University of Florida 2004 Fall High School Tournament Tossups 1. His wife died in 1642, leaving him a considerable fortune, but his once popular art became increasingly divergent from popular taste, sinking him in to financial difficulties. His series of nearly one hundred self portraits and his "Supper at Emmaus" showcase his style. He is well known for his dramatic use of light and shadows in such paintings as "The Artist in his Studio," "The Company of Captain Franz Banning Cock," "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp," and etchings of the life of Jesus and the Crucifixion. FTP, identify this Dutch painter of etcher, best known for "The Night Watch" Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rihn 2. Forced into exile during the reigh of Napolean III, he lived briefly in Brussels, Jersey and Gurnsey until returning to home in 1870, after which he wrote “The Man Who Laughs” and his last novel, “Ninety Three,” about the French revolution. His first poetry collection was published in 1824, earning him a royal pension from Louis XVIII at the age of 20. His works frequently appeared on the Popes list of “proscribed books,” and included such works as “Religions and Religion,” “Torquemada,” “Cromwell,” and “Hernani.” Earning fame with “Angelo,” “Lucrezia Borgia,” and his two most famous works, on about a hideous but loving creature and the other centering around an ex-convict. FTP, identify this poet and author of “Les Miserables” and “The Hunchback of Notre Dame.” Victor Hugo 3. In 1992, this river flooded the underground portions of the major city it flows thru. That city's downtown area is bordered on the north and west by the river. Originally flowing east into the Great Lakes, engineers reversed its course in 1900 using a series of locks to improve sanitary conditions. FTP, identity this river dyed green every St Patrick's Day located in northern Illinois. Chicago River 4. The first of these appeared in China in 1996 and Hong Kong in 1997. Its name refers to the subtypes of surface antigens present on the virus: hemagglutinin type 5 and neuraminidase type 1. It has symptoms similar to the common flu, but in more severe cases, pneumonia and respiratory failure can occur, which accounts over 60 deaths worldwide. The worst case scenario for this type of pandemic is somewhere around 150 million human deaths, or 2 to 3 percent of the world's human population. Becoming stronger through antigenic drift, it was caused in humans due to an influenza outbread in Hong Kong's poultry population, which was only stopped by the killing of the entire domestic poultry population within the territory. Known scientifically as H5N1, this is, FTP, what virus affecting both *birds and humans? Avian Flu 5. His birthplace in Massachusetts, is now a national park. This American politician served with distinction in the Continental Congress, even serving in the Committee to draft the Declaration of Independence. After the fighting this man was one of the chief negotiators in the American delegation that brought about the Treaty of Paris in 1783. FTP, name this diplomat and politician, who attained lasting unpopularity for failing to go to war with France during the XYZ affair after succeeding George Washington as President of the United States. John Adams
6. His mistrust of democracy evidenced in his quote, “[he] would rather obey one lion than 200 rats of his own species.” Essentially he felt that the monarchy to be the key to progress and change. A diverse writer of such poems as the Henriade, and Pucelle he also composed plays such as Brutus, Erphile and a Treatise on Metaphysics. Highly critical of his peers in a letter to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, after reading an early copy of “Ode to Posterity,” he commented, “I do not think this poem will reach its intended destination.” Born Francois-Marie Arouet, FTP give the pen name and the author of the satire of Leibnitzian doctrine Candide. Voltaire 7. This novel is organized into three sections--The Seventh Day, Prayers of the Saints, and The Threshing Floor. It starts on the fourteenth birthday of the protagonist, the son of a strict, church-going family in 1935 Harlem. This novel is somewhat autobiographical in that its author underwent a religious awakening at the age of fourteen and became a preacher himself. FTP, name this novel about John Grimes, written by James Baldwin. Go Tell it on the Mountain 8. Although the Earth’s surface’s angular velocity is the same everywhere, its linear velocity varies greatly by latitude. This causes air masses to approach a low pressure area in a unique manner. The air will be deflected in a path perpendicular to its velocity, creating circular motion. FTP, Bart Simpson made a collect call to Australia to investigate what effect, responsible for the direction of rotation of tropical weather systems (but NOT responsible for the rotation of water in toilets and bathtubs). Coriolis Effect or force 9. The first was held in 1810, to celebrate the wedding of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Sachen-Hildburghausen, and was ended with a horserace. Over the years, this 16 day festival was cancelled 24 times due to war, disease, or other problems, but it still holds the honor of being the largest fair in the world. There are currently 14 main tents, and these usually see 6-7 million visitors, 88 roasted oxen, 219,443 pairs of sausages, and 1.5 million gallons of beer. FTP, identify this most famous Munich event, beginning when the mayor of Munich declares “It’s tapped!” Oktoberfest 10. Known for his highly personal adaptation of the twelve-tone technique, this Austrian composer was a member of the Second Viennese School. His most famous work, his Violin Concerto, differs from most twelve-tone work in that it includes quotations of tonal material. He used a technique now called “developing variation”, which states that the unity of a piece depends on how all aspects of it are related to a single idea. FTP, identify this composer, known for his opera, Wozzeck. Alban Berg 11. The name’s the same. A comic by Matt Wagner, a race of monsters in Masters of Orion 3, a novel by John Gardner, the original is also known as “powerful monster”, "herdsman of evil", "moor stepper", "demon corpse", and "guardian of crime.” He is descended from Cain and terrorizes King Hrothgar’s court. FTP name this monster who is killed by the titular hero in the medieval epic poem Beowulf. Grendel 12. The war was chronicled mainly by Thucydides, and many of the plays of Aristophanes make fun of the generals involved in it. The cause of the war was the growth of power in Athens after the coalition of Greek States had defeated the Persians in 478 BC. FTP, name this war that lasted for 27 years in which Sparta at
length defeated the Athenians. Peloponnesian War 14. In this field of study, one will often come across such laws as Williamson synthesis, Diels-Alder reactions, and Markovinkov additions. Huckels rules are also present and are there to determine if a molecule is aromatic. Common functional groups used in this field are nitriles, thiols, alcohols, esters, ethers, and alkenes. FTP identify this branch of chemistry which deals with the reactions of carbon containing molecules. Organic chemistry 15. This island is separated in two by a large mountain range. Notable features include the Gould Coast which lays at the foot of the Horlick Mountains. Mount Erebus, the southernmost active volcano is located here, as is Lake Vostok and Vinson Massif the continents tallest island. Even though it has the worlds lowest rainfall average, it has the worlds largest supply of fresh water, but stored as ice. FTP name this continent, known for features such as the Ross and Wedell Seas. Antarctica 16. Also titled the Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation of <BLANK> the Younger of Blunderstone Rookery. It was considered by Tolstoy to be the author’s finest novel, this Bildungsroman told in the first person tells the story of a boy whose father dies before he is born, who is ill-treated by his cruel stepfather, Mr. Murdstone. He is sent to a private school, Salem House, with a ruthless headmaster, Mr Creakle. Detailing his interactions with his indebted sometimes mentor, Mr. Micawber and his constant enemy Uriah Heep-FTP name this novel featuring the adventures of the title character written by Charles Dickens. David Copperfield 17. Prior to this event an apprentice named Edward Gerrish was clubbed after assaulting a man. In its aftermath two men were found guilty of manslaughter and four acquitted after being represented by John Adams. The manslaughter was due to the death of Crispus Attucks. FTP, Paul Revere's famous engaving incorrectly shows was March 5, 1770 event occurring during the day? Boston Massacre 18. Among its beliefs is that Xenu, the head of the Galatic Confederation, in an effort to solve over population problems, brought billions of aliens to Tegeack--which was the alien name for earth--stuck them in volcanoes, and then used an H-bomb to blow them up. Believers use E-meters to measure galvanic skin response and generally do not believe in psychology as a science. FTP, name this religion with such famous members as John Travolta and Tom Cruise, founded by L. Ron Hubbard. Scientology or Scientologists 19. This man was admitted to the French Academy of Sciences for an essay on street-lighting. Choosing not to rest on those laurels, he proceeded to disprove the phlogiston theory of combustion. He also developed the first universal chemical nomenclature, and named many of the early elements, including hydrogen and oxygen. His insistence on methodical, qualitative experimentation was revolutionary, and he is now considered to be the Father of Modern Chemistry. FTP, name this man who first proposed the Law of Conservation of Mass.
Antoine Lavoisier 20. Founded in 1868, this school has the motto Fiat Lux, or Let There Be Light. It was one of the key institutions for developing the internet, a legacy that is still seen today with the development of BSD Linux. Fifty-four Nobel Laureates have been associated with the school, and it is the only one to have an element named after it, number 97. Califronium and Plutonium were also discovered here. FTP identify this school, the first of the University of California campuses located east of San Francisco. University of California-Berkley (accept equivalents, as long as Berkley is there somewhere)
Boni 1. Name these failed Republican presidential nominees FTPE. A. This one time Democrat promoted the concept of international peacekeeping in his ~One World~ but suffered landslide defeats against FDR in 1940 and 1944. answer: Wendell _Willkie_ B. If this man's 1964 Presidential campaign had been successful, he still may have not have been
able to serve as Arizona, the state he was born in and represented in the Senate, was merely a territory at his birth. answer: Barry _Goldwater_ C. This former Senator from Kansas is the only man not named George Bush to be nominated for president by the GOP in the last five elections. answer: Bob _Dole_ 2. Classify the following sub-atomic particles as a lepton, meson, or baryon for 5 points each or 30 for all five: (5) electron Answer: lepton (5) tauon Answer: lepton (5) neutron Answer: baryon (5) pion Answer: meson (5) proton Answer: baryon 3. Identify the Supreme Court nominee from description FTPE. She was the Texas State Lottery Commissioner and then White House Council, but a lack of experience in constitutional law and conservative opposition forced her to withdraw. Harriet Miers This former Deputy Solicitor General was nominated first for Sandra Day O'Connor's seat, then for Chief Justice after William Renquist died. John G. Roberts After Harriet Miers withdrew, President Bush nominated this conservative Federal Appeals Court Judge, well-known for his anti-abortion ruling in Planned Parenthood v. Casey. Samuel Alito 4. Hey you hit the lottery with this bonus! FTPE answer the following questions about lotteries (10) In the Northeast a disproportionate number of people matched 4 out of 6 numbers last year, prompting an investigation of possible fraud. What authorites eventually figured out was that everyone played the same six numbers which they got from one of these at a restaurant Fortune cookie (10) Hugo won the lottery playing the cursed numbers 4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42 on this TV show. Lost (10) Tessie Hutchison wins the lottery and is killed by stoning in the Lottery by what author? Shirley Jackson 5. Answer these questions about a Edgar Allan Poe story FTPE. (10) In this short story, a detective discovers a mother and daughter were murdered while in a room locked from the inside. Answer: Murders in the Rue Morgue (10) Who is the detective in Murders in the Rue Morgue? He’s also in the Purloined Letter.
Answer: C. Auguste Dupin (10) This create was determined to be the murdered of the mother and daughter. We might know it better as an orange primate. Answer: an “Ourang-Outang” 6. Given the description, give the SI unit FTPE, Force (10) Newton Current (10) Ampere Capacitance (10) Farad 7. Name the author from works FTPE. Their Eyes Were Watching God Zora Neale Hurston The Color Purple Alice Walker Roots Alex Haley 8. Name these Spanish artists from clues FTPE. (10)A flamboyant painter, sculptor, and experimental film-maker, he was probably the most notable Surrealist artist. His most famous work is The Persistence Of Memory. Answer: Salvador Dali (10)Born in 1599 in Seville, he became the court painter for Philip IV, and his most notable works are The Lances, and Las Meninas. Answer: Diego Velázquez (10)Court painter for Charles IV, his works range from happy ornate paintings like Los Caprichios, to his black paintings such as Saturn Devouring his Children. However, he is most famous for his political work The 3rd of May, 1808. Answer: Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 9. Made into a 1975 film starring Jack Nicholson, it tells the story of Randle McMurphy. FTPE: (10) What is this novel about life in an Oregon psychiatric hospital? Answer: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (10) This member of the Merry Pranksters was the author of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Answer: Ken Kesey (10) She was the cruel head nurse and primary antagonist in the novel. Answer: Nurse Ratched 10. Identify the following mythical monsters, FTPE: (10) With the body of a goat, tail of a serpent, and head of a lion, this fire-breathing fiend was finally vanquished by the hero, Bellerophon. Answer: Chimera (10) The offspring of Loki and the giantess Angrboda, this poisonous beast will defeat Thor at
Ragnarok. Answer: Jormungandr or Midgard Serpent (10) The second of Heracles's Twelve Labors involved slaying this regenerative monster with the assistance of Iolaus. Answer: Lernaean Hydra 11. Identify which of Newton’s three laws of motion being described FTP each. (Note to moderator: wait until the end to give all three answers.) (10) This law states that a body at rest will remain at rest and a body in motion will remain in motion until acted upon by another force. Answer: First (10) This law states that the rate of change in momentum is proportional to the net force acting on the object and takes place in the direction of the force. Answer: Second (10) The short version of this law is simply that momentum is conserved. Answer: Third 12. FTPE, give the names of the following historical Leagues: (10) This Sparta-dominated league of the 5th and 6th Centuries BCE is named for the peninsula on which its member states rested. Answer: the Peloponnesian League (10) This league was an alliance of trading cities that established and maintained a trade monopoly over the Baltic Sea and most of Northern Europe for a time and existed between the 13th and 17th centuries. Answer: Hanseatic League (10) The United States never joined this League that was born of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, though Woodrow Wilson provided the impetus for it. Answer: the League of Nations 13. I often find it difficult to distinguish one impressionist artist from another because of all their blurry figures and landscapes. Lets see if you can answer these questions about the Impressionist movement FSNOP. (5/5) For 5 points each, name the 1872 painting from which the name of the movement was coined, and the artist who painted it. Answer: Impression: Sunrise, Claude Monet (10) For ten, name this French impressionist that lived from 1834-1917, and painted such works as Ballet Rehearsal on the Set, Dance Class, and Gentlemen Jockeys before the Start. Answer: Edgar Degas (10) For ten, He was originally a porcelain plate painter in Paris, but once mechanical machiens were invented to paint plates he entered the Atelier Gleyre where he made friends with Monet. Later he created works like Luncheon of the Boating Party and Le Moulin de la Galette. Answer: Auguste Renior 14. Given the protagonist of a Thomas Hardy novel, name the novel FTP each. 1. Clym Yeobright “Return of the Native”
2. Michael Henchard “The Mayor of Casterbridge” 3. Gabriel Oak “Far From the Madding Crowd” 15. Name these supreme court cases that address freedom of speech FTPE.  In this 1919 case, the court ruled that the government can restrict the freedom of speech if the speech creates a clear and present danger. Answer: Schenck v. US  In this 1969 case, the court ruled that the government cannot punish a person for advocating certain ideas. Answer: Brandenburg v. Ohio  In this 1989 case, the court ruled that the government cannot punish a person for burning the flag of the United States as part of a peaceful protest. Answer: Texas v. Johnson 16. Name the following about the human presence in space FTPE. 1. This station has completed more than 37500 orbits by June 2005 following the launch of the first module on November 20, 1998. ANSWER: ISS or International Space Station 2. This, the first space station launched by the United States, had its solar panels damaged in takeoff and after three expeditions was abandoned until it crashed in Austrailia in 1979. ANSWER: Skylab 3. This series of Soviet space stations were the first stations to orbit the earth, the first launched in 1971 and the last in 1982. ANSWER: Salyut 17. Answer these questions that have something in common FTPE 1. Since the 2000 presidential elections states that were predominantly Republican or went to the republican candidate on election day were called this. ANSWER: Red State 2. During the Italian Risorgimento, Giuseppe Garibaldi’s men were called this for the particular type of garment they wore. ANSWER: Red Shirts 3. In objection to only a cross being used at the time, Muslim nations opted to use this symbol on the battlefield to denote medical personnel. ANSWER: Red Crescent 18. Given three musical notes that form a triad, give the quality of that triad. Your choices are "major," "minor," "diminished," and "augmented." (10) B, D, and F Answer: Diminished (10) E, G-sharp, and C Answer: Augmented (10) C-flat, E-flat, G-flat Answer: Major
19. Name these terms from astronomy from their definition FTPE.  This is the point on the orbit of a celestial body that is farthest from the sun. ANSWER: aphelion  This is the orbital revolution or axial rotation of a planetary or other celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to most celestial bodies. ANSWER: retrograde motion  This is the term for the virtual disappearance of sunspots in the period 1645 to 1715. ANSWER: Maunder minimum 20. Identify the author from works, 30-20-10. 30. “Youngblood Hawke,” “Marjorie Morningstar” 20. “The Hope,” “The Glory” 10. “The Winds of War,” “The Caine Mutiny” Answer: Herman Wouk