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					Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________

The Highways Agency Unit – level Evidence and Research Strategy
April 2006

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 2 CHAPTER 2 – OBJECTIVES........................................................................................................ 3 CHAPTER 3 - EVIDENCE NEEDS .............................................................................................. 4 CHAPTER 4 - COMMUNICATING RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE………………………...7 CHAPTER 5 - COLLABORATION.............................................................................................. 8 CHAPTER 6 - SKILLS ................................................................................................................... 9 CHAPTER 7 - RESEARCH MANAGEMENT .......................................................................... 10 CHAPTER 8 - TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION ................................................................... 12 CHAPTER 9 - TRANSPORT FUTURES ................................................................................... 12 APPENDIX A: EXTRACT FROM THE AGENCY’S BUSINESS PLAN 05/06 – AIMS & OBJECTIVES ................................................................................................................................ 13 APPENDIX B: THE AGENCY PRIORITIES ...................................................................... 14

APPENDIX C: RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 06/07 AND 3 YEAR STRATEGY .................... 15 APPENDIX D: THE STRATEGIC APPROACH TO RESEARCH ........................................ 19 APPENDIX E: A PHASED APPROACH TO IMPLEMENTATION ..................................... 19 APPENDIX F: FINANCE AND ORGANISATION .................................................................. 20

Highways Agency Unit-level Evidence & Research Strategy March 2006

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 1 - Introduction The Highways Agency (“The Agency”) is an Executive Agency of the Department for Transport. The Agency plays a central role in delivering the Department for Transport‟s aims of “transport that works for everyone” by delivering safe roads, reliable journeys and informed travellers. Our main objective is to deliver a high quality service to all our customers. The Agency aims and objectives are listed at Appendix A. The budget for research is £14m, of which £3m relates to new research annually. The research programme is managed by the Safety, Standards and Research (SSR) directorate within the Agency. The Research Strategy is organised in line with the DfT‟s Board-level Evidence and Research Strategy, with emphasis on what the Unit‟s key evidence and research needs are and the strategy for filling these gaps. SSR staff who are involved in research projects have contributed to this strategy by participating in a series of workshops relating to DfT‟s Evidence and Research Quality Framework. The Strategy provides Ministers, other DfT research teams, DfT Agencies, other Government Departments, the wider research community and potential and existing contractors with information about the Agency‟s evidence needs and research methods. It will also be useful for project sponsors within the Agency (who commission the research), their managers and Divisional Managers. The Strategy will be revised annually, focussing on updating the evidence needs (to reflect changing priorities or new areas of interest), revising any procedures and addressing any feedback received. Key input to further development of the strategy will be from the research supply chain community which support the recently awarded national research framework contract.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 2 – Objectives The work of the Agency is guided by the10 year transport plan, PSA targets, safety, environmental and other strategies together with the Corporate Plan “Customers First”. The aim “safe roads, reliable journeys, informed travellers” is expanded upon in the 05/06 business plan (see Appendix A). The Agency priorities are listed at Appendix B. There is a clear cascade of high-level objectives down to working level. In this respect, the Agency has clear purpose and aims and supports the wider DfT aims. Criteria for assessing research proposals are aligned with the Agency‟s objectives. The criteria are: safety, congestion, environmental impact, driver information, technical governance, value for money, speeding up delivery, working in partnership, wider benefits. In relation to the research programme, there is a focus on the near term driven by the business plan targets and the lower risk of near-term research. There is an opportunity to engage with the business in a more strategic way to shape the research programme at an earlier stage in the cycle. Work has begun in 06/07 on designing and implementing a revised approach. Initiation of the U-ERS exercise provides the opportunity to draw upon lessons from use of the prior strategy (“The Guide” 20011) and review the new process in the Highways Agency‟s internal Quality Management System, Way we Work (WwW). This strategy draws upon a wide range of evidence resources as described in chapter 3.


“The Guide” describes the strategy for research and the processes for delivering it. It was implemented in 2001. This document is now superseded. Highways Agency Page 3 of 20 Unit-level Evidence & Research Strategy Version 1-0 March 2006

Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 3 - Evidence Needs To deliver the 30 year strategy described in The Future of Transport and related white papers, the Highways Agency must work with DfT, delivery partners and other stakeholders to provide the evidence base on which to implement policies and programmes and set standards. Formal research is one of the key ways in which the Agency informs operational policy and sets standards. There is a well-founded research programme divided into main themes that concern the Agency. An overview of the key 06/07 objectives and three-year strategy for this programme is presented at Appendix C. Examples of strategic initiatives driving developments to the evidence base are the Performance Management Agenda, the Roads Information Programme and the Roles and Responsibility Programme, all of which interrelate. Provision of Traffic Officers on the network and the PSA targets relating to journey time reliability have resulted in significant developments in the collection, analysis and reporting of traffic flow data, the emergence of the HATRIS2 programme and the development of Traffic Officer deployment models. The National and Regional Intelligence Units have been created to analyse this (and other) newly available data and advise on strategies for addressing roadworks, incidents and Traffic Officer deployment to deliver optimal network performance. These teams of operational researchers and data analysts represent a significant enhancement to the Agency‟s operational analysis capability and are key to supporting the traffic manager role. This new area of work is in addition to the traditional modelling and analysis of traffic undertaken by the Agency. The sections below give a description of the work area for each theme and the objectives for the 2006/07 research programme (new and ongoing projects): Asset management Description of work area: For roads, structures and earthworks: to develop and advise on maintenance policies and strategies; advise on all aspects of design, construction and whole life cost; setting standards; structural and visual condition of the road surface; skidding policy; assessment, strengthening and maintenance of highway structures; engineering advice on ground behaviour. Objectives from 2006/07 research programme:  Better value for the asset by improving whole life cost models.  More targeted maintenance through development of risk-based techniques for structures and earthworks; deterioration models and better estimates of service lives for roads.  Further investigations into early life skid resistance.  Using new materials in new and existing structures to speed up construction to improve durability.  Reducing the impact of conditions surveys on road users by developing assessment and remote monitoring techniques.


HATRIS Programme – uses the Midas data from loops in the road, and other data sources, to inform on journey time Highways Agency Page 4 of 20 Unit-level Evidence & Research Strategy Version 1-0 March 2006

Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________  Supporting congestion measures by developing designs to make hard shoulders suitable for traffic, and standards for „integral‟ bridges, which can be used in widening schemes to minimise land take.

Safety and Security Description of work area: Deliver the Agency’s Safety Action Plan; strategy, policy and advice on safety, risk and probability forecasting; vehicle restraint system standards; road safety strategy; road signs, road layout and road safety audit policy; traffic management and safety at roadworks. Objectives from 2006/07 research programme:  Develop a better understanding of the causes of accidents through the „on-thespot‟ database and investigation into high-risk sites and driving patterns.  Improving design of interchanges, wider motorways and lane markings and rumble strips  Designing in safety, through a human factors safety audit  Improving safety of temporary traffic management, and developing policy for traffic management on wider motorways.  Developing enforcement tools and techniques

Sustainability Description of work area: Sustainable development policy; advice and guidance on environmental assessment, impact and design; climate change issues; advice on air/water/noise quality and biodiversity. 2006/07 objectives:  how to meet increasingly stringent environmental requirements in air/water/noise quality and biodiversity.  encouraging economic sustainability through a comparison of UK and European highway costs.  reducing the impact of winter maintenance on the environment and on bridges through by trialling new de-icers and more efficient and effective salt spreading  developing specifications for using recycled materials. Reducing congestion Description of work area: Travel and traffic systems: traffic management and compliance, (making best use of available road space, early warning systems); information services development (ITS, telematics, influencing route choice through information and communication systems); technology solutions and standards (including support to Active Traffic Management and other pilot schemes. Traffic Appraisal, Modelling and Economics: appraisal of traffic and economic assessments, traffic modelling, Journey Time Database Operational policy: enforcement systems, incident management, vehicle recovery policy
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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ 2006/07 objectives: Contribute to achieving PSA journey time reliability target and reducing congestion on the network by:  reduce the impact of incidents on the network by methods for co-ordinated, real time management of incidents and the impact of freight issues such as inadequate load restraint and overloading.  developing technology (ITS) based solutions for better traffic management and monitoring of traffic, including high occupancy lanes, ramp metering, dynamic lane markings, „intelligent‟ road studs and low-cost CCTV.  support Active Traffic Management pilot through monitoring, driver reaction studies and providing support for operational and technology workstrands.  minimise adverse impact of freight by developing ITS journey planning solutions.  Influence travel behaviour and improve customer service through improved driver information services (eg HA Information Point and Journey Planner) and supporting NTCC  developing better ways of measuring, storing and predicting journey times.

An important source of customer-related data is the Road Users Satisfaction Survey. This is a significant piece of work that has enabled trends in customers‟ expectations and satisfaction levels to be tracked. The latest report, the seventh in a series starting in 1995, is based on 2500 interviews. Examples of the impact of this work have been the focus on accurate VMS messages and provision of emergency telephones, areas where customers expressed high expectations. At strategic, programme and project level, there are examples within the Agency of developing the evidence base through joint working. Working with academia, other Government Departments, external stakeholders and other countries is an important way to increase and communicate our evidence and knowledge. Chapter 5, Collaboration, describes this in greater detail. Specialists within the Agency who sponsor research are well connected to leading edge thinking in their fields through contributing to, or attending national or international conferences, seminars, and keeping up to date through technical journals etc.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 4 - Communication The Highways Agency has an on-line Research Compendium that stores information on all current and past research projects. Projects completed since the introduction of the Publication and Assessment Scheme have, or will have, reports available to download from the website and an assessment of the usefulness of research to operational policy. . The website also supports a dedicated enquiry service to provide further information about projects and research generally in the Highways Agency. Currently the format of the website is a database of research projects that can be browsed by heading or key-word searched. Over the next three years, the aim is that the website will be improved to make the links between research and outcomes on the network much clearer. This may include incorporating information on pilots and trials, links to other HA information sources and a more user-friendly interface. „Way we Work‟, the Highways Agency Quality Management System, provides a framework for wider communication in relation to research.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 5 - Collaboration Strategically, the Agency is involved in overseas collaborations through the exchange of staff. This yields good awareness of leading edge capability in other parts of the world in specialist fields where the Agency wishes to develop. Strategic collaborations exist with Japan and France and an agreement has recently been signed with the Netherlands. The Agency regularly hosts scanning tours from the USA. The Agency plays an active role in the Conference of European Road Directors (CEDR) and this year hosted the conference in London. The Agency is active in the World Roads Congress. The Agency is Co-ordinator for the EU funded ERA-Net Roads project. This project aims to set up mechanisms (including legal and financial) for joint funding of collaborative roads research projects across member states. Ten countries are involved and the project includes taking forward pilot collaborative projects. The focus of ERA-Net Roads is operations, not policy. The Agency is on the Programme Committee of the first European Transport Research Arena conference to be held in Gothenburg in June 06 and is supplying a number of speakers. The Agency is involved in ITS collaborations, in particular Streetwise and Centrico. There are numerous examples of collaborations that represent good practice, in particular in the technology and driver behaviour fields. The Agency contributes to jointly funded research, normally lead by universities. Providing a framework for research will be an enabler for collaborative projects in providing a longer and broader perspective. Collaboration is encouraged through the Highways Agency‟s Quality Management System.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 6 - Skills Staff within the Highways Agency sponsoring research projects draw upon a wide range of skills. These include strategic and analytical expertise, programme and project management skills, communication skills and specific professional skills. There is a high level of professional expertise within SSR including, engineers, traffic modellers and safety, environmental and risk specialists. As intelligent clients, they must be able to draft briefs and engage contractors, assess and challenge outputs from a knowledgeable standpoint, understanding both the technical detail and the underlying research methodology. The type and quantity of skills available has broadly remained aligned with the steady level of funding available for research. However, with new areas of research becoming prominent as the operator role is embraced, a fresh look at provision of skills is necessary. Future planning of resources will need to align with the research framework. Once a strategic framework for research is in place, there is an opportunity for the resource implications to be identified.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Chapter 7 - Research Management The Highways Agency‟s approach to research may be summarised as follows:     There is well organised, well targeted research There is a value management process which ensures that research proposals are aligned to the Agency objectives The research that has been undertaken over previous years has provided huge benefits in enabling the asset to be managed more effectively The research is now enabling the transition from a network builder and maintainer to a network operator

There are opportunities for improvements in:   Getting a clearer strategic direction for our research Streamlining the value management process to make it less resource intensive and integrating this with new approaches for developing research programmes and projects within a strategic framework

The prioritisation process, closely aligned to the Agency business plan objectives, represents a bottom up approach, the focus being on near-term targets. This delivers each year, a number of projects. A strategic framework will provide a strategic context for the projects, enabling them to be situated within relevant programmes. This approach will assist in identifying the benefits that flow from implementation of research and help justify investment in the forward programme. In-year financial management is handled through Cascade3 resulting in a consistent approach to reporting of spend profiles, outturn costs, project comparison. Research proposals are received from within the Agency, the supply chain or the general public. These are pre-sifted by Group Managers and successful proposals go forward to a value management workshop. The workshops are themed and a scoring mechanism is applied that provides a high score to proposals that meet the Agency objectives and have a good likelihood of being delivered successfully. The output is a prioritised list for each theme enabling projects to be placed on a high priority or reserve list. If there are more proposals than can be funded, the SSR Director and Divisional Directors make strategic decisions on how the programme should be shaped. In specifying research questions effectively there are examples of good practice and this may be standardised within a group through the use of templates. A significant procurement action has recently been completed with the award of national frameworks for research and technical consultancy. The Highways Agency has extensive experience of the use of framework contracts and the benefits described by Gershon of using fewer, expert suppliers within a framework contract are well understood. The research contract was awarded in January 06 to five contractors who were judged to have a high degree of capability and understood what the Agency required both now and going forwards. The first community meeting has been held and there is every expectation that

The Agency’s financial system for reporting on projects Highways Agency Unit-level Evidence & Research Strategy March 2006

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ the community of prime contractors will play a full part in further development and implementation of this strategy. In this way they will gain the longer-term vision to enable them to optimise the use of their supply chains, so delivering best value in the research arena. Use of the framework contracts is available to other public sector organisations. At an early stage in considering use of frameworks for research, the research market place was consulted on potential arrangements. Resulting from this exercise, there is a good understanding of the market. Procurement specialists with a high level of contracts expertise led the frameworks procurement action. Conformance with existing and emerging legislation and guidelines is high. Over time, we would expect 95% of research work to be delivered via the national research contract. The following are specific benefits anticipated for the research framework contract:     it provides more consistent and efficient management of research it is better for the Agency and our contractors in planning forward workload it will provide the opportunity for a greater involvement by the supply chain in promoting ideas in setting up the research framework, we encouraged strategic alliances/partnerships between consultants, research organisations and academia. This should lead to more rounded and effective research which can be implemented more easily. The research framework is a long-term commitment allowing contactors to plan and recruit to meet our needs.


The financing and organisation of research is described in Appendix F.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________

Chapter 8 - Technology & Innovation A clear focus on this area is maintained by the Traffic Technology Strategy which identifies short, medium and long-term strategies. It addresses the emerging role of network operator/traffic manager and looks to the long-term vision of CVHS. The Agency is involved in the Streetwise and Centrico collaborative European projects. A strength underpinning this work is the recognition the Agency gets as a world leading highway authority in the traffic technology field. The Agency‟s technology staff actively participates in key international professional committees and European collaboration initiatives to keep abreast of cutting edge solutions. Examples where we have already used technology in other areas would include FRP structures, using sensor technology on structures to assess loadings and hence maintenance requirements, measuring road condition at traffic speed to minimize disruption and use of the resulting data to optimise maintenance schedules, met sensors and forecasting systems to optimise winter maintenance. It is only in the “Technology” sector that a formal strategy is present. In other specialist areas, at project level, in relation to the potential and actual impact of technology, there could be more synergy across groups within and beyond the Agency. A well-documented strategic vision would assist this. Often the Agency may be approached in an ad hoc way. Generally the Agency is well engaged in innovation (e.g. materials networks, wireless technology, Nano technology etc) and is well informed on world developments. In some specialist areas there is extensive collaboration with other Departments or industries. The research framework community may create new opportunities in the near market area.

Chapter 9 - Transport Futures Future Agency research scenarios need to be sustainable in the light of potential changes in government policy. The Agency is there to deliver the DfT policies so this should limit the Agency involvement in too much speculative research. It may be there is scope to make use of others‟ work in this field. There has been some involvement with OGDs through the Foresight (Technology) programme, CITB, climate change and road pricing, and also internationally with CEDR/PIARC.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Appendix A: Extract from the Agency’s Business Plan 05/06 – Aims & Objectives Our Aim: “Safe roads, Reliable journeys, Informed travellers” Our prime Objective – what we are here to do 1. To deliver a high quality service to all our customers by:  Reducing congestion and improving reliability  Improving road safety  Respecting the environment  Seeking and responding to feedback from our customers Our enabling objectives – how we deliver 2. To ensure more effective delivery though better working relationships 3. To implement best practice and innovative solutions to improve service now and in the future 4. To be a good employer 5. To be an efficient Agency with effective business processes and resource management systems Our values – how we behave in fulfilling our objectives > Customer service > Teamwork > Improvement > Diversity > Best value > Integrity We put our customers first We work together in dynamic teams and partnerships We encourage learning, innovation and flexibility We value people for their diversity and contribution We deliver effective services that provide value for money We build trust by acting with honesty and fairness

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Appendix B: The Agency Priorities Our highest network priorities are:  Delivering the new traffic management role, including the progressive roll-out of traffic officers, regional control centres (jointly manned with the police) and supporting technology on the most congested parts of the motorway network. This will help to reduce congestion and delays to journeys through managing traffic, clearing incidents and providing better quality information to road users.  Maintaining and improving safety on the network to deliver our PSA safety target and meet our aim of Safer Roads. This will be achieved through the safety benefits of major projects and by carrying out a programme of small safety schemes and improvements.  Maintaining the network in a safe condition whilst minimising the whole life costs. This helps avoid unplanned or more extensive and disruptive maintenance works in future years. Our next network priorities are:  Delivering planned major road improvements on the nationally and internationally important part of the network. This includes widening the core motorway network (M1, M6 and M25 widening schemes).  Junction improvement schemes (priority action sites) from the local network management schemes (LNMS) programme and Targeted Programme of Improvements. These schemes have a high priority for congestion relief and contribute to more reliable journeys. Our third network priorities are:  Delivering the planned major road improvements on the regionally important part of the network, including widening of all-purpose roads, and bypass schemes.  Delivering the programme of small schemes to improve the environment and accessibility consistent with value for money.

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Appendix C: Research Objectives 06/07 and 3 Year Strategy Theme 2006/07 Objectives 3-year strategy

Asset management (Pavements)

Best value from the asset:  Better models for whole life costing  Deterioration models and better estimates of service lives, meaning maintenance can be targeted more effectively Improved technical governance, safety and materials:  optimising skid resistance;  improving durability of thin surfacings Reducing the impact of condition surveys by developing high speed deflection and traffic marking/road stud monitors.

Respond to road users views on their perception of what conditions they find acceptable. Include these views in a revision of Pavement standards and guidance and how we set performance targets Support the development and delivery of an Integrated Asset Management strategy and systems, so that future demands and performance planning is improved. Investigate opportunities for closer collaborative working with Local Highways Authorities to manage the performance of the network and coordinate maintenance works Support HA objectives by:  Contributing to Journey time reliability and Managing down costs toolkits  Anticipating future network structures needs, by engagement with TO/MP, Agents and Contractors and wider industry  Industry collaboration and support to UK PLC, to develop best practice guidance  Research innovative materials and techniques for both new construction and in-service structures  Research on wireless and innovative technologies to develop remote sensing and monitoring inspection  Developing asset management plans and data to support TO and MP  Better targeted maintenance through development of optimised, risk-based methods  Research to underpin forthcoming standard changes, and other legislative requirements
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Asset management (Structures)

 Reducing disruption to road users by development of non-destructive remote sensing measurement techniques.  Improving durability and reduced maintenance through use of new materials such as fibre reinforced polymers (plastics), concrete impregnants and paint systems  Speeding up construction/maintenance through use of new materials  Better targeted maintenance through development of optimised, risk-based methods  Supporting Traffic Operations Directorate with asset management and Agent data on structures  Supporting Major Projects Directorate with testing of critical structures to provide information for National Structures Programmes  Collaboration with industry on development of Best Practice

Asset management (Geotechnics)

Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________  Developing a better understanding  Efficient collation, storage and of risk to improve targeting of interpretation of key data to set maintenance. performance targets and manage risks  Improved methods for effective in a proactive manner. storage, retrieval and transfer of key  Provide complex information in a knowledge and data in collaboration visual and simplified way to aid rapid with industry and relevant and effective decision processes. international bodies.  Promote the development of Asset  Improving use of remote survey systems for most effective use. techniques to more safely and rapidly  Develop best practice and inform risk based condition innovation in material behaviour, assessments and in responding to prediction analysis and Soil:Structure uncontrolled events inter-reaction.  Developing techniques for creation  Developments in the field of hazard of hardened shoulders and safe identification, risk analysis and havens to ease congestion. monitoring technology to improve  Optimised construction of integral safety. bridges and use of stress absorbing  Promote best value by development layers of whole life costing, optimised use of  Optimised use of site won marginal materials and the materials through review of advice in development of sustainability the light of recent experience. indicators/targets.  Developing a better understanding of the causes of accidents, through development of a detailed database and more in-depth investigation into potential high risk behaviours/sites, eg close following vehicle accidents and accidents at junctions  Designing safer roads, in particular interchanges and wider motorways; development of more effective lane markings and rumble strips  Improving safety of our workforce by improving safety of temporary traffic management, and traffic management of wider roads.  Improving enforcement tools and techniques All HA road safety research aimed at delivering the HA‟s contribution to meeting the Government‟s Road Safety Targets by 2010 and reducing incident related congestion on the strategic network. Continuing to focus longer term R&D to improve safety at roadworks for both roadworkers and road users, this will include a review of roadworks signing from a user‟s perspective. We need a better understanding of how we can influence driver behaviour and what impact some of out campaigns have on driver‟s behaviour.

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Safety and Security

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________  How to meet increasingly stringent To develop a fuller understanding of environmental requirements for the the impact and effects of highway operation of highways in the areas of construction and operation on both the air quality, biodiversity, noise and built and natural environment against a water quality background of developing government  Recycling materials, eg use of policy more stringent legislation and gully waste as topsoil public expectations of performance.  Improved scheme design, through a better understanding of the possible To identify those areas of highway impact on cultural heritage planning, design, construction and  Economic sustainability: operation that contribute most to understanding of UK vs European escalating costs and carry out studies highway construction costs of European best practice to determine  Reducing the impact of winter what can be learned and borrowed maintenance activities by trialling new from European highway authorities and de-icers and gaining a better contractors. understanding of salt spreading and residual salt levels Reduce congestion and improve Deliver further, ITS based journey time reliability on the network improvements to journey time by :reliability, reduced congestion and  Developing Technology (ITS) improved safety by :based solutions for better traffic  Identifying innovative applications of management and monitoring of traffic, Technology (ITS) to manage traffic including Active Traffic Management, flows, manage congestion while Motorway Access Management (ramp maintaining/improving safety. metering), dynamic lane markings &  Developing technology to detect intelligent road studs, low cost CCTV, and protect hazardous occurrences, etc before they become major incidents  Support to the ATM Pilot through thus minimising their impact on journey monitoring, and driver reaction time reliability. studies and providing support for the  Identifying lower cost solutions for Operational and Technology Technology (ITS) applications. workstrands.  Working with the freight industry to develop ITS solutions to improve journey planning to minimise adverse impact of freight journeys.  Working with DfT, DTi, vehicle manufacturers and the EU through developing a vision for controlled vehicle highway/ infrastructure systems, such as lane departure warning systems, and participating in the Foresight futures programme. Reducing congestion (Technology and Traffic Systems) Sustainability

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Reducing congestion (Traffic Incident management / Operations)

Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Influencing travel behaviour and Manage congestion on the network by:delivering a more customer-focussed  Identifying innovative techniques for approach by: delivering information to drivers pre Developing new, improved HA and during their journeys to optimise driver information services, such as the use of the network the HA Information Points and a HA  Working with the private sector Journey Planner providers to develop a collaborative  Developing better ways of strategy for the provision of traffic measuring, storing and predicting information to road users. journey times  Developing ways of delivering traffic  Supporting the delivery of information direct into the vehicle. information services through NTCC  Further development of methods for by HA and others measuring and predicting journey times. This new area of the research Incident prevention: programme aims to contribute to the Review of Weather data usage by PSA reliability target by gaining a other National Highway Authorities and better understanding of some of the develop for implementation in UK. causes of serious incidents and Develop specific Weather prediction developing better ways of dealing with model (SWIM) for use on HA network them, for example: developing Develop measures/ solutions the major incident management asset causes of traffic incidents standards, co-ordinated real-time Research with VOSA/DfT into incidents management of incidents; freight involving HGV‟s (overloading, load issues including inadequate load security etc) and identifies measures to restraint and overloaded vehicles. mitigate. Reducing congestion (Better Information) Response and Recovery: Develop "Best Practice" methodologies and equipment for all attendees at incidents on HA network to improve incident clear up rates/times. Identify and develop existing international practices at traffic incidents for use in UK. Develop measures which would improve journey time reliability for use on network Behavioural research to improve responder actions at incidents Develop tools and equipment to better deal with incidents

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Appendix D: The Strategic Approach to Research

Appendix E: A Phased Approach to Implementation

Programme for Implementing Changed Approach to Research in 06/07
Timing dependent on resource availability
Strategic Framework Construct Evidence Model (Timing dependent Construct Evidence Model on resource) Operate & Refine


Strategic Forum

Half Yearly

Research Management Process Improvement Strategic Workshop (Programme) Thematic/Cross cutting Workshops (Programme/Projects)




Changes will impact 07/08 Programme

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Highways Agency Research 2006/07 Annex B ______________________________________________________________ ________ Appendix F: Finance and Organisation Finance:

The budget for this programme in the 2006/07 financial year is approximately £13.2m. Just over £10m of this sum is committed to ongoing projects, leaving the remaining £3m for new work. Organisation of research within Safety Standards and Research: SSR Director – Ginny Clarke Jenni Ord Divisional Director Asset Performance Division
Asset Management Performance Group  Asset Management Performance, Pavements  Asset Management Performance, Structures Environmental Operations Group  Environmental Operations

Alan Pickett Divisional Director Safety, Appraisal & Technology
Safe Roads Operations Group  Safety Strategy & Risk  Safe Traffic Management & Ops  Safe Road Design  Traffic Signals & Lighting Safety Traffic & Environmental Policy Group  Traffic Appraisal, Modelling & Economics  Environmental Policy

Andrew Jones Divisional Director Operational Policy Division
Network Operations Policy Group  Enforcement Policy  Network Management Policy  Incident Management Policy

Travel & Traffic systems Group  Traffic Management & Complianece Systems  Information Directorate Support  Information Services Development  Technology Solutions & Standards

Asset Assurance Group  Asset Assurance Group, Structures  Asset Assurance Group, Geotechnics

Innovations & Standards Group  Research & International  Standards & Specifications Policy  Quantity Surveying  Network Valuation & Operative Skills Business Strategy & Development Group  Directorate Support  Delivery Teams

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