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LIFELINES

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					WHO/EHA

EMERGENCY HEALTH TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR AFRICA

1. Overview

1.10. Lifelines and Emergency Management

Panafrican Emergency Training Centre, Addis Ababa, July 1998

WHO/EHA/EHTP

Draft 1-1999

1.10.

Lifelines and Emergency Management Overhead Transparencies

1.10.1. 1.10.2. 1.10.3. 1.10.4. 1.10.5. 1.10.6. 1.10.7.

Lifelines, Definition Physical Lifelines Lifelines, Key Facilities, Key Structures Lifeline, Description Lifeline and Natural Hazards Lifeline and Man-made Hazards Lifelines, Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

1.10.8. Lifelines, Vulnerability to Man-made Hazards 1.10.9. Lifelines are Inter-dependent 1.10.10. Lifelines Inter-dependency 1.10.11. Lifelines are Necessary 1.10.12. If Lifelines are Affected by Hazards... 1.10.13. Lifelines Cost and Generate Money 1.10.14. Protecting the Community's Lifelines

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1.10. Lifelines and Emergency Management Trainers' Guide

Objectives: To introduce the concept of lifelines and their main characteristics; to demonstrate why they are important for emergency management. (Knowledge) Key-message: A lot of things in life are taken for granted. Emergency preparedness begins at home. E.g. if you don't keep spare bulbs, you may remain in the dark. What can affect your tap water supply?

1.10.1. Lifelines, Definition Introduce. Give the definition and discuss why lifelines are vital. 1.10.2. Physical Lifelines Introduce. List of physical lifelines, given from the engineering point of view. 1.10.3. Lifelines, Key Facilities, Key Structures Introduce. From the structural, institutional point of view it goes beyond the physical vital lifelines. We don't stop at this point; it goes further, 1. key facilities, 2. key structures. 1.10.4. Lifeline, Description Introduce and discuss. This is a kind of guide to analyse lifelines. When you consider analysing a lifeline, look into these elements. 1.10.5. Lifeline and Natural Hazards Statement, ask for consensus. 1.10.6. Lifeline and Man-made Hazards Statement, ask for consensus. 1.10.7. Lifelines, Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Discuss and ask for examples. Which lifelines are vulnerable by which natural hazard? Look at the intensity, 1, 2, or 3 dots. For any natural hazard, the risk of the vulnerability of the lifeline is indicated. 1.10.8. Lifelines, Vulnerability to Man-made Hazards
WHO/EHA/EHTP Draft 1-1999

Discuss and ask for examples. Which lifelines are vulnerable by which man-made hazard? Look at the intensity, 1, 2, or 3 dots. For any man-made hazard, the risk of the vulnerability of the lifeline is indicated. It shows clearly how destructive armed conflict is. 1.10.9. Lifelines are Inter-dependent Statement, ask for consensus. 1.10.10. Lifelines Inter-dependency Discuss and ask for examples. Lifelines are interdependent. A failure of one has consequences on the others. 1.10.11. Lifelines are Necessary Illustrate. For health: e.g. clean water. For delivering health: roads to facilitate access and supply electricity to keep the cold chain running. 1.10.12. If Lifelines are Affected by Hazards... Self-evident. Ask examples from the audience to substantiate this statement. 1.10.13. Lifelines Cost and Generate Money Discuss. To install infrastructures and to organise services cost money. Water given to a community makes the people healthier and more productive. The government can generate money by selling the water. This generates a healthier economy etc. 1.10.14. Protecting the Community's Lifelines Discuss. Lifelines are not only developmental issues. And, anyway, development and emergency management are inter-linked. Protecting the community's assets is also a measure for Disaster Prevention and Emergency Management because it decreases the vulnerability.

Stand-alone. Essential Reading:  Vital Systems, An approach to emergency management planning, WHO/PTC, 1997

WHO/EHA/EHTP

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1.10.1. Lifelines, Definition

LIFELINES Systems or networks that provide for the circulation of people, goods, services and information
(Platt, 1991)

They are vital for the health, safety, confront and economic activity of the community.

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1.10.2. Physical Lifelines

PHYSICAL LIFELINES
(ENGINEERING or UTILITIES LIFELINES)

TRANSPORT WATER SUPPLY SEWERAGE ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND SUPPLY NETWORKS TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS FUEL PIPELINE / NETWORKS
(adapted from Granger, 1997)

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1.10.3. Lifelines, Key Facilities, Key Structures

LIFELINES  transport  water  power  sewerage  telecommunications  fuel pipelines KEY FACILITIES
    police fire brigade ambulances emergency coordination centres

 hospital KEY STRUCTURES
   

general medical care food distribution networks schools emergency shelters

(adapted from Britton, 1997)

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1.10.4. Lifeline, Description

A lifeline can be described in terms of           construction size capacity location and coverage area key elements owner/operator redundancy and/or backups maintenance needs dependence on other services lead time for repair

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1.10.5. Lifeline and Natural Hazards

Lifelines are vulnerable to natural hazards

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1.10.6. Lifeline and Man-made Hazards

Lifelines are vulnerable to man-made hazards

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1.10.7. Lifelines, Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Lifelines: vulnerability to natural hazards
Lifeline Power Water Sewer Telecom Road Rail Bridges Airport Port Earthquake          Landslide          Storm          Floods         

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Draft 1-1999

1.10.8. Lifelines, Vulnerability to Man-made Hazards

Lifelines: vulnerability to man-made hazards
Lifeline Power Water Sewer Telecom Road Rail Bridges Airport Port Transport Structural Fire, incident collapse explosion                            Toxic spill          Armed conflict         

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1.10.9. Lifelines are Inter-dependent

Lifelines are inter-dependent

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1.10.10. Lifelines Inter-dependency

Lifelines inter-dependency
Failure of Power Power Water Sewage Telecom Road Rail Bridges Airport Port                                     Water  Sewer   Consequences to Telecom Roads        Rail      Bridges Airport Port                     

(Macedon Institute, 1997)

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Draft 1-1999

1.10.11. Lifelines are Necessary

Lifelines are needed for  the health of the population  the delivery of health care

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1.10.12. If Lifelines are Affected by Hazards...

If lifelines are affected by any hazard  the affected community becomes more vulnerable  secondary hazards may arise, e.g. pollution of water

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Draft 1-1999

1.10.13. Lifelines Cost and Generate Money

Lifelines cost and generate money They also represent capital assets for the community

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1.10.14. Protecting the Community's Lifelines

Protecting the community’s lifelines is a key measure of Disaster Prevention and Emergency Management

WHO/EHA/EHTP

Draft 1-1999


				
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