3300 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR SWIMMING AREAS 3300.1 SUPERVISED SWIMMING POOLS A. At all times when a supervised swimming pool is open to the public it shall be equipped and staffed to meet the standards herein. 1.
Swimming Pool: The term "swimming pool" shall mean any swimming pool together with buildings and apparatuses used in connection therewith. Warning and rules & regulations signs will be in English. Use international symbols when possible. Rates – Refer to Rates Section 2600
3300.2 UNSUPERVISED BEACHES A. The Department has designated both Corps beaches and interior park beaches as lakefront areas for "unsupervised beaches". 1. Group Camp Beaches: Beaches and pools located in group camps are designated "unsupervised swimming areas". The site manager will provide life rings (a.k.a. ring buoys), depth markers and signage. Unsupervised Public Use Beaches: Various parks have public use beaches that are not staffed by lifeguards or other control personnel. Swimming at these beaches is free to the user and totally at the users own risk. Access to these beaches and swimming areas will be clearly marked with "SWIM AT YOUR OWN RISK" signs. Unsupervised Public Use Beaches will have depth markings, safety devices, posted rules, and life rings (a.k.a. ring buoys). Swimming during hours of darkness is prohibited. Warning and rules & regulations signs will be in English. Use international symbols when possible.
General Maintenance: Swimming beaches will be provided at select parks as authorized in the Master Plan or other approved documents. The primary priorities in the design and operation of a beach will be the safety of the user, the effects that the physical features of the site will have on the beach, and future operation and maintenance considerations. Beaches may be designed in support of multiple use activities or as a single use area. Small beaches may also be designed in conjunction with support facilities such as shelters to disperse visitor use. Where swimming exists, beach design should be considered to ensure safety of the visitor and protection of the resource. The design of park managed beaches will consider the policy that lifeguards are not provided at State Park beaches. The basis for evaluating site selections must consider:
Slope Gradients: The slope of the land both above and below the water line is one of the determining factors in the safe operation of a good beach. Slopes in the underwater portion of beaches should ideally range from 2 percent to 5 percent, but because of differing terrain, beaches may be utilized where slopes approach 10 percent. A flat slope is most desirable to disperse swimmers. Underwater slopes should extend at least 10 horizontal feet beyond the lowest placement of buoy lines. Beach bottoms will be designed to eliminate sudden changes in grade or drop-offs in the 0-5 foot depth at interior park swimming areas and 0-6 foot depth at Corps park swimming areas. Daily, seasonally, and yearly water level fluctuations due to irrigation, drought, flood control, evaporation, Dam repairs, or other factors must be considered in beach design to assure optimum utilization. Water Characteristics: a. Water quality at all beach locations must be acceptable for swimming. Prior to the swimming season five water quality samples must be collected, analyzed and coordinated with appropriate state agencies and records kept. After the initial pre-season samplings, the sample testing should be done once each month unless a problem arises and then more often. Beaches will be located where adequate water circulation is present to assure continued acceptable water quality. Adequate circulation is also necessary to remove surface debris that may deposit on the beach.
Surface Drainage: During the planning, design and operation of a swimming beach, special emphasis must be given to surface drainage and maintained throughout the swimming season. a. Surface runoff must not be allowed to drain across the beach area; therefore, the runoff from any area upland of the beach must be diverted. Methods of diversion might include grassed swales, terracing, inlets, landscaped walls, etc. Methods of diversion should complement the beach development and minimize impact to the site. If possible, out fall of diversion should be located down stream of the swimming area. Sand - A minimum depth of one foot of sand should be applied on all above water beach areas. Coarse sand should be used if available to resist wave action with white sand used on interior lakes.
Diving platforms and floating swim docks are not permitted at Park beaches. Buoys and Markers: a. Limits of the swimming area will be marked off with a floating plastic gasline. It will be weighted and run from the shoreline to the depth marker,
straight across to the other depth marker, and back to the shoreline. b. Gas-lines used to mark the limit of the swimming area should be placed in water not more than 5 feet deep at interior lake swimming areas and not more than 6 feet deep at Corps park swimming areas. A minimum of two warning marked barrier floats or floating signs indicating that "boats keep out" symbol (diamond shape and international orange) should be spaced at a maximum of 200-foot intervals and should be located to provide adequate warnings to vessels approaching the swimming area from various locations. The barrier floats should be between 100' and 300' from the swimming area gas-lines. Parks with lakes that do not allow motorboats are exempt.
Additional Safety Measures: a. Life Rings (a.k.a. Ring Buoys) will be provided and readily available for emergency rescue operations. Bulletin boards or signs, prominently placed where swimmers can readily see them before entering the area, will be provided to post emergency phone numbers, telephone locations, safety measures, and other park information. Information needs to be in English. A public telephone will be located within 100 yards of the beach.
Support Facilities: a. Dressing Room Change Shelters or Restrooms - A minimum of one dressing room change shelter or restroom should be provided for each beach. Whenever possible, dressing rooms should be combined with sanitary facilities - restrooms. Open air or outdoor showers should be provided where practical. All dressing room change shelters or restrooms should be designed for pressure hose cleaning by the Park staff. Water Supply and Sanitary Facilities - All beaches with an expected visitation of 50 or more per day should have water borne toilets.
3300.3 LIFEGUARD QUALIFICATIONS FOR EMPLOYMENT A. The term "lifeguard" shall mean an individual possessing the following qualifications: 1. 2. Sixteen years of age or older on hire date. Hold current certification by American Red Cross, YMCA, Boy Scouts of America, Star-Guard, and any other nationally recognized equivalent organization.
a. b. 3. 4.
Lifeguard Training Lifeguard Training Instructor
Hold current certification in CPR and Community First Aid. Lifeguards will be eligible for reimbursement of their lifeguard certification fees for their first year if they complete the entire swimming season. a. End of the season and other specific requirements will be agreed upon by the Park Manager and associate IN WRITING, and maintained in the personnel file.
3300.4 LIFEGUARD TRAINING AND TESTING A. Lifeguards shall be provided orientation and follow-up training by the site manager and staff on Department and site regulations, procedures, safety precautions, schedules, facilities, and equipment. Lifeguards are expected to become familiar with these and from time to time to demonstrate knowledge of them on tests. All lifeguards are required to regularly practice swimming and lifesaving skills throughout their term of employment by practicing in scheduled skill and endurance training sessions to be provided by the immediate supervisor and shall be documented. Competency tests shall be administered on lifeguard skills and knowledge four (4) times during the summer, once at the lifeguard workshop, and by the tenth of each summer month. Competency tests are to be signed and kept on file at the park office. If a lifeguard fails to pass a portion of the competency test, they shall practice and on a subsequent date re-swim that portion until the test is passed. Lifeguards are required to review the Lifeguard Employee Manual. Swimming Lessons - Lifeguards may offer swimming lessons on their own time at the manager’s discretion a. b. c. During non-public use hours Charge fair market value Must pay DNR 15% of collected fees for use of the pool
3300.5 MINIMUM NUMBER OF LIFEGUARDS ON DUTY A. Pools - During hours of operation, there shall be at least one lifeguard on active duty at the pool plus one additional lifeguard within the area to serve as backup for emergencies. Manager has the discretion to determine if the pool may be operated with one lifeguard.
Carrying capacity for the swimming area will be established for each individual beach and pool. The site manager has both the authority and the responsibility to limit the number of swimmers to fewer than the carrying capacity to insure swimmer safety when conditions warrant.
3300.6 EMERGENCY PLAN A. The site manager will develop and keep current an "Emergency Plan" outlining action to be taken in the event of an emergency at the pool or beach. (See Lifeguard Employee Manual) The "Emergency Plan" will be posted in a conspicuous location at the pool or beach, along with emergency telephone numbers. All lifeguards will be required to read and become familiar with the emergency plan. The "Emergency Plan" will be practiced by all lifeguards, at least monthly, during the summer.
3300.7 DEPTH MARKINGS AND SWIMMER CONTROLS A. B. Buoyed ropes shall be used to section off swimming from non-swimming areas. Proper depths shall be marked on all edges of each diving dock and at elevation changes. At beaches a stationary pot with interval depths marked to reflect the rise and fall of water levels shall be used. At pools the water depths will be marked along the edge of the pool deck's upper surface. Depth markers shall be in four-inch numerals and shall be clearly visible.
At beaches, movable poles with ropes, red flags and signs attached, will be available to designate any reduction of the beach and swimming area due to reduced lifeguard staff, smaller numbers of swimmers or beach/weather conditions. The signs will read "Limit of Swimming Area".
3300.8 MAINTENANCE OF EQUIPMENT AND SWIMMING AREA A. All supervised swimming areas and equipment will be maintained to meet all applicable health and safety requirements. All unsupervised beaches will be periodically inspected by park staff to ensure a safe swimming area.
3300.9 ACCIDENTS A. In the case of a waterfront accident, the following reports will be filed within three days. 1. 2. B. "Accident Report on Visitors" "Waterfront Accident Report"
In case of serious injury or death, the region manager, Chief of Operations, and Division Director, in that order, will be notified by phone and both accident reports will be provided immediately.
3300.10 STANDARDS FOR SUPERVISED SWIMMING AREAS The following standards will be enforced at all supervised swimming areas. A. All persons must obey the instructions of the lifeguards. Failure to do so will result in ejections. Swimming is allowed only when the swimming area is open and a lifeguard is on duty. Rough play will not be allowed. Persons must demonstrate their ability to swim before they will be allowed in deep water. Glass and smoking are prohibited on beaches and in undesignated pool areas. Any handicapped person must make the disability known to the lifeguard. Intoxicated individuals will not be allowed in waterfront or swimming areas. Lined bathing suits are the only acceptable swimming attire in pools. For safety reasons, no over garments (i.e. t-shirts) may be worn. The use of floats in lake swimming areas is allowed, but lifeguards must keep all floats inside roped areas. If, in the opinion of the lifeguard, the floats hamper supervision of the swimming area, lifeguard has the authority to have them removed from the water. The Department of Natural Resources is not responsible for lost or stolen items. Eye goggles and U.S. Coast Guard approved life jackets are the only personal swim gear or flotation devices allowed in pools.
E. F. G. H.
All children ten years old or younger must be accompanied by a person eighteen years or older.
M. Radios, tape players, etc. will not be allowed in supervised swimming areas. N. O. P. Persons in the swimming area will not be allowed to hang on lifelines. Ladders must be kept clear. Arm floats (swimmies), swim noodles, water pistols shall be banned from all park pools due to risk of drowning. No pets are allowed in swimming areas. Diapers (both cloth and plastic) shall be banned from pools. The only diapers that are permitted in swimming pools are the swim diapers that prevent leakage or seepage.
3300.11 SUPERVISED GROUPS A. Leaders of supervised groups will be responsible for maintaining order and assuring that rules and lifeguard instructions are followed. If volunteer lifeguards are used to assist with groups, they will be required to present current certification cards and photo identification may be required. Use of volunteer lifeguards is at the discretion of the site manager or his designee. However, volunteer lifeguards will be under the supervision of DNR lifeguard staff, at all times. Professional organizations and private individuals may rent the pool during non-public use hours at the manager’s discretion. (i.e. Dive shops, Aqua Fitness, Red Cross, Swimming lessons.) Private individuals must agree and sign a department sanctioned agreement.
3300.12 SPECIAL SWIMMING RATES A. Organized groups of underprivileged or handicapped children and their leaders may be allowed to swim at a special rate of two for the price of one. In the case of uneven numbers, the last person must pay the full price. Requests for the special rate must be made in writing prior to the requested date. The site manager will approve or disapprove the request, record the number of swimmers in the group, and retain this information with the appropriate weekly report.
3300.13 SWIMMING AREA RE-ENTRY With the exception of cottage and lodge guests, all persons entering a supervised swimming area must pay the established fee. Persons may leave the swimming area and return the same day provided a wristband to re-enter is obtained before leaving.
3300.14 LODGE POOLS A. State park lodge pools are provided for the exclusive use of registered lodge guests. At the discretion of the site or lodge manager, other overnight guests may be allowed to use lodge pools. Lodge pools will be clearly marked "No Lifeguard on Duty: Swim at Own Risk". Standards for lodge pools will be the same as those for supervised pools with the following exceptions. 1. All persons must obey the instructions of the lodge manager or representative. The lodge manager or representative may request any swimmer to leave the pool area for disobeying rules. Swimming is allowed only when the swimming area is open for guest use.
2. D. E. F.
A full set of guest rules will be posted in a conspicuous location in the pool area. Safety standards and pool markings will be the same as those for supervised pools. Pools opening and closing hours will be conspicuously posted at the entrance to the pool. Maintenance standards and procedures will be the same as those for supervised swimming pools. All lodge pools will be fenced on all sides and will be equipped with self-closing gates.
3300.15 DISEASE PREVENTION IN POOLS A. If someone has an accident in the pool (i.e. vomiting, feces, etc.) the pool will be closed and treated per attached fecal incident chart. It can also be found on the State Health Department web page at: http://health.state.ga.us/programs/envservices/pools.asp The chlorine levels in swimming pools shall be maintained at no less than 1.5 parts per million (PPM) and 3.0 (PPM) in wading pools. Alternative sanitizer systems must follow State Health Department rule 295-5-57-.16 at http://health.state.ga.us/programs/envservices/pools.asp under Rules and regulations governing Swimming Pools
O.C.G.A. DNR Rules
12-3-10-B 391-5-3-.04 (#3)