Generic-First-Aid-Risk-Assessment

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					Generic First Aid Risk Assessment Policy

Model Plymouth City Council Policy Adopted D. Williams - October, 2005

This Risk Assessment is provided to assist Educational Visits Coordinators with their work. Its purpose is as a starting point for Educational Visit’s Coordinators to adapt to meet their own circumstances. Some of the contents may not be suitable at all and should be carefully removed before distribution. However to take something out requires a considered argument based upon the expectations of the current regulations rather than any resource constraint. The completed assessment should support the site assessment in that there are not widely varying standards at the main site from those available offsite. Clearly the constraints presented by the environment need to be considered as does the recent development in the use of mobile phones in summoning outside assistance. The exercise sets out the minimum requirements and therefore leaves any user free to set high standards for themselves. However the cautionary note about setting standards of care in a risk assessment and not always meeting them applies! Some of you may have special circumstances that require additions to the support level suggested and establishing a higher standard as a benchmark may well be justified. All this deliberation is entirely in the nature of creating an effective working and useful document. As a test of its value, ensure that it is able to give an answer to the many questions first aid generates. Think of a few of your recent events or those proposed for the coming year and see if your Risk Assessment tells you clearly what provision you will need. Once you are happy then just one continued value of this assessment is that it will then tell you what you need across the whole programme; thus shaping your training need and its cost. Much of the contents arises from the First Aid at Work Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, from sports governing bodies and from First Aid Trainers themselves. First Aid means(a) In cases where a person will need help from a medical practitioner or nurse, treatment for the purpose of preserving life and minimising the consequences of injury and illness until such help is obtained. and (b) Treatment of minor injuries, which would otherwise receive no treatment or which do not need treatment by a medical practitioner or nurse. You are advised to consult the Regulations (Copy in your EVC file from training) before embarking on adapting this work. A fuller version on the specifics of applying regulations to schools can be found on the teacher net web site or via the DfES site which has a search facility. There is a guide available as a download entitled Guidance on Schools First Aid which while not making many detailed recommendations for offsite activities does give

further help with setting standards. One point of interest is the ratio of first aiders to students and staff. On site you will have this ratio and it would therefore likely apply to those of you who take very large groups offsite. In the suggestions below I have used a guide of 1 to 30 based upon the residential model but could 1 to 60 still be adequate. The answer would almost certainly depend on the complexity of the programme and how the risk assessment establishes that the coverage is to be achieved.

Offsite Activities in broadly similar types            Educational Activities outside but close to school Grounds. Sporting events local (within the City) Sporting events outside of the City, County ,SW Field work days; self provided. Local non residential cultural and provided adventure activities Residential Cultural Adventure Fieldwork and other educational activities in the UK and in countries where circumstances are similar to the UK. Visits to countries where conditions vary from UK standards Street based youth work Activities using another venue Working in Partnership to deliver an activity Schools delivering their own adventure activities , personal development activities etc

Different Categories of First Aid response Appointed Person (Internally Trained) Internally trained One Day or equivalent Two Day Four Day

CATEGORY Educational Activities outside but close to school grounds Low risk Low likelihood

TYPE OF NEED Minor injuries on sharp objects etc, possible head injuries from slips, trips, falls and contact with other children. Road Traffic Accident when emergency services would attend. Bites and Stings

COMPETENCE All staff should be aware of how to protect themselves and how to deal with minor injuries and some one in each party off site should know how to preserve life until the emergency services arrive

NOTES The preservation of life means making safe a casualty area, ensuring that there is no greater threat to the injured person and how to maintain an airway. Minimum Appointed Person Internally trained

Sporting events local (within the City )

Travel risks Sport specific injuries

A staff member with a one day Minimum Appointed Person certificate to cover the sports Internally trained activities as above for local travel

Sporting events outside RTA , Venue, sports specific, A person with a one day certificate of the City, County ,SW illness should travel with this party and attend the sports event if there is no clear provided first aid

Larger events may well have support from the First Aid community St Johns Ambulance etc

Field work days; self Injuries from the environment, A person in the Party for each 20 These certificates maybe held by provided water, weather, activity specific should hold a one day certificate anyone in the party who is able to carry the responsibility

Local non residential Travel, venue, activities cultural and provided adventure activities

Appointed Person Internally trained, supported by facilities at the venue and by providers of activities

Level of cover provided by third parties is to be determined through the risk assessment. In any case where this is not up to an acceptable level a party member would need to hold one-day certificate.

Residential Cultural Adventure Fieldwork and other educational activities in the UK and in countries where circumstances are similar to the UK.

Full range of potential demand One Day certificate coverage for Risk assessment needs to from onset of illness to travel everyone determine that each group that is related , activity specific or operating independently has a environmental 1 to 30 or any smaller number person with one day certificate this could be provider staff or party member/ staff

Visits to countries where Full range of possibilities conditions vary from UK standards

Each party member needs to have access to a person with a two day certificate and one person in the party hold the four day

Risk assessment needs to consider the various possible sources of where this cover can come from.

Street based youth work

Full range of possibilities including A Staff member should hold a one day Refreshers could be delivered by assault certificate supported by an annual top Four day certificate holders up/ refresher

Activities using another Minor on the site travel venue

Similar conditions to the main site Assumes that the venue is local. from which the group have come Risk assessment site visits determines that similar provision to that the group normally have is in place at the other venue. A person with the visiting party Appointed Person. Internally trained.

Schools delivering their Full range including illness where Adventure Activity Providers hold the own adventure activities the distance precludes a swift 2 day certificate or the level specific to , personal development return to the base their awarding body activities etc

For less adventurous activities and less hazardous environments then the one day certificate would apply 1 to 30 ratio

Working in Partnership Determined by risk assessment to deliver an activity

Coverage determined assessment

by

risk Where another organisations staff are providing cover then evidence is needed of the level of qualification together with harmonisation of emergency procedures


				
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