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					2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 1 of 11
301 Gerund Phrases EXERCISE Underline the gerund phrase(s) in each of the following sentences. State its function: S, DO, IO, OP, PN. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Waiting in line can be tiresome. I love swimming in the ocean. The value of reading books cannot be overstated. Flying a plane can be an exciting experience. Lois liked cooking exotic dishes. Jack didn't enjoy cleaning up his room. Walking for the first time excited the baby. The difficulty of writing a poem became obvious at once. Breaking new ground in cancer research is a challenge many scientists are trying to meet. 10. Unlocking the mystery of the disease will be a major contribution. 11. Appreciating music is in itself a gift, even if a person is not a musician. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Listening carefully in class helps a student. Talking on the phone was Frank's favorite habit. The joy of giving gifts is watching people open them. Most people like helping others. In answering the question, try to discuss these three issues. 17. 18. Reading a thermometer is not usually a hard task. Seeing all the ordinary sights of nature with a fresh eye brings awe. 19. 20. Driving coast to coast took longer than I thought it would. Feeling healthy is a large part of happiness. 10. 8. 9. 7. 6. 5. 3. 4. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. To sand these floors will take time. Victor wants to paint his house this year. To travel to Germany is Hans' goal. Charley's ambition is to become a Major League pitcher. To win is desirable but not essential. We hope to visit Catherine. I plan to finish before Saturday. The train is almost ready to leave. To her credit, she apologized for her angry letter.

303 Prepositional Phrases - Adjective Phrases EXERCISE Draw parentheses around the adjective phrases in the sentences below. Indicate which word it describes. 1. 2. The boy in the red shirt kept tapping his pencil. The heat of the July day sapped the energy of the entire summer-school class. A girl in a flowered sundress fanned herself lazily. The tow-headed student in the back of the room shifted restlessly in his seat. The lesson on the prepositional phrase was the subject of the day. The students had already learned the definitions of nouns and pronouns. They had also been taught the rules governing various uses of the adverb and adjective. They knew the definition of a phrase. The summer's heat in the classroom, however, interfered with their concentration on grammar. The breeze from the fans blew their materials about, but it did little more. 11. Opening the windows on the east wall of the room only brought the noise of traffic into the classroom. 12. 13. What is the reason for grammar, anyway? Grammar and usage provide guidelines for writing and speaking standard English. 14. 15. What is the exact nature of the prepositional phrase? How can anyone tell the difference between an adjective phrase and an adverb phrase? 16. Does position in the sentence determine whether a phrase is an adjective phrase or an adverb phrase? 17. The details of the prepositional phrase are not very difficult, but they do take concentration. 18. 19. In the heat of summer, however, grammar seemed harder. Nevertheless, both the students and the teacher in that classroom plugged on. 20. They conquered the mysteries of the prepositional phrase.

302 Infinitives EXERCISE Some of the following sentences have infinitives; others do not. If a sentence has an infinitive, underline it. If a sentence has no infinitive, write None. 1. 2. I like to bake cookies. Fighting against the current, the swimmer finally reached shore. 3. The rocking chair was made by a sect in Pennsylvania called the Shakers. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. To see one's own faults is hard. Our goal is to raise $10,000 for our candidate. To think that we almost lost is startling. He seemed to be ill. The victorious captain was little known to the troops. Will he want to go to the theater with us? To discover a new continent was the goal of some early explorers. 11. They came upon a vast ocean, which they named "Pacific."

304 Prepositional Phrases - Adverb Phrases

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 2 of 11
EXERCISE Underline all adverb phrases in the sentences below. Circle the word it describes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Nat "King" Cole was famous for his singing. Look under the car seat. Throw the ball into the basket. Soon Roberto will be back from Europe. In Alabama flowers bloom early in the spring. At home in the autumn, football games are played every Friday night. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. The dogwood trees flower late in April. Sherry is famous for her paintings. You'll be late for school if you don't hurry. We searched the forest for seven hours. During the afternoon we will go swimming. At the corner store you can buy green peppers. I saw the President on television. When the game was over, we danced in the streets. The movie star filmed that sequence on location. When we arrived at noon, all the bargains were gone. While Rita worked in the kitchen, Tony vacuumed the living room. 18. After Igorella had delivered his papers on Thirtieth Street, he crossed to Acorn Lane. 19. In this high school, academic excellence is stressed. 9. 8. 7. 5. 6. The actor, humbled by the honor, thanked the judges. Thinking rapidly, Luis answered the teacher's question correctly. Invigorated by the victory, Sylvia laughed with her tennis coach about the game. Encouraged by the enthusiasm of the audience, the singer performed an encore. Amused by the clown at the circus, the children asked for another trick. 10. Delighted by her pupils' progress, Ms. Dolan prepared more difficult lessons. 11. Jumping up and down, the fans swarmed onto the ball court. 12. The archaeologist worked slowly, examining each particle of dirt carefully. 13. The computer, given certain data, was able to print additional combinations. Turning on its axis, the earth creates a regular pattern of 14. Hammering the last nail into the tree house, Heath stepped back to admire his work. 15. Recording the observations each day, the lab technician kept a progress report. 16. George went to Anita's house, wondering why she didn't answer her phone. 17. Lifting each tiny, precious stone with tweezers, the gemologist studied the diamonds. 18. Registering no surprise at all on her face, Ms. Speiser was nonetheless startled. 19. Reviewing the material, Mr. Buckley realized that no one had done the work well. 20. She chose the pony standing under the waterfall. 3. 4. 2. 10. Studded with gigantic boulders, this rocky desert contains pastures of sparse grass. 11. The Arabian Desert, covered with sand dunes, is a more

familiar landscape to many. 12. Another African desert, the Kalahari, containing some

water holes, is less arid. 13. Seeking these water holes, the natives build their villages.

306 ParticipIes EXERCISE Underline the participle from each sentence. Circle the word it describes. 1. Studying the frown on his mother's face, the boy realized his error. The participating colleges each had a desk at the convention. Screaming at me to run for second, Jimmy stole home. Defeated teams should not make excuses for their losses.

305 Participial Phrases EXERCISE Underline the participial phrases in the following sentences. Circle the word it describes. 1. Scrutinizing the fossils in rocks, geologists agree that our

desert regions are no more than one- to five-million years old. 2. Distributed about the globe in two clearly defined bands,

the world's deserts show a regular fossil pattern. 3. Created by changes in climate or geological structure, they

coincide with the movement of certain air masses over the earth's surface. 4.

air circulation. 5. The air rises upward, creating a zone of low atmospheric

pressure on the equator. 6. This air, descending into two subtropical zones, then cools

off regions of low atmospheric pressure. 7. Receiving the most rainfall, these are areas of lush

vegetation. 8. On the other hand, the regions of high atmospheric

pressure, getting little rainfall, become arid. 9. The Sahara Desert, sprawling across the entire upper third

of Africa, is the world's largest.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 3 of 11
307 Gerunds EXERCISE Underline the gerund in each sentence; then tell how it is used. (S, DO, IO, OP, PN) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Moving is a big job and takes time. What is the point of hurrying? Singing is a tradition in our family. Breaking rules is not wise. Now that is really jogging! Diving takes skill. Playing basketball is his whole life these days. Preening is a habit with our kitten. Was there a good reason for the scolding? We gave bowling our full attention. Walking helps a person lose weight. The most popular sport around here is hiking. Running can build muscles. Traveling can be a great adventure. Ms. Santora likes teaching. The project required detailed planning. Writing letters is an art. Mastering the gerund can be tricky. Learning pays off. The contract went into effect at the time of signing. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 19. 20. 18. 17. 16. "If anything is worth doing," Mom always used to say, it's important to do it well." To learn a foreign language, it is helpful both to speak it and to hear it spoken. Are you sure that you want to lead the fund-raising drive for the March of Dimes this year? I am hoping to hear from Jeanne today. Steve and Ryan plan to bicycle to the beach and back.

309 EXERCISE Underline the infinitive phrases in the following sentences. There may be more than one infinitive phrase in a sentence. State whether it is used as an ADV, ADJ, or N. 1. 2. 3. To understand is to appreciate. I want to be happy. To play such loud music, the band needed a large amplifier. The dog tried to get out of the yard. To think seriously takes concentration. It is sometimes hard to think clearly. It is not easy to be the target of jokes. To understand checks and balances is necessary. That is quite a task to accomplish alone. To keep ten-year-olds quiet for long lectures is difficult. The quiz will test your ability to identify gerunds and participles. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. It will be tricky to dye that cloth. If you want to play tennis, let me know. Jose is the rookie to watch closely. Be ready to leave at 2:00 PM. It seems impossible to express myself. Kita wanted to offer her help. She was too shy to do so. To admit guilt takes courage. The director is the person to see for a part in the play.

308 EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each of the following sentences. There may be more than one in each sentence. State whether it is used as an ADV, ADJ, or N. 1. 2. 3. 4. To think is a distinctive human trait. Attila the Hun was a man difficult to admire. Let's go, team! We have a game to win. Before leaving for college, Donna wants to travel throughout the West and Southwest. 5. If your body is in good condition, it can be fun to run several miles each day. 6. 7. 8. 9. Barnaby's secret wish is to cook Chinese food well. Mrs. Jackson has a lot of lumber to cut into firewood. The baby robins finally learned to fly. In the Sun Belt states a good ice-skating rink is hard to find. 10. More than anything else Bjorn wants to win this tournament. 11. After two sets of tennis, she was too tired to play any more. 12. 13. 14. 15. Bev hopes to attend a cheerleaders' camp. I would like to know exactly what he thinks of me. Do you want to come with me to the movies? Carl likes to read mysteries and space fiction.

310 Prepositional Phrases EXERCISE Draw parentheses around the prepositional phrases in the following sentences. Several sentences have two or more prepositional phrases. Circle the word it describes. 1. What is the story behind a United States commemorative stamp? 2. First, the idea for a new stamp comes from an interested citizen. 3. Then the idea is given to the Postmaster General of the United States. 4. The Citizens' Stamp Committee, which is a group of

artists, stamp collectors, and business people, considers the idea for the stamp.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 4 of 11
5. 6. The stamp is then approved by the Postmaster General. Next comes the selection of the artist who will design the stamp. 7. The artist then gives his or her design to another artist from the Bureau of Printing and Engraving. 8. This second artist will turn the art work into a stamp design. 9. This new stamp will include the letters USA and details concerning the stamp's price and title. 10. 11. 12. An engraver cuts the design into a piece of soft steel. This piece of steel is called a die. The die is the pattern for rows of stamps engraved on metal and made into a roll. 13. 14. 15. This roll goes onto a stamp-printing press. Glue is already on the back of the paper that is used. A perforating machine punches rows of tiny holes between the stamps. 16. Postal clerks across the country can then pull them apart easily. 17. On a special day in some particular place, first-day 3. 2. 12. 11. 10. 9. San Raphael, also a Spanish name, means "Saint Raphael." The Spanish, early settlers of the California area, left their mark with these place names. In New York, home of several Indian tribes, Indian names are prominent. In New England the names reflect the origins of early

settlers, colonists who came from England to seek freedom. 13. Worcester, Gloucester, Exeter, and Cambridge, all English

names, brought a touch of England to the New World. 14. All these place names, reflections of history, provide clues about the early inhabitants. 312 Appositives and the Republic of Brazil In the following sentences, circle each appositive and draw an arrow from the appositive to the word it identifies or explains. 1. Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, was sacrificed to the gods by her father. Agamemnon, leader of the Greeks, led his warriors to Troy. Their mission was to reclaim Helen, the beautiful wife of Menelaus. 4. 5. Paris, the son of the king of Troy, had kidnapped her. Helen had been promised to Paris by Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. 6. Thetis, the mother of Achilles, had tried to protect her son from death. 7. When Achilles was born, she had held him by his heel and

ceremonies will be held when the new stamp is issued. 18. In attendance will be important people involved in this process. 19. Many people collect stamps that are postmarked with the first day of issue. 20. People with stamp collections learn about history and geography. 311 Appositives and Broccoli Underline the appositive phrase in each sentence below. Circle the word it replaces or modifies. 1. San Francisco, home of the famed cable cars, was named for St. Francis. 2. Pennsylvania is named for William Penn, one of its founders. 3. Quebec City, a city in the province of Quebec, is a seaport. 4. New York City, a mixture of many ethnic groups, is still the country's largest city. 5. Montreal, the name of a Canadian city in the Province of 15. 10. 9.

dipped him into the Styx, the sacred river of the underworld. 8. Achilles, a brave Greek warrior, was eventually killed by a poisoned arrow that pierced his heel. Athena, goddess of wisdom, helped the Greeks in the battle. The king of the gods, Zeus, tried to remain impartial.

11. Achilles killed Hector, the Trojan king's son, and dragged his body around the walls of Troy. 12. 13. 14. Priam, the king of Troy, watched this spectacle and wept. Achilles mourned the death of his friend Patroclus. Hecuba, the wife of Priam, begged her husband not to go to Achilles. The fate of the Trojans was decided on Mount Olympus, home of the gods. 16. Cassandra, daughter of Priam, could predict the future, but no one would believe her. 17. Troy, the city of Priam, was burned to the ground by the Greeks. 18. One of the Trojans who escaped was Aeneas, the founder of Rome.

Quebec, means "Mount Royal." 6. Jacques Cartier, a Frenchman, named the St. Lawrence River. 7. Lake Champlain, a lake in upstate New York, was named for Samuel de Champlain. 8. San Jose, the name of a city in California, means “Saint Joseph" in Spanish.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 5 of 11
19 Odysseus, a Greek chief, took ten years to return to his home in Sparta. 20. The Odyssey, the story of his adventures, was written by Homer. 313 Prepositional Phrases and the War of 1812. Draw parentheses around all the prepositional phrases in the following sentences Underline the object of the preposition, circle the word the prep phrase describes, and give your teacher $20. 1. Those in the back row of the auditorium could not hear the dialogue. 2. 3. All the books except two were returned in good condition. A smaller percentage of the gross may be more appropriate. 4. The precedent set by that decision will affect thousands of people in similar circumstances. 5. Signs warning swimmers about the strong undertow were placed at intervals along the beach. 6. This business deal may require several days of discussion. 7. The prerequisite for the creative writing course is a course in expository writing. 8. 9. The bigger of the two strangers came toward him. Ironically, a genius for miniaturization has made Japan an industrial giant. 10. 11. His collection of records and tapes is quite eclectic. The caller left a message for Jason about a change in the schedule. 12. The book was bound in dark leather and tooled with gold lettering. 13. The directions lay at the bottom of the box amid the crumpled packing paper. 14. An interpreter listened intently to the speaker and then translated his words from Spanish to English. 15. In fairness, I must say that George had become exhausted before his outburst. 16. The meat on the counter will spoil unless you put it into the refrigerator. 17. Since the table of contents listed only general headings, I looked in the index under Photosynthesis. 18. The questions on the math test were more difficult than Brenda had thought they would be. 19. Throngs of people gathered throughout the afternoon and into the evening. 20. The train roared past picturesque villages and spectacular scenery. EXERCISE Place parentheses around all prepositional phrases in the following sentences. Underline all objects of prepositions.

1. 2.

Recent evidence from archaeological excavations suggests that giant camels and mastodons were once native to this country. A purse of leather usually outlasts one of vinyl.

3. The television salesperson showed us the new models on display in the store. 4. The new secretary reminded Dr. Bowles of her afternoon appointment and evening dinner engagement. 5. Susan rejoiced as the lightning flashed and the thunder rolled down the valley. 6. In spite of their awkwardness the toddlers were endearing in their dance costumes. 7. Because of the demands of her work, Alicia reluctantly

cancelled the trip. 8. years. 9. Today weekend hobbyists can buy professional tools at Interest in consumer education has escalated in recent

reasonable cost. 10. 11. 12. furniture. 13. 14. 15. departure. 16. Because the supply of gasoline sold to the public was Jane cut four cords of stove wood in one exhausting day. From a distance the motorbikes sounded like chainsaws. The joy of the event was marred by their sudden Of the many designs, the basket weave is my favorite. John took courses in early-childhood development. The table, made of oak heartwood, was a striking piece of

rationed, more was available for the armed forces. 17. Accustomed to the publicity, the candidate relaxed and

enjoyed the campaign. 18. 19. 20. Jane Eyre is Charlotte Bronte's best-known work of art. Our view was blocked by cars parked along the curb. Joyce visualized whirling, red spirals of sound whenever

she heard a siren. 315 Appositives, once again Underline the appositive in each sentence. Circle the word it renames. 1. was five. 2. The new physics teacher, Jan Goofy-Spasmodic, will also Vivian, a pianist, began taking music lessons when she

coach tennis. 3. The man in charge of engine repair, Mr. Sanchez, taught

the auto mechanics course. 4. The nineteenth-century poet William Wordsworth was

Egon's favorite author. 314 Prepositional Phrases, but not in Marseilles

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 6 of 11
5. The television actor Sam Whelan gave a lecture on getting 18. 19. 20. The mail to be delivered was stacked in the truck. To take French and Latin at the same time will be difficult. Susan was delighted to sit with Angela. started in show business. 6. My favorite novel, Great Expectations, was written by

Charles Dickens. 7. The guard was alerted to the robbery by the chief teller,

317 Adverb Phrases EXERCISE Underline the adverb phrase in each of the sentences below and circle the word(s) it modifies. 1. 2. 3. thud. 4. 5. 6. 7. in fear. 8. 9. The bees from the hive buzzed around the clover. The success of the program was far beyond our Henry always remains calm in emergencies. Tim fidgeted nervously with his pen. Barbara appeared happy about the unexpected visit. When a rustling disturbed the bushes, the horses whinnied My grandparents live on the Maine coastline. Tom leaped over the highest hurdle. The book of French poems dropped with a resounding

Brian Johnson. 8. 9. The circuit-court judge, Leslie Bryant, gave stiff sentences. The award was presented by the sophomore class

president, Barbara Bixby. 10. 11. 12. The neighbor's cat, Switch, is always stalking bird Billy's favorite food, cheese, is very nutritious. The home economics teacher, Mr. Lanham, talked about

his experiences as a chef in New York. 13. 14. 15. 16. Potter." 17. We visited an old saddlery shop, Reins Supreme, while we My sister Beth is the extrovert among us children. Alice ordered her favorite dish, chicken velvet. The forward, Emma Smith, made the winning shot The card at the bottom of the bowl read, "Jackie Chan,

expectations. 10. 11. The actor paced nervously behind the curtain. Included in the course were many novels by Virginia Woolf

were in Wyoming. 18. The child proudly displayed his pink, purple, and green

and Sam the plumber. 12. 13. 14. it. 15. Because she enjoyed the music, Shelley danced with I was late for class because the bus had been delayed. They continued playing guitars far into the night. The chair with the wobbly legs collapsed when Jack sat on

masterpiece, Watching the Sun Go Down. 316 Infinitive Phrases, to help you learn EXERCISE Underline the infinitive phrase in each of the sentences below and indicate whether the phrase is used as a noun (N), an adjective (ADJ), or an adverb (ADV). 1. 2. 3. I plan to redecorate the entire room. She felt excited to reach the end of the school year. The material to be used for the costumes is very

gusto all night. 16. The girls' basketball team traveled throughout the night.

expensive. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. To go water-skiing will be fun. Barbara wanted to drop her algebra course. Jane was delighted to be chosen class representative. I will be sad to leave my friends. The car to be driven in the chase scene was equipped with

17.

The actors and actresses bowed graciously after the

performance. 18. 19. The dog appeared pleased with itself. The ice was slick under my skates.

318 Adjective Phrases, and the Temple of Doom EXERCISE Underline the adjective phrase in each of the sentences below and circle the word it modifies on the line provided. 1. 2. attended. 3. I think I left my folder of American history notes in the gym. The committee studied problems in all academic Susan's collection of old-fashioned dolls is quite valuable. The lecture about international espionage was well

a specially tuned engine. 9. 10. Her idea was to take the bus to the game. The flowers to be delivered for the wedding were crushed

when the van screeched to a stop. 11. favorite. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. When I babysit, I like to read aloud to my charges. Jack wanted to go to the movies after supper. The pupil neglected to hand in the homework assignment. The committee decided to cancel the prom break. Jean came home too late to study. To clean up should be easy if we have enough help. The song to be performed by the school choir was an old

4.

disciplines. 5. afternoon. 6. 7. A banner above the entrance welcomed guests. The clouds in the August sky tumbled like cottonballs. Mike and Alice debated the meaning of artistic integrity all

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 7 of 11
8. month. 9. 10. 11. Kelly always enjoys plays by Neil Simon. Corinne wrote a research paper on D. H. Lawrence. Miss Santos judged the exhibit of prize-winning The auction of second-hand furniture lasted the entire 5. 6. The cooking class began after everyone had arrived. Aunt Aida went to visit her grown nieces and nephews who

lived in Nebraska. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. kitchen. 14. The stench of decaying fruit greeted them when they A rounded dome topped the finished sports arena. It seems that some people lead charmed lives. The billowing clouds rolled across the gloomy sky. The scream of squealing tires woke Mother. The chair, newly repaired, broke again when I sat in it. The flourishing bean vines entwined the trellis. The enticing aroma of roasting turkey wafted from the

photographs. 12. 13. They didn't wax one side of the car. Because Mother loves plants, I think that a fig tree would

be an ideal present for her. 14. The bowl of grapes and artichokes made an exotic

centerpiece. 15. 16. 17. banquet. 18. All the poems in the anthology were contemporary works. None of the children I saw had red hair. Sylvia taped the piano concerto by Beethoven. The students in the Latin Club sponsored the Roman

returned from their weekend in the country. 15. Many delegates to the hastily convened meeting were

representatives of organized labor. 16. 17. 18. 19. Growing puppies need room to play. Anne planted flowering shrubs along the winding walkway. Samantha was singing a lovely, lilting melody. The dried flowers made a colorful autumn centerpiece. The stolen car was abandoned in Iowa.

319 Participial Phrases EXERCISE Underline the participial phrase in each sentence and circle the word it modifies. 1. Representing the senior class, Amy Chatham gave the

20.

graduation address. 2. The quarterback, whispering the next play, glanced up at

321 Prepositional Phrases EXERCISE Place parentheses around all prepositional phrases in the following sentences. Underline the word it describes. 1. Recent evidence from archaeological excavations

the scoreboard clock. 3. 4. Polishing the floor, Paul daydreamed about summer. The newspapers collected by the sophomore class were

suggests that giant camels and mastodons were once native to this country. 2. 3. A purse of leather usually outlasts one of vinyl. The television salesperson showed us the new models on

worth a lot of money. 5. Honored by the surprise party, Jake gave a short speech

of appreciation. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Pacing back and forth, Sheila waited for the mail. Opening the package, Tom shouted with delight. Joe, sipping his morning juice, read the paper. Shivering in the cold, Howard waited for the bus. Margie, studying algebra, lost all track of time. Shaking its wet fur, the dog sprayed water all over us. Daydreaming about her birthday party, Nancy didn't hear

display in the store. 4. The new secretary reminded Dr. Bowles of her afternoon

appointment and evening dinner engagement. 5. Susan rejoiced as the lightning flashed and the thunder

rolled down the valley. 6. In spite of their awkwardness the toddlers were endearing

in their dance costumes. 7. Because of the demands of her work, Alicia reluctantly

the teacher call on her. 13. Driving to the riding lesson, Mother detailed the chores to

cancelled the trip. 8. years. 9. Today weekend hobbyists can buy professional tools at Interest in consumer education has escalated in recent

be done when we returned home. 14. Sue, strumming the guitar, sang an old English folk song.

320 Participles Exercise: underline the participle, and circle the word it modifies. Then do your homework. 1. 2. She cautiously pushed against the revolving door. The canned fruit tasted surprisingly fresh when we ate it in

reasonable cost. 10. 11. 12. furniture. 13. Jane cut four cords of stove wood in one exhausting day. Of the many designs, the basket weave is my favorite. John took courses in early-childhood development. The table, made of oak heartwood, was a striking piece of

December. 3. 4. The driving wind uprooted fully grown trees. The cresting waves broke on the frightened youngster.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 8 of 11
14. 15. departure. 16. Because the supply of gasoline sold to the public was From a distance the motorbikes sounded like chainsaws. The joy of the event was marred by their sudden 17. Since the table of contents listed only general headings, I looked in the index under Photosynthesis. 18. The questions on the math test were more difficult than

rationed, more was available for the armed forces. 17. Accustomed to the publicity, the candidate relaxed and Jane Eyre is Charlotte Bronte’s best-known work of art. Our view was blocked by cars parked along the curb. Joyce visualized whirling, red spirals of sound whenever she heard a siren. 322 Prepositional Phrases EXERCISE Draw parentheses around all the prepositional phrases in the following Underline the object of the preposition. 1. dialogue. 2. All the books except two were returned in good condition. Those in the back row of the auditorium could not hear the

Brenda had thought they would be. 19. Throngs of people gathered throughout the afternoon and

enjoyed the campaign. 18. 19. 20.

into the evening. 20. scenery. 323 Participial Phrases EXERCISE Underline each participial phrase Circle the word it modifies on the line provided 1. Gazing at the sunrise, Margaret thought about her trip to The train roared past picturesque villages and spectacular

the seashore. 2. The lifeguard, sitting high in the chair, had an unobstructed

view of the lake. 3. Brushing her dog's coat, Suzy picked out all the burrs that

were caught in it. 4. Curled on the cushion, the kitten licked its paws. Working in the yard, Tom mowed the grass and raked the

3.

A smaller percentage of the gross may be more

5. lawn. 6. chart. 7.

appropriate. 4. The precedent set by that decision will affect thousands of

The doctor, tapping her fingers on the desk, studied the

people in similar circumstances. 5. Signs warning swimmers about the strong undertow were

Rifling the pages other notebook, Laura nervously

placed at intervals along the beach. 6. This business deal may require several days of

explained why she had been late. 8. Leaning against the kitchen counter, Bob's mother watched

discussion. 7. The prerequisite for the creative writing course is a course

him make a sandwich. 9. Carefully arranging the flowers for the centerpiece,

in expository writing. 8. 9. The bigger of the two strangers came toward him. Ironically, a genius for miniaturization has made Japan an

Veronica thought about the upcoming dinner. 10. The mail carrier, swinging her bag, whistled as she made

her rounds. 11. Steve, wrestling with his brother. was caught in a

industrial giant. 10. . 11. schedule. 12. lettering. 13. The directions lay at the bottom of the box amid the The book was bound in dark leather and tooled with gold The caller left a message for Jason about a change in the His collection of records and tapes is quite eclectic.

hammerlock and wished he were in better shape. 12. Alan, nervously twisting his ring, approached the stranger

to ask for assistance. 13. help. 14. there was. 15. Diving into the pool, Rick looked, his mother thought, like Driving through town, Andrea marveled at how little traffic Jeff, struggling with homework, decided to call Gina for

crumpled packing paper. 14. An interpreter listened intently to the speaker and then

an Olympic athlete. 16. Nestling against her mother's shoulder, the baby cooed

translated his words from Spanish to English. 15. In fairness, I must say that George had become exhausted

and giggled while she watched us from the corner of one eye. 17. Elected by the delegates, Tina was supposed to give the

before his outburst. 16. The meat on the counter will spoil unless you put it into the .

opening speech. 324 Gerunds

refrigerator.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 9 of 11
EXERCISE Underline the gerund in each sentence. Identify how it is used in the sentence by writing S for subject. PN for predicate nominative. DO for direct object, I0 for indirect object, or OP for object of a preposition. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Sunbathing bores me to distraction. Jogging every morning makes me feel more energetic. Gavin learned woodcarving from his uncle. The Crawfords teach landscaping. Ironing is one chore I dislike. "An afternoon of reading makes a cold seem almost 8. colorful. 9. pollen. 10. she could. 11. Trailing his fingers in the water, an exhausted Jeff asked Pressed into service, Nicole diapered the baby as best as Buzzing around the apple blossoms, the bee gathered The costumes worn by the actors were elaborate and

Jeanne to do the rowing. 12. Tugging at his earlobe, Gramps recounted the tale.

13. Catching her breath after the long climb, Shirley gazed out on the panorama beneath her. 14. another. 15. mooring. 16. Steve, stroking the cat's back, watched it yawn and stretch. The boat, battered by the waves, broke loose from its Cathy, analyzing the data, formulated one hypothesis after

enjoyable," said Stan. 7. 8. Susan's hobby is sculpting. Tom gave surfing his best effort, but mastery of the sport

eluded him. 9. 10. "The next step is glazing," explained Ms. Bishop. After weeks of practicing, the cheerleaders were ready for

the state competition. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. The kittens stopped whining when their mother returned. If the day is sunny, shall we give gardening another try? The cow tired of grazing and lay down in the shade. Peter has improved his fencing considerably. One of my faults is procrastinating. Sailing is Dan's favorite form of relaxation. One job that requires creativity, organizational skills, 17. The uniforms chosen by the team were red and white.

326 Gerund Phrases EXERCISE Underline the gerund phrase(s) in each sentence below. Tell whether the gerund phrase is a subject (S) direct object (DO), predicate nominative (PN), or object of a preposition (OP). 1 The difficulties involved in collecting a great variety of

leaves are equaled only by the difficulties involved in preserving them. 2. show. Sarah was excited about the idea of singing in a variety

financial acumen, and stamina is homemaking. 18. For hiking, one must wear strong, comfortable shoes.

19. 20. the road.

I grew tired of waiting in line and left. Driving can be very relaxing if there is not much traffic on

3. 4.

My favorite form of exercise is riding a bicycle. One advantage of travel is learning about the cultures of

foreign lands. 5. Getting organized and started is usually the most difficult

325 Participial Phrases EXERCISE Underline each participial phrase Circle the word it modifies on the line provided 1. picnic. 2. Growing at the top of the mountain, the flowers bloomed Wrapping sandwiches, Diana talked about her plans for the

part of any task.

6. 7.
8.

I enjoy jogging along the bicycle path. Operating heavy machinery can be dangerous. After yanking the tomato plant out by the roots, my baby

sister waddled to the house and proudly displayed her trophy. 9. 10. Driving well on icy roads is an acquired skill. Watching television too frequently or too long may foster a

only in August. 3. Charlie, studying his eyes in the mirror, decided he needed

some sleep. 4. 5. Joanna, riding her dirt bike, shouted her exhilaration. Shaking his head in refusal, Tony explained why he

passive approach to life. 11. The thought of ice skating in the summer delighted Emily.

couldn't go. 6. The bus driver, raising her voice above the noise,

12.

Dancing professionally demands years of practice and

preparation. 13. dinette. My task for the weekend will be spackling and painting the

requested that everyone move to the back. 7. The color selected by Mother for her new car is a dark

forest green.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 10 of 11
14. 15.
16. Preparing healthful foods takes time but is worth the effort. 5. My ancestors, immigrants from Europe in the 1850's, settled in North Dakota. Growing geraniums is a favorite hobby of my father's. Traveling among the planets of our solar system is an 6. Automobiles, the primary means of transportation for most

people, were once a luxury of the wealthy. 7. The thick manuscript, the culmination of two years of

early twentieth-century dream that may be realized toward the end of the century. 327 Gerund Phrases EXERCISE Underline the gerund phrase in each sentence; if there is no gerund phrase in the sentence write None. 1. 2. Acting on impulse can lead to comical results. Mowing lawns is practically a full-time occupation for me

research and writing, lay on the editor's desk. 8. room. 9. A newcomer to the city, Bill rarely ventured out without a Always her favorite color, orange dominated Karen's

map in his pocket. 10. I began to fill out the application, a four-page form with

during the summer. 3. 4. 5. Swinging her book bag, Mary Ellen jogged home. My hobby is collecting stamps. Learning something about every subject is important, for

lists of questions and inadequate space for answer 11. It is nearly impossible to locate an office in that building, was an endless labyrinth of corridors and unmarked rooms. 12. The mechanic finally located the problem, a malfunction in

we must pass knowledge on to the next generation. 6. 7. Washing the dishes is the children's daily chore. Producing a good report requires careful research and

the exhaust system. 13. An annual celebration of a successful harvest, this tradition

composition 8. Driving with care is especially important in inclement

began with the earliest settlers. 14. The audience enjoyed the play, a comedy about the

tribulations of living in the city. 9. 10. Singing on stage would terrify me! Browsing through plant catalogs occupies many serious 329 Phrases: Review EXERCISE For each of the following sentences, find the phrase or phrases of the kind specified before the sentence Write these phrases on the blank provided below the sentence. Include any phrase within a larger phrase. 1. Participial Perched on the outdoor telephone

gardeners throughout the winter months. 11. 12. 13. Felipe's hobby is photographing wild animals. I always begin my birthday by opening my gifts. Working with international students taught Mickey the value

of communication. 14. 15. 16. 17. Sharing toys is a difficult lesson for toddlers. Stop talking about politics! Reading a good mystery is a pleasant pastime. Setting unrealistic goals will result in disappointment. Practicing the flute makes the minutes fly by.

wires, the birds resembled notes on a musical scale. 2. Infinitive To complete the new room before October was

the contractor's goal. 3. Infinitive Never one for small projects, my sister Kyle

wants to climb Mount Everest. 4. 5. 6. 7. Prepositional Gerund Doug always writes with care. Believing you is difficult.

18.

The group won an award for organizing a community recreation program. 328 Appositive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the appositive phrase in each sentence. On the line provided, write the word it explains or identifies. 1. Sherry Johnson, the author of several articles on nutrition,

Infinitive To keep a friend's secret is not difficult for me. Prepositional Snow is expected to fall across

Montana today. 8. Gerund Shaping flowers from molten glass

demands precision and skill. 9. Prepositional Our local radio station is noted for its

gave a lecture on diet and health. 2. They skillfully avoided discussing money, a subject neither

excellent coverage of the news. 10. clock. 330 Phrases: Review EXERCISE For each of the following sentences, underline the phrase or phrases of the kind specified before the sentence. Include any phrase within a larger phrase. Prepositional Each of the workers tried to repair the

cared to broach. 3. The diagram, a complicated mass of arrows and symbols,

confused the listeners even more. 4. John Dawson, the candidate who advocated conserving

natural resources, won the primary.

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2003-2004 World Literature and Composition Honors Verbals Worksheets, Page 11 of 11
1. Infinitive The young actress, a graduate of Northwestern

18. 19.
20.

The mail to be delivered was stacked in the truck. To take French and Latin at the same time will be difficult.

University, was delighted to have a role in the new play. 2. Participial Working in the garden, the gardener

seemed happy. 3. 4. Infinitive I intend to repair this flat tire. Prepositional During the cold weather some people

Susan was delighted to sit with Angela.

332 Infinitives EXERCISE Replace the appropriate verb form in the sentence with an infinitive form. Then indicate how the infinitive would function in

use their fireplaces. 5. Gerund Taking inventory is a tedious but important task

the sentence if it replaced the italicized word. Write N for noun, ADJ for adjective, or ADV for adverb. EXAMPLE: That's no way of directing a play. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bobby was happy talking to Maria. Seeing Joan again will be good. Living in the twentieth century is a challenge. Taking a course in yoga might be fun. Learning to play the piano well requires self-discipline. We went downtown shopping. Going away to college will be strange. Sleeping eight hours a night is supposed to be good for to direct (ADJ)

for owners of stores and factories. 6. Participial Needing money for the weekend, we

went to the bank and cashed our paychecks. 7. Gerund When I was in the hospital recently, the doctors

made me feel comfortable by keeping me informed. 8. time. 9. Infinitive The purpose of the NATO alliance is to Appositive The Concorde, a jet plane, arrived on

6. 7. 8.

safeguard the freedom of its members. 10. Gerund Because she is outgoing, Ms. Turner enjoys

selling insurance. 331 Infinitive Phrases The infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any complements or modifiers it may have EXERCISE Underline the infinitive phrase in each of the sentences below and whether the phrase is used as a noun (N), an adjective (ADJ), or an adverb (ADV). 1. 2. 3. I plan to redecorate the entire room. She felt excited to reach the end of the school year. The material to be used for the costumes is very

your body. 9. 10. 11. Dancing with Jeff demands great physical stamina. Will you help me painting my room? Running a mile a day is a good way of getting exercise.

12.

Asking the correct questions provides an excellent way of

acquiring information. 13. 14. task. 15. 16. Climbing mountains requires an adventurous spirit. Acting like a child will not help in solving your problems. I wrote my cousins a note inviting them to my party. Understanding what you read is important for learning. Typed and ready for signing, the papers lay on the Sitting through the entire movie will be boring again. Driving well demands that careful attention be paid to the

expensive. 4. To go water-skiing will be fun. Barbara wanted to drop her algebra course. Jane was delighted to be chosen class representative. I will be sad to leave my friends. The car to be driven in the chase scene was equipped with

5. 6.
7. 8.

17. 18.
19.

lawyer's desk. 20. Everyone can learn tvping.

a specially tuned engine. 9. 10. Her idea was to take the bus to the game. The flowers to be delivered for the wedding were crushed

when the van screeched to a stop. 11. favorite. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. When I babysit, I like to read aloud to my charges. Jack wanted to go to the movies after supper. The pupil neglected to hand in the homework assignment. The committee decided to cancel the prom breakfast. Jean came home too late to study. To clean up should be easy if we have enough help. The song to be performed by the school choir was an old

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