Part One Warm up by forrests


									Lesson 2
Part One Warm up

Discovery of a Father

I. On the Creation of Fathers by God X Listen to the passage and exchange your understanding When God Created Fathers When the good Lord was creating fathers, He started with a tall frame. A female angel nearby said, “What kind of father is that? If you are going to make children so close to the ground, why have you put the father up so high? He will be able to shoot marbles without kneeling, tuck a child in bed without bending, or even kiss a child without a lot of stooping.” And God smiled and said, “Yes, but if I make him child size, who would children have to look up to?” And when God made a father‟s hands, they were large and sinewy. And the angel shook her head sadly and said, “Do you know what you‟re doing? Large hands are clumsy. They can‟t manage diaper pins, small buttons, rubber bands on pony tails, or even remove splinters caused by baseball bats.” God smiled and said, “I know, but they are large enough to hold everything a small boy empties from his pockets at the end of a day, yet small enough to cup a child‟s face.” Then God molded long slim legs and broad shoulders. The angel nearly had a heart attack. “Boy, this is the end of the week, all right,” she clucked. “Do you realize You just made a father without a lap? How is he going to pull a child close to him without the kid falling between his legs?” God smiled and said, “A mother needs a lap. A father needs strong shoulders to pull a sledge, balance a boy on a bicycle or hold a sleepy head on the way home from the circus.” God was in the middle of creating two of the largest feet anyone had ever seen when the angel could contain herself no longer. “That‟s not fair. Do you honestly think those large boats are going to get out of bed early in the morning when the baby cries? Or walk through a small birthday party without crushing at least three of the guests?”


And God smiled and said, “They‟ll work. You‟ll see. They‟ll support a small child who wants to „ride a horse to Banbury Cross‟ or scare off mice at the summer cabin, or display shoes that will be a challenge to fill.” God worked through the night, giving the father few words, but a firm authoritative voice; eyes that see everything, but remain calm and tolerant. Finally, almost as an afterthought, He added tears. Then He turned to the angel and said, “Now are you satisfied that he can love as much as a mother? And the angel shut up. II. Enjoy a Poem Read the following poem My Hero As I ponder the love that I saw in his eyes, A Godly love, given without compromise. I recall many times that he stood by my side, And prodded me on with great vigor and pride. His voice ever confident, firm yet fair, Always speaking with patience, tenderness and care. The power and might of his hands was so sure, I knew there was nothing we couldn‟t endure. It‟s true, a few other provided insight, Yet, he laid the foundation that kept me upright. He‟s the grandest of men to have lived on this earth. Although he‟s not royal by statue or birth, He‟s a man of great dignity, honor and strength. His merits are noble, and of admirable length. He‟s far greater than all the other men that I know, He‟s my Dad, he‟s my mentor, my friend and hero.

I II . Listen to a Song There you‟ll be ( omitted)


Part Two: Background Information
I. Author Sherwood Anderson (Sep. 13, 1876–March 8, 1941) was a great American writer, the author of 27 works and seven novels. He was also a poet and a playwright, a newspaper editor and a political journalist his family background Sherwood Anderson was born in Camden, Ohio, the third of seven children. His father had served in the Union Army in American Civil War and later declined from the harness business into odd jobs of house and sign painting. his influence Anderson influenced a younger generation of important writers, including Faulkner, Hemingway, Steinbeck and others. He made his name as a leading naturalistic writer with his masterwork, WINESBURG, OHIO (1919). William Faulkner a giant in American literature, a renowned Mississippi writer, Nobel Prize Winner for Literature, acclaimed throughout the world as one of the twentieth century‟s greatest writers Representative Works: The Sound and the Fury (in 1929) Go Down, Moses (in 1942) As I Lay Dying, Light in August, Absalom, Absalom! (—the greatest novels ever written by an American) Ernest Hemingway Representative Works: The Sun also Rises The Old Man and the Sea

A Farewell to Arms For Whom the Bell Tolls

John Steinbeck American novelist, story writer, playwright, and essayist, Nobel Prize Winner for Literature in1962, best remembered for The Grapes of Wrath (1939), a novel widely

considered to be a 20th-century classic Other Works: Of Mice and Men (1937) The Moon is Down (1942) The Pearl (1947) his works Windy McPherson's Son, 1916 Mid-American Chants, 1918 Poor White, 1920 Horses and Men, 1921 A Story Teller's Story, 1924 The Modern Writer, 1925 Tar: A Midwest Childhood, 1926 A New Testament, 1927 Hello Towns!, 1929 The American County Fair, 1930 Beyond Desire, 1932 No Swank, 1934 Kit Brandon, 1936 Home Town, 1940

Marching Men, 1917 Winesburg, Ohio, 1919 The Triumph of the Egg, 1921 Many Marriages, 1923 Dark Laughter, 1925 Sherwood Anderson's Notebook, 1926

Alice and the Lost Novel, 1929 Nearer the Grass Roots, 1929 Perhaps Women, 1931 Death in the Woods, 1933 Puzzled America, 1935 Plays, Winesburg and Others, 1937 Sherwood Anderson's Memoirs, 1942

II. American Civil War I. The American Civil War (1861—1865) was the greatest war and the only war fought on American soil. 3,000,000 people fought—600,000 people died. It brought an end to the constitution of slavery and paved the way for the capitalist development in America. I II . American Civil War—the Causes

The Civil War was caused by a myriad of conflicting pressures, principles, and prejudices, fueled by sectional differences and pride, and set into motion by a most unlikely set of political events. At the root of all of the problems was the institution of slavery. The American Revolution had been fought to validate the idea that all men were created equal, yet slavery was legal in all of the thirteen colonies throughout the revolutionary period.

Although it was largely gone from the northern states by 1787, it was still enshrined in the new Constitution of the United States. At the Constitutional Convention there were arguments over slavery. Representatives of the Northern states claimed that if the Southern slaves were mere property, then they should not be counted toward voting representation in Congress. Southerners, placed in the difficult position of trying to argue, at least in this case, that the slaves were human beings, eventually came to accept the three-fifths compromise, by which five slaves counted as three free men toward that representation. By the end of the convention, the institution of slavery itself, though never specifically mentioned, was well protected within the body of the Constitution. In 1808, Northern and Southern members of Congress voted together to abolish the importation of slaves from overseas, but the domestic slave trade continued to flourish. The invention of the cotton gin made the cultivation of cotton on large plantations using slave labor a profitable enterprise in the deep South. The slave became an ever more important element of the southern economy, and so the debate about slavery, for the southerners, gradually evolved into an economically based question of money and power, and ceased to be a theoretical or ideological issue at all. It became an institution that southerners felt bound to protect. But even as the need to protect it grew, the ability, or at least the perceived ability of the South to do so was waning. In 1800 half of the population of the United States had lived in the South. But by 1850 only a third lived there and the disparity continued to widen. While northern industrial opportunity attracted scores of immigrants from Europe in search of freedom, the South's population stagnated. Even as slave states were added to the Union to balance the number of free ones, the South found that its representatives in the House had been overwhelmed by the North‟s explosive growth. The South found itself at the mercy of a government in which it no longer had an effective voice. Nothing but bitterness and bad feeling could come of it. From such a position it was a short step to the proposition that if a state or section of the country no longer felt itself represented in, or fairly treated by the Federal Government, then it had the right to dissolve its association with that government. It could secede from the Union. The whole mess went up in smoke in the presidential election year of 1860. The Democratic party split badly. Stephen Douglas became the nominee of the northern wing of the party. A southern faction broke away from the party and nominated

Senator John Breckinridge of Kentucky. The remnants of the Whig party nominated John Bell of Tennessee. Into this confusion the new Republican party injected its nominee, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was a moderate Republican. As such he was a compromise candidate, everybody‟s second choice. He was convinced that the Constitution forbade the Federal Government from taking action against slavery where it already existed, but was determined to keep it from spreading further. South Carolina, in a fit of stubborn pride, unilaterally announced that it would secede from the Union if Lincoln was elected. To everyone‟s amazement Lincoln was victorious. He had gathered a mere 40% of the popular vote, and carried not a single slave state, but the vote had been so fragmented by the abundance of factions that it had been enough. South Carolina, true to its word, seceded on December 20, 1860. Mississippi left on January 9, 1861, and Florida on the 10th. Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed. On Feb 9, 1861, the Confederate States of America was formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as President. At 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, the Confederate Army opened fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter (萨姆特炮台) in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War broke out.
"... but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came.”

American Civil War—the End On April 9, 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. The Union of the North finally succeeded.

Part Three: Text Appreciation I. Text Analysis
1.General Analysis Plot of the story Setting of the story Protagonists of the story

Writing techniques of the story Theme of the story Plot : the discovery of a father Setting : on a rainy night Protagonists : “I” and “ father” Writing techniques : go to Writing devices Theme of the story: 2.Theme This is a story about an interesting character told by his son who later became a well-known writer. With well-selected anecdotes and using the tone of a little boy, the author gives a vivid character sketch of his father whom he used to despise but gradually learns to understand and appreciate when he grows up. 3.Structure Part 1(para 1-25) Description of father‟s image before the discovery Part 2(para 26-41)about How the boy “discovered” a father. 4.Analysis of Father’s Image Scan the text and list out the related information. in the eyes of the son: a failure a clown a loafer a windbag in the eyes of others: popular with others mother‟s pride instead of complaint Discovery of a father: generous kind-hearted a natural actor a born-story-teller 5.The Use of Symbols Two Symbols:

symbol one: the setting a wet night father coming back after being away for two or three weeks clothes dripping Description of father sitting in a chair for a long time with the saddest look not uttering a word looking at his son closely and seriously What suddenly dawns on the boy not the irresponsible happy-go-lucky person he used to be not a windbag any more father loves him Symbol 2 : swimming in the dark father and son completely naked striking out together in the dark Symbolic meanings: a man who is dignified, powerful, loving, ready to face the harsh life Description of father communicating with the son trying to give him courage and strength What suddenly dawns on the boy not foolish not a clown not a windbag just too generous too kind-hearted loving life and people a natural actor, a born story-teller, a born writer

II. Writing Devices
1. Syntactic Anaphora Syntactic Anaphora (Repetition of Beginning Words)

It was a feeling of closeness. It was something strange. It was as though there were only we two in the world. It was as though I had been jerked suddenly out of my world of the schoolboy, out of a world in which I was ashamed of my father. (This is the most common kind of sentence repetition.) More Examples: Tenderly will I use you curling grass, It may be you transpire from the breasts of young men, It may be if I had known them I could have loved them, It may be you are from old people, or from offspring taken soon out of their mothers‟ laps. And here you are the mothers‟ laps. (Walt Whitman: Song of Myself) Since that time, which is far enough away now, I have often thought that few people know what secrecy there is in the young, under terror. I was in mortal terror of the young man who wanted my heart and liver; I was in mortal terror of my interlocutor with the iron leg, from whom an awful promise had been extracted;… (C. Dickens: Great Expectations) ^ (The repetition of the words brings out vividly the extent of the boy’s terror, increased by the fear that he might not succeed in keeping his promise.) 2.Syntactic Epiphora (Repetition of Ending words) It was as though I had been jerked suddenly out of my world of the schoolboy, out of a world in which I was ashamed of my father. And then suddenly the machines pushed them out and they swarmed on the highways. The movement changed them; the highways, the camps along the road, the fear of hunger and the hunger itself, changed them. The children without dinner changed them; the endless moving changed them. They were migrants. And the hostility changed them. They welded them, united them… (John Steinbeck: The Grapes of wrath)

Part Four: Language Study
I. Word Study 1. bitter 1) not sweet, tasting like beer •Good medicine tastes bitter. 2) hard to bear; causing sorrow

• That failure was a bitter experience for him. 3) filled with or showing envy, hatred, remorse or disappointment bitter quarrels/ words/ enemies /tears 4) piercing cold a bitter wind •fight to the bitter end 战斗到底 • take the bitter with the sweet 接受顺境也接受逆境 n. bitterness Antonyms grateful thankful 2.broke adj. without any money •He went broke. Synonyms bankrupt penniless Cf. broken •a broken home 破裂的家庭 • a broken promise 背弃的诺言 • a broken spirit 消沉的意志 • broken English 蹩脚的英语


3.cover v. 1) to place or hide sth. over in order to hide or protect • He had to cover his ears when the noise became really unbearable. 2) to have… in size • This national park covers roughly 400 square miles of beautiful land. 3) to travel a certain distance By sunset they had covered 30 miles. 4) to include • The 700-dollar rent does not cover water, electricity and telephone service. 5) to protect sb. by aiming a gun at the enemy • He began to move towards the house carefully, and Bob covered him. 6) (of money) to be enough for $1,000 will cover his needs for the journey. Cf. coverage uncover

10 n. 1) delayed payment 赊账;信贷 •He bought this car on credit. • The bank refused further credits to the company. 2) praise 光荣;功劳 We must give her credit for our discovery. • I think that he deserves all the credit for lifting the villagers out of poverty. 3) sth. that can bring honor or pride to sb. • These Olympic gold medalists are no doubt a great credit to our country. 4) recognition for a successfully completed course at the university • The professor decided to give him full credit for the exam. 5) money shown as owned by a person, company in a bank account •You have a credit balance of $500. 6) belief; trust; confidence The rumor is gaining credit. adj. creditable 6. drip v. to fall or let sth. fall in very small drops n. the drop-by-drop falling of a liquid •The tap is dripping. • His paintbrush is dripping. • It‟s so hot that he‟s dripping with sweat. • There was no noise except for the drip, drip, drip of water. 7. druggist sb. who is trained to prepare drugs and medicines and works in a shop take/use drugs 吸毒 drug abuse 滥用毒品 drug addiction/addict 毒品上瘾 /上瘾者 drug dealer 毒品贩子 miracle drug 有奇效的药物 drugstore 药店;杂货店 Synonyms chemist; pharmacist


8.glimpse v. to see sb or sth. for a moment without getting a complete view of them •I glimpsed her face in the crowd, but then she was gone. n. • get/catch a glimpse of • a glimpse of what life might be like in the future Cf. glance 9. harness n. a piece of equipment for controlling a horse worn over the horse‟s head and shoulders v. to control and use the natural force of sth. •He runs a harness shop. • They tried to harness the wind to generate electricity. 10. intimate 1) having an extremely close relationship •They are intimate friends. • She‟s on intimate terms with important people in the government. 2) private and personal •tell a friend the intimate details of one‟s life 3) resulting from close study or great familiarity •an intimate knowledge of Greek philosophy intimately adv. intimacy n. 11. lick 1) to pass the tongue over or under • The cat was licking its paws. 2) (esp. of flames, waves) to touch lightly • He dashed into the house to save the child despite the licking flames. 他不顾四下乱窜的火舌,冲进屋里抢救那个孩子。 3) (sl.) to overcome; triumph over •Well, that licks everything! 那真是闻所未闻、见所未见的事。 Synonyms defeat beat


12. loaf vt. Vi. to waste time; spend time idly •Don‟t loaf about while there‟s so much to be done. • Don‟t loaf away your time. loafer n. a person who loafs 游手好闲者 Half a loaf is better than none. 聊胜于无。 Synonym idle Cf. loaf n. 13. momentary adj. Momentarily dav. lasting for a very short time • There was a momentary pause. • She paused momentarily and glanced over her shoulder. Mr. Johnson will be with you momentarily. Antonyms lasting; permanent Cf. momentous momentum 14. shed building, roughly made structure, used for storing things tool-shed 工具房 wood-shed 柴房 coal-shed 煤房 cattle-shed 畜棚 bicycle-shed 自行车棚 Synonyms hut shack shed: v. to let fall; let come off shed tears 流泪 shed crocodile tears 假慈悲 shed blood 流血 shed skin 蜕皮 shed light on 阐明 15. smash v. to break into small pieces, usually violently smash a window 打破窗户 smash a record 打破纪录 smash the enemy 击溃敌人 smash up the furniture 捣毁家具

smash up a monopoly Synonyms shatter

打破垄断 destroy break into pieces

16. strike 1)to give sb. a particular impression •How did the movie strike you? • He struck me as a very hard-working student. 2) to stop working •The new labor law allows workers to strike in privately-owned enterprises. 3) to hit • Strike while the iron is hot. 4)to cause to sound • The clock has just struck twelve. 5)to put sb. suddenly into a particular state be struck blind/dumb/silent 6) to fill with fear, etc. strike fear/terror/alarm into sb. 17. surrender 1)to say officially that you want to stop fighting because you know you cannot win We advised the hijackers to surrender to the police. 2) to yield up or abandon possession of •We shall never surrender our liberty. 3)to yield or give way to (a habit, emotion, etc.) He surrendered himself to despair. Synonym: yield (to) 18. sympathize 1) to feel sorry for sb. because you understand their problem •She sympathized with him in his sufferings. 2) to give approval or encouragement to •Tom‟s parents do not sympathize with his ambition to become an actor. sympathy: n. •I have no sympathy for those people. They deserve their punishment.

• We are all in sympathy with your proposals. sympathetic: adj. •sympathetic face/words/looks • be sympathetic to

II. Phrases and Expressions
1.a flow of (pride) a continuous stream, movement, or supply of sth. During the tourist season, the flow of traffic usually doubles. Thanks to a steady flow of foreign capital, they are able to expand their economy rapidly. They know they are going to face a terrible flow of refugees if nothing is done to prevent this humanitarian disaster. a flow of angry words 滔滔的怒言 喜气洋洋 流利的口才 频传的捷报 流程图 flowmeter 流量表 ashamed (of) He should be ashamed of what he has done.


shameful conduct 可耻的行为 a shameless exploiter 无耻的剥削者 thick with 1) to be abounding or packed with The air was thick with dust. 2) to be intimate with

15 up Put the sentences into Chinese

The game is up.

Cf. be up to 1) to be occupied or busy with 2) to be equal to

3) to be as far as He is up to his neck in debts. 4) to be required as necessary it quits (infml.) to agree that a debt or an argument is settled; agree to stop doing sth. Will you call it quits if I pay you twenty dollars? Cf. call it a day to decide that what has been done is enough for one dayLet‟s call it a day. 就干到这里,收工吧。 to hold tight 坚持己见 始终抱着······的希望 那个孩子紧紧抓着他妈妈的裙子。 Synonym stick to hold to keep to 6.cling to

今天 down and out 1) (boxing) to be knocked out, unable to resume the fight

2) (fig.) to be beaten in the struggle of life; be unemployed and without money Into English: 那时候他父亲穷困潦倒。 Cf. be down with be down to 我们班上几乎四分之一的同学都得流感病倒了。 Nearly a quarter of our class were down with flu. 我们只剩下最后五百块钱了。我们得向银行贷款。

8.fool around/about to trifle; be idle and silly He spends so much time fooling around that he never accomplishes anything. Stop fooling around and do something useful. 9.hush sth. up to prevent sth. from becoming public knowledge -convict. 10.liven up to make or become lively How can we liven things up?

hopelessly boring party. 11.slip off to go off quietly or secretly without being noticed or caught slip a coat on/off 迅速穿上 / 脱下上衣 迅速穿上 / 脱去衣服 把一枚硬币迅速塞入某人手中 未抓住;未把握住 放手;放过;错过 (某事)被忘记 口误 / 笔误

slip through one‟s fingers


IV. Word Building 1. Derivation prefix: un- (不;无;非) adj.adj. affected unaffected available unavailable adaptable unadaptable approved unapproved easy uneasy employed unemployed v.  v. lock unlock button unbutton tie untie zip unzip pack unpack cover uncover super- (上······; 超······; 过分) superstructure 上层建筑 superscribe 写在(信封、包裹)上 supernatural 超自然的 superpower 超级大国 superheat 过热 supercool 过冷 superabundant 过剩的,过多的 superfluous 过剩的,多余的 (suffix) -ize (使之······) adj./n.  v. modern modernize national nationalize social socialize hospital hospitalize fertile fertilize sympathy sympathize computer computerize


2. Conversion Conversion: a word-formation process whereby a word of a certain word-class is shifted into a word of another word-class without the addition of an affix. house book chair shoulder weed fish head mushroom house the poor book a ticket chair a meeting shoulder the responsibility weed the garden fish in troubled waters head a delegation factories mushroom

IV. Grammar
1.Continuous tense is sometimes used together with adverbs like always, constantly, forever to express the speaker‟s strong approval or disapproval. Examples It seemed to me that he was always showing off. past continuous tense with adverbs of frequency denoting a habitual action, especially an annoying one g stories about himself. My old jeep is forever breaking down as I have to rush somewhere. That old man is always helping others. 2. as + adj. + a /an + as structure Examples: as intelligent a student as Mary as interesting a novel as Oliver Twist 3.You hear it said that fathers want their sons to be what they feel they cannot themselves be, but I tell you it also works the other way. (para.1) (anticipatory “it” as object of “hear”)

4.Sometimes he‟d stay away for weeks, mother working to keep us fed, and then home he‟d come bringing, let‟s say, a ham.(para.23) (an abstract structure of present participle) compound connecting the two clauses parenthesis 5. To protect my mother I‟d make up stories of a secret marriage that for some strange reason never got known.(para. 24) (subject of the attributive clause) (adverbial in the attributive clause) (verb of the attributive clause)

Part Five: Extension
I. Oral Work

Questions to help comprehension and appreciation of the text. 1.What does the author mean by saying “ fathers want their sons to be what they cannot themselves be, but it also works the other way”? 2. What kind of father did the author wish to have as a child? Did his father meet his requirements? How did he feel about his father at first? What qualities did his father have that made the author particularly unhappy? Give three examples. 3.How did the author as a child describe his father? Why did he think of him as foolish and ridiculous— a windbag and a good-for-nothing? Was his father really showing off all the time? Why was he so popular among the villagers including the local celebrities? Why did the author‟s mother have no complaint about him? 4. Why did the author‟s father go broke? What did that reveal about his character? 5. Retell the anecdote of the author‟s father and general Grant in the wood the day the general was to meet Robert Lee as imagined by the author‟s father. 6. What happened one day that changed the author‟s opinions of his father completely? Why was it such an important turning point? Why did his father do this? Did the author understand at that time? Why did he say that from that time on he no longer wanted another father?


Further Oral Practice 1. What is the image of your father or mother in your mind? Have you ever experienced any kind of changes in the feelings about him or her? Give examples, please. 2. Have you ever experienced any similar changes in the feelings toward a person other than your father or mother? Please give a little speech on the topic: The Discovery of a Teacher/a Friend etc Topics for Debating 1. Like father, like son. 2. If a father loves his child, he should do all he can for the child. II. Quiz R Quiz 1 Put the phrases into English. 1. 经营一家五金店 run a hardware store 2. 变得不名分文 go broke 3. 避免张扬 hush it up 4. 同情某人 sympathize with sb. 5. 活跃气氛 liven up the atmosphere 6. 吓某人一跳 startle sb. 7. 拒绝赊账 refuse credit 8. 忍受侮辱 refuse credit 9. 打碎玻璃 smash the window 10.负责指挥部队. take charge of the army Quiz 2 Put the phrases into English. 1. 拉开夹克的拉链 unzip the jacket 2. 打开行李 unpack the luggage 3. 解开绳子 untie the rope 4. 卸下船上的货 unload the ship 5. 拔掉收音机电源 unplug the radio 6. 刮去鱼鳞 scale the fish 7. 将酒装瓶 bottle the wine 8. 跟踪某人 tail after sb 9. 骑自行车上学 bike to school 10.用好奇的眼光看人 eye sb. with curiosity

Quiz 3. Complete the following sentences with the best choice. 1. Is there anything you want from town? I am going to get _______. A. to mail those letters B. these letters mailed C. mailed letters D. those letters to mail 2. His remarks left me ______ about his real purpose. A. wondered B. wonder C. to wonder D. wondering 3. Don‟t put the TV set in ______ place. A. a such warm B. what warm a C. how warm a D. too warm a 4. Exercising is ______ as any to lose unwanted weight. A. as a good way B. so a good way C. as good a way D. too good a 5. The output of steel in this year is ______. A. three times as high as that of 1990 B. three times high as 1990 C. as three times higher as that of 1990 D. as high as three times as that of 1990 6. We often advise him not to drink more wine ______ is good for his health. A. as B. than C. that D. but 7. ______ about the bookkeeper‟s honesty, the company asked him to resign. A. There be some questions B. There were some questions C. There have been some questions D. There being some questions 8. The children went there to watch the iron tower _____. A. to erect B. erecting C. be erected D. being erected 9. With the development in science and technology, man can make various flowers ______ before their time. A. be bloomed B. blooming C. bloom D. bloomed 10. Melted iron is poured into the mixer ______ tea is poured into a cup from a teapot. A. in the same way like B. in the same way which C. in the same way D. in the same way as 11. I will not spend so much money on that fur coat, for I don‟t think it is ______. A. worth buying B. worth of C. worthy D. worthwhile 12. All the parts of this washing machine are ______, so that it is very convenient to replace them. A. normalized B. modernized C. mechanized D. standardized 13. The novel contains some marvelously revealing ______ of rural life in the 19th century. A. glances B. glimpses C. glares D. gleans

14. He ______ out of the window for a moment and then went on working. A. glanced B. viewed C. glimpsed D. saw 15. He was ______ of having asked such a silly question. A. sorry B. for students‟ being C. ashamed D. miserable 16. Although the false banknotes fooled many people, they did not ______ to close examination. A. look up B. pay up C. keep up D. stand up 17. It‟s usually the case that people seldom behave in a ______ way when in a furious state. A. stable B. rational C. legal D. credible 18. He moved away from his parents and missed them ______ enjoy the exciting life in New York. A. enough to B. too much to C. very much to D. much so as to 19. The heart is ______ intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain. A. not so B. much more C. not more D. no more 20. The children had never been subject to any discipline and so were completely ______. A. out of hand B. out of place C. out of season D. out of action Quiz 4 Fill out the blanks with the proper form of the given words. 1. She looks _________ in those tight jeans. (ridicule) 2. Will the bus workers strike in _________ with the railway workers? (sympathize) 3. That was a wonderful ________ of luck. (strike) 4. He ________ his voice to a whisper. (low) 5.The doctors said that her recovery was a________. (miraculous) 6.You should ________ yourself against loss of heat by having double glazing. (sure)



1. Write a character sketch of the narrator‟s father in about 150 words. 2. Write a character sketch of My father/My Mother/My Friend/ My teacher in about 200 words.

IV. Listening Lab


Listening Lab Fill out the blanks while you are listening. A Good Heart to Lean on More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance. By Augustus J. Bullock When I was growing up, I was ___________ to be seen with my father. He was severely crippled and very short, and when we would walk together, his hand on my arm for balance, people would stare. I would feel _______ at the unwanted attention. If he ever noticed or was bothered, he never let on. It was difficult to coordinate our steps — his halting, mine impatient—and because of that, we didn‟t say much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said, “You set the pace. I will try to _______ to you.” Our usual walk was to or from the subway, which was how he got to work. He went to work sick, and despite nasty weather. He almost never _______ a day, and would make it to the office even if others could not. A matter of pride. When there was snow or ice on the ground, it was impossible for him to walk, even with help. At such times, my sisters or I would ______ him through the streets of Brooklyn, N.Y., on a child‟s sleigh to the subway entrance. Once there, he would ______ to the handrail until he reached the lower steps that the warmer tunnel air kept ice-free. In Manhattan the subway station was the basement of his office building, and he would not have to go outside again until we met him in Brooklyn on his way home. When I think of it now, I _______ at how much courage it must have taken for a grown man to subject himself to such ________ and stress. And at how he did it—without __________ or complaint. He never talked about himself as an object of pity, nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or able. What he looked for in others was “good heart”, and if he found one, the owner was good enough for him. Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper standard by which to judge people, even though I still don‟t know _______ what a “good heart” is. But I know the times don‟t have one myself. Unable to engage in many activities, my father still tried to _________ in some way. When a local baseball team found itself without a manager, he kept it _______. He was a knowledgeable baseball fan and also liked to go to dances and parties, where he could have a good time just sitting around and watching. I now know he participated in some things just through me, his son. When I

played ball, he “played” too. When I joined the Navy, he “joined” too. And when I came home on leave, he “saw to it that I visited his office”. Introducing me, he was really saying, “This is my son, but it is also me, and I could have done this, too, if things had been different.” Those words were never said aloud. He has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he sensed my _________ to be seen with him during our walks. If he did, I am sorry I never told him how sorry I was, how ________ I was, how I regretted it. I think of him when I complain about trifles, when I am envious of another‟s fortune, when I don‟t have a “good heart”. At such times I put my hand on his arm to ______ my balance, and say, “You set the pace. I will try to adjust to you.”


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