CHEMICAL-AND-PHYSICAL-INFORMATION-ON-THE-ELEMENTS---Oklahoma-City- by akgame

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									At. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Sym. H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh

atomic wt no isotopesstate g/mole Hydrogen 1.008 3g Helium 4.003 2g Lithium 6.941 2s Beryllium 9.012 1s Boron 10.81 2s Carbon 12.011 3s Nitrogen 14.007 2g Oxygen 15.999 3g Fluorine 18.998 1g Neon 20.18 3g Sodium 22.99 1s Magnesium 24.305 3s Aluminum 26.981 1s Silicon 28.086 3s Phosphorus 30.974 1s Sulfur 32.07 4s Chlorine 35.453 2g Argon 39.948 3g Potassium 39.1 3s Calcium 40.08 6s Scandium 44.956 1s Titanium 47.88 5s Vanadium 50.941 2s Chromium 52 4s Manganese 54.938 1s Iron 55.847 4s Cobalt 58.93 1s Nickel 58.69 5s Copper 63.55 2s Zinc 65.39 5s Gallium 69.72 2s Germanium 72.61 5s Arsenic 74.92 1s Selenium 78.96 6s Bromine 79.9 2l Krypton 83.8 6g Rubidium 85.47 2s Strontium 87.62 4s Yttrium 88.91 1s Zirconium 91.22 5s Niobium 92.91 1s Molybdenum 95.94 7s Technetium 98.91 0s Ruthenium 101.07 7s Rhodium 102.91 1s

name

melting pt boiling pt heat of fusion K K kJ/mole 14.06 20.4 0.117 4.2 453.74 1620 4.6 1551.2 2773 9.8 2352.2 3923.2 22.2 3823.2 63.34 77.4 0.7 54.8 90.2 0.4 53.58 85.1 1 24.53 27.1 0.3 371.01 1154.6 2.594 922 1378 9 933.57 2740 10.7 1683.2 3553 39.6 317.3 553.7 2.5 386 717.9 1.2 172.22 239.2 6.4 84 87.3 1.2 336.5 1038.7 2.4 1112.2 1767 9.3 1812.2 3021 15.9 1933.2 3558 20.9 2163.2 3623 17.6 2130.2 2963 15.3 1517.2 2333 14.4 1808.2 3023 14.9 1768.2 3373 15.2 1726.2 3193 17.6 1356.6 2843 13.012 692.78 1180 6.7 302.98 2676 5.59 1210.6 3123 34.7 886 27.7 490.2 958 5.1 266 332.7 10.8 116.6 119.7 312.09 961 2.176 1042.2 1654 9.205 1796.2 3537 17.2 2125.2 4473 23 2741.2 5031 27.2 2890.2 4923 27.6 2445.2 4840 23 2583.2 4323 25.522 2238.2 4033 21.757

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Th Pa U

Palladium 106.42 Silver 107.87 Cadmium 112.41 Indium 114.82 Tin 118.71 Antimony 121.75 Tellurium 127.6 Iodine 126.91 Xenon 131.29 Cesium 132.91 Barium 137.33 Lanthanum 138.91 Cerium 140.12 Praseodymium140.91 Neodymium 144.24 Promethium 144.9 Samarium 150.36 Europium 151.96 Gadolinium 157.25 Terbium 158.93 Dysprosium 162.5 Holmium 164.93 Erbium 167.26 Thulium 168.93 Ytterbium 173.04 Lutetium 174.97 Hafnium 178.49 Tantalum 180.95 Tungsten 183.85 Rhenium 186.21 Osmium 190.2 Iridium 192.22 Platinum 195.08 Gold 196.97 Mercury 200.59 Thallium 204.38 Lead 207.2 Bismuth 208.98 Polonium 210 Astatine 210 Radon 222 Francium 223 Radium 226.03 Actinium 227.03 Thorium 232.04 Protactinium 231.04 Uranium 238.03

6 2 8 2 10 2 8 1 9 1 7 2 4 1 7 0 7 2 7 1 7 1 6 1 7 2 6 2 5 2 7 2 6 1 7 2 4 1 1 0 0 1 4 2 3 1 3

s s s s s s s s g s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s l s s s s s g s s s s s s

1827.2 1235.1 594.1 429.81 505.168 903.94 722.7 386.7 161.3 301.6 998.2 1193.2 1071.2 1204.2 1283.2 1353.2 1345.2 1095.2 1584.2 1633.2 1682.2 1743.2 1795.2 1818.2 1097.2 1929.2 2495.2 3269.2 3683.2 3453.2 3318.2 2683.2 2045.2 1337.63 234.33 576.7 600.702 544.5 527.2 575.2 202.2 300.2 973.2 1323.2 2023.2 1873.2 1405.2

3213 2428 1038 2353 2896 1860 1263 458.4 165 978 2123 3693 3743 3293 3300 2073 1712 3273 3073 2873 2873 3173 2000 1700 3600 4723 5807 5773 5923 5298 4823 4443 3081 630 1730 2024 1837 1235 211 1973 2743 5123 4500 4203

17.2 11.3 6.109 3.3 7.2 20 13.5 15.3 3.1 2.092 7.657 10 8.9 11.3 7.1 12.5 10.9 10.5 15.5 16.3 17.2 17.2 17.2 18.4 9.2 19.2 25.1 31.38 35.229 33.054 29.3 26.4 19.7 12.678 2.3 4.268 5.1 10.5

8.5 14.2 16.1 16.7 12.6

93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103

Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

Neptunium 237.05 Plutonium 239.1 Americium 243.1 Curium 247.1 Berkelium 247.1 Californium 252.1 Einsteinium 252.1 Fermium 257.1 Mendelevium 256.1 Nobelium 259.1 Lawrencium 260.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

s s s s s

913.2 914.2 1267.2 1613.2 1259.2 1173.2 1133.2

4175 3503 2873

9.5 2.8 10

heat of vapdensity atomic vol 1st ion energy ion energy ion energy 2nd 3rd electroneg kJ/mole g/cm^3 cm^3/molekJ/mole kJ/mole kJ/mole 0.9 0.0001 14.4 1312 2.2 0.1 0.0002 27.2 2372.3 5250.3 148 0.534 13 520.2 7394.4 11814.6 0.98 309 1.848 4.9 899.4 1757.1 14848.3 1.57 504.5 2.35 4.6 800.6 2427 3659.7 2.04 2.266 5.3 1086.4 2352.6 4620.4 2.55 6 0.0012 17.3 1402.3 2856 4578 3.04 0.0014 13.9 1313.9 3388.2 5300.3 3.44 6.5 0.0017 12.6 1681 3374.1 6050.3 3.98 1.7 0.0009 16.7 2080.6 3952.2 6121.9 99 0.968 23.8 495.8 4562.4 6912.2 0.93 128 1.738 14 737.7 1450.6 7732.6 1.31 291 2.699 10 577.6 1816.6 2744.7 1.61 383 2.336 12 786.4 1577 3231.5 1.9 1.823 17 1011.7 1903.2 2911.9 2.19 2.069 15.5 999.6 2251 3360.6 2.58 20.4 0.0032 21.4 1251.1 2297.3 3821.8 3.16 6.5 0.0018 28.5 1520.5 2665.8 3930.8 88 0.856 45.7 418.8 3051.3 4411.3 0.82 151 1.55 25.9 589.8 1145.4 4911.8 1 305 3 15 631 1235 2389 1.36 429 4.5 10.6 658 1310.3 2652.5 1.54 459 6.11 8.3 650.3 1413.5 2828 1.63 347 7.14 7.3 652.8 1592 2987.2 1.66 220 7.43 7.4 717.4 1509 3248.3 1.55 351 7.874 7.1 759.3 1561.1 2957.3 1.9 381 8.9 6.6 758.4 1646 3232.2 1.88 372 8.908 6.6 736.7 1752.9 3393.4 1.91 305 8.95 7.1 745.4 1957.9 3553.5 1.95 115 7.14 9.2 906.4 1733.2 3832.6 1.65 280 5.904 11.8 578.8 1978.9 2963 1.81 328 5.323 13.6 762.1 1537.4 3301.7 2.01 5.778 13 946.5 1797.8 2735.4 2.18 4.285 18.4 940.9 2044.5 2973.7 2.55 29.6 3.1 25.8 1139.9 2103.4 3473.4 2.96 9.1 0.0037 38.9 1350.7 2350.3 3565.1 3 76 1.532 55.8 403 2632.1 3859.4 0.82 139 2.63 33.3 549.5 1064.2 4206.7 0.95 367 4.5 19.8 615.6 1181 1979.9 1.22 582 6.51 14 660 1266.8 2218.2 1.33 695 8.57 10.8 663.8 1381.7 2416 1.6 590 10.28 9.3 684.9 1588.2 2620.5 2.24 577 11.5 8.5 702.4 1472.4 2850.2 1.9 619 12.41 8.1 711.1 1617.1 2746.9 2.2 494 12.39 8.3 719.8 1744.4 2996.8 2.28

elec affin elec conduct kJ/mole 1/mohm-cm 72.7711 0 59.63 107.8 250 26.7 0 121.85 0.727 -6.75 0 140.9788 0 328 0 0 52.868 209.6 224.719 42.6 376.676 133.6 0.012 72.07 0 200.4144 0 349 0 0 48.385 138.9 255.754 18.1 19.2 7.6 23.81 50.7 39.37 64.3 77.519 5.405 15.7 102.987 63.8 160.256 111.5 146.199 118.5 595.8 169.033 30 57.471 120 0 78 30.03 194.97 0 324.7 0 0 46.885 77.9 43.478 29.6 16.9 41.1 25 86.2 80 72 192.308 53 101 131.579 109.7 221.729

377 258 107 232 296

42 12.7 66 151 402 398 331 289 165 176 301 293 280 280 280 247 159 414 571 753 824 707 678 611 510 343 59 166 178 179

11.99 10.49 8.65 7.31 7.265 6.697 6.25 4.94 0.0059 1.9 3.62 6.17 6.773 6.475 7.003 7.2 7.536 5.245 7.886 8.253 8.559 8.78 9.045 9.318 6.973 9.84 13.28 16.65 19.3 21 22.57 22.61 21.41 19.32 13.534 11.85 11.342 9.808 9.142 0.0097 5.5 11.78 15.37 19.05

8.9 10.3 13 15.7 16.3 18.2 20.4 25.7 37.3 70 37.9 22.5 20.7 21.8 20.6 20.1 20 29 19.9 19.3 19 18.8 18.5 18.1 24.8 17.8 13.4 10.9 9.5 8.9 8.4 8.5 9.1 10.2 14.8 17.2 18.3 21.3 22.9 50.5 41.1 19.7 15 12.5

18.1 113 293 513.7 481 417

804.7 731 867.7 558.3 708.6 833.7 869.2 1008.4 1170.4 375.7 502.9 538.1 527.4 523.2 529.6 535.9 543.3 546.7 592.6 564.7 571.9 580.7 588.7 596.7 603.4 523.6 680 761 770 760 840 880 870 890.1 1007 589.4 715.6 703.3 812 890 1037 384 509.4 499 587 568 584

1894 2073.5 1631.4 1820.6 1411.8 1594.9 1794.6 1845.8 2046.4 2421.8 965.2 1067 1047 1018 1035 1052 1068 1085 1167 1112 1126 1139 1151 1163 1176 1340 1440

3177.2 3360.6 3616.2 2704.5 2943 2441.1 2697.7 3184 3097.2

1850 1949 2086 2130 2150 2260 2405 1991 2114 2200 2204 2194 2544 2415 2022 2250

1791 1980 1810 1971 1450 1610

3300 2878 3082 2466

2.2 1.93 1.69 1.78 1.88 2.05 2.1 2.66 2.6 0.79 0.89 1.1 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.17 1.12 1.17 1.21 1.2 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.21 1.27 1.3 1.5 2.36 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.28 2.54 2 1.83 2.1 2.02 2 2.2 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7

53.7 125.6 30 120 103 190.16 295.16 45.506 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 0 31.1 78.6 14 110 151 205.3 222.752 20 35.1 91.3 180 270

94.8 630.5 146.413 119.474 90.909 25.641 0 0 0 48.9 14.2 13.333 14.706 15.4 11 11 7.9 8.8 10 11.4 14.1 13.5 35.7 16.7 28.49 80.321 176.991 51.813 105.263 188.679 94.34 446.4 10.163 55.556 48.431 9.363

0 979.1 1170 1110

1930

76.923 33.333

336 343.5 238.5

20.45 19.86 13.67 13.51 14.78

11.6 12.3 17.8 18.3 16.7

597 585 578 581 601 608 619 627 635 642

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

7.072

ion radius (2-) radius (1-) ion atomic radius radius (1+) radius (2+) radius (3+) ion ion ion polarizabilityt of atomzn h them conduct pm pm pm pm pm pm A^3 kJ/mole atoms J/m-sec-deg 37.1 0.7 218 0.18 31 0.198 0 0.15 152 90 24.3 161 84.8 112 59 5.6 324 201 85 41 3 573 27.4 77.2 1.8 717 1.59 70 30 1.1 473 0.03 126 73 0.793 249 0.03 119 72 0.634 79 0.03 71 0.396 0 0.05 186 116 23.6 109 142 160 86 10.6 148 156 143 67.5 8.3 326 237 117.6 5.4 452 149 110 58 3.6 315 0.24 170 103 2.9 279 0.27 167 100 2.2 121 0.01 98 1.586 0 0.02 227 152 43.4 90 102.5 197 114 22.8 178 201 162 88.5 17.8 378 15.8 147 100 81 14.6 470 21.9 134 93 78 12.4 514 30.7 128 90.5 75.5 11.6 397 93.9 127 89 75.3 9.4 281 7.81 126 83.5 73.8 8.4 418 72.8 125 83.8 71.8 7.5 425 100 124 83 72 6.8 430 90.9 128 91 87 68 6.7 338 401 134 88 6.4 131 116 135 76 8.1 286 48.3 122.3 87 6.1 377 60.2 120 72 4.3 302 50.2 184 119 3.8 227 0.52 182 114 3.1 112 0.12 112 2.5 0 0.01 248 166 47.3 86 58.2 215 132 27.6 164 35.4 180 104 22.7 423 17.2 160 17.9 609 22.7 146 86 15.7 726 53.7 139 83 12.8 658 138 136 11.4 677 50.6 134 82 9.6 643 117 134 80.5 8.6 556 150

207 206

137 144 151 167 140.5 140 142 133 131 265 222 187 182 182 181 183 180 208 180 177 178 176 176 176 193 174 159 146 139 137 135 136 139 144 151 170 146 150 168

129

100 108 109

90 89 94 90

181 149 117.2 115 113 112.3 111 109.8 108.7 107.8 106.3 105.2 104.1 103 102 100.8 100.1 86

131

121

117 116

82 94 151 133 164 99 116 102.5 133 117

194 162 126 179 163 156 118 116.5

4.8 7.9 7.2 9.7 7.7 6.6 5.5 5 4 59.6 39.7 31.1 29.6 28.2 31.4 30.1 28.8 27.7 23.5 25.5 24.5 23.6 22.7 21.8 21 21.9 16.2 13.1 11.1 9.7 8.5 7.6 6.5 6.1 5.4 7.6 6.8 7.4 6.8 6 5.3 48.7 38.3 32.1 32.1 25.4 27.4

378 284 112 243 302 262 197 107 0 79 180 423 419 356 328 301 207 178 398 389 291 301 317 232 152 619 782 849 770 791 665 565 366 61 182 196 207 144 92 0 73 159 385 576 527 490

71.8 429 96.9 81.8 66.8 24.4 11.54 0.45 0.01 35.9 18.4 13.4 11.3 12.5 16.5 17.9 13.3 13.9 10.5 11.1 10.7 16.2 14.5 16.9 34.9 16.4 23.2 57.5 173 48 87.6 147 71.6 318 8.3 46.1 35.3 7.92

0 18.6 54 27.5

155 159 173 174 170 186 186

124

115 114 111.5 111 110 109

124

24.8 24.5 23.3 23 22.7 20.5 19.7 23.8 18.2 17.5

352

6.3 6.3

elec config oxidation no ox no max ox no min com oxmax com ox no min no sources color characteristics J/m-sec-deg 1s1 *1 H *1 -1 1 -1 1 Water, methane colorless diatomic,dens<air at r.t. 1s2 He 0 0 0 0 Natural gas,colorless Inert, dens<air at r.t. air [He] 2s1 1 Li *1 -1 1 0 1 Spodumene (silicate) soft, lightest solid silvery [He] 2s2 Be *2 0 2 0 2 Beryl (silicate) gray toxic steel [He] 2s2 2p1 B 1 2 *3 0 3 0 3 Na and Ca borates (misc) icosahedra; 3 forms black B12 [He] 2s2 2p2 4 3 2 1 C 1 2 3 *4 * -4 4 -4 4 Coal,Petroleum,Natural gas black 6 forms: graphite,diamond [He] 2s2 2p3 *3 2 1 N 1 2 *3 -3 *5 4 5 -3 5 Air colorless diatomic(N2) [He] 2s2 2p4 *2 1 O 1 2 -2 2 -2 0 Air colorless diatomic,2 forms: O2, O3 [He] 2s2 2p5 *1 F -1 0 -1 0 Fluorite (misc) colorless diatomic(F2), corrosive [He] 2s2 2p6 Ne 0 0 0 0 Air colorless Inert, dens<air at r.t. [Ne] 3s1 1 Na *1 -1 1 0 1 Halite (misc)ilvery s soft [Ne] 3s2 Mg *2 0 2 0 2 Seawater, magnesite burns brightly silvery [Ne] 3s2 3p1 Al 1 *3 0 3 0 3 Bauxite (oxide) silvery passivated: surface oxide [Ne] 3s2 3p24 3 2 1 Si 1 2 3 *4 * -4 4 -4 4 Quartz (oxide) gray-black semimetal [Ne] 3s2 3p3 *3 2 1 P 1 2 *3 -3*5 4 5 -3 5 Apatite (phosphate) (P4) pyrophoric, 15 forms white-yellow [Ne] 3s2 3p4 *2 1 S 1 *2 3 *4 5 *6 -2 6 -2 6 Sulfur,pyrite,natural gasS8)brittle, 19 forms yellow(pale) ( [Ne] 3s2 3p5 *1 Cl *1 2 *3 4 *5 6 *7 7 -1 -1 7 Halite, brine (misc) greenish-yellow diatomic(Cl2), corrosive [Ne] 3s2 3p6 Ar 0 0 0 0 Air colorless Inert [Ar] 4s1 K *1 0 1 0 1 Sylvite, carnallite (misc) oft silvery-white s [Ar] 4s2 Ca *2 0 2 0 2 Calcite (oxide) silvery-whiteurns brightly b [Ar] 3d1 4s2 Sc 1 2 *3 0 3 0 3 U extractn by-product soft silvery-white [Ar] 3d2 4s2 1 Ti 2 3 *4 -1 4 0 4 Ilmenite, rutile(oxide) max strength/weight ratio gray [Ar] 3d3 4s2 1 V 1 2 3 4 *5 -1 5 0 5 U, Pb vanadates (misc) soft bright white [Ar] 3d5 4s1 2 1 Cr 1 2 *3 4-2 *6 5 6 0 6 Chromite (oxide) silvery-whiteard h [Ar] 3d5 4s2 3 2 1 Mn 1 *2 3 -3 5 6 *7 7 *4 0 7 Pyrolusite,psilomelane(oxide) gray-white hard, brittle [Ar] 3d6 4s2 2 1 Fe 1 *2 *3 4 5 6 -2 6 0 3 Hematite,magnetite(oxide) soft when pure gray fairly [Ar] 3d7 4s2 1 Co 1 *2 *3 4 5 -1 5 0 3 Co sulfides & arsenideshard bluish-white [Ar] 3d8 4s2 1 Ni 1 *2 3 4 -1 4 0 2 sulfides, oxide/silicateshard, takes a high polish silvery-white [Ar] 3d10 4s1 Cu 1 *2 3 4 0 4 0 2 Cu pyrite,chalcocite(sulfide) ductile orange-red soft, [Ar] 3d10 4s2 Zn *2 0 2 0 2 Sphalerite (sulfide) silvery brittle [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1 Ga 1 2 *3 0 3 0 3 Bauxite (oxide) silvery-bluemelts near r.t.wets glass [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2 Ge 1 *2 3 *4 *4 -4 4 -4 4 Zn smeltinggray-black semimetal, brittle by-product [Ar] 3d10 4s2*3 4p3 As 2 *3 *5 -3 5 -3 5 Arsenopyrite, enargite (misc) gray semimetal,brittle,3 forms [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4 Se *2 *4 -2*6 *2 6 -2 6 Cu smeltingblack by-product6 forms [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5 Br *1 *3 4-1 *1 *5 7 7 -1 5 Seawater, brines red-brown diatomic,corrosive,liquid [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6 Kr *2 0 2 0 2 Air colorless unreactive [Kr] 5s1 Rb *1 0 1 0 1 Li extractn by-product soft silvery-white [Kr] 5s2 Sr *2 0 2 0 2 Celestite (sulfide) silvery tarnishes [Kr] 4d1 5s2 Y 2 *3 0 3 0 3 xenotime (phosphate) forms protective oxide silvery [Kr] 4d2 5s2 Zr 1 2 3 *4 0 4 0 4 Zircon (silicate) grayish-white hard, relatively inert [Kr] 4d4 5s1 1 Nb 2 3 4 *5 -1 5 0 5 columbite (oxide) silvery-whiteoft s [Kr] 4d5 5s1 2 1 Mo 1 2 3 *4 5 *6 -2 6 0 6 Molybdenite (sulfide) very hard silvery-white [Kr] 4d5 5s2 3 1 Tc 1 2 3 *4-35 6 *7 7 0 7 Synthetic (U fission) silvery grayRadioactive, man made [Kr] 4d7 5s1 2 Ru 1 2 *3 *4 5 6 7 8 8 -2 0 4 nickel ores (sulfides) hard silvery-white [Kr] 4d8 5s1 1 Rh 1 2 *3 4-1 6 5 6 0 3 nickel ores (sulfides) forms hard coatings silvery-white

[Kr] 4d10 Pd *2 *4 0 [Kr] 4d10 5s1 Ag *1 2 3 0 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 Cd *2 0 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1 In 1 2 *3 0 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2 Sn *2 *4-4 *4 [Kr] 4d10 5s2*3 5p3 Sb *3 *5 -3 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4 Te *2 *4 -2 *6 *2 5 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5 I *1 *3 *5 *7 *1 -1 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6 Xe *2 *4 0 *6 8 [Xe] 6s1 Cs *1 0 [Xe] 6s2 Ba *2 0 [Xe] 5d1 6s2 La 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f2 6s2 Ce 2 *3 *4 0 [Xe] 4f3 6s2 Pr 2 *3 4 0 [Xe] 4f4 6s2 Nd 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f5 6s2 Pm *3 0 [Xe] 4f6 6s2 Sm 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f7 6s2 Eu *2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2 Gd 1 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f9 6s2 Tb 1 *3 4 0 [Xe] 4f10 6s2 Dy 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f11 6s2 Ho *3 0 [Xe] 4f12 6s2 Er *3 0 [Xe] 4f13 6s2 Tm 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f14 6s2 Yb 2 *3 0 [Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2 Lu *3 0 [Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2 Hf 2 3 *4 0 [Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s21 Ta 2 3 4 *5 -1 [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2 1 W 1 2 3 *4 5 *6 2 -2 [Xe] 4f14 5d5 3 1 Re 1 2 3 *4 5 6 7 6s2 -3 [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2 Os 1 2 3 *4-2 6 7 8 2 5 [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s21 Ir 1 2 *3 *4 -1 6 5 [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1 Pt *2 *4 5 06 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1 Au 1 2 *3 -1 1 5 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2Hg *1 *2 0 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2Tl *1 *3 6p1 0 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 Pb *2 *4 -4 4 6p2 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 Bi 3 6p3 *3 5 -3 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 *2 6p4 *2 *4-2 6 6s2 Po [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5 *1 At *1 3 -1 7 5 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2Rn 6p6 0 [Rn] 7s1 Fr *1 0 [Rn] 7s2 Ra *2 0 [Rn] 6d1 7s2 Ac *3 0 [Rn] 6d2 7s2 Th 2 3 *4 0 [Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2 Pa 3 4 *5 0 [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2 U 3 4 5 *6 0

4 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 6 5 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

4 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 1 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 5 6 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 4 3 4 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

nickel ores (sulfides) absorbs H2 silvery-white Argentite (sulfide) silvery soft, ductile, tarnishes Sphalerite (sulfide) bluish-white soft Zn/Pb smelting by-product silvery-whiteoft s Cassiterite (oxide) silvery-whiteesists corrosion;2 forms r Stibnite (sulfide) bluish-white brittle; 5 forms Zn/Pb smelting by-product silvery semimetal Brines, Chilean nitrate (misc) bluish-blackdiatomic Air colorless unreactive Li extractn by-product softest metal yellow/silvery Barite (sulfate) silvery-whiteoft s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteoft, malleable s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white alleable m Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteoft s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Synthetic silvery-whiteadioactive R Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteard h Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteoft s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteeutron absorber n Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteoft s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-whiteoft s Monazite(phosphate),bastnaesite silvery-white Zircon (silicate) silvery hard Tantalite (oxide) gray hard, inert at <100 deg.C Scheelite,wolframite(oxide) melting metal bluish-gray highest Molybdenite (sulfide) high melting point silvery-white nickel ores (sulfides) hard, dense, inert <100 C bluish-white nickel ores (sulfides) hard, densest el, inert white nickel ores (sulfides) Inert, ductile silvery-white Gold, gold bearing rockInert, ductile malleable golden yellow (misc) Cinnabar (sulfide) silvery-white liquid at r.t., volatile Zn/Pb smelting by-product bluish-gray soft Galena (sulfide) gray soft Pb smeltingwhite by-productbrittle pitchblende, synthetic Radioactive; 2 forms blue glow Synthetic(Th or U decay) Radioactive Synthetic(Ra-226 decay) colorless Radioactive,air pollutant Synthetic(U-235 decay)Radioactive pitchblende(U-238 decay) white Radioactive, luminescent Synthetic(U-235 decay)Radioactive silvery-white Monazite(phosphate),U extractn white Radioactive Synthetic(U-235 decay)Radioactive silvery Uranite (oxide) silvery Radioactive

[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2 Np [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Pu [Rn] 5f7 7s2 Am [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2 Cm [Rn] 5f9 7s2 Bk [Rn] 5f10 7s2 Cf [Rn] 5f11 7s2 Es [Rn] 5f12 7s2 Fm [Rn] 5f13 7s2 Md [Rn] 5f14 7s2 No [Rn] 5f14 6d1 7s2 Lr

3 4 *5 06 7 3 *4 5 0 7 6 2 *3 4 5 6 0 *3 4 0 *3 4 0 2 *3 4 0 2 *3 0 2 *3 0 2 *3 0 2 *3 0 *3 0

7 7 6 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic Synthetic

silvery Radioactive silvery Radioactive silvery-whiteadioactive R silvery-whiteadioactive R silvery Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive,few atms made

structure hardness uses rxn air rxn water rxn 6M HCl rxn 15M HNO3 6M NaOH rxn hydride mohs hcp: hexagonal close pkd rocket fuel vigorous, =>H2O none none none none H2 Inert, dens<air at r.t. cryogenics, none blimps none none none none none bcc: body-centered0.6 batteries, lubricant =>Li2O =>H2, vigorous, =>H2, LiCl =>LiNO3 cubic vigorous, mild, LiOH vigorous, mild, =>H2, LiH LiOH hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys, X-ray windows Cu vigorous, w/ht=>BeO,Be3N2 =>H2 none none mild, mild, =>H2, BeH2 [Be(OH)4](2-) special: B12 icosahedraborax, glassmild, w/ht =>B2O3 9.5 making(B2O3) none none none none B2H6 and many BxHy hexagonal layers 0.8 fuel(coal), lubricant =>CO2 vigorous, none none mild,w/ht=>C6(COOH)6 none CH4 and many CxHy diatomic(N2) fertilizer, cryogenics none none none none none NH3 N2H4 HN3 diatomic,2 forms: O2, O3 rocket fuel, none mfr. none steel none none none H2O layers of F2 fluorocarbons, toothpaste none vigorous, =>HF, OF2 =>HF, OF2, ClF3 vigorous, vigorous, =>O2, NaF HF fcc: face-centered cubic Neon signs none none none none none none bcc: body-centered0.4 lamps, table salt cubic vigorous, =>Na2O2 =>H2, NaOH vigorous, =>NaNO3, NOx NaOH vigorous, vigorous, =>H2, NaCl vigorous, =>H2, NaH hcp: hexagonal close 2 alloys, flashvigorous,w/ht =>MgO,Mg3N2 pkd bulbs mild, w/ht =>Mg(OH)2,vigorous, =>NOx, Mg(NO3)2 mild, =>H2, MgCl2 H2 none MgH2 fcc: face-centered cubic cans & foil,reflectorsnone 2.8 Al mild, w/ht =>Al2O3 mild, =>H2, passivated mild, =>H2, AlH3 AlCl3 [Al(OH)4]diamond 7 comp chip,lubricant,glass mild, =>SiO2 one n none none mild, =>silicates Si2H6 + more SiH4 special: P4 tetrahedra fertilizer, detergents none ignites 0.5 vigorous,=>P4O10, none mild, =>NOx mild, =>PH3, may ignite more PH3 P2H4 + S8 rings 2 rubber, batteries (H2SO4) =>SO2 none vigorous, w/ht none mild, =>H2SO4, NOx H2S none layers of Cl2 bleach (NaOCl), PVC pipe none mild,=>HOCl, Cl-, =>HOCl, Cl- =>HClOx, NOxCl, NOx mild, Cl2(aq) mild, mild, =>OCl-, ClHCl fcc: face-centered cubic lasers, light none bulbs none none none none none bcc: body-centered0.5 fertilizer, low-Na salt =>KO2 cubic vigorous, vigorous, =>H2, KOH =>H2, KCl =>H2, NOx, =>H2, KOH vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, KNO3 KH hcp: hexagonal close pkd cement 1.5 lime, vigorous, =>CaO, =>H2, vigorous, =>H2, CaCl2 noneCa(NO3)2 mild, Ca3N2 Ca(OH)2 vigorous, =>H2, CaH2 hcp: hexagonal close pkd significant uses =>Sc2O3 no vigorous, mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Sc(NO3)3 Sc(OH)3 ScCl3 ScH2 ScH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd steel,white mild, w/ht =>TiO2, TiN none pigment(TiO2) none passivated none TiH2 bcc: body-centered cubic steel, V2O5 catalyst tool mild, w/ht =>V2O5, VNnone none mild none VH VH2 bcc: body-centered cubic tape, paint, steel none 9 CrO2 none mild, =>H2, passivated CrCl3 CrH special:complex (cubic)steel, dry cells(MnO2) =>Mn3O4, Mn3N2 5 mild, w/ht none mild, =>H2, mild, =>Mn(NO3)2, NOx one MnCl2 n bcc: body-centered4.5 steel cubic mild, =>Fe3O4 none mild, =>H2, passivated FeCl2 none hcp: hexagonal close pkd magnets, Co glass (blue) mild, w/ht =>Co3O4 mild, =>H2, vigorous, =>Co(NO3)2, none none CoCl2 NOx fcc: face-centered cubic alloys, coins, batteries =>NiO mild, w/ht none mild, =>H2, passivated none NiCl2 NiH fcc: face-centered2.75 wire, bronze, coins =>CuO, Cu2O cubic mild, w/ht none none mild, =>Cu(NO3)2, NOxCuH distorted hcp structurebatteries, galvanizing =>ZnO 2.5 vigorous, none mild, =>H2, vigorous, =>Zn(NO3)2, ZnH2 ZnCl2 mild, =>[Zn(OH)4](2-), H2 NOx special: complex 1.5 photocells, mild, =>Ga2O3 transistors none mild, =>GaCl3, H2 mild, =>[Ga(OH)4]2-, H2 GaH3 diamond transistor, wide-ang lens mild, w/ht =>GeO2 none none mild, =>Ge(IV), NOx GeH4 Ge2H6 + more none rhombohedral 3.5 photocells (GaAs), poisons mild, w/ht =>As4O6 none none mild, w/ht =>H3AsO4, NOx none AsH3 parallel chains 2 Xerography, medicines vigorous, w/ht =>SeO2none mild, =>H2SeO3, NOx SeH2 layers of Br2 pesticides,photographynone, dissolves Br2(aq) none none, dissolves Br2(aq)mild, =>OBr-, BrHBr fcc: face-centered cubic lamps, UV-laser none none none none none none bcc: body-centered0.3 photocells vigorous, =>RbO2 =>H2, RbOH vigorous,=>RbNO3, H2,RbH RbOH cubic vigorous, vigorous, =>H2, RbCl vigorous, =>H2, NOx hcp: hexagonal close pkd 1.8 fireworks (red flame) =>SrO, Sr2N3vigorous, =>H2, SrCl2=>Sr(NO3)2, H2 vigorous, mild, =>H2, Sr(OH)2 vigorous, none SrH2 hcp: hexagonal close pkd laser, TV phosphormild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, vigorous, =>Y(NO3)3 YH2 YH3 YAG vigorous, =>Y2O3 Y(OH)3 YCl3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd deodorants, fuel w/ht =>Zr2O3 none mild, rod clad none passivated none ZrH2 bcc: body-centered cubic stainless steels, magnets none, w/ht none =>Nb2O3 none none NbH NbH2 bcc: body-centered cubic catalysts, tool steel none, w/ht none =>MoO3 none none hcp: hexagonal close pkd medical imaging agentsnone mild, w/ht, =>Tc2O7 none mild, =>HTcO4 none hcp: hexagonal close pkd 6.5 catalysts none belownone deg.C none 800 none none fcc: face-centered cubic catalysts, elec. contacts=>Rh2O3 none none, w/ht none none none none

fcc: face-centered cubic 4.8 catalysts, dental crowns mild, w/ht, none =>PdO none mild, =>Pd(NO3)2 none PdHx x<1 non-stoich fcc: face-centered3.25 film(AgBr),coins,jewelry cubic mild, =>Ag2O none none mild, =>AgNO3 none distorted hcp structurebattery,yel.mild, w/ht =>CdO 2 pigment(CdS) none mild, =>H2, mild, =>Cd(NO3)2, NOx Cd(Cl)2 none distorted fcc structure transistors, mild, =>In2O3 1.2 photocells mild, =>H2, mild, =>In(NO3)3 InCl3 none distorted diamond 1.65 solder, pewter, bronze none mild, w/ht, =>SnO2 none mild, =>SnO2, NOx mild, =>H2, SnH4 Sn2H6 [Sn(OH)6] 2rhombohedral 3.15 Pb alloy(battery),w/ht, none mild, dyeing =>Sb2Ox x=3-5 none mild, =>Sb2O5 none SbH3 parallel chains 2.3 semiconductors, w/ht, none mild, steel =>TeO2 none mild, =>Te(IV) H2Te layers of I2 nutrient, antiseptic none none, dissolves slightly mild, =>HIO3 none mild, =>OI-,HI Ifcc: face-centered cubic UV-laser, hinone lamps intens none none none none none bcc: body-centered0.2 photocells, vigorous, =>CsO2 cubic IR lamps vigorous, =>H2, CsOH=>H2, CsCl =>CsNO3 =>H2, CsOH vigorous, vigorous, vigorous, CsH bcc: body-centered cubic imaging agnt(BaSO4) X-ray vigorous,wt/ht=>BaO,Ba2N3 vigorous, =>H2, Ba(OH)2 BaCl2 passivated BaH2 vigorous, =>H2, =>Ba(NO3)2 mild, cp: close packed (ABCB) lighter flints, CRTs w/ht =>La2O3La(OH)3 mild, =>La(NO3)3 vigorous, mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, LaCl3 LaH2 LaH3 fcc: face-centered cubic self-cleaning ovens(CeO2) =>CeO2vigorous, =>H2, CeCl3 vigorous, w/ht =>H2, Ce(OH)3 mild, =>Ce(NO3)3 mild, CeH2 CeH3 cp: close packed (ABCB) alloys, Welder's mask=>Pr6O11 approx =>H2, mild, =>Pr(NO3)3 vigorous, mild, =>H2, mild, Pr(OH)3 PrCl3 PrH2 PrH3 cp: close packed (ABCB) alloys, Welder's maskw/ht =>Nd2O3 vigorous, mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Nd(NO3)3 Nd(OH)3 NdCl3 NdH2 NdH3 cp: close packed (ABCB) nuclear battery vigorous, =>Pm2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>Pm(NO3)3 mild, =>H2, Pm(OH)3 PmCl3 cp: cls pkd (ABCBCACAB) alloys, headphones =>Sm2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>Sm(NO3)3 vigorous, mild, =>H2, Sm(OH)3 SmCl3 SmH2 SmH3 bcc: body-centered cubic alloys, colorvigorous, =>Eu2O3 TV phosphor =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Eu(NO3)3 mild, Eu(OH)3 EuCl3 EuH2 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys, CD disk vigorous, =>Gd2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Gd(NO3)3 Gd(OH)3 GdCl3 GdH2 GdH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys vigorous, =>Tb4O7 (approx.) =>H2, mild, =>Tb(NO3)3 mild, =>H2, mild, Tb(OH)3 TbCl3 TbH2 TbH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys, CD disk vigorous, =>Dy2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Dy(NO3)3 Dy(OH)3 DyCl3 DyH2 DyH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys vigorous, =>Ho2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Ho(NO3)3 Ho(OH)3 HoCl3 HoH2 HoH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys, photogr. filter =>Er2O3 vigorous, mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Er(NO3)3 Er(OH)3 ErCl3 ErH2 ErH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys vigorous, =>Tm2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>Tm(NO3)3 mild, =>H2, Tm(OH)3 TmCl3 TmH2 TmH3 fcc: face-centered cubic alloys vigorous, =>Yb2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Yb(NO3)3 Yb(OH)3 YbCl3 YbH2 Yb2H5 hcp: hexagonal close pkd alloys vigorous, =>Lu2O3 mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Lu(NO3)3 Lu(OH)3 LuCl3 LuH2 LuH3 hcp: hexagonal close pkd nuclear control rods none mild, w/ht, =>HfO2 none passivated none HfH2 bcc: body-centered cubic implants,heat exch. surg. none none none none none TaH bcc: body-centered cubic drill bits, bulb w/ht none WC none, wire =>WO3 none hcp: hexagonal close pkd catalysts, thermocouples mild, w/ht =>Re2O7 none none mild, =>HReO4 none hcp: hexagonal close 7 hard alloys,phono needles pkd none none none mild, =>OsO4 none fcc: face-centered6.25 Pt/Ir sparkplugs cubic none none none none none none fcc: face-centered cubic 4.3 jewelry, catalysts none none none none none none fcc: face-centered2.75 jewelry, electronics none cubic none none none none none rhombohedral amalgams, Cl2, NaOH prod. =>HgO none, w/ht none (350C) none mild, =>NOx, Hg(NO3)2none none hcp: hexagonal close pkd detectors, photomult. 1.2 IR mild, =>Tl2O mild, =>TlOH mild, =>TlNO3 fcc: face-centered cubic 1.5 batteries, solder, w/ht, none mild, paints =>PbO none mild, =>NOx, Pb(NO3)2PbH4 rhombohedral 2.5 antacid, fusible alloy =>Bi2O3 none mild, w/ht none mild, =>Bi(NO3)3, NOx BiH3 special: simple cubic thermoelectric power none mild, =>PoO2 mild, =>PoCl2 Radioactive HAt Radioactive,air pollutant earthquakenone prediction none none none none Radioactive vigorous, =>H2, FrOH=>H2, FrCl vigorous, =>H2, FrOH vigorous, bcc: body-centered cubic neutron source vigorous, =>RaO2, Ra3N2 fcc: face-centered cubic thermoelectric power mild, =>H2, mild, =>H2, mild, =>Ac(NO3)3 mild, w/ht, =>Ac2O3 Ac(OH)3 AcCl3 AcH2 fcc: face-centered cubic mantlesmild, w/ht ignites =>ThO2 gas (ThO2) none mild passivated none ThH2 Th4H15 fcc: face-centered cubic none none PaH3 hcp:hex cls pkd distorted nuclear reactor fuel mild (powder) =>H2 passivated none mild, =>U3O8 mild, UH3

special:complex fcc: face-centered cubic weapon fuel, pacemakers fcc: face-centered cubic smoke detector fcc: face-centered cubic thermoelec. pwr, n source fcc: face-centered cubic Radioactive neutron source Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive Radioactive,few atms made

passivated

NpH2 NpH3 PuH2 PuH3 AmH2 AmH3 CmH2

oxide

discovered abund sol sys abund crustcost, pure cost, bulk toxic? year log log $/100g $/100g H2O HCl 1766 10.446 3.1 12 none none 1895 9.435 -2.1 5.2 no Li2O LiCl 1817 1.757 1.3 27 BeO BeCl2 1797 -0.137 0.4 530 59 yes B2O3 BCl3 and many BxCly 1808 1.326 1 250 CO CO2 CCl4 0 7.004 2.3 2.4 N2O NO NO2 N2O5 NCl3 1772 6.496 1.3 0.4 no O2 O3 Cl2O ClO2 Cl2O7 1774 7.377 5.7 0.3 no OF2 ClF ClF3 ClF5 1886 2.926 2.8 190 yes none none 1898 6.537 -2.3 33 no Na2O NaCl 1807 4.759 4.4 7 MgO MgCl2 1808 6.031 4.4 3.7 0.32 Al2O3 AlCl3Al2Cl6 1825 4.929 4.9 1.8 0.12 SiO2 SiCl4 Si2Cl6 + more 1824 6 5.5 5.4 0.14 P4O10 P4O6 Cl3 PCl5 P2Cl4 1669 P 4.017 3 4 yes SO2 SO3 S2Cl2 SCl2 0 5.712 2.4 24 Cl2O ClO2 Cl2O7 Cl2 1774 3.719 2.1 0.15 yes none none 1894 5.004 0.5 0.5 no K2O KCl 1807 3.576 4.3 85 CaO CaCl2 1808 4.786 4.65 11 Sc2O3 ScCl3 1879 1.534 1.3 1400 TiO Ti2O3 TiO2 + TiCl3 TiCl4 1791 TiCl2 more 3.38 3.8 6.1 VO V2O3 VO2 V2O5 VCl4 1830 VCl2 VCl3 2.467 2.1 220 yes Cr2O3 CrO2CrCl2 CrCl3 CrO3+non-stoich 1798 4.13 2 10 MnO Mn3O4 Mn2O3 MnO2 Mn2O7 MnCl2 1774 3.98 3 1.7 FeO Fe3O4 FeCl2 FeCl3 Fe2O3 0 5.954 4.8 6.7 0.021 CoO Co3O4CoCl2 1737 3.352 1.4 21 NiO NiCl2 1751 4.693 1.9 7.7 0.76 yes Cu2O CuO CuCl CuCl2 0 2.718 1.7 2.7 0.24 ZnO ZnCl2 1600 3.1 1.79 3.7 0.12 Ga2O3 GaCl Ga2Cl6 1875 1.577 1.2 220 GeO GeO2 GeCl2 GeCl4 1886 2.076 0.7 360 As2O3 AsCl3 AsCl5 1600 0.817 0.3 320 SeO2 SeO3 Se2Cl2 Se4Cl16 1818 1.793 -1.3 14 yes Br2O BrO2 BrCl 1826 1.072 0.4 4.9 yes none none 1898 1.653 -4 33 no Rb2O RbCl 1861 0.851 2 1200 SrO SrCl2 1808 1.371 2.6 100 Y2O3 YCl3 1794 0.667 1.51 220 ZrO2 ZrCl3 ZrCl4 1789 1.057 2.24 16 16 NbO NbO2 Nb2O5NbCl4 NbCl5 NbCl3 1801 -0.156 1.3 18 MoO2 MoO3 MoClx [x=2-6] 1781 0.407 0.2 11 TcO2 Tc2O7 TcCl4 1939 RuO2 RuO4RuCl2 RuCl3 1844 0.27 -3 1400 Rh2O3 RhO2hCl3 R 1803 -0.463 -3 13000

chloride

carcinogen?

no yes no no no no no

no no no no no

no yes yes no no

yes no no no

no

no no no

PdO PdCl2 1803 Ag2O AgCl 0 CdO CdCl2 1817 In2O3 InCl InCl3 1863 SnO SnO2 SnCl2 SnCl4 0 Sb2O3 Sb2O4 Sb2O5 SbCl3 SbCl5 1600 TeO2 TeO3 Te2Cl Te3Cl2 Te4Cl16 1783 I2O5 I4O9 I2O4 ICl ICl3 1811 XeO3 XeO4none 1898 Cs2O CsCl 1860 BaO BaCl2 1808 La2O3 LaCl3 1839 Ce2O3 CeO2 eCl3 C 1803 PrO2 Pr6O11 PrCl3 1885 Nd2O3 NdCl2 NdCl3 1885 Pm2O3 1945 Sm2O3 SmCl2 SmCl3 1880 Eu2O3 EuCl2 EuCl3 1901 Gd2O3 GdCl3 1880 TbO2 Tb4O7 bCl3 T 1843 Dy2O3 DyCl2 DyCl3 1886 Ho2O3 HoCl3 1879 Er2O3 ErCl3 1843 Tm2O3 TmCl2 TmCl3 1879 Yb2O3 YbCl2 YbCl3 1879 Lu2O3 LuCl3 1907 HfO2 HfCl3 HfCl4 1923 TaO2 Ta2O5 TaCl3 TaCl4 TaCl5 1802 WO2 WO3 WClx [x=2-6] 1783 Re2O5 ReO3 Re2O7 Re3Cl9 ReCl4 ReCl5 ReCl6 1925 OsO2 OsO4OsCl3 OsCl4 OsCl5 804 1 IrO2 IrCl3 1804 PtO2 PtCl2 PtCl4 1748 Au2O3 AuCl AuCl3 0 HgO Hg2Cl2 HgCl2 0 Tl2O Tl2O3 TlCl TlCl3 1861 PbO Pb3O4PbCl2 PbCl4 Pb2O3 PbO2 0 Bi2O3 BiCl3 BiCl4 1600 PoO PoO2 PoCl2 PoCl4 1898 1940 1900 1939 RaCl2 1898 Ac2O3 AcCl3 1899 ThO2 ThCl4 1829 PaO PaO2 Pa2O5 PaCl5 PaCl4 1917 UO UO2 U2O5 U3O8 UO3 UCl6 UCl3 UCl4 UCl5 1789

0.143 -0.313 0.207 -0.735 0.582 -0.51 0.682 -0.046 0.672 -0.429 0.652 -0.351 0.055 -0.778 -0.082 -0.588 -1.012 -0.481 -1.22 -0.404 -1.051 -0.601 -1.423 -0.606 -1.435 -0.812 -1.684 -0.876 -1.287 -0.171 -0.18 0.127 -0.728 -0.469 -0.735 0.498 -0.842

-2 -1.2 -0.7 -1 0.3 -0.7 -3 -0.3 -4.5 0 2.6 1.5 1.8 0.9 1.4 -19.3 0.8 0.1 0.7 0 0.5 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 -2.3 -2.8 -3 -2.3 -2.4 -1.1 -0.3 1.1 -0.8 -9.7 -12.4 -6 -9.3 1 -5.9 0.4

15 120 6 120 8 4.5 24 8.3 120 1100 55 64 57 170 110 130 3600 191 1800 210 740 270 4100 530 6900 120 120 11 540 7700 4200 4700 4400 5 48 1.5 11

290 14

0.83 0.44 yes yes no

no yes no no no no no no no

no no no

1200 1200 0.51 yes 0.077

no no no no no

-1.475 -2.046

no

NpO NpO2 Np2O5NpCl4 NpCl3 PuO Pu2O3PuCl2 PuCl3 PuO2 AmO Am2O3 AmO2 AmCl2 AmCl3 CmO Cm2O3 CmO2 CmCl3 BkO Bk2O3 BkCl3 BkO2 CfO Cf2O3 CfO2 CfCl3 Es2O3

1940 1940 1944 1944 1949 1949 1954 1954 1955 1958 1961

carcinogen?


								
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