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									The Illinois Open 2007: Spite of the Long Knives Finals 1 Illinois Tossups 1. Components of the leaving group for this reaction begin in an antiperiplanar configuration, so that it obeys its own namesake rule. This reaction proceeds with deprotination by a thermally excited hydroxide, which leaves the electrons from broken bonds in favorable positions to shift to a nearby carbon-carbon bond, forming an alkene double bond with an amine leaving group. Also known as an exhaustive methylation, this E2 reaction is the alkylation of an amine to create a tertiary amine and alkene, usually in methyl iodide. For ten points, name this reaction, an elimination named for a German chemist who also has a namesake rearrangement. ANSWER: the Hofmann elimination (or Hofmann degradation; accept just Hofmann reaction after “elimination”) 2. His The Grain Between the Millstones details his time in America, and his Two Hundred Years Together is a history of his homeland’s relations with the Jews. He wrote about the mocking attitude of the young toward religion in “Easter Precession,” and he wrote about an army lieutenant who accuses a soldier of being a German spy in “An Incident at Kretchetovka Station.” One of his works deals with the lives of academics who as prisoners are forced to work on state technical projects, a work named The First Circle. His experiences while incarcerated in a work camp led to the short story “The Right Hand” and the novel Cancer Ward. For ten points, identify this 1970 Nobel laureate in literature, the author of Gulag Archipelago. ANSWER: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 3. He began his career as king of Dál Cais, and inherited the kingship of Munster from his half-brother. He successfully invaded and conquered Ossory in 983, after eliminating the Eoghanachta as an effective power. He attempted to consolidate his power through religious as well as political means, turning Armagh Abbey into the center of the Catholic Church. Due to old age, he was unable to lead his greatest battle, relying on his son Murchad. Killed by fleeing Norse mercenaries while praying in his tent, FTP, name this Irish ruler whose victory at Clontarf united Ireland. ANSWER: Brian Boru 4. In Evelyn Waugh’s Helena he appears to the protagonist in a dream, and he appears in Shelley’s “Queen Mab” as well. Nathaniel Hawthorne depicts a cynical version of him in “A Virtuoso’s Collection” and “A Select Party.” Rudyard Kipling has a short story named for him, and he features prominently in O. Henry’s “Door of Unrest.” Though his name varies by story, he is most commonly named Malchus or Ahasuerus. According to legend his condition is a result of taunting Jesus on his way to the Crucifixion. For ten points, identify this character of medieval Christian folklore cursed to grow old and never die, walking the earth until Judgment Day. ANSWER: The Wandering Jew 5. Produced by Norman Smith, who questioned the talent of the performers during production, this album took 3 months to record, an unusually long time for the 1960’s. “Pow R. Toc H” was one of the final songs to be added to this album, and the only long song, “Interstellar Overdrive,” took many takes to perfect, while “The Scarecrow” and “The Gnome” were both recorded in a single take. Unusual among its band’s records in that the cover shows images of the band members, this album is also unique in that all songs, with the exception of Roger Waters’ “Take Up Thy Stethoscope and Walk,” were at least co-written by Syd Barret. For ten points, identify this 1967 debut album for Pink Floyd. ANSWER: The Piper at the Gates of Dawn 6. Early unfinished operas by this composer include Oedipus in Athens and Salammbô. These operas lack the nationalism that would characterize his later works such as Khovanshchina, an opera based on the Moscow uprising of 1682. A common theme in his works is the plight of the downtrodden, something he can relate to since his aristocratic family was pushed into poverty upon the emancipation of the serfs. A famous portrait by Ilya Repin portrays him just days before his death at age 42. He made many versions of

the choral work A Night on Bald Mountain, while he is better known for the opera Boris Godunov. For ten points, identify this Russian composer of Pictures at an Exhibition, a member of the Five. ANSWER: Modest Mussorgsky 7. In Italy it is sometimes known as Pascha Rosatum due to the custom of scattering rose leaves from church ceilings, and in Russia it is traditional to carry flowers and green branches. The sequence “Veni, Sancte Spiritus” is traditionally sung during Catholic mass the week of this holiday, and the red vestments are worn, symbolizing the love of the Holy Spirit. A common day for baptisms to take place, it takes its name from the Greek name for the Jewish festival of Shavuot, to which it is related. Known as Whit Sunday in the U.K., this is, for ten points, what holy day commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles that is celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter? ANSWER: Pentecost 8. The name of the village for which this battle is named is derived from a small red flowering tree. Problems with French interference and illegal use of trade permits precipitated this battle, which began shortly after the capture of Fort William. A part of the Seven Years War, it pitted the forces of Lord Robert Clive against the forces of the last Nawab of Bengal. FTP, identify this important victory for the British East India Company over Siraj Ud Daulah, one of the most important battles leading to the formation of the British Empire in India. ANSWER: Battle of Plassey 9. Joseph Larmor proposed this in 1897 for electrons in orbit of a nucleus. There exists a general relativistic version in which the relative potentials in a gravitational field cause this. A 1941 experiment performed by Rossi and Hall observed that muons reached the surface of the Earth despite their short decay time because of this, while a Hafele and Keating experiment from 1971 verified this by flying cesium clocks around the world in opposite directions. In this effect, the time interval between two events in an inertial frame is multiplied by the Lorentz factor in order to determine the time interval in another frame. For ten points, identify this phenomenon predicted by relativity, where the passage of time changes with relative velocity. ANSWER: time dilation 10. Novels attributed to him include The Era of Hopeful Monsters and The Gospel from Outer Space. He is mentioned in Salman Rushdie’s The Ground Beneath Her Feet, and the epitaph on his gravestone reads “Life is no way to treat an animal.” One of his short stories involves a money tree that people kill each other over and thus fertilize the tree, while another concerns a man who uses a time machine to see if Jesus really died on the cross. An incredibly prolific author of short stories, his works are most often found in pornographic magazines. A long time resident of Ilium, New York, his biggest fan is Eliot Rosewater. For ten points, identify this fictional science-fiction author, who often appears as a supporting character in the works of Kurt Vonnegut. ANSWER: Kilgore Trout 11. In one account of this group, one of them named Watkuweis convinced Chief Twisted Hair to befriend some travelers. The best-known Sahaptin-speaking nation, they were among the easternmost Plateau Indians and allegedly owned the largest horse herd in North America, which they used to create the Appaloosa. Resentment over abrogation of a namesake Treaty of 1855 and over what they call the “steal treaty” led to their namesake war, in which they held off O.O. Howard despite 50 to 1 numerical inferiority, but eventually surrendered to Nelson Miles. For ten points, name this Native American tribe whose bestknown leader was Chief Joseph and who received their best-known name from French settlers who erroneously believed they had a custom of piercing their noses. ANSWER: the Nez Percé or Nimi’ipu 12. Book 5 of this work discusses the question of free will, while Book 4 discusses the existence of pain and evil. At one point in this work, a hierarchy of knowledge is presented with sense at the base and intelligence from divinity at the top. Concluding that the pursuit of wisdom is the key to happiness, this work was written as a conversation between the author and Lady Philosophy. In A Confederacy of Dunces, Ignatius Reilly often mentions this work. For ten points, identify this 6th-century philosophical work written while its author was awaiting execution; a work by Boethius.

ANSWER: The Consolation of Philosophy 13. Economist James Meade used the example of honey bees in an attempt to refute this, but supporters proved his refutation to be in error. Judge Learned Hand applied this to tort law, using it to determine liability for damages. It implies that Pigouvian taxes don’t always result in an efficient solution, and that externalities do not prevent an efficient solution. This theorem, which fails in the case of asymmetric information, states that, assuming no transaction cost, bargaining in the presence of negative externalities will lead to an efficient outcome no matter the initial allocation of property rights. For ten points, identify this theorem first stated in “The Problem of Social Cost” named for the 1991 Nobel laureate in economics. ANSWER: Coase’s Theorem 14. The ongoing Marmaray project includes a submerged 13.6 kilometer long tunnel beneath this body of water. The fortifications Andaloluhisari and Rumelihisari were built directly across from each other along the narrowest part of this. Freedom of travel through this waterway is guaranteed by the 1936 Montreux Treaty, and it retains international importance because oil from the Black Sea is often transported using it. For ten points, identify this straight connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, thus dividing Istanbul into European and Asian parts. ANSWER: Bosporus (accept Istanbul Straight) 15. Ridolfi claimed that his studio wall held the inscription: “The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian.” Fond of painting the same scene from different angles, this artist employed wax models on a stage in order to experiment with light. His St. George and the Dragon may be found in the National Gallery of London, while his self-portrait at age 70 may be found in the Louvre. His works depicting the lives of Christ and the Virgin may be found in the Scuola di San Rocco, among which is his magnificent Crucifixion. For ten points, identify this leading Italian Mannerist famous for his The Anunciation and Last Supper. ANSWER: Jacopo Tintoretto or Jacopo Robusti or Jacopo Comin 16. He was elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 1788, and was a delegate at the convention that ratified the U.S. Constitution. After serving in the militia for over twenty years before the beginning of the Revolution, he was appointed Major General in May 1776 over the head of Benedict Arnold. After the war he led the militia forces that put down Shays Rebellion. At Yorktown, when General Cornwallis refused to surrender to Washington in person, he accepted Cornwallis’s sword from his second-incommand Charles O’Hara. FTP, name this man, best known for his 1780 surrender of Charleston to Henry Clinton. ANSWER: Benjamin Lincoln (prompt on “Lincoln”) 17. In differential geometry, Liousville's equation is often employed to calculate one variety of this, while the Gauss-Bonet theorem relates the Euler characteristic to another variety. General Relativity uses a tensor named for Riemann to measure this, and engineers often use the second derivative to approximate this for plane curves. The intrinsic variety is a local property of the manifold, while the extrinsic kind requires an embedding in a larger space. For ten points, identify this geometric property that measures how much an object deviates from "flatness." ANSWER: curvature 18. His The Grain Between the Millstones details his time in America, and his Two Hundred Years Together is a history of his homeland’s relations with the Jews. He wrote about the mocking attitude of the young toward religion in “Easter Precession,” and he wrote about an army lieutenant who accuses a soldier of being a German spy in “An Incident at Kretchetovka Station.” One of his works deals with the lives of academics who as prisoners are forced to work on state technical projects, a work named The First Circle. His experiences while incarcerated in a work camp led to the short story “The Right Hand” and the novel Cancer Ward. For ten points, identify this 1970 Nobel laureate in literature, the author of Gulag Archipelago. ANSWER: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 19. Originally submitted to the “This Is Tomorrow” exhibition, it depicts quarters owned by a man whose

son has since claimed that his father was responsible for it, but this is in doubt. Outside the left window in this work can be seen an ad for The Jazz Singer, which is playing on the television.The foreground has a hand-cranked reel-to-reel tape player at the feet of a character named “Zabo.” Commercial elements include a tin of Armous ham, a vacuum cleaner ad, and a Ford hood ornament. On the right, a sits on a couch wearing a lampshade, breast tassles, and little else. For ten points, name this collage, the best-known work of Richard Hamilton, which is perhaps most famous for its depiction of a semi-nude bodybuilder holding a Tootsie Pop. ANSWER: Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? 20. Self-Perception Theory is an alternative explanation of the data behind this this that focuses on observable behavior rather than mental processes, and counter-attitudinal advocacy is a brainwashing technique based on this. When a person undergoes this, extrinsic justification is preferred to intrinsic justification. A famous 1959 experiment dealing with this concept demonstrated that people paid a trivial amount of money rated mundane tasks more interesting than their higher-paid counterparts did. First proposed in 1957 by Leon Festinger after observations of a doomsday cult, this is, for ten points, what condition that is caused when a person has two or more conflicting ideas? ANSWER: Cognitive Dissonance 21. Born with the name Sétanta, he earns his more famous name after he kills the smith’s dog, vowing to take its place until he can find a replacement. When Lugaid went to cut off this deceased warrior’s head, his sword fell cutting off Lugaid’s hand. His death came about because after taking vows to eat any meal offered him and to not eat dog meat, his enemies offer him a meal of dog meat. Trained by the warriorwoman Scáthach, he uses a barbed spear known as the Gáe Bulg. For ten points, identify this hero of the Ulster Cycle. ANSWER: Cú Chulainn 22. Infant monkeys with lesions on this part of the brain developed symptoms similar to autism in a study done by Jocelyne Bachevalier. Part of the limbic system, this region is divided into the basolateral nuclear group, the centromedial group, and the cortical nucleus. The stria terminalis group of fibers connects this to another body. Signals from the thalamus and visual cortex assist this region in responding to fear, and similarly to the hippocampus, this is rich in cortisol receptors. Located in the medial, temporal lobe, their proximity to the brain surface causes a bulge known as the uncus. For ten points, identify this almondshaped brain structure that is linked with emotional memory. ANSWER: Amygdalae or Amygdalas

The Illinois Open 2007: Spite of the Long Knives Finals 1 Illinois Bonuses 1. It wouldn’t be Illinois Open without a question on Illinois geography. For ten points each: [10] South of Post Vincennes, this river forms Illinois’ border with Indiana. Flowing southwest from Ohio, it travels some 475 miles before draining into the Ohio River. ANSWER: Wabash River [10] This settlement dating back to the 7th Century is both a UNESCO World Heritage site and a National Historic Landmark. It features the massive structures built by the Mississippian Culture. ANSWER: Cahokia Mounds [10] This first state capital of Illinois currently has a population of less than 10. This is because it was destroyed in 1881 when the Mississippi River flooded. Since then it has been one of the few places in Illinois found west of the Mississippi. ANSWER: Kaskaskia 2. The only instruments in this work are twelve radios, each played by two musicians. The score gives explicit instructions for when and how the players are supposed to change the dials. For ten points each: [10] This describes what avant-garde piece of music. ANSWER: Imaginary Landscape No. 4 [10] This composer wrote Imaginary Landscape No. 4 as well as the piece 4’33”, which consists only of audience noise. ANSWER: John Cage [10] Cage also composed this piece that is currently being performed in the town of Halberstadt, Germany. It started in 2001 and the performance will finish in 2640. ANSWER: Organ2/As SLow aS Possible 3. This uprising began in earnest when the colonial governor arrested John Macarthur, who was aligned with forces that held a virtual monopoly over the namesake good. For ten points each: [10] Name this 1808 rebellion that saw the overthrow of the Governor of New South Wales. ANSWER: the Rum Rebellion of 1808 [10] The aforementioned Governor was this rebellion magnet, who was stranded on Tufua after an earlier incident. ANSWER: William Bligh [10] Bligh rotted in jail until this Emancipist enthusiast came to replace him as governor. ANSWER: Lachlan Macquarie 4. Identify the following related to number theory FTPE. [10] This theorem named for a French mathematician states that a raised to the p-power with p prime is conqruent to a modulo p. ANSWER: Fermat's Little Theorem [10] Euler generalized Fermat's Little Theorem to all positive integers by introducing this function equal to the number of positive integers less than that number that are relatively prime to it. ANSWER: Euler's Totient Function [10] This theorem named for an 18th Century English mathematician is both a necessary and sufficient test for primality. Unfortunately, its use of factorials makes it computationally useless. ANSWER: Wilson’s Theorem 5. The primary narrator of this novel is Rev. Wicks Cherrycoke, who tells the tale of the two title characters to a group of young listeners. For ten points each: [10] Identify this novel that presents a highly embellished tale of the title figures trek across America in the 18th century. ANSWER: Mason & Dixon [10] This man wrote Mason & Dixon as well as Gravity’s Rainbow. ANSWER: Thomas Pynchon

[10] This disappointing 1990 novel was Pynchon’s first since Gravity’s Rainbow in 1973. Set in 1980’s California, it depicts a dystopic Reagan-era America. ANSWER: Vineland 6. Answer the following about the history of ancient Korea for ten points each. [10] The largest of the three ancient kingdoms, it was founded by Chu-mong and had a central bureaucracy with twelve different grades as well as a prime minister, or tae-daero. ANSWER: Koguryo [10] By 676, this kingdom had complete control of the Korean peninsula, after which the Council of Nobles was eliminated but was later restored. It had its capital at Kumsong, and eventually the Latter Kingdoms of Majin and T'aebong splinter off from it. ANSWER: Silla [10] In 918, he rebelled against Kung'ye and founded the Koryo dynasty, establishing its capital at Songak and by 936 he had conquered all three of the Latter Kingdoms. ANSWER: Wang Kon 7. The son of Balder, he resides in the silver-roofed palace of Glitnir, from which he resolves all legal disputes. For ten points each: [10] Name this Norse god of justice and truth. ANSWER: Forseti [10] Forseti’s mother was this wife of Balder that died of grief after Balder’s death. ANSWER: Nanna [10] As a member of the Aesir, Forseti lived in this region that was separated from Midgard by Bifrost. ANSWER: Asgard 8. There simply aren’t enough questions about cooking in quiz bowl. Identify these related terms from the art of cooking for ten points each. [10] Often preceded by a quick sear, this technique of slowly cooking meat in a moist environment is useful in making tasty but tough cuts of meat palatable. ANSWER: Braise (accept Braising or equivalent) [10] This flavorful cut of beef found below the chuck and next to the plate is commonly braised. ANSWER: Brisket [10] Taking its name from the Old English term for a grain of salt, this beef dish consists of a tough cut of beef, usually brisket, cured in a brine. Irish-Americans often serve it with cabbage. ANSWER: Corned Beef 9. They have ciliated larvae that grow into adults with five-fold radial symmetry. For ten points each: [10] This describes what phylum of aquatic invertebrates? ANSWER: Echinodermata [10] All echinoderms possess this system that is used for locomotion, food consumption, and waste removal. It consists of many canals connected to tube feet. ANSWER: Water Vascular System [10] This bulb-like structure above the podia contracts, expanding the podia and allowing water to enter the tube feet. ANSWER: Ampulla 10. Beginning with the marriage of Uther Pendragon and Igraine, it details the quest for the Grail, the story of Tristan and Isolde, and the affair of Lancelot and Guinevere. The first complete compilation of the Arthurian legend published in English, it was based primarily upon medieval French sources. FTPE: [10] This describes what work published in the 15th Century by William Caxton. ANSWER: Le Morte d'Arthur [10] Mallory, the author of Le Morte d'Arthur, introduced the story of this son of King Lot and Morgause. He goes to Camelot disguised as a kitchen hand, and is accidentally killed by Lancelot after earning his knighthood. ANSWER: Sir Gareth [10] Sir Galahad, Sir Percival, and this knight were the only ones to achieve the grail in their quest. Though

the others pass away in Sarras, he returns to Camelot. ANSWER: Sir Bors the Younger 11. The so-called “Battle of Nations,” it saw casualties well over 100,000 as Schwartzemberg and Blucher forced Napoleon to withdraw from the namesake city. For ten points each: [10] Name this October, 1813 battle. ANSWER: the Second Battle of Leipzig [10] One decisive factor in the French defeat at Leipzig was the arrival of reinforcements on the second day, including the Swedes under this commander, the effective ruler of Sweeden. ANSWER: Charles XIV John or Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (accept Charles and either one of John or XIV; accept Karl or Carl for Charles and Johan for John; accept Prince De Ponte-Corvo) [10] Bernadotte used his success at Leipzig to instantly invade Denmark, imposing this treaty to transfer Denmark to Swedish control in January, 1814. ANSWER: the Treaty of Kiel 12. Identify these minor prophets from the Old Testament for ten points each. [10] After seeing visions of the Hebrews destroyed by locusts and fire, he travels from Judah to Israel in order to preach against moral corruption. ANSWER: Amos [10] He discusses the fall of Nineveh and the Assyrians, attributing the fall to policies against the will of God. ANSWER: Nahum [10] This Israelite prophet, a contemporary of Josiah, warns about the coming of the “day of the Lord,” in which divine punishment would be issued. He preached against paganism and the worship of Baal in Judah and its neighbors. ANSWER: Zephaniah or Sophonias 13. Our Milky Way Galaxy is but one member of the Local Group of galaxies. Identify each of the following pertaining to the local group for ten points each. [10] Spanning 200 million light years, this galactic supercluster contains the Local Group along with nearly 100 other galactic clusters. ANSWER: Virgo Supercluster [10] The third most massive galaxy of the Local Group behind Andromeda and the Milky Way, this galaxy may be a satellite of Andromeda. Found in its namesake constellation, it is the most distant object visible from Earth with the naked eye. ANSWER: Triangulum Galaxy or M33 or NGC 598 [10] This irregular, satellite galaxy of the Milky Way discovered in 2003 is currently being torn apart by the gravitational tidal forces of the Milky Way. It is named for the constellation in which it is found. ANSWER: Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy 14. An attack against logical positivism, this work attempts to refute reductionism as well as destroy the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths. For ten points each: [10] This describes what 1951 article published in The Philosophical Review. ANSWER: “Two Dogmas of Empiricism” [10] This analytic philosopher wrote “Two Dogmas of Empiricism” as well as several textbooks on mathematical logic and set theory. ANSWER: Willard Van Orman Quine [10] Quine completed his Ph.D. thesis at Harvard in 1932 under the supervision of this mathematician and philosopher who proposed an alternative to General Relativity that did not employ curved space-time. ANSWER: Alfred North Whitehead 15. Traditionally any grouping of three or more notes played together is known as a chord. Most chords are based upon a triad that consists of a root, a third, and a fifth. For ten points each: [10] If the third is shifted to either a fourth or a second, this general type of chord is produced. ANSWER: Suspended Chord [10] If you add a seventh to a triad you get a seventh chord. This type of seventh chord is produced when a

minor seventh is added to a diminished triad. ANSWER: Half-Diminished Seventh Chord [10] Consisting of only the root and a perfect fifth, these chords are commonly used along with high distortion. The foundation of rock music, they are technically harmonic intervals and not chords. ANSWER: Power Chords 16. He earned his Ph.D. in physics studying the optical properties of water, but abandoned physics to study geography and eventually anthropology. For ten points each: [10] Name this author of The Mind of Primitive Man who formed the first Ph.D. program in anthropology at Columbia University. ANSWER: Franz Boas [10] The first graduate student of Boas, this author of Handbook of the Indians of California went on to found the anthropology department of the University of California-Berkeley. ANSWER: Alfred L. Kroeber [10] Boas disagreed with this man’s theory that all societies progress from a matrilineal society to a patrilineal society. He expounded a theory of social Darwinism where technological progress was the driving force of societal progress. ANSWER: Lewis Henry Morgan 17. Identify the following about formal models of computation for ten points each. [10] This is the mathematical model of computation that contains a set of accepting and non-accepting states and a transition function between them. ANSWER: automata [10] Context-free languages are recognized by this type of finite automaton that employs a stack to store symbols of the language. ANSWER: push-down automaton [10] This lemma proves that a language is not of a given class if there does not exist a string of at least a certain length that can be broken in to pieces which can repeated to produce another string in the language. Ogden's lemma is an extension of this lemma. ANSWER: pumping lemma 18. Identify these Dylan Thomas poems for ten points each. [10] This poem, and excellent example of synecdoche, tells that “these five kings did a king to death” as a result of the title object. ANSWER: “The Hand That Signed The Paper Fell A City” [10] This poem states that “though lovers be lost love shall not” and that “dead men naked they shall be one.” ANSWER: “And death shall have no dominion” [10] This poem repeatedly urges to “Rage, Rage Against the Dying of the Light.” ANSWER: “Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night” 19. Identify these related terms from crystallography for ten points each. [10] This law gives an interference pattern for X-rays scattered off of a crystal lattice. It is useful in finding the lattice spacing. ANSWER: Bragg’s Law [10] This sphere with radius equal to one over wavelength is useful in visualizing the diffraction. Diffraction only occurs when a reciprocal lattice point intersects this sphere. ANSWER: Ewald Sphere [10] This notation system is used to represent the unit cell of a crystal. It consists of three numbers that represent vectors in the reciprocal lattice basis. ANSWER: Miller Indices 20. Answer the following about the exploits of Bernardo O'Higgins for ten points each. [10] O'Higgins was chosen to replace this Chilean dictator who overthrew Martínez de Rozas, but this leader eventually regained power. ANSWER: José Miguel Carrera

[10] As a result of his rivalry with Carrera, Republican forces led by O'Higgins were overwhelmed by Spanish royalists at this 1814 battle, which led to the reoccupation of Chile by Spain. ANSWER: Battle of Rancagua [10] After the battle of Chacabuco, the people of Santiago elected him governor, but he refused to take the post, and it instead went to O'Higgins. ANSWER: José de San Martín 21. Identify these religious works of the German painter Albrecht Dürer for ten points each. [10] Dürer has both a painting depicting this man “in the wilderness” and a copperplate engraving depicting him “in his study.” ANSWER: St. Jerome [10] This woodcut depicts the title figure leading an army of angels against the title opponent. It is based on a line from Chapter 7 of the Book of Revelations. ANSWER: St. Michael’s fight against the Dragon [10] This oil painting depicts a young Christ in the center surrounded by tired-looking older scholars carrying open books. Jesus doesn’t appear to be “buying” their wisdom. ANSWER: Christ Among the Doctors 22. Identify these about a novel by Hermann Hesse, for ten points each: [10] This novel by Hermann Hesse centers on the title object, which requires participants to relate scientific formulas and artistic achievements. It’s set in 23rd-century Castalia. ANSWER: The Glass-Bead Game (also accept Magister Ludi) [10] The Glass Bead Game centers on this man, who eventually rises to become the Magister Ludi. ANSWER: Joseph Knecht (accept either name) [10] When Joseph Knecht is planning on skipping town, he enlists the help of this brilliant but unstable friend. He’s probably based on Nietzche, and ends up preparing a historical treatise for Knecht. ANSWER: Fritz Tegularius (accept either name) 23. Identify these acts concerning metals FTPE. [10] The Democrats supported the McKinley Tariff in response for Republican support for this 1890 act, but after people began redeeming notes for gold instead of the namesake metal, the resulting panic led to its repeal in 1893. ANSWER: Sherman Silver Purchase Act [10] This 1878 act restored silver as legal tender, and allowed for the mintage of silver dollars as legal tender. President Hayes vetoed it, but it was immediately overridden. ANSWER: Bland-Allision Act [10] This 1873 act, which omitted the silver dollar from the list of authorized coins, was given the moniker the “Crime of '73.” ANSWER: Fourth Coinage Act 24. Identify the following language families for ten points each. [10] These languages are sometimes hypothesized as being similar to the Altaic Languages. Representatives include Finnish, Hungarian, and Sami. ANSWER: Uralic Language Family [10] English is a member of this large language family that consists of branches such as Germanic, Italic, and Indo-Iranian. ANSWER: Indo-European Language Family [10] The language family with the second most speakers worldwide, this family includes most of the languages spoken in China. ANSWER: Sino-Tibetan Language Family

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