Views-of-XXX-on by sdaferv

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									Views of **** on Promoting development through reducing and preventing armed violence Text in [italics and square bracket] refers to the guidelines prepared by the ‘Geneva Declaration Core Group of States’ (Brazil, Finland, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand, UK)

Executive summary **** is of the opinion that:  The problem of armed violence needs to be measured so that action can be taken to reduce it;  Programmes on armed violence prevention and reduction need to be integrated as key elements of national and local development strategy and planning;  There are several international and regional treaties and agreements that can support armed violence prevention and reduction; and  Sufficient aid must be committed (in addition to existing funding) to act effectively on armed violence and development. The relevant forms of armed violence in **** are: (please include examples) In the opinion of ****, there is a clear link between armed violence and sustainable development in our country: (please provide more detail)

Introduction [What are your recommendations to (i) the UN system, and (ii) Member States to better address the issue of armed violence reduction/prevention and development?] **** is of the opinion that four strategic goals can be identified in order to offer experiences in how action can be taken to prevent and reduce armed violence in support of development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): 1. Improving measurement of armed violence; 2. Integrating armed violence prevention and reduction with development programming to address common root causes; 3. Complying with international agreements aimed at or relevant for armed violence prevention and reduction; & 4. Ensuring adequate official development assistance directed to the combined programme of ‘armed violence reduction and development’ (AVD)1. Achieving these strategic goals will require a more coherent approach to support for Member States across the UN system, including existing coordination mechanisms such as the Coordinating Action on Small Arms (CASA), Inter-Agency Standing Committee, etc., but also engaging the major UN implementing agencies, and the International Finance Institutions. Any and all strategies pursued are under the authority of and/or at the specific request of recipient States, for example, through the national Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, and should not be a condition imposed by the donor community.

1. Measuring armed violence To demonstrate what programming works to prevent and reduce armed violence, States should obtain evidence on how: - armed violence hinders sustainable development
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We stress that.

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- poverty and lack of development increases the risk of armed violence In practice, this means States must collect information on rates and types of armed violence, and on how their citizens are affected by armed violence. Information should be gathered on the effects of armed violence – including both the immediate effects (deaths and injuries) and the indirect effects (increased costs for example of health care and policing, reduced national productivity and income). Information should also be gathered on the causes of armed violence, with attention to underlying causes such as unemployment, rapid urbanisation, and inequality. All data gathered should be disaggregated to show differences by gender, ethnicity, geographical region and socio-economic position. [What are the manifestations of the links between armed violence and development in your country?] The main types of armed violence in **** are: (please include some evidence on types of armed violence predominantly affecting your country). The areas/groups most affected are: (please include some evidence on the groups, regions or areas most affected by armed violence). Armed violence undermines development in **** by: (please include some evidence showing how armed violence adversely affects development progress in your country). Problems in development increase the risk of armed violence in **** by: (please include some evidence showing how under-development in various forms is increasing the risk of armed violence). **** recommends that data collected on armed violence in each State should be consolidated and made publicly available (for example on the government website).

2. National programming on armed violence and development National programming is central to achieving measurable reductions in armed violence by 2015. Strategies need to be preventive and dynamic, able to respond to changing situation. Strategies should address immediate risk factors in armed violence (such as arms availability), but should also address more structural factors to prevent violence and conflict from starting. [How is this interrelation between armed violence and development addressed by your government and its national partners at policy and operational levels (including civil society)?] **** undertakes the following actions to prevent or reduce armed violence: (please include examples of national plans, programmes and investments explicitly or partially designed to prevent/reduce armed violence). The national development plan of **** includes a direct reference to armed violence prevention and reduction: (please quote the relevant section of the plan) The national development plan of **** addresses social, economic and political factors that increase the risk of armed violence: (please quote the relevant section of the plan) In collaboration with donors and other stakeholders, **** intends to strengthen action to prevent/reduce armed violence through the national development plan. This will include specific targets for reducing armed violence and for reducing the causes of armed violence. [Does your government support programmes to prevent armed violence in your country? If so how? What are the experiences made?] **** has undertaken the following programs on armed violence prevention and reduction:
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(please list these here, with information on impact if available) [Bearing in mind the broad range of issues related to armed violence, which government body is in charge of addressing this issue, and what mechanisms exist to encourage inter-departmental cooperation?] The primary coordinating agency for armed violence reduction as part of the development framework is: (please insert the name of the agency responsible for armed violence prevention/reduction). Does **** aim to strengthen government action on armed violence by extending armed violence prevention and reduction responsibilities to other ministries or official bodies? Which ones?

3. Fulfilling international commitments [What commitments has your country made in addressing the issue of armed violence reduction and prevention?] There are many existing and emerging international norms and legal agreements that States should implement in order to promote development and reduce armed violence. Among the exiting agreements **** is actively implementing: (please list – a partial collection is available in the annex) In addition to these agreements, which are important to promote development, **** believes that it would be useful to develop a new international goal on reducing and preventing armed violence globally as a part of sound development practice, and that this would, therefore, complement the existing Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

4. International cooperation and assistance [Taking into account that enhancing sustainable socio-economic development towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals is a crucial factor for armed violence prevention/reduction, what are the measures or programmes that your country has undertaken in this area and is there any obstacle that impedes the process or needs for international cooperation and assistance with the aim at strengthening national capacity?] Both recipient states and donors have responsibilities for implementing the commitments of the Geneva Declaration. Recipient states should integrate explicit programming on armed violence prevention and reduction within their national development plans, such as their Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers and other development frameworks, and should commit budget lines from the national budget to implement these programs. In ****, the following independent governance and oversight bodies have the authority and capacity to support and oversee national coordinating agencies on armed violence reduction: (please list – perhaps a parliamentary oversight body?) [If **** is a donor country]: **** explicitly includes funding for armed violence reduction and prevention within its ODA budgets, including funding for action on immediate problems of armed violence, and the underlying developmental problems associated with increased armed violence: (please provide an example) As a donor, **** follows the guidelines of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) on armed violence reduction, on security system reform and on small arms control: (please provide an example) **** acknowledges that preventing armed violence is a critical component to improving aid effectiveness. **** encourages partner countries to develop explicit action on armed violence, including agreed priority areas for programming, and targets for evaluation of results: (please provide an example)
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Annex International agreements * UN Programme of Action on Small Arms & Light Weapons (2001) – our latest report was from [insert year] * Ottawa Convention on anti-personnel landmines (1999) – our latest report was from [insert year] * Oslo Convention on cluster munitions (2008) – we have signed this, and will be ratifying by [insert date] * UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials – incorporated into national legislation through [insert name of law] * UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials – incorporated into national legislation through [insert name of law] * Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) * Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment * International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights * International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights * Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide * Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) * Treaty of Rome and the International Criminal Court (ICC) * SC Resolution 1325 – we are developing a National Action Plan, which will be published in [insert date] * SC Resolutions on children in armed conflict * Arms Trade Treaty (developing) – we submitted our views in support of a strong treaty to the UN Secretary-General in 2007 [or add more recent statement of support if applicable] Regional agreements Please complete as appropriate.

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