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					2175 (Rolls-Royce) Squadron ATC The RAF Training Notes ___________________________________________
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
Aim To introduce the cadet to the history and organisation of the RAF and provide an awareness of security. Objectives By the end of this section you should: 1. Know about the history and organisation of the Royal Air Force Identify key developments in the history of the RAF Outline the basic organisational structure of the RAF 2. Understand why security is important Identify why security is important. Identify a minimum of threats to security and state the action/s they to minimise these threats.

CHAPTER 1 – RAF HISTORY AND ORGANISATION
Military flying in the UK began in 1912 with the formation of the Royal Flying Corps (RFC). In 1914 the navy broke away from the service to form the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). Near the end of World War I the British Government decided to invest in a new Air Service. On the 1st April 1918, the Royal Air Force (RAF) was born through the amalgamation of the existing RFC and RNAS. In the 1920s, Lord Trenchard (the father of the Royal Air Force) and Sir Winston Churchill (Secretary of State for War and Air) built the RAF into a sound training organisation. There were many other changes to the newly formed RAF in the inter-war years. In 1925, the Auxiliary Air Force was formed. In 1937, the Royal Navy regained control of shipborne aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm. However, probably the most important achievement of the inter-war years was the development of the RAdio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) which is used to locate and detect aircraft. Lord Trenchard led the RAF to grow in quality, not quantity. This solid framework meant that as the Second World War approached in the late 1930s, the
Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA P7350

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RAF was able to expand quickly into a fully operational fighting force. One of the pivotal points of WWII was the battle of Britain in 1940, where RAF aircraft, mainly Spitfires and Hurricanes fought against the German Luftwaffe, and prevented the German Forces from controlling British Airspace. After the end of WWII, the size of the RAF reduced, but the service continued to grow as new technologies were introduced in the decades that followed: The Canberra became the RAF’s first jet-engined bomber. The V-bombers provided the British Strategic Nuclear defence until 1970 when that role was assumed by the Royal Navy Submarines. In 1960, the 1st RAF supersonic fighter, the Mach 2 Canberra PR9 Lightening entered service. In 1969, the Harrier, the world’s first fixed-wing Vertical/Short Take Off or Landing (V/STOL) came into service.

Harrier GR7

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was signed on the 4 April 1949 to help promote peace and stability, and created a military and political alliance between its member countries which still exists today. Since the 1980s the RAF have been involved in a number of major conflicts: The Falklands War in 1982 The Gulf War in 1990 – Operation Desert Storm The Balkans conflicts in the former Yugoslavia in the mid-late 1990s The recent Gulf Conflict, 2003

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CHAPTER 2 - ORGANISATION OF THE RAF
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet hold supreme responsibility for national defence and they decide what policies the country should follow. They exercise control of the armed forces through the Defence Council. The Secretary of State for Defence, appointed by the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the Defence Council. The RAF is controlled by a board of senior officers called the Air Force Board. The heads of the Air Force Board are members of the Defence Council where they advise the government on matters affecting their own service, and take direction from the government. The Organisation of the RAF is split into two commands, Strike Command and Personnel & Training Command. STRIKE COMMAND From its Headquarters at RAF High Wycombe, Strike Command controls all the RAF offensive and defensive operations, and is organised into 3 groups: No 1 Group. Responsible for all strike attack and offensive support aircraft. For example the Tornado F3, which will eventually be replaced by the Eurofighter Typhoon. No 2 Group. Operates all the aircraft and force elements that support frontline operations, including the RAF regiment. An aircraft example is the C-17 Globemaster, which is replacing the Hercules C1. No 3 Group. Contains all helicopters, the RAF’s mountain rescue team, and the new Joint Force Harrier. The Merlin HC3 is one of the RAF’s newest aircrafts. Strike Command is also responsible for the RAF’s overseas units: RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus RAF Ascension Island RAF Gibraltar, Gibraltar RAFU Goose Bay, Canada, Mount Pleasant, Falkland Islands RAF Nordhorn, Germany

PERSONNEL & TRAINING COMMAND Based at RAF Innsworth, the Personnel & Training Command is in charge of all aspects of: Recruiting Conditions of Service Training Resettlement Career Management Pensions Welfare

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All of the RAF’s training aircraft are under this command. It also has responsibility for administering the RAF’s display team, The Red Arrows. P&T Command also administers the University Air Squadrons and the Air Training Corps (at HQAC).

DEFENCE COUNCIL
CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF

AIR FORCE BOARD

STRIKE COMMAND

PERSONNEL & TRAINING COMMAND
UNITS

NO.1 GROUP
UNITS

NO.2 GROUP
UNITS

NO.3 GROUP
UNITS

OVERSEAS UNITS

UNITS AND STATIONS An RAF station consists of many units, all responsible for different jobs. Operational Stations are those which mainly contain operational aircraft and units supporting them. Other Station are known as Flying Stations (usually training aircraft) or Non-Flying Stations who have no aircraft and provide other essential roles, such as Supply, or Maintenance Units. A typical RAF Station is organised into 3 wings: Operations Wing (Ops Wg) contains Flying Squadrons, Operations Squadrons (eg Fire Services, Intelligence) and Air Traffic Control Engineering Wing (Eng Wg) is typically split into Mechanical, Electrical and Electronic engineering for both aircraft and ground equipment. It could also include the Armoury and the MT section. Administrative Wing (Admin Wg) looks after the personnel who live nd work on the station. Through its specialist squadrons and flights, Admin Wg controls the day to day management of: Catering – Airmens, Sergeants and Officers Messes Accommodation Recreation – Sporting Facilities and clubs Security – The RAF Police (and RAF Regiment in some Stations) Financial Medical – at the Station Medical Centre Education Personnel Admin – Pay and Messing/Accommodation

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CHAPTER 3 - SECURITY
In war both sides make use of direct and indirect attack: Direct attack is a shooting war using guns, rockets and aircraft etc. Indirect Attack can include: - Collection of information from agents - Destruction of materials by sabotage - Trying to influence the services and/or the general public using propaganda A Terrorist Attack is an attack in peace time by an organisation rather than a nation as a whole. For example, the Twin Towers attack on September 11th 2001. SQUADRON SECURITY Every cadet is responsible for the security of his/her squadron; every cadet must play his part in looking after the squadron’s equipment and buildings. MILITARY INFORMATION AND WRITTEN MATERIAL Information and written materials are put into categories of how valuable the information could be to an enemy. Unclassified material has no security value. Classified material has security value and special action must be taken to prevent unauthorised personnel gaining access to it. There are 4 levels of classified material: 1. Restricted 2. Confidential 3. Secret 4. Top Secret – the highest security If you ever come across material which is labelled “Secret” or “Top Secret”, you must report it at once and make sure no unauthorised personnel has access to it. RAF STATION SECURITY Air cadets also have a responsibility to the security of the RAF; this must be kept in mind when dealing with military information or when visiting an RAF station. On a typical RAF station, the Security Officer is in charge of security of information. If you ever see anything suspicious on an RAF base or at the squadron, you should immediately alert your own officer or a regular officer or serviceman. The “Need to Know” Principle – before giving out information that think may be classified you should always ask yourself “does the person need to know?”, generally the answer is “no”. NATIONAL SECURITY There are several countries and organisations which see the UK as an enemy and actively gather information about our country’s defence. The threat may be quite small for the ATC, however it is important that we remain vigilant at all times.

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