For Final Copy Content- 30 Points Is at least 5 full pages (must go onto the 6th page); at least 1600 words from into to conclusion All information included is relevant to your thesis and is factually accurate Thesis is fully supported with specific facts, details, and examples Demonstrates thorough understanding of the topic Includes all necessary parenthetical citations Demonstrates strong use of sources; citations from all sources on your Works Cited; at least 2 per body paragraph Includes useful, relevant quotes, with adequate introduction and explanation of each; the value of the quote in terms of proving the thesis is shown Provides effective and insightful analysis of the topic and the facts you provide that prove your position, not a summary Sources meet requirements; are of high quality, from reputable sources, and provide varied information/ perspectives; annotations and necessary web site evaluations are complete Organization – 30 Points Engaging Opener (startling statistic, quote, or anecdote that illustrates your thesis) Intro introduces the topic and time period, and indicates that there are possible positions Strong Thesis that meets all of my guidelines (T. P. 2-3 R) Topic Sentences for each body paragraph (must help answer the question and implicitly refer to position and 1 of your reasons) Clincher sentence for each body paragraph (must help answer the question, implicitly refer to position and 1 of your reasons, and help pull together all facts in paragraph) Transitions between each body paragraph (try to really connect the ideas) Logical flow of topics and ideas Conclusion summarizes major points made in paper, but also makes a larger conclusion about Topic Grammar/Mechanics/Usage - 10 Points No errors in spelling, punctuation, or capitalization Correct sentence construction; No incomplete or run-on sentences All forms of words used accurately Maintains consistent verb tense Style – 15 Points Writing flows and is easy to follow and understand Has ample transitions between sentences and ideas Variety in sentence structure and phrasing Rich, precise word choice; No “lazy” words (good/bad, thing, big, nice, a lot, really, like, etc) Quotations flow with the surrounding writing Maintains a formal tone Format – 15 Points I will be looking at: Spacing, Margins, Header, Heading, Citations, Long Quotes, Works Cited Pay careful attention to the example I gave you

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