Hobkirk Primary School Environmental Studies Project Plan Class: P6/7 Title of study: World War 2 Duration of study: 7 Resources: Mrs Gordon’s WW2 Topic Box SBC Topic box Aims of the topic: Developing an understanding of cause and effect. Developing an understanding of the nature of historical evidence. Considering the meaning of heritage. Educational links with industry: The armed forces. Support agencies. Politics. weeks Session: 2002 / 03 Term: Aug - Oct Teacher: Mrs Gordon / Mrs Nuttall Assessment Aspects Formal Pre-test of knowledge about WW2. Mind Map showing aspects covered each week. Informal Jotters Wall displays Group presentations Developing Informed Attitudes by o Recognising and valuing the ways in which history explains the environment and people’s interaction with it o Appreciate the conflicts of interest which can arise when changes are planned in the environment and ways of resolving them o Making informed judgements about the value for themselves and others of respecting and preserving particular aspects of community heritage through discussion of: The horror of ethnic cleansing, mans adversity and bravery in harsh conditions, how people pull together in time of need, the changing role of women during and after the war. Knowledge and Understanding Attainment Outcomes/Targets o The state of the nation during the 1930’s, o The changing map of Europe o The reasons for Britain reluctantly, entering the war o Some key events of the war o Some key people of the war o What life was like for civilians during the war o The state of the nation in post-war Britain Sequence of study/Learning Outcomes/Activities Preparing for WW2 topic Write sentences to show information you already know about the topic Write down the key learning outcomes Write a letter to your parent, describing the topic and the headings we will cover, ask for loan of artefacts, memorabilia and help with interviews (phoning or visiting older relatives / friends, to gather information) Select appropriate video programmes to watch throughout the topic, to assist with the gathering of information. Use Drama to help children to understand situations and conflicts people were faced with. WEEK 1 LIFE IN THE 1930’S FASHION Collect photos, pictures from magazines / Internet and make drawings of clothes typical of the era. Label items. Describe the clothes worn, the styles, colours and materials used. Compare with our clothes. Talk about the importance of hats as a fashion accessory. INTERVIEW A WAR CHILD Prepare questions for a relative / neighbour about life before the war. Use the headings typical food, equipment in the kitchen, keeping warm, school life, a typical day, daily chores etc. Report answers to the rest of the class. Discuss similarities / differences between answers. Think about reasons for differences (Brought up in different locations, wealth etc.) HOMES Gather items for display. Compare with items used today. Compare houses with electricity to those with none. EMPLOYMENT List typical occupations / main industries. Find out about the impact of WW1. ENTERTAINMENT Research and make a chart to show famous people / stars of the era. Find out about most popular / typical forms of entertainment in 1930’ & 40’s. Compare number of cinemas in towns and range of films being shown. WEEK 2 LEADING UP TO WW2 Research information to match key events with the dates from 1919 to 1939. Research information to match the world leaders to the countries they ruled in the late 1930’s / 40’s. Sketch pictures of Hitler and Churchill. Find out about their political beliefs and their influence on the war. Mark countries on the European map, o show which countries were first invaded by Germany. Use a key to show UK and other key countries. Colour the European flags of the key countries. Write key features of European countries beside pictures of flags and national costumes. Find out about Hitler’s promises, the Nazi party and their symbol. WEEK 3 PREPARING FOR BATTLE MEN AT WAR Find out about the different forces, which the men could have joined. Draw the uniforms and describe their main role. Find out the meaning of conscription. WOMEN AT WAR Find out why women had to go out to work and how this was different to what they had done before. Discuss how this changed people’s views on women going out to work. Display the types of jobs women were expected to do. Match occupations to uniforms worn and discuss the need for uniforms. Make posters to advertise the need for women to take on war work. PREPARING FOR BOMBING Find out about the different types of shelters, which were used or built to protect people from the bombing. Discuss the importance of blackouts and try blacking out the office. Decide the best method / material to be used. Select a home guard officer to inspect. GAS MASKS Discuss the need for gas masks. Try wearing the gas mask for a short period of time and describe how it felt. Find out how they worked. Make a gas mask box out of cardboard. WEEK 4 OCCUPATION Find out what life was like for people in the Channel Islands during the war, under the occupation of the Germans. Look at evidence left behind after The Channel Islands were liberated. Discuss the effects of the occupation on people in Europe, in particular Anne Frank. WEEK 5 EVACUATION Discuss the need for evacuation. Who it involved. Where children were evacuated from and to. How the children felt about this. How the parents felt. How the people receiving them felt. Argue for and against evacuation. PACKING YOUR SUITCASE Draw pictures of articles of clothing and essential items which would have been packed. Make a 3D suitcase from strong paper. Cut out and pack in the suitcase the items drawn. Discuss the items taken and possible luxury items. Make an ID card. Look at actual ID cards and discuss their importance. SETTING OFF Discuss the emotions people would have felt. Investigate what the journey would have entailed. Draw up an itinerary. Discuss why some children returned to their homes. WEEK 6 THE WAR ENDS Find out about the involvement of the Americans and the Japanese. Discuss the factors, which led to the end of the war. Find out about DDay landings, Hitler’s suicide VE day, VJ day and the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which finally ended the war. Make a display to show how the war and the memory of those who fought and died in it are remembered. Discuss the atrocities, which came to light after the war had ended. (The Concentration Camps.) Interview people who lived through the war to build up a picture of what it was like for people in different situations. Use the knowledge they have gained to prepare suitable questions.