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Twin Ports Genealogical Society Newsletter Serving Duluth

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Twin Ports Genealogical Society Newsletter Serving Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin Vol. 28. No. 3 Spring Issue April, 2009
President’s Corner
“Who Do You Think You Are?” What a great question to ask beginning genealogists! It is also a great teaser title for a new television program coming to NBC on April 20th, 2009 at 8:00 p.m. “Who Do You Think You Are?” takes viewers on the personal journey into the past of some of America’s best-known celebrities and honors our immigrant ancestors who traveled here in search of freedom and opportunity. This series is likely to spark an interest in budding new genealogists and entertain the more seasoned family historian. I’ll be watching, how about you? Speaking of honoring our ancestors, our May speaker, Tony Dierckins, has been named a finalist for the Minnesota Book Award for his book “Crossing the Canal: An Illustrated History of Duluth’s Aerial Bridge”. Tony will have copies of his books for sale after his presentation at our May 4th, 2009 meeting. I’m looking forward to hearing him speak about using postcards in family history research, how about you? In these days of economic turmoil, I have noticed that many of our news outlets are focusing on how our ancestors coped with financial hardship during past difficult economic times including the Great Depression. Who Do We Think We Are?, we are the children and grandchildren of survivors who’s creativity, innovation, determination, persistence, and continual search for opportunities kept food on the table and a roof over our family’s heads even in the toughest times. I have been asked by members to add an agenda item to our meetings to provide members with an opportunity to share during the meeting. I will gladly add that item to our agenda. I’m looking forward to hearing your family stories and celebrating your ancestors who contributed to making our nation and our economy the envy of the world, how about you? See you on April 7th at the Family History Center!! Sharon E-mail: SharonJRy@aol.com

Research Tidbits by Joanne M. Sher
Adding Social History to Your Family Narrative Family history is more than names, dates, and places. Our ancestors were people that had everyday lives, held occupations and attended social activities. Family historians need to put their ancestors in historical context and add some details to their family history narratives. Here are a few resources and ways to put meat on your family’s bones. Use Timelines Create a timeline of your ancestor’s life.. This will help you see their life in chronological order, notice any missing gaps in information, and assist in further research. Many genealogy software programs like Family Tree Maker or Roots Magic include this feature. You can also use your Microsoft Excel or Word programs. A free online program, Create a Timeline, (www.ourtimelines.com) will put your ancestor in historical context. It’s important to remember that international, national, state as well as local events impacted the lives of our ancestors. Use Newspapers Newspapers can also provide context to your family history. Look up the weather conditions for the day your great-grandparents were married. What local events were scheduled that your ancestors may have participated in? Look at advertisements for local stores and the prices they were charging. What was the sermon delivered that Sunday at your ancestor’s church? Was a local dance being held that your family members might have attended? The Duluth Public Library and Superior Public Library have microfilms of local newspapers as well as the New York Times and other out-of-town and ethnic newspapers. The Minnesota Historical Society (www.mnhs.org) and Wisconsin Historical Society (www.wisconsinhistory.org) have many microfilmed newspapers from their respective states which can be ordered through Inter-Library Loan. There are also many digitized historical newspapers available on the Internet. Read letters, diaries and journals While you may not have any family letters, diaries or journals that were saved and passed down you can still get a feel of what your ancestor’s everyday life was like by reading the letters and diaries of others that lived during the same period of time. Archives and historical society libraries hold such resources Read nonfiction books, watch documentaries, view photographs To learn about the times that your ancestor lived in read nonfiction books about historical events such as the Civil War, the Influenza pandemic, Prohibition, and the Depression. Watch American Experience or other documentaries on PBS. View photographs and postcards of locations and events in Minnesota in the Minnesota Historical Society’s Visual Resources Database (www.mnhs.org) or at the Minnesota Digital Library’s website (http://reflections.mndigital.org). Check Cyndi’s List (www.cyndislist.com) or read Bringing Your Family History to Life Through Social History by Katherine Scott Sturdevant for additional ideas and resources.

Spring Quarter Community Education Classes
GENEALOGY: CENSUS RECORDS Instructor: Joanne M. Sher Location: Woodland Middle School Date: Tuesday, April 21 Time: 6:30-8:30 p.m. 1 meeting Cost: $10 Census records are an essential resource for family history research. Learn about U.S. and Canadian federal census records, non-population schedules (Veterans, Native Americans, Agriculture, Mortality ) and state, city and foreign census records. Online resources will be highlighted. GENEALOGY: ONLINE RESOURCES Instructor: Joanne M. Sher Location: Woodland Middle School Date: Tuesday, May 18 Time: 6:30-8:30 p.m. 1 meeting Cost: $10 What are the best Internet sites for researching your family history? Learn about the many available free and subscription websites and how to effectively use online indexes, digitized records and additional genealogical resources. For registration information call Woodland Community Schools Office at (218) 728-7463 or register online at www.duluthcommunityed.org.

TPGS Monthly meetings for April, May, and June, 2009
Tuesday, 7 April 2009 Family History Center Research Night LDS Family History Center, 521 Upham Rd, Duluth, 6:30 p.m. Presented by June Lynch, Family History Center Note: Meeting will be held on a Tuesday. Monday, 4 May 2009 Using Postcards in Family History Research Duluth Public Library, Gold Room, 6:30 p.m. Presented by Tony Dierckins, Author Books will be for sale after meeting. June 2009 Potluck Social Date & Location TBA

“SEARCHING FOR MY FATHER’S SHIP” by Nancy Cayemberg, a TPGS member I was having trouble sleeping one night when an idea popped up that I should write about my family research on my Father’s immigration, his name on the passenger list. I first checked out the Public Library for books on passenger lists but I didn’t fine anything there. The librarian directed me to the Family History Center here in Duluth and I learned it would be helpful to have his Naturalization Papers. I wrote and requested these papers from Marquette County in Michigan where he had lived and received both his Petitions for Naturalization and the final Certificate of Naturalization, for a fee. The Petitions had most of the information I needed, i.e., the approximate date of his arrival, Mar. 29, 1910, the port he arrived, New York, and the name of the ship he came on, the “Adriatic”, coming from Goteborg, Sweden. His first Petition was dated 1911 and two others following some years later. The first two were turned down for not meeting state resident requirements. He had moved around for construction jobs on bridges, tunnels and government projects in South Dakota, Montana and Washington. His Petitons have a physical description of him in addition to a notation of “anchor tattooed on the back of left hand”. His Certificate of Naturalization is dated May 20, 1918. At the same time he changed his name from Otto Emil Johansson to Otto Emil Bergstrom (too many Johnson’s). I also found a copy of his Draft Registration Card dated Sept. 12, 1918, only 4 months after becoming an American citizen. With this information I was able to go back to the Family History Center and check an index of dates of ship arrivals in New York City. I rented microfilms of passenger lists for March 29, 1910 and searched but didn’t find his name. It was time for a break in my research. Sometime later I was at the Public Library and found a book of ships listing the “Adriatic” as belonging to the White Star Line (along with the Titanic) and arriving in New York on March 31, 1910. I rented more microfilms at FHC and spent 2 ½ hours in the dark room one Saturday morning looking through the film on the reader. Results were one bad headache and stiff neck after looking through 80 double pages, line by line BUT SUCCESS at last. I found the “Adriatic” and then my Father’s entry on the log. The ship left Southampton, England on Mar. 23, 1910 and made stops at Queenstown, Ireland and Cherbourg, France before arriving in New York on March 31. 1910. Passengers listed on the log were from many European countries and also Turkey. I spent $17 on microfilms, about $5 for the Petitions and Certificate plus gas money to FHC and 14 months of my time but can say it was well worth it. A few years later a cousin of mine gave me a copy of my Mother’s name on a passenger list from the steamer “Ariosto” which left Goteborg, Sweden and arrived in New York on August 25, 1893. She was just one year old. I have pictures of both ships. This search for when, where and how my parents arrived in this country has been most interesting and rewarding while looking back in my Swedish roots.

New Internet Research sites to check out:
The new beta Website for the LDS (FamilySearch.org) has FREE info regarding BMD records in Michigan. The available records are: Michigan Births 1867-1902 http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=2;t=searchable;c=1459684 Michigan Marriages 1868-1925 http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=2;t=searchable;c=1452395 Michigan Deaths 1867-1897 http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=2;t=searchable;c=1452402 Some excellent sources for finding death records and information are: 1. RootsWeb's Death Records Database. This has a variety of search options, and readers are welcome to contribute their research via a text file or Excel database. 2. Ancestry.com at www.Ancestry.com, a subscription service with multiple indexes to death records and some original death certificates. 3. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), which has a free pilot website and their main web site. The pilot includes original, digitized records, while the main site has links to family trees and records stored at family history centers around the country. 4. England and Wales's Free BMD (Birth/Marriage/Death) database, which is part of the FreeUKGen family. This database includes an index to many of the death records kept by the English and Welsh governments since 1837. 5. Search engines or Google Books. Search for Vital records and then the name of the state.

Scandia Cemetery Progress by Bobbi Hoyt, cemetery committee.
We are done with phase one and nearly done with the matching of stone records to the cemetery records. We will probably end up with 1500 entries by the time we are done as there are many names on stones that are not in the records. Once this part is done, it’s making the corrections and then printing. I hope to get some background information Scandia cemetery to include at the beginning of the database.

Does anyone have Russell Pellinen, Lillian (Harpet) Pellinen, or Johan A Harpet, all of Duluth, in your family tree? This could be your lucky day!
Someone sent a file of documents for these people to June Lynch at the LDS Family History Center. If this is your family, or you know someone who is of this family, please contact June. Lynch at 218-7261361. She is usually there on Wed. from 1pm to 5 pm.

“The Great Birthday Present” By Marlene Johnson, TPGS member The Great Birthday Present idea began at a monthly meeting of Twin Ports Genealogical Society when Joanne Sher gave us the web address of <www.ourtimelines.com> if we were interested in the domestic and international affairs that had happened in our lifetimes. As soon as I got home I tried it. King George V, prohibition and the Great Depression were going strong when I was born. King George VI came along when I was four and the bikini came into existence when I was 14. Velcro was invented when I was 23 and Alaska and Hawaii entered the union when I was 27. Wow! “Ah, hah!” I thought. “This has all kinds of potential for my sister’s birthday!” So I called her and asked for her dates of graduation, marriage, and children’s births and for a copy of their last family picture because I couldn’t find mine and I needed it for our mother’s genealogy. (A white lie?) . So armed with these essentials: her dates, pictures of her children and husband, I ran off her timeline, and a list of famous people born her same birth year, 1926: Alan Greenspan, Jerry Lewis, Peter Graves, Hugh Hefner, Elizabeth II, Bea Arthur, Marilyn Monroe and many others. Hard to believe they are all that old! I was scheduled for a trip to the Cities so I gathered all this stuff together, and once there, handed it to my handy dandy granddaughter who imported it all into PhotoShop including some clip art, the famous peers list, and photographs of my sister’s children placed at their birth years. Since she had never used the program before, she spent most of Saturday working with it, but by Saturday evening we had it completed. She emailed it to the neighborhood Kinko but when we stopped by there were questions. If we wanted it in one continuous sheet, (she had set it up for three sheets not realizing they could run it as one) it would cost an extra $15 for setup in addition to the $31 basic charge. So we trotted home, she went back to the setup program and set it up for one continuous sheet –60 in. She emailed it again and when we stopped by a hour later we had a beautiful 7 ¼ in x 60 in scroll on heavy glossy paper. ( I had previously stopped in at Sheldons in downtown Duluth to ask them if they could run this off and they could have (I think on the blueprint machine which would be very light paper) for about $5. That machine, however, would not handle photographs. Home again, I picked up a dowel and four wooden drawer pulls from Home Depot, cut the dowel into two 8 in lengths, fastened the wooden drawer pulls on the ends with screws, stained them brown, pasted the two ends of the scroll on them, rolled it up and…VOILA…a beautiful scroll of her life to present to my sister on her birthday! I am so pleased with it. I know I won’t be able to wait for her birthday in July to present it to her! PS Since the last date on it is 2009 and her life hasn’t ended…at the end we put “and many more years!

Tips from the Pros: Is That Obituary Misleading? By Michael John Neill
(From Ancestry Daily News, 31 Aug. 2007)

Many genealogists use obituaries as a part of their research. They can easily be a clue to additional records or sources, but must be used with care. It is important to remember that the information contained in an obituary can be incorrect, misleading or incomplete. The confusion is compounded when an obituary contains all three errors. The deceased might have been married three times, but only the last spouse is listed in the obituary. Children of the deceased may be named, but they may not have the same set of both parents or none may be the child of the spouse listed in the obituary. Lists of children may even be incomplete, especially if there has been a family squabble or an estrangement. Individuals, listed as children may actually be step-children of the deceased. The step-parenting/step child bond may have been a very strong one and the step-parent may have been a parent to the child in all the important ways, but the obituary may not make the distinction which the genealogist typically wants to make. And there can easily be unintentional errors due to inaccurate knowledge on the part of the obituary informant. An obituary may be an important part of your genealogical research, but the information it contains should be used with care and as a pointer to other records. Many times the obituary’s purpose is to notify newspaper readers of the death and funeral of the deceased. Those details are usually correct; other details should be used with caution.

Resources for Death Records and Cemeteries on the Internet The Missouri State Archives has expanded its FREE death certificate database: Including the already indexed pre-1910 records, it now catalogs 2 million deaths through 1955. Even better, your search results for deaths between 1910 and 1926, link to digitized PDF images of the original certificates. www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/deathcertificates Online searchable death and records indexes http://home.att.net/~wee-monster/deathrecords.html Search Rootsweb.com for your county and its cemeteries at http://www.rootsweb.com/~mngenweb/location.htm www.cemeteryjunction.com http://www.internment.net

TPGS Bad Weather Policy
Final version approved by the Board and Membership 2 February, 2009

* If the Duluth Police Department, State Patrol, or MNDOT advise no travel, everyone can assume the meeting has been canceled. * If the meeting is scheduled at the Duluth Public Library and the City closes all City buildings, everyone can assume the meeting has been canceled. * In other circumstances, a decision on when to cancel meeting will be determined via telephone by the President, Sharon Finch and the Vice-President, Joanne Sher. *Joanne Sher, Vice-President will notify the speaker(s) and facility by phone. *Sharon Finch, President will phone Mary Long, Treasurer who will send an e-mail notification out to our members and Jerry Sime, Publicity Chair who will alert the following media outlets: KDAL Radio, Northland’s News Center and WDIO television. For information about our organization, feel free to contact the following people: President Sharon Finch SharonJRy@aol.com V- President of programs: Joanne Sher joannemsher@hotmail.com Treasurer Mary Long marylong@clearwire.net Editor Bobbi Hoyt bobbihoyt@aol.com Or write to us at the following address:

Branching Out Twin Ports Genealogical Society P.O. Box 16895 Duluth, MN 55816-0895

Tree Magazine Insider News May 2009 issue come this news. Google has enhanced its Historical newspaper preservation initiative by buying 20 million digitized historical newspaper pages from Canadian company PaperofRecord. The pages are part of the Google News Archive Search. News.google.com/archivessearch or more directly with the address below. http://xooxleanswers.com/newspaperarchives2.aspx Sites to check out when you have time to play. NARA: The National Archives-Access to Archival Database (AAD) http://aad.archives.gov/aad/ Many may have searches this site but for those like me, I just had never gotten around to it. The wonderful thing about this site is that if you search by year, you can search such records such as Germans to America. Just type in the Surname and you will get a list of many immigrants. The wonderful thing is that you can click on symbol at left of name to see all the information which just might include destination. See example:
WALKOWIAK ANDREAS Infant in months: 09 PRUSSIA BALTIMORE 35650

From Family

Report of what is included when you click the symbol at left
Last Name WALKOWIAK WALKOWIAK

First Name

ANDREAS

ANDREAS

Age

909

Infant in months: 09

Sex

M

MALE

Occupation

INF

INFANT

Literacy

U

UNKNOWN

Country of Origin

030

PRUSSIA

City/Town of Last Residence

U

U

Destination City/Country

BALTIMORE

BALTIMORE

Transit and/or Travel Compartment

S13

Staying in the USA [Transit]; Steerage [Travel]

Manifest Identification

00035650

35650

***You can also put in a destination such as Duluth, MN and a list of those who stated that as their destination will come up. ***

Family Treemaker 2009 Upgrade
We have spoken and the company has chosen to listen. Family Treemaker 2009 has a software update that can be found at http://www.familytreemaker.com/ Among other features on this update is the capability to create an indexed book in pdf format . Be sure you update your software for this very important feature.
Vicki Garro, Douglas County Genealogy Club

Family Tree Maker 9 class coming up WITC Superior Campus . https://e-witc.com/coursesii/classinfo.asp?RID=859
It starts April 24 from 1pmto 4pm and runs for 4 Fridays. #29412 is the class number. To register call WITC at 715-394-6677 or use the link above. Course fee: $33.12 or any MN or WI Senior: $4.00 Instructor Vicki Garro

Learn how Family Treemaker 2009 can take your genealogy to the next level. Students will explore the genealogy software Family Treemaker 2009. Among the topics covered in class will be entering data, sourcing, what to do with photos and other media, setting the program’s preferences, printing and customizing various genealogy reports, using some of the web features, how to create a personalized indexed genealogy book. Students with the program on a laptop are invited to bring their laptops to class.

If you know of other local meetings or research places of interest, that you want posted, please contact me at bobbihoyt@aol.com

Genealogy meetings and resources around the area
Douglas County, WI Genealogy group meets the first Tuesday of each month all year long at the Superior Public Library at 5 p.m. Ongoing project is the indexing of Superior newspapers for vital information on births, marriages, engagements, and deaths that will supplement the current library project. Finnish Genealogy Club meets regularly on the 2nd Saturday of the month at 10am at the Cloquet Public library. Contact mlluk@msn.com for information.

The Family History Center at the LDS church, 521 Upham Road, Duluth is open Wed. from 1pm to 9pm and Saturday, from 9am to 1pm. Center is staffed by volunteers.

The St. Louis County Court House Records office in Duluth has volunteer genealogists on Thursday from 9am-12pm and 1pm-4p.m. Please call for an appointment: 218-726-2559. The county charges a fee for copies of birth and death certificates. Also check out St Louis County’s great website for birth and death indexes, some marriages and many, many more things.

Hurdling over the Brick Walls: Tricks from other researchers.
1. Check old envelopes with postage stamps or family stamp collections for clues to old correspondence. 2. Map it out: the US Geological Survey’s highly detailed topographical maps cover small areas and label creeks, family cemeteries, tiny rural church and more. Available at most libraries or you can view and order them online at <www.usgs.gov>. Many libraries have a comprehensive index to the names on these maps, the OMNI GAZETEER of the United States of America. 3. Try putting First names first. When a full name search on data Web sites don’t yield results, even though you have tried every possible spelling, try typing just a first name plus a place and/or time period. Suggestion was to try Heritage Quest which is available through our library with a card number. The writer found miss-transcribed and misspelled names of several relatives this way. 4. Find the funeral home Can’t find a birth certificate, but have a death certificate? This researcher had the name of the state, but not the city. By calling the funeral home which was still in business, she was able to get the name of the city. 5. Get a little help from a friend. Sometimes we are all too close to our “brick walls” to be objective. I “trade” problems with a friend. I try to find her missing information and she tries to find mine. This brings a fresh look to a frustrating situation and it’s fun to help someone else. “This is what many of us do when we answer querries posted on St. Louis County website, or share those “brick walls” at monthly meetings.” TPGS Editor’s comment. This excerpt taken from Family Tree Maker Magazine, Feb 2005. Permission to copy in part or whole given in magazine.

Humor from Cemetery Stones Found the US. In a Thurmont, Maryland, cemetery. Here lies an Atheist All dressed up And no place to go. In Silver City, Nevada, cemetery: Here lays Butch, We planted him raw. He was quick on the trigger, But slow on the draw. In a Georgia cemetery: “I told you I was sick!”

VISITING ANCESTRAL HOMES AND BUSINESSES IN YOUR JAMMIES
FamilyTreeMaker Magazine Feb 3 2008 by Paula Stuart Warren, CG Many people visited one or more of their "home" places during the November and December holidays. These homes of ours, and of relatives, have special places in our hearts. Recently, I was sharing Christmas stories with a friend, and I was reminiscing about the large windows in the living room of my childhood home where we would sit and watch for Santa. Of course, one of my sisters or I always saw that sleigh in the sky! In this same vein, I received a neat Christmas gift from a genealogy friend. She had an artist draw the tree that was in the yard of her childhood home and had it incorporated into Christmas cards. We can create these kinds of memories, too. Several weeks ago I drove past several of the St. Paul homes from my past. Just a few days ago I visited them again, including the places where we lived in Mountain View, California, many moons ago. I did the last visits without even leaving my home office. Have you ever heard that phrase, "You can't go home again?" As long as you have Internet access, you can visit some of your old homes and those of some ancestors.

Maps and Pictures of Homes A few clicks online and you might be looking at a map of your old neighborhood, small town, or the town square. Other pictures of old homes abound in libraries and historical societies. Your local library may have access to the Sanborn Maps online which show the location of buildings and homes, street names and building numbers, sidewalks, fire hydrants, roofing materials, and what the structure was constructed from (i.e. brick, wood, etc.). These were used for fire insurance purposes. Today they are a favorite of genealogists and the microfilms are found in many libraries and historical societies. The more than 660,000 maps were drawn from 1867-1970 and covered 12,000 towns and cities. Old real estate firms may have pictures of area homes. In one instance, the Confer Realty Company saved 2,500 photos of houses sold from 1900-45. These Minneapolis photos are now housed at the Hennepin History Museum. If you or an ancestor resided in a historic home no matter where, you may get a house history in addition to a picture. A book might have been published with pictures of selected homes in one town. Many images of older pictures are appearing on historical society websites. Google Maps Google provides us with a new tool, "Street View" for looking at those homes as they are currently. Street View launched last spring and is expanding. Currently, only some major cities have street views, but for some areas, that includes nearby cities. The panoramic and direct views of houses and other buildings were taken recently. When you open up Google Maps look for the button "Street View" in the upper-right

section of the map, and once you arrive at that U.S. map, click on a city that has the camera icon. Then type in an address. Or, begin by typing in a street address and city such as "101 Newbury Street Boston," and then clicking on street view once you see Newbury Street on the map, and in seconds you can view the entrance to the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Once there, you can move your cursor on the image and check out the panoramic view of the buildings on both sides of Newbury Street near NEHGS. Maybe you want to visit the Dallas Public Library. Type the address "1515 Young St. Dallas" in the search box. When the Dallas map appears, click on Street View. The terraced building that houses the main library, including the genealogy section, is right in front of you. Basically, you will see a little figure of a person and an arrow. Move that person to the arrow and view your building. This figure is your tool for moving around the city to find different locations. Streets that are outlined in blue are the ones that have street views at Google Maps. Google offers basic tutorials on using its maps. Before You Visit Wondering what a courthouse actually looks like? Check Google Street Views. How about that library with the local history room? Check Google. Do the same for parking lots, especially to determine which street has an entrance. Visualize area restaurants. Look for landmarks that will assist you as you may be driving to a location you have never visited before. Where to Find Those Addresses There are many places to find older ancestral addresses. Some federal and state censuses list addresses. Old family correspondence may yield addresses. City directories for multiple years will show the families at the same address for many years, or show they moved a lot. Dig out your old address book or your mother's that is sitting in your closet. Check out each address. Learn if the house numbers and street names have changed for your localities of interest. What Cities Are Included? Currently, Austin, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, St. Paul and Minneapolis, New York, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (Oregon), Providence, San Diego, San Francisco, and Tucson are included. Some Caveats As mentioned above, the areas covered vary by city. Some neighborhoods may not be part of the street level views. I was able to see my late in-laws' home, but not my grandmother's apartment building just a block away. Still, the vast majority of my home city, St. Paul, has online views. A few cities in other countries are showing up as well. Concerns about privacy and security issues have risen and certain places, such as shelters for abused women and children or some government buildings, have been removed or are not clearly visible. Google is not the only online entity with such images of homes and other buildings, but at this point, it has the largest collection and is now expanding to other countries. Don't blame me if you totally forget to change that load of laundry once you start with these helpful images. Once you are at Google maps, you will find additional tools and paths to take.

Search Lower Canada Land Petitions Free Online Posted by Diane A new Library and Archives Canada land petition database can help you find ancestors who lived in Lower Canada (where present-day Quebec is) between 1764 and 1841. When New France became a British colony in 1763, the land-distribution system changed. New lands were now granted as part of townships instead of as seigneuries (the term for land the Crown granted to landlords, who in turn leased it to settlers). With the change, many settlers submitted land petitions to the governor. The Lower Canada Land Petitions database indexes their petitions for grants or leases of land, as well as other administrative records. The site contains more than 95,000 references to individuals. Search it by surname and given name. Try spelling variations and surname-only searches, since there’s no Soundex searching. Some records are linked to digitized images, but in most cases, matches show a year, volume and page number of the original record, and a microfilm number. Use the information to request microfilm copies from the Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec (Quebec national archives). You can access the Canadian national archives' Lower Canada Land Petitions and other databases from the Canadian Genealogy Centre Web site. Pages from the Past FamilySearch and the Houston Public Library (home to the Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research) are digitizing library resources including county and local histories from Texas and other Gulf coast states. Search the pages free in Brigham Young University Family History Archive
www.lib.byu.edufhc

Ancestry Feb 2009 Quick tips from readers. Finding Lost Females Often, the female children, or female siblings of your relative, are "lost" in the census once they marry and move away from home. Or perhaps they were sent to live with others to work or care for another family's children, as my grandmother and her twin sister were. A couple times I found sisters who were on the 1900 census as children were not found again until the 1920 or 1930 census. On the later censuses I found them through locating their widowed mothers, identified as the mother-in-law of the head of household. Now her married name has been discovered, it’s possible to search back on a previous decade's census for her with her husband. Anne Witzig


				
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