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					Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) State Whistleblower Laws - 2009 Overview
A. BREADTH OF COVERAGE Does the statute cover disclosures of:
1. Violation of state or federal law, rules or regulations 2. Gross mismanagement 3. Abuse of authority (including violations of agency policy) 4. Waste of public funds or resources 5. Danger to health and/or public safety and/or environment 6. Communication of scientific opinion or alteration of technical findings 7. Breaches of professional ethical canons

# of states w/ coverage

49 19 17 31 34 2 5 22 13 24

Does the statute provide:
8. Employee may refuse to carry out illegal or improper orders 9. Prohibition on “gag orders” to prevent employee disclosures 10. Whistleblower protection does not preclude collective bargaining or other rights

B. USABILITY: SCOPE OF PROTECTION Do the laws protect disclosures made to:
1. Any person or organization, including public media 11 30 27 34 10 14 29 6 41 16

Or does the statute only protect disclosures made to:
2. Any state executive or legislative body or person employed by such entities 3. Testimony in any official proceeding 4. Any state or federal law enforcement or investigative body or entity or its employees 5. Any federal or non-state governmental entity 6. Co-workers or supervisors within the scope of duty 7. Anyone as provided in ¶s 2-6 (above) w/o prior disclosure to another state official or supervisor

Does the state law:
8. Require an investigation by state auditor or other investigative entity of whistleblower disclosures 9. Have a statute of limitations of one year or longer for filing complaints 10. Allow qui tam or false claim actions for recovery of “bounty” in cases of fraud against the state

C. STRENGTH: REMEDIES AGAINST RETALIATION Does the statute provide for:
1. Prohibition on retaliatory actions affecting state employee’s terms & conditions of employment 2.Opportunity for administrative challenge 3. Opportunities for court challenge 4. Trial by jury 5. Burden shifting upon prima facie showing. 6. Make whole remedies ( court costs, attorney fees, back pay; restoration of benefits, etc.) 7. Actual and/or compensatory damages 8. Interim relief, injunction or stay of personnel actions 9. Transfer preference for prevailing whistleblower or ban on blackballing 10. Punitive damages or other fines and penalties 11. Personnel actions against managers found to have retaliated 48 33 42 4 7 47 31 30 0 27 15 22

Posting or employee notice of whistleblower rights required.
1. Posting

STATE-BY-STATE POINT TOTALS

Max Pts

AK AL AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA HI

IA

ID

IL

IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO

6 3 3 3 5 5 5 1 1 1

6 3 3 3 3

6

6

3

6 3 3 3 2

6 3 3 5

6 3 3 3

6

6 3 3 3 5

6

3 3

6 3 3 3 5

6

6

6 3 3 5

6

3

6 3 3 3 3

6

6

3

6 3 3 3 5

6 1

6

2 5

5

6 3 3 3 5

6

6

6

5

2

3 5

6 3 3 3 3

5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1

1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1 1

24 or 4 4 3 3 3 3 1 3 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 3 4 1 3

24

24 4 4 3 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 4 3

24 4 4 3 3 3

24 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 3 3 3

24 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 1 3 4 3

3 3 3

3

2

3

3

3

3

2

1 3 5

1 1 3 5 3 5 2 5 3 3 5 3 1 5 3 5 1 2 3 2 3 5 2 3 1 2 3 1

4 4 4 3 1 3 3 3 3 2 3

4 4

4 4

4 4

4 4 4

4 4 4 1

4 4 4

4 4 4

4 4 3 3 1 3 3 3 2 3

4 4

4 4 4

4 4

4 4 4

2 4

4 4

4

4 4

4 4 2

3 4 4 1

4 4 4

4 4 4 3 3 3 3

4 4

4 4 4

4 4

4 4

4 4 4

1.5 1.5

1 3

3 3

3 3 3 2 3

3

3 3

3

3 3 3

3 3

3 3 3

3 3 3 2

3 3 2

3 3 3 2

3

3

1 3

3 3

3

3 3 3 2

3 3 3 2

3 3 3 2

1 3

2

2 3 1 75

2

2

2

2 3

3

3 1 48 1 47 1 54 1 51

1 100 46

31

41

58

61

36

79

59

59

34

1 53

1 47

1 57

1 49

37

1 48

55

1 51

1 63

1 61

MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY

6 3 3 3 3

5

6 3 3 3 4

6

6 3 3 5

6

6

6 3 3 4

6

2

3

2

5

2 3

6 3 3 3 4

6 3 3 3 5

6

6

6

6

3

3 2 5 1

6 3 3 3 5

6

6

2

2

6

3 2 2

3 3 5

6 3 3 3 5

6

6 3 3 4

3 2 5

5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1 1

24 4 1 1 3 3 4 4 3 4 3

24 4 4 3 3 3

24 4 2 3 3 2 4 2 3

24

24 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 1 3 1

24 1 1 1 2 1 4 3 3 1 4 4 3 3 3 4 4 1

3 2

4 3

3

4 1

1

3

3

3 1 3 2 1 3 2

3

3

3

3 1 1 2

3

1 1

3 5

3

2

3

2

1

2

3

3

3 5

2

1 5

3

1

2

1

4 4 4

4 4 3

4 4

4 4 4

4 4 4 1

4 4

4 4 4 3 3 3 3

4 4

4 4

4 4 4

4 4

4 4 4

4 4 3

4 4 4

4 4 4

4 4

4 4

4 4 4 1

4 4 1

4 4 4 2 1 1 3 3 3 1 3

4 4 4 1 3

4 4

4 4 4

3 3 3 2

3

3 3 3 2

3 1 3 2

3 3 3

3 3

1 3

3 3

3 3 2

3

3

3 3 3 2 3 1 53

3 3 3

3 2

3 3 3 2 1

3 3 3 2

3 3 3 2

1 1 1

3 3 3 2 3 1 59

3

2

3 1 54 1 49 1 58

3 1 59

1 3 1 53

1 1 42

2 3

50

54

54

48

2

53

43

38

60

48

23

74

41

16

10

51

54

1 44


				
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Description: Look-at-breakdown-of-whistleblower-protection-provisions-among-