regionalizmi-da globalozacia

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					Tavisuflebis strategia
aRaravisTvis aRaraa saidumlo, arc qveyanaSi, da arc qveynis gareT, rom rom dRes saqarTveloSi umZimesi krizisia. erovnuli usafrTxoebis mTeli sistema kolafsis pirasaa da, ara Tu ar sCans situaciidan gamosvlis raime gaazrebuli da dalagebuli gegma, ufro metic, ar sCans krizisis masStabis gacnobierebis niSnebi. samwuxarod, TiTqmis veravin xedavs krizisis namdvil mizezebs. Sesabamisia reaqciac: fragmentuli, erTian strategiul azrs moklebuli moqmedebebi, romlebic mxolod moklevadian Sedegebzea gaTvlili. saqarTveloSi ar arsebobs momavlis xedva, da Sesabamisad, grZelvadiani politikac. praqtikulad, bolo sami weli qveynis aRmSeneblobis TvalsazrisiT dakargulad SeiZleba CaiTvalos. sazogadoebis mTeli energia da saxelmwifos resursebi praqtikulad Sidapolitikur da klanur brZolas moxmarda, da Sedegad saxelmwifos funqciebis sruli degeneracia moxda. Cvens mizans ar warmoadgens ukve aTasjer gadaReWil problemebze saubari. Cven arc im “damnaSaveebs” veZebT, vinc qveyana arsebul mdgomareobamde moiyvana. “damnaSave” faqtorTa didi speqtria, erovnuli xasiaTidan da istoriidan dawyebuli, da saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi sxvisi zedamxedvelobiT cxovrebis pirobebSi Camoyalibebuli mentalitetiT damTavrebuli. Cveni mizania arsebul problemaTa grZelvadian perspeqtivaSi danaxva, da SeZlebisdagvarad situaciidan gamosavalis Zieba. yvelaze mwvave problemebis zogadi mimoxilvac ki sakmarisia im mZime suraTis dasaxasiaTeblad, romelSic saqarTvelo dRes aRmoCnda. yvelaze mZime am suraTSi is aris, rom principSi realurad veravin xedavs, sad aris gamosavali, TviT qveynis umaRlesi politikuri xelmZRvanelobis CaTvliT, razec qveyanaSi bolo xanebSi mimdinare politikuri debatebic miuTiTebs. arc xelisuflebas (iqneba es sakanonmdeblo, Tu aRmasrulebeli) da arc opozicias praqtikulad ara aqvs situaciis mogvarebis da qveynis winaSe mdgomi amocanebis gadaWris raime mwyobri, logikuri strategiuli gegma. e.w. qarTuli “politikuri elita” (TviT qarTveli politikosebis terminia) narcisizmis tipiur magaliTad gamodgeba. politikosebis TviTkmayofilebis xarisxis zrdas da sakuTari TaviT tkbobas mniSvnelovnad uwyobs xels presa da televizia, romelic praqtikulad am “elitis” interesebs emsaxureba. gamosavali rom moZebno, kargad unda gesmodes Seqmnili mdgomareoba, susti wertilebi da maTi gamomwvevi mizezebi. am mizniT, Zalian mokled gadavavloT Tvali dRevandeli saqarTvelos suraTs. susti saxelmwifo es albaT saqarTvelos yvelaze didi problemaa. saxelmwifo ver asrulebs Tavis ZiriTad funqciebs: ver krefs gadasaxads, ver inaxavs jars, ver uzrunvelyofs teritoriul mTlianobas da erTian ekonomikur sivrces, iRebs gaumarTlebel sagareo valebs. saxelmwifo struqturebi, romelTac

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evalebaT qveyanaSi kontrabandis kontroli, pirdapir arian CarTulni aralegalur importSi. maRali tarifebisa da sxva subieqturi barierebis gamo tvirTebis umravlesoba dRes saqarTvelos gverds uvlis da amis gamo qveyana ver asrulebs “strategiulad” gamocxadebul satranzito funqcias. saxelmwifo manqanis sisuste ganapirobebs im faqts, rom saqarTvelos ara aqvs erovnuli usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofis da erovnuli interesebis realizaciis ZiriTadi meqanizmi: ara hyavs Tundac mcire, magram qveynis dacvisaTvis momzadebuli jari. meores mxriv, saxelmwifo manqana susti iqneba manam, sanam qveyanaSi ar iqneba Zala, romelic iqneba politikurad neitraluri, magram amave dros iqneba mniSvnelovani saxelmwifo gadawyvetilebebis aRsrulebis garanti. sxvanairad normaluri biurokratia Cvens gaxrwnil garemoSi ver Camoyalibdeba. mZime samewarmeo garemo saxelmwifos umaRles eSelonebSi ar aris Tavisufali mewarmeobis, rogorc qveynis gadarCenis erTaderTi saSualebis mniSvnelobis gageba. saqarTveloSi dRes isev socialisturi mentaliteti batonobs da sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi kvlav saxelmwifo da misi institutebi dominireben. dResdReobiT saxelmwifo moxeleebi bizness biujetis Sesavseb mewvel Zroxad aRiqvaven da mis sxva funqcias ver xedaven. samwuxarod, Zalian cotas esmis, rom yvela qveynis samxedro, ekonomikuri da inteleqtualuri potenciali yalibdeba Tavisuflebaze dafuZnebuli samewarmeo saqmianobis Sedegad. Tavisufalma mewarmeobam moitana yvela ganviTarebul qveyanaSi ara ubralod zrda, aramed ganaTleba, inovaciebi da teqnologiuri winsvla. am fundamentis gareSe qveyana ver aSendeba. ekonomikuri usafrTxoeba namdvili Tavisuflebis Seucvleli pirobaao, ambobs fon haieki. meores mxriv, dRes albaT aseve naTelia, rom Tavisuflebis gareSe ar arsebobs ekonomikuri usafrTxoeba. saqarTvelos magaliTi kargad adasturebs im faqts, rom ekonomikuri subieqtebis WeSmariti Tavisuflebis gareSe qveyana ekonomikur usafrTxoebas ver miaRwevs. saqarTvelos xelisuflebaSi Seqmnilia iluzia, rom kaspiis resursebis eqsportisaTvis wamowyebuli msxvili infrastruqturuli proeqtebi gardqmnian saqarTvelos ekonomikas. politikurad, da strategiulad am proeqtebs rom uzarmazari mniSvneloba aqvT, amas veravin uaryofs, magram maTi ekonomikuri efeqti araadeqvaturad aris gabuqebuli. saqarTvelos ekonomikas mxolod Sida ekonomikuri berketebi, pirvel rigSi ki mewarmeobisTvis marTlac Tavisufali garemos Seqmna gardaqmnis da aRniSnuli infrastruqturuli proeqtebis efeqtic am konteqstSi gacilebiT meti iqneba (miT umetes, Tu am gziT miRebuli Semosavlebi raime konkretuli, qveynisTvis saWirboroto problemis, magaliTad, sapensio reformis saqmes moxmardeba). sxva SemTxvevaSi, navTobisa da gazis gatarebiT miRebuli satranzito Semosavlebi isev umisamarTod ganiavdeba, rogorc uzarmazari sagareo valebi ganiavda, qveynis ganviTarebaze raime pozitiuri zemoqmedebis gareSe. Tvalis erTi Sevlebac sakmarisia imis dasanaxavad, Tu ra xdeba dRes saqarTveloSi biznesis mxardaWeris TvalsazrisiT. erTis mxriv, kaspiis navTobisa

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da gazis aTvisebasTan dakavSirebuli kompaniebi aqtiurad muSaoben mTlianad regionSi, da kerZod saqarTveloSic. iseTi gigantebi, rogorebicaa Sevroni, britiS petroleumi, norTrop grumani da sxva Tavis urTierTobebs saqarTvelosTan umaRles doneze agvareben. maTi gavlena da mniSvneloba gansazRvravs im faqts, rom maTi problemebi prezident SevardnaZis doneze wydeba. gacilebiT mZimea viTareba im saSualo da mcire kompaniebisaTvis, romlebic saqarTvelos Sida bazarze muSaoben da romelTac sxva qveynebis politikuri mxardaWera naklebi aqvT. biurokratiuli problemebi, registraciis, licenzirebis, ganbaJebis procedurebi moxeleTa mier urTules, da qrTamis gareSe TiTqmis gadaulaxav zRuded aris aRmarTuli mewarmeTaTvis. ukve yvelasaTvis cnobili faqtia, rogorc qveynis SigniT, ise qveynis gareT, rom rogorc wesi, kompaniebi araerTgvarovan pirobebSi arian Cayenebulni sabaJo da sagadasaxado reJimis TvalsazrisiT. es klavs samarTlian konkurencias da kompaniebs legaluri biznesidan gasvlisaken ubiZgebs. gegmis Sesrulebis mizniT SemoRebuli gadasaxadebis winaswar akrefis axali praqtika kanonis farglebSi momuSave kompaniebsac aiZulebs an biznesi daxuron, an aralegarilad imuSaon. gamomdinare isev da isev saxelmwifosa da misi moxeleebis damokidebulebidan mewarmeobis mimarT, saqarTveloSi yalibdeba mankieri praqtika, sadac gadarCeba mxolod is, vinc kanonebs arRvevs. samwuxarod, saqarTveloSi TviT mewarmeTa umravlesobaSic socialisturi mentaliteti batonobs da arasamarTliani konkurencia tipiuri praqtikaa socializmisgan “memkvidreobiT” miRebuli qarxnebisa da sxva qonebis mepatroneTa umravlesobisTvis. korufcia aravisTvis ar warmoadgens saidumlos, rom ukanaskneli ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi ZiriTadad saxelmwifo moxeleebi an maTTan mWidrod dakavSirebuli adamianebi mdidrdebian sazogadoebis yvela danarCeni jgufebis xarjze. imis magivrad, rom Tavi ganixilon moqalaqeebis, maT Soris korporaciuli moqalaqeebis samsaxurSi, saxelmwifo moxeleebi moqalaqeebs ganixilaven sakuTari Semosavlebis zrdis wyarod. erTeuli patiosani saxelmwifo moxeleebi mankieri sistemis msxverplni xdebian: an sistemaSi iTqvifebian, an midian. samocdaaTi, da Tundac asi lariT saxelmwifo moxele rom ojaxs ver Seinaxavs, me mgoni yvelasTvis naTelia. saxelmwifo faqtiurad Tavad qmnis korufciis pirobebs, roca aTiaTasobiT mcireanazRaurebian samuSao adgils inarCunebs. saxelmwifo moxeleTa (maT Soris Zalismier struqturebSi) ricxvis Semcireba, maTTvis xelfasis, da Sesabamisad, pasuxismgeblobis zrda, upirvelesi pirobaa korufciis aRmosafxvrelad. klanebis interesebis balansze dafuZnebuli mmarTvelobis sistemis araefeqturoba zemoT aRniSnuli problemebi kidev ufro mZimdeba xelisuflebaSi dapirispirebisa da politikuri ambiciebis faqtorebiT. xelisuflebaSi dapirispirebuli banakebis arseboba CanasaxSive klavs nebismier dadebiT iniciativas. iniciativis warmateba im xalxis warmatebas niSnavs, vinc iniciativa gamoiCina, da es saSiSroebad aRiqmeba meore mxarisaTvis, amitom xSirad “mowinaaRmdegis” CaZirva politikuri usafrTxoebis garantiad aRiqmeba. amgvar mankier garemoSi

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nebismieri dadebiTi wamowyeba, aseTi romc arsebobdes, dasaRupavadaa ganwiruli. unda vaRiaroT, rom klanebis interesebis balansze dafuZnebulma mmarTvelobam ar gaamarTla. ufro metic, amgvarma mmarTvelobam safrTxe Seuqmna TviT saxelmwifos arsebobas. depopulacia qveyanaSi erTis mxriv Sobadobis Semcirebisa da sikvdilianobis zrdis, xolo meores mxriv emigraciis mniSvnelovani zrdis tendenciebia. amasTan, qveyanas ufro metad ganaTlebuli da maRalinteleqtualuri SromisaTvis momzadebuli adamianebi, ufro metad ki axalgazrdebi toveben. vinc wasvlas ver axerxebs, xSirad Tavis adgils ver poulobs sazogadoebaSi da sasowarkveTas eZleva, rasac bevri ubedureba misdevs. yvelaze saSineli maT Soris gaxSirebuli TviTmkvlelobebia. am tendenciebis negatiuri Sedegebi ukve male iqneba TvalsaCino. ufro grZelvadian perspeqtivaSi ki am procesebs katastrofuli Sedegebi SeiZleba mohyves. erTeuli adamianebis Zalisxmeva am problemebs ver mouvlis. ganaTlebis donis daqveiTeba da teqnologiuri CamorCenis zrdis saSiSroeba. sayovelTaod aRiarebuli faqtia, rom Raribi qveynebi naklebad ganaTlebulni arian. saqarTveloSi, miuxedavad jer kidev SemorCenili saSualo ganaTlebis maRali donisa, Zalian susti da daqsaqsulia inteleqtualuri institutebi. saqarTvelo Tanamedrove codnisa da fiqris periferiaze aRmoCnda. dRes amis gacnobiereba da problemis mogvarebaze fiqria saWiro, da ara provinciuli ambiciebis demonstrireba. ganaTlebis doneSi CamorCena momavalSi teqnologiuri CamorCenis zrdis tolfasia, qveynis erovnuli usafrTxoebisaTvis aqedan gamomdinare SedegebiT. susti regionaluri politika TbilisSi regionebi mxolod arCevnebis dros axsendebaT da qveynis arsebobisa da ganviTarebisaTvis saarsebo potenciali praqtikulad bedis anabaradaa mitovebuli. Sedegad regionebis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba gaRizianeba centraluri xelisuflebis, Tbilisis mimarT. iTvleba, rom Tbilisi gacilebiT mets iRebs sagareo daxmarebebisa da kreditebisagan, vidre danarCeni saqarTvelo. xSir SemTxvevaSi adgilobrivi mmarTvelebi Tavisi moklevadiani piradi Tu politikuri interesebidan gamomdinare mosaxleobis am ganwyobas kidev ufro aRviveben. savalalo faqtia, rom umetes SemTxvevaSi amgvari mmarTvelebi Tbilisidan iniSnebian da qveynis politikuri xelmZRvanelobis ganusazRvreli mxardaWeriT sargebloben. sagareo safrTxe bunebrivia, rom qveynaSi Seqmnili umZimesi politikuri da ekonomikuri mdgomareoba zrdis sagareo safrTxes. cxadia, rom ruseTis, TurqeTisa da iranis garemocvaSi saqarTvelo ver SesZlebs Tavisi usafrTxoebis mxolod samxedro gzebiT uzrunvelyofas. magram es ar niSnavs, rom saqarTvelom xeli unda aiRos usafrTxoebis samxedro aspeqtze. es qveynisaTvis damRupveli iqneba. samwuxarod, sagareo politikaSic grZelvadiani xedva da preventuli politika Canacvlebulia ama-Tu im movlenaze dagvianebuli reaqciebiT. ruseTTan urTierTobaSi warmoSobili problemebis mimarT damokidebuleba amis kidev erTi samwuxaro dasturia.
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ruseTi da misi survili iyos regionSi dominirebuli Zala darCeba saqarTvelosTvis umTavres safrTxed. saqarTvelos aSkarad ara aqvs mkafio pozicia ruseTis mkveTrad gamkacrebuli politikis mimarT. isev saubaria ruseTis mxridan raRac dapirebebze, axal xelSekrulebebze da axal pirobebze, romlebsac mxareebi erTmaneTs aZleven. saqarTvelo-ruseTis urTierTobebis mTeli istoria ruseTis mxridan saqarTvelos winaSe aRebuli valdebulebebis arSesrulebis istoriaa. dawyebuli totlebenidan da georgievskis traqtatidan da damTavrebuli soWis xelSekrulebiT, romelsac soxumis dacema mohyva. namdvilad gaugebaria, ra unda gaakeTos kidev ruseTma iseTi, rom qarTvelebi erTxel da samudamod davrwmundeT - erTaderTi politikuri mizani, romelic ruseTs saqarTvelos mimarT aqvs, aris saqarTvelos floba. ekonomikurad momagrebuli ruseTi gazrdil safrTxes warmoadgens da saqarTvelos saswrafod sWirdeba adeqvaturi politikis gamomuSaveba, raSic Sida-ekonomikur reformebs gadamwyveti roli eqnebaT. sabednierod, aSS-s axali administraciis ufro aqtiuri politika mniSvnelovan saydens qmnis am safrTxis dasabalanseblad, Tu, ra Tqma unda, saqarTvelo am saSualebas gamoiyenebs. bunebrivia, ruseTTan keTilemezobluri damokidebuleba saqarTvelos strategiul interesebSia. isic cxadia, rom ruseTTan savaWro-ekonomikuri TanamSromlobiT saqarTvelo gacilebiT swrafad moaxerxebs arsebuli ekonomikuri problemebis daZlevas, magram amisTvis sul mcire, erTi damatebiTi piroba mainc unda arsebobdes: ruseTsac unda undodes CvenTan Tanasworuflebiani TanamSromloba. dRes amgvari survili ar sCans da saqarTvelos sxva arCevani ara aqvs, garda imisa, rom sxvagan eZebos TanamSromlobis SesaZleblobebi.

gamosavali am mZime suraTis fonze pirvel rigSi minda vTqva, rom gamosavali arsebobs da mdgomareobis seriozuli gaumjobeseba sakmaod swrafadaa SesaZlebeli, Tu, rogorc minimum, gadawydeba, vin aris pasuxismgebeli qveynis krizisidan gamoyvanaze. saqarTvelos dRes sWirdeba erTiani, koordinirebuli saxelisuflebo centri, romelic imoqmedebs winaswar Camoyalibebuli strategiis mixedviT qveynis krizisidan gamoyvanis mizniT. dRevandel politikur garemoSi premier-ministri (vinc ar unda dainiSnos am postze), da miT umetes saxelmwifo ministri am funqcias veRar Seasrulebs, es unda iyos prezidentis piradi pasuxismgeblobis qveS momqmedi, politikuri ambiciebisagan Tavisufal Tanamoazreebis jgufi, an organo (saxels principuli mniSvneloba ara aqvs), romlisTvisac arapopularuli gadawyvetilebebis miReba problema ar iqneba. simarTles TvalebSi unda SevxedoT da vaRiaroT, rom dRevandel politikur xelmZRvanelobas bolomde ar esmis, rom ekonomikuri reformebis ZiriTadi qvakuTxedi ekonomikuri Tavisuflebaa. roca arapopularul gadawyvetilebebze vlaparakobT, ara marto mosaxleobisTvis arapopularul nabijebs vgulisxmobT, aramed TviT xelisuflebis mTeli vertikaluri ierarqiis warmomadgenlebisTvis arapopularul gadawyvetilebebs. aqedan gamomdinare, zemoT xsenebul jgufs

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unda mieces sruli kart-blanSi, garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi ekonomikuri gadawyvetilebebis miRebis sruli Tavisufleba. es Cveni mosazreba Seuracxofad aravin unda miiRos. Ciles prezidents augusto pinoCets arc monetaruli politikis esmoda rame, arc sapensio reformebis, da arc Tavisuflebis mexotbe yofila arasodes, magram Tavisi qveynis winaSe pasuxismgeblobam aiZula sruli Tavisufleba mieca Cikagodan miwveuli axalgazrda ekonomistebisTvis, romelTac ramdenime weliwadSi Cile samagaliTo qveyanad aqcies. saqarTvelos prezidents eqsperimentebis arasodes eSinoda da es iqneba mis cxovrebaSi albaT yvelaze mniSvnelovani eqsperimenti. rac Seexeba moqmedebis strategias, Cven is ase gvesaxeba: pirvel rigSi unda ganisazRvros, risi miRweva surs saqarTvelos sxvadasxva vadian perspeqtivaSi. miznebis da amocanebis kargad gacnobiereba da maTi popularizacia sazogadoebrivi mxardaWeris da, Sesabamisad, ganxorcielebis sawindari iqneba. sazogadoebis TiTeulma wevrma unda igrZnos, rom is procesis monawilea da maSin sul sxvagvari iqneba damokidebulebac am procesisadmi. rac mTvaria, qveynis damoukideblobis ganmtkiceba da adamianisa da misi saqmianobis (sxvasTan erTad, umTavresad samewarmeo saqmianobis) Tavisuflebis xarisxis zrda unda gaxdes am procesis mTavari RerZi, saqarTvelos strategiuli mizani. moklevadian perspeqtivaSi saqarTvelos xelisuflebis orientirebi unda gaxdes: mcire da mobiluri jari; mcire da mobiluri mTavroba mkafio funqciebiT; biznesisaTvis maqsimalurad xelSemwyobi garemo; mkafio sagareo prioritetebi. am miznebis miRwevisaTvis Cveni azriT ramdenime radikaluri RonisZiebis gatareba iqneba saWiro. gamovyof mxolod ramdenimes, Cemi azriT umTavress: mTavrobasa da saxelmwifo struqturebSi, maT Soris Zalovan struqturebSi dasaqmebulTa ricxvis radikaluri Semcireba, gamonTavisuflebuli saxsrebiT Sromis anazRaurebisa da specialur programaTa dafinansebis zrda da rac mTavaria, saxelmwifo struqturebis funqciebis mkafiod gansazRvra, ramac unda uzrunvelyos paralelizmis mospoba da resursebis efeqturi gamoyeneba; veranairi politikuri da ekonomikuri reforma ver iqneba warmatebuli, Tu mas ukan ar udgas Zlieri saxelmwifo manqana. da ar arsebobs Zlieri saxelmwifo manqana usafrTxoebis iseTi elementis gareSe, rogoric aris jari. sainvesticio da saqmiani garemos radikaluri gaumjobeseba (sagadasaxado reformis CaTvliT), ramac xeli unda Seuwyos adgilobrivi da ucxouri kapitalis dabandebisaTvis xelsayreli pirobebis Seqmnas; ZiriTad RonisZiebebad aq gvesaxeba: g) axladSeqmnili sawarmoebisTvis saregistracio da salicenzio procedurebis gamartiveba h) sagadasaxado sistemis gamartiveba

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i) sapensio reforma qveyanaSi, romelsac realurad biujeti ar gaaCnia (is rac saqarTvelos aqvs, aris mTavrobis zogierTi operaciis dafinansebis gegma, romlis koreqtireba Cveulebrivi ambavi gaxda), Zalian advilia eqsperimentis Catarebac. dasakargavi praqtikulad aRaraferia. aqcenti unda gakeTdes axladSeqmnil sawarmoebze, raTa sxvasTan erTad maqsimalurad Seewyos xeli “Crdilovan ekonomikaSi” gadasul sawarmoaTa legalur sistemaSi mobrunebas. amisaTvis unda gamartivdes saregistracio da salicenzio procedurebi. axali sawarmos dafuZneba saaTebis saqme unda gaxdes, da ara Tveebis. axlad registrirebuli sawarmoebisTvis unda SemoviRoT radikalurad gamartivebuli sagadasaxado sistema da davamkvidroT gadasaxadebSi meaTedis principi-yvela Semosavali, individualuric da korporaciulic, daibegros 10%-iT. paralelurad, gadauxdelobisTvis dawesdes umkacresi finansuri sanqciebi, romelTa administrireba unda gaxdes mTavrobis umTavresi funqcia. sagadasaxado reformas paralelurad unda mihyves sapensio reformac, romlis safuZveli axladregistrirebuli sawarmoebisTvis axali sapensio reJimis SemoReba unda gaxdes, roca muSakebs alternativis saxiT kerZo sapensio fondebSi anaricxebis gakeTebis ufleba miecemaT. pensiebis arsebuli da warsuli davalianebis dafarvis erT-erT gzad infrastruqturuli proeqtebidan miRebuli savaluto Semosavlebis specialur sapensio fondSi mobilizeba gvesaxeba. axaladSeqmnili sawarmoebisTvis amgvari saregistracio, sagadasaxado da socialuri anaricxebis garemos SeqmniT bevri aralegaluri biznesi moisurvebda legalur reJimSi CarTvas. es ki sagadasaxado bazis radikalur gafarToebas, da Sesabamisad, droTa ganmavlobaSi sabiujeto Semosavlebis mniSvnelovan zrdas gamoiwvevda. saerTaSoriso safinanso institutebTan urTierTobis ufro SemoqmedebiT principebze gadayvana. gadauWarbeblad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom 1994-95 wlebSi saqarTveloSi safinanso da, me vityodi, politikuri stabilizaciis miRwevaSi msoflio banksa da savaluto fonds gadamwyveti roli hqondaT. magram 1998 wlidan am institutebis standartuli programebi saqarTveloSi praqtikulad aRar muSaobs. saqarTvelom Tavad unda gamoiCinos iniciativa arastandartuli programebiT savaluto fondTan TanamSromlobis strategiis gamomuSavebaSi. axladSeqmnili sawarmoebisTvis specialuri reJimis Seqmna biujetSi Sesabamisi cvlilebebis SetaniT erT-erT aseT arastandartul gzad gvesaxeba. ruseTze damokidebulebis maqsimaluri Semcireba saqarTvelom yvelaferi unda iRonos imisaTvis, rom ruseTs xelidan gamostacos zemoqmedebis iseTi mniSvnelovani berketebi, rogorebicaa bunebrivi gaziT momaragebaze damokidebuleba, sagareo vali Tu sxva. ruseTs isedac sakmarisi berketebi aqvs xelSi (afxazeTi, samxedro bazebi da sxva), rom Cven ar movexmaroT da kidev ufro ar davimZimoT Cveni mdgomareoba. am RonisZiebaTa warmatebisTvis saWiroa am reformebTan mimarTebaSi qveynis SigniT da qveynis gareT dadebiTi sazogadoebrivi azris formireba, risTvisac aucilebel iqneba am saqmis profesionalebis gamoyeneba; dadebiTi saerTaSoriso azri, qveynis moqalaqeTa informireba da reformis procesebSi

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CarTva gacilebiT gazrdis reformebis dadebiT efeqts da qveynis sainvesticio garemos mimzidvelobas. Q boloTqma araferi gansakuTrebulad originaluri SomoTavazebul gegmaSi ar aris, da arc misi ganxorcieleba iqneba rTuli, Tumca, ra Tqma unda, amisTvis saWiro iqneba politikuri nebis mobilizacia da am gegmis aRsrulebis im xalxisTvis mindoba, visac esmis ra, da rogor aris gasakeTebeli. Tumca, politikuri nebis mobilizeba da cvlilebebis ganxorcieleba metad Zneli iqneba garemoSi, sadac mmarTveli Zalac da opoziciac daqsaqsuli da dajijgnilia. im adamianebma, romelTac evalebaT, rom qveynisaTvis mniSvnelovani politikuri gadawyvetilebebi miiRon, qveynis umaRlesi interesebiT unda imoqmedon. sxvanairad Tavisufali qveynis aSenebis kidev erTi istoriuli Sansi daikargeba da gasayofic aRaraferi iqneba, arc prezidentis posti da arc sxva ram. gavixsenoT 1918-21 wlebis saqarTvelo da davukvirdeT, ramdeni niSniT hgavs dRevandeli mdgomareoba maSindels. dRevandelma qarTvelma politikosebma srulad unda gaacnobieron is pasuxismgebloba, romelic maT sakuTari nebiT aiRes Tavis Tavze. dRes msoflioSi umkacresi konkurenciaa pirdapiri investiciebis mizidvaze. qveynebi cdiloben maqsimalurad Seuwyon xeli ucxouri investiciebis mozidvas samewarmeo garemos gaumjobesebis gziT. aRmosavleT evropis, samxreTaRmosavleT aziis da laTinuri amerikis stabiluri, mzardi bazrebis fonze seriozuli investiciebis mozidvis erTaderTi Sansi saqarTvelosTvis aris maqsimalurad xelSemwyobi samewarmeo garemos Seqmna. amgvar garemos kerZo moqalaqe samwuxarod ver Seqmnis, es saxelmwifos saqmea. gavixsenoT Ciles, dubais, singapuris an irlandiis magaliTebi, sadac saxelmwifos grZelvadianma da mizanmimarTulma politikam es CamorCenili qveynebi aaRorZina da teqnologiurad mowinave saxelmwifoTa rigSi Caayena. saqme marto sagadasaxado reJimis mimzidvelobaSi ar aris. ara nakleb mniSvnelovania “sufTa” da efeqturi mTavrobis arseboba. indoeTidan dubaiSi gadabargebuli erTerTi evropuli multinacionaluri teqnologiuri kompaniis menejerma amas winaT “fenomenaluri” uwoda am saemiroSi biznesis dafuZnebasa da Semdgom funqcionirebasTan dakavSirebul samTavrobo gadawyvetilebaTa miRebis siswrafes. davukvirdeT yvelaze warmatebuli reformebis qveynebis geografias: Cile laTinur amerikaSi, irlandia evropaSi, dubai axlo aRmosavleTSi, singapuri samxreT-aRmosavleT aziaSi. am qveynebis mosaxleobis religiuri, kulturuliistoriuli, eTniuri da bunebrivi garemo sruliad gansxvavebulia, rac miuTiTebs imaze, rom Tanamedrove ekonomikuri reformebis da normaluri samewarmeo garemos Seqmna yvela qveyanaSia SesaZlebeli. erTi, rac am qveynebs aerTianebs, aris mcire zomis, magram Zlieri, sufTa da qveynis momavalze mofiqrali xelisufleba, romelmac gaacnobiera, rom Tavisufleba da Tavisufali mewarmeoba qveynis usafrTxoebis fundamentia.

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posted:11/27/2009
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Description: regionalizmi-da globalozacia