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					MALACOSTRACA - PERACARIDA MARINE ISOPODA ANTHURIDEA, ASELLOTA (PARS), FLABELLIFERA (PARS), AND VALVIFERA
ANA MARIA S. PIRES-VANIN Instituto Oceanográfico Universidade de São Paulo

Suborder Anthuridea Leach, 1814 Family Anthuridae Leach, 1814 Genus Eisothistos Haswell, 1884 Eisothistos moreirai (Pires, 1981)
Synonymy: Kensley, 1984: 10. Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1981a: 215 . References: Pires, 1981a: 215, figs. 16-31. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found among algae (Sargassum and Galaxaura) at 3 m depth.

Genus Mesanthura Barnard, 1914 Mesanthura brasiliensis Koening, 1980
Description and diagnosis: Koening, 1980: 359. References: Koening, 1980: 359, fig. 1. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PE, PB). Comments: Species found on calcareous and vegetated bottoms, from 0 to 25 m depth.

Mesanthura callicera Pires, 1981

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1981a: 222. References: Pires, 1981a: 222, figs. 47-58; Negoescu & Wägele, 1984: 125. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found among algae (Sargassum and Galaxaura) at 4 m depth.

Mesanthura excelsa Pires, 1981


PIRES-VANIN, A.M.S., 1998. Malacostraca - Peracarida. Marine Isopoda. Anthuridea, Asellota (pars), Flabellifera (pars), and Valvifera. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 605-624. (Série Livros n. 6).

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1981a: 218. References: Pires, 1981a: 218, figs. 32-46; Negoescu & Wägele, 1984: 125. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Intertidal species found among algae (Ulva).

Genus Quantanthura Menzies & George, 1972 Quantanthura brasiliensis Kensley & Koening, 1978
Description and diagnosis: Kensley & Koening, 1978: 958. References: Kensley & Koening, 1978: 958, figs. 4-5. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PI, SP).

Quantanthura menziesi Kensley & Koening, 1978

Description and diagnosis: Kensley & Koening, 1978: 954. References: Kensley & Koening, 1978: 954, figs. 2-3. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AP to PE).

Genus Skuphonura Barnard, 1925 Skuphonura itapuca Kensley, 1980
Description and diagnosis: Kensley, 1980: 733. References: Kensley, 1980: 733, figs. 6-7; Brusca & Müller, 1991: 593. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Family Paranthuridae Menzies & Glynn, 1968 Genus Accalathura Barnard, 1925 Accalathura crenulata (Richardson, 1901)
Synonymy: Barnard, 1925: 147. Description and diagnosis: Richardson, 1901: 509; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 65. References: Richardson, 1901: 509, figs. 1-4; Koening, 1972a: 263, figs. 2a-d; Menzies & Kruczynski, 1983: 35, fig. 12. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea; USA (Florida, North Carolina); Brazil (PA, MA, PI, CE, RN, PE, PB, AL, ES). Eastern Atlantic. Cape Verde Is. Comments: The species was found between 1 and 131 m depth, mainly on calcareous bottoms, less frequently on sand and seldom on muddy sediments.

Genus Paranthura Bate & Westwood, 1868 Paranthura urochroma Pires, 1981
Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1981a: 213. References: Pires, 1981a: 213, figs. 1-15; Negoescu & Wägele, 1984: 132. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP). Comments: Species found among algae (Jania, Amphiroa, Dyctiopteris and Ulva) from intertidal to 6 m depth.

Suborder Asellota Latreille, 1803 Family Janiridae Sars, 1897

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Genus Carpias Richardson, 1902 Carpias asterophilus Pires, 1995

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1995: 306. References: Pires, 1995: 306, figs. 1-22. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: The species was collected on the dorsal surface of the sea star Echinaster brasiliensis.

Carpias nereus (Pires, 1982)

Synonymy: Wilson & Wägele, 1994: 695; Pires, 1995: 305. Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1982: 254. References: Pires, 1982: 254, figs. 85-105; 1995: 305. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP). Comments: This is a shallow water species living in the littoral zone, among algae, in mussel beds, and under stones.

Genus Janaira Moreira & Pires, 1977 Janaira gracilis Moreira & Pires, 1977
Description and diagnosis: Moreira & Pires, 1977a: 25. References: Moreira & Pires, 1977a: 25, figs. 1-19; 1977b: 183; Pires, 1977a: 25; 1977b: 203. Geographic distribution: Caribbean Sea (Colombia) and Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP, RJ). Comments: Intertidal and shallow water species, found among algae.

Family Munidae Sars, 1899 Genus Munna Kroyer, 1839 Munna brasiliensis Hansen, 1895

Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1895: 8. References: Hansen, 1895: 8, pl. 1, figs. 2-2c; Pires, 1985: 72. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PA). Comments: Species found in deep water between 50 and 100 m depth.

Genus Uromunna Menzies, 1962 Uromunna cananeia (Pires, 1985) comb. n.

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1985: 64. References: Pires, 1985: 64, figs. 1-18. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found in low saline (25-29‰) and shallow (0.5-1.5 m depth) waters. Poore (1984) elevated the subgenera Munna and Uromunna erected by Menzies (1962) to generic rank. This work was published when Pires‟ paper (1985) was in press, and at that time this author recognized that the species described belong to the Uromunna group. So, now I am recombining the names of both Munnidae described for Brazilian waters, Uromunna cananeia and Uromunna peterseni.

Uromunna peterseni (Pires, 1985) comb. n.

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1985: 68. References: Pires, 1985: 68, figs. 19-37. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RS). Comments: Species found among seagrass, from freshwater to saline water (33‰).

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Family Santidae Wilson, 1987 Genus Santia Sivertsen & Holthuis, 1980 Santia milleri (Menzies & Glynn, 1968)

Synonymy: Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 99. Description and diagnosis: Menzies & Glynn, 1968: 74. References: Pires, 1981b: 132, figs. 1-5; 1981c: 34; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 99, figs. 43F-H. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species from shallow waters (1-6 m depth), found among algae.

Family Stenetriidae Hansen, 1905 Genus Stenetrium Haswell, 1881 Stenetrium occidentale Hansen, 1905

Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1905: 324; Richardson, 1905: 446. References: Koening, 1972b: 243 . Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea (West Indies, Puerto Rico), and northeastern Brazil (PI to PE).

Suborder Flabellifera Sars, 1882 Family Cirolanidae Dana, 1852 Subfamily Cirolaninae Dana, 1852 Genus Bathynomus A. Milne Edwards, 1879 Bathynomus giganteus A. Milne Edwards, 1879

Description and diagnosis: A. Milne Edwards, 1879: 21; Richardson, 1905: 130. References: Holthuis & Mikulka, 1972: 576; Lemos de Castro, 1978: 42, figs. 20-22. Geographic distribution: Circumtropical. Northern Indian Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and South Atlantic (French Guiana and Brazil). Brazil (PA, CE). Comments: Deep-sea species living mainly on muddy bottoms between 310 and 2140 m.

Bathynomus miyarei Lemos de Castro, 1978

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1978: 37. References: Lemos de Castro, 1978: 37, figs. 1-19. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (CE, RN, RS). Comments: Species depth range: 22 to 280 m.

Genus Cirolana Leach, 1818 Cirolana gracilis Hansen, 1890
Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 329; Richardson, 1905: 105. References: Koening, 1972b: 239. Geographic distribution: West Indies and North and Northeastern Brazil (AP to AL). Comments: Species found mainly on calcareous bottoms, between 7 and 85 m depth.

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Cirolana palifrons Barnard, 1920

Description and diagnosis: Barnard, 1920: 349. References: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976a: 77, figs. 1-14; Bruce, 1981: 950. Geographic distribution: Atlantic. South Africa and Brazil (BA, ES).

Cirolana parva Hansen, 1890

Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 340: Richardson, 1905: 111. References: Koening, 1972b: 240. Geographic distribution: Indo-Pacific, Eastern, and Western Atlantic. Brazil (PI to BA).

Genus Metacirolana Nierstrasz, 1931 Metacirolana riobaldoi (Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976)
Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976a: 79. References: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976a: 79, figs. 15-22; Bruce, 1981: 954. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (BA, ES).

Subfamily Eurydicinae Stebbing, 1905 Genus Eurydice Leach, 1815 Eurydice elongata Moreira, 1972
Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1972a: 70. References: Moreira, 1972a: 70, figs. 1-8. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Eurydice emarginata Moreira, 1972

Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1972a: 73. References: Moreira, 1972a: 73, figs. 9-20. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Eurydice littoralis (Moore, 1901)

Synonymy: Richardson, 1905: 128; Menzies & Barnard, 1959: 32; Menzies & Frankenberg, 1966: 49. Description and diagnosis: Moore, 1901: 168. References: Koening, 1972b: 240; Moreira, 1972a: 76, figs. 21-33. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. USA (from North Caroline to Florida), West Indies, and Brazil (PE, SP).

Genus Excirolana Richardson, 1912 Excirolana armata (Dana, 1852)
Synonymy: Richardson, 1912: 201. Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1852: 772. References: Lemos de Castro & Brum, 1969: 10, figs. 34-51. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP, SC, RS) and Argentina (Buenos Aires).V

Excirolana braziliensis Richardson, 1912

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Description and diagnosis: Richardson, 1912: 203. References: Lemos de Castro & Brum, 1969: 7, figs. 17-33; Glynn et al., 1975: 512; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 150, figs. 68-69. Geographic distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Chile. Western Atlantic. Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and Brazil (RN, PE, RJ, SP). Comments: This is a very common species on tropical, subtropical, and temperate sandy beaches.

Excirolana carangis (Van Name, 1920)
Synonymy: Lemos de Castro & Brum, 1969: 15. Description and diagnosis: Van Name, 1920: 49. References: Lemos de Castro & Brum, 1969: 15, figs. 52-68 (as Eurydice carangis). Geographic distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Africa (Congo). Western Atlantic. Brazil (PE).

Family Corallanidae Hansen, 1890 Genus Alcirona Hansen, 1890 Alcirona krebsii Hansen, 1890
Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 391. References: Koening, 1979: 22, figs. 2-3; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 158, fig. 73B-D. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea and Brazil (AP, CE, PE). Comments: Kensley & Schotte (1989) pointed out some differences between the only specimen of Alcirona found in Panama Bay (eastern Pacific) and the Atlantic specimens.These authors put in doubt the amphi-Panamic distribution of A. krebsii.

Genus Corallana Dana, 1852 Corallana acuticauda Miers, 1881
Description and diagnosis: Miers, 1881: 78. References: Miers, 1881: 78, pl. 7, fig. 13; Richardson, 1900: 157, figs. 1-2. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Hotspur Bank and Brazil (AL). Comments: It is difficult to assign with certainty this species to Corallana. The mouth parts, essential for generic identification, are missing in both descriptions. There is also a discrepancy between the hairy abdomen shown by Miers and the turberculed pleotelson shown by Richardson, leading to doubt of the species identification.

Genus Excorallana Stebbing, 1904 Excorallana angusta Lemos de Castro, 1960
Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 63. References: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 63, figs. 11-18; 1964: 5. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (BA).

Excorallana bicornis Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971: 136.

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References: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971: 136, figs. 1-14. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AP). V

Excorallana costata Lemos de Castro, 1960
Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 66. References: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 66, figs. 28-37; 1964: 4. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP).

Excorallana longicornis Lemos de Castro, 1960
Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 61. References: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 61, figs. 1-10; 1964: 5. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Excorallana oculata (Hansen, 1890)
Synonymy: Richardson, 1905: 152. Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 386. References: Lemos de Castro, 1964: 5; Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971: 139; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 163, fig. 75A-B. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea and Brazil (AP).

Excorallana quadricornis (Hansen, 1890)

Synonymy: Richardson, 1905: 144. Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 382. References: Lemos de Castro, 1964: 1, figs. 1-10. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea and Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found in intertidal and shallow waters, among seagrasses, and between mangrove roots.

Excorallana richardsoni Lemos de Castro, 1960

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 64. References: Lemos de Castro, 1960: 64, figs. 19-27; 1964: 4 (key to species). Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AL, RJ). Comments: I agree with Lemos de Castro‟s observation (1960) that the specimen from Maceió, AL, described by Richardson (1900) as Corallana acuticauda Miers is a male of E. richardsoni. So, the range of distribution of the species can be extended northwards to Alagoas.

Excorallana stebbingi Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976

Description and diagnosis: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976b: 75. References: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1976b: 75, figs. 1-14. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PA, CE).

Excorallana subtilis (Hansen, 1890)

Synonymy: Richardson, 1905: 146. Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 382. References: Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971: 138, figs. 15-25. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. USA (Florida), Caribbean Sea, and Brazil (AP, RJ).

Excorallana warmingii (Hansen, 1890)

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Synonymy: Richardson, 1905: 154. Description and diagnosis: Hansen, 1890: 387. References: Lemos de Castro, 1964: 5 (key to species); Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1971: 140, figs. 35-40; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 167, fig. 75I-J. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Caribbean Sea and Brazil (AP).

Family Cymothoidae Leach, 1818 Genus Cymothoa Fabricius, 1793 Cymothoa brasiliensis Schioedte & Meinert, 1884
Description and diagnosis: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 234. References: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 234, tab. 6, figs. 9-10; Sartor & Pires, 1988: 156 (key). Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Cymothoa excisa Perty, 1833

Description and diagnosis: Perty, 1833: 211. References: Richardson, 1905: 248, figs. 259-260; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 182 (key). Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. USA (Massachusetts to Florida), Caribbean Sea, and Brazil (MA, RJ).

Cymothoa gerris Schioedte & Meinert, 1884

Description and diagnosis: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 244. References: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 244, tab. 6, figs. 17-18; Sartor & Pires, 1988: 156 (key). Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil.

Cymothoa januarii Schioedte & Meinert, 1884

Description and diagnosis: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 246. References: Schioedte & Meinert, 1884: 246, tab. 6, figs. 19-20; Sartor & Pires, 1988: 156 (key). Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Cymothoa liannae Sartor & Pires, 1988

Description and diagnosis: Sartor & Pires, 1988: 148. References: Sartor & Pires, 1988: 148, figs. 1-6. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP, PR, SC). Comments: Species found on the tongue and in the branchial chamber of Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Linnaeus, 1766).

Genus Lironeca Leach, 1818 Lironeca emarginata Dana, 1853
Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 755. References: Dana, 1853: 755, pl. 50, fig. 4a-b. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Lironeca longistylis Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 754.

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References: Dana, 1853: 754, pl. 50, fig. 3a-b. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Lironeca redmanni Leach, 1818
Description and diagnosis: Leach, 1818: 352. References: Richardson, 1905: 261, figs. 274-275; Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 186, fig. 83D. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. USA (New Jersey to Florida), Caribbean Sea, and Brazil (RJ). Comments: Species parasitizing several species of mackerel (Scomberomorus), Gerres rhombeus, and Leiostomus xanthurus.

Lironeca splendida Sadowsky & Moreira, 1981

Description and diagnosis: Sadowsky & Moreira, 1981: 143. References: Sadowsky & Moreira, 1981: 143, figs. 7-25. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP, PR, SC, RS). Comments: Species parasitizing spiny dogfish Squalus cubensis. The parasites were mainly found in the mouth of the host.

Genus Nerocila Leach, 1818 Nerocila aculeata Dana, 1853
Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 754. References: Dana, 1853: 754, pl. 50, fig. 9a-c. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Nerocila armata Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 761. References: Dana, 1853: 761, pl. 50, fig. 10a-d; Moreira, 1973a: 217, fig. 7. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, RS). Comments: Parasitizing species of bonefishes (Pogonias chromis and Micropogon furnieri) and sharks (Mustelus canis).

Nerocila brasiliensis Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 759. References: Dana, 1853: 759, pl. 50, fig. 8a-e. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Nerocila lata Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 757. References: Dana, 1853: 757, pl. 50, fig. 6a-d. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Nerocila latiuscula Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 758. References: Dana, 1853: 758, pl. 50, fig. 7 a-b. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Nerocila tenuipes Dana, 1853

Description and diagnosis: Dana, 1853: 762. References: Dana, 1853: 762, pl. 50, fig. 11 a-f.

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ).

Family Serolidae Dana, 1852 Genus Atlantoserolis Wägele, 1994 Atlantoserolis venusta (Moreira, 1977)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 49. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1977a: 142. References: Moreira, 1977a: 142, figs. 36-56; Wägele, 1994: 9. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found between 1000 and 1100 m depth.

Genus Brazilserolis Wägele, 1994 Brazilserolis foresti (Bastida & Torti, 1970)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 49. Description and diagnosis: Bastida & Torti, 1970: 70. References: Bastida & Torti, 1970: 70, figs. 2-4; Moreira, 1974a: 90, figs. 1-39; 1974b: 134; 1976a: 122, fig. 4; Wägele, 1994: 10. Geographic distribution: Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (RJ, RS). Comments: Species found between 40 and 95 m depth.

Brazilserolis mirabilis (Moreira, 1976)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 49. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1976b: 216. References: Moreira, 1976b: 216, figs. 1-43; Wägele, 1994: 10. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ). Comments: Species found at 136 m depth.

Genus Cristaserolis Brandt, 1988 Cristaserolis laevis (Richardson, 1911)

Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 52. Description and diagnosis: Richardson, 1911: 399. References: Richardson, 1911: 399, fig. 2; Sheppard, 1933: 315, pl. 14, fig. 5: Moreira, 1974c: 2 (cryptic coloration); Wägele, 1994: 15. Geographic distribution: South Sandwich Is., Uruguay, and Brazil (RJ, SP, RS).

Cristaserolis similis (Moreira, 1974)

Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 52. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1974b: 104. References: Moreira, 1974b: 104, figs. 1-21; Wägele, 1994: 52. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ). Comments: Species found at 65 m depth.

Genus Leptoserolis Brandt, 1988 Leptoserolis veaperta (Moreira, 1971)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1971: 92.

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References: Moreira, 1971: 92, figs. 41-60; 1976a: 120, fig. 3; Wägele, 1994: 53. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Species found from 18 to 34 m depth.

Genus Neoserolis Wägele, 1994 Neoserolis arcuata (Moreira, 1977)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1977a: 137. References: Moreira, 1977a: 137, figs. 12-35; Wägele, 1994: 25. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ). Comments: Species found at 900 m depth.

Neoserolis exigua (Nordenstam, 1933)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Nordenstam, 1933: 70. References: Nordenstam, 1933: 70, figs. 17-18; Moreira, 1974d: 122, figs. 1-8; 1977b: 263, fig. 2; Wägele, 1994: 25 figs. 14-16. Geographic distribution: Southern Atlantic. Falkland Is., Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (RS). Comments: Species found from 71 to 494 m depth.

Neoserolis inermis (Moreira, 1974)

Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1974d: 124. References: Moreira, 1974d: 124, figs. 9-34; Wägele, 1994: 25. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RS). Comments: Species found at 82-85 m depth.

Neoserolis uaperta (Moreira, 1971)

Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1971: 90. References: Moreira, 1971: 90, figs. 21-40; Wägele, 1994: 25. Geographic distribution: Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil (RJ, SP). Comments: Species found between 19 and 72 m depth, mainly on sand bottoms.

Genus Serolis Leach, 1818 Serolis insignis Moreira, 1977
Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1977a: 133. References: Moreira, 1977a: 133, figs. 1-11. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ). Comments: Species found on the continental slope, at 900 m depth.

Serolis polaris Richardson, 1911
Description and diagnosis: Richardson, 1911: 396. References: Nordenstam, 1933: 58; Bastida & Torti, 1970: 84, fig. 11; Moreira, 1971: 87, figs. 1-20; 1973b: 110 (reproductive behavior); 1974a: 129; 1974c: 2 (cryptic coloration); 1974d: 129, figs. 35-52.

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Geographic distribution: Falkland Is., Sandwich Is., Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (RJ, SP, RS).

Genus Thysanoserolis Brandt, 1991 Thysanoserolis completa (Moreira, 1971)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1971: 98. References: Moreira, 1971: 98, figs. 81-97; 1973c: 94 (stages of marsupial development); 1974b: 110; 1974d: 134; Wägele, 1994: 48. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Depth range of the species: 12 to 60 m. Species found mainly on clay bottoms with shell fragments.

Thysanoserolis elliptica (Sheppard, 1933)
Synonymy: Wägele, 1994: 53. Description and diagnosis: Sheppard, 1933: 301. References: Sheppard, 1933: 301, figs. 7-8; Moreira, 1974b: 109, figs. 22-30; 1976a: 117, fig. 2; Wägele, 1994: 48, figs. 32-35. Geographic distribution: Argentina and Brazil (SP). Comments: The depth range of the species is 10 to 253m.

Suborder Gnathiidea Leach, 1814 Family Gnathiidae Harger, 1879 Genus Bathygnathia A. Dollfus, 1901 Bathygnathia magnifica Moreira, 1977
Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1977c: 12. References: Moreira, 1977c: 12, figs. 1-17; Pires, 1996: 2. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SC). Comments: Species found as deep as 240 and 387m. The remaining species of the genus were collected below 700 m depth.

Genus Gnathia Leach, 1814 Gnathia andrei Pires, 1996

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1996: 7. References: Pires, 1996: 7, figs. 19-33. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species living at the shelf break zone, between 134 and 180 m depth, in dead corals and calcareous algae.

Gnathia ricardoi Pires, 1996

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1996: 11.

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References: Pires, 1996: 11, figs. 34-47 . Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found at shelf break zone and central slope, between 134 and 530 m depth.

Gnathia ubatuba Pires, 1996

Description and diagnosis: Pires, 1996: 2. References: Pires, 1996: 2, figs. 1-18. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Species found on sand bottoms on the continental shelf, between 20 and 320 m depth.

Suborder Valvifera Sars, 1882 Family Arcturidae Sars, 1897 Genus Arcturella Sars, 1899 Arcturella sawayae Moreira, 1973
Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1973d: 186. References: Moreira, 1973d: 186, figs. 1-8. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP). Comments: Moreira (1973e) and Moreira (1973f) deal with behavioral aspects of the species.

Family Idoteidae Fabricius, 1798 Genus Erichsonella Richardson, 1900a Erichsonella filiformis (Say, 1818)
Description and diagnosis: Say, 1818: 424. References: Richardson, 1905: 401, figs. 449-450; Schultz & McCloskey, 1967: 107, figs. 21-39; Moreira, 1972b: 171, fig. 4; Koening, 1972b: 242. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. USA (Massachusetts to Florida), Caribbean Sea, and Brazil (PE, RJ, SP). Comments: Species common among macroalgae and seagrass in shallow bays and estuaries.

Genus Idotea Fabricius, 1798 Idotea balthica (Pallas, 1772)

Synonymy: Sars, 1899: 80. Description and diagnosis: Pallas, 1772: 67. References: Richardson, 1905: 364, figs. 394-395; Moreira, 1972b: 166, fig. 2. Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (from RJ to RS). Comments: Found frequently in algal beds and floating seaweeds, from surface to 357 m.

Idotea metallica Bosc, 1802
Description and diagnosis: Bosc, 1802: 179. References: Richardson, 1905: 362, figs. 392-393; Moreira, 1972b: 165, fig. 1. Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Species frequently found on floating seaweeds and other material (debris of wood, buoys, leaves), from surface to 200 m depth.

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CATALOGUE OF CRUSTACEA OF BRAZIL

Genus Synidotea Harger, 1878 Synidotea brunnea Pires & Moreira, 1975
Description and diagnosis: Pires & Moreira, 1975: 49. References: Pires & Moreira, 1975: 49, figs. 21-38. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (BA, ES). Comments: Intertidal, collected among algae.

Synidotea littoralis Pires & Moreira, 1975

Description and diagnosis: Pires & Moreira, 1975: 46. References: Pires & Moreira, 1975: 46, figs. 1-20. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AL). Comments: Intertidal, found among seaweeds.

Synidotea marplatensis Giambiagi, 1922

Description and diagnosis: Giambiagi, 1922: 240. References: Giambiagi, 1922: 240, pl. 4; Mañe-Garzón, 1946: 4, pl. 2, figs. 1-10; Moreira, 1972b: 168, fig. 3. Geographic distribution: South Atlantic. Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Occurring from intertidal to 30 m depth. Frequently found among seaweeds. Pires (1987) obtained the species abundantly in the stomach contents of Sympterigia spp. (Pisces, Rajidae).

Genus Macrochiridothea Ohlin, 1901 Macrochiridothea giambiagiae Torti & Bastida, 1972
Description and diagnosis: Torti & Bastida, 1972: 16. References: Torti & Bastida, 1972: 16, figs. 1-2. Geographic distribution: Southern Atlantic. Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (RS). Comments: Intertidal and shallow infralittoral species (1 m depth), occurring on sand bottoms. This species is very similar to M. lilianae Moreira, differing mainly in depth of head incision, male pleopod 2 appendix masculina, and absence of dactylus in pereopods 2 and 3.

Macrochiridothea lilianae Moreira, 1973

Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1973g: 22. References: Moreira, 1973g: 22, figs. 48-76. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Species occurring on shallow sand bottoms, between 12 and 33 m. Moreira (1973g) includes a key to the known species of the genus.

Macrochiridothea marcusi Moreira, 1973

Description and diagnosis: Moreira, 1973g: 19. References: Moreira, 1973g: 19, figs. 17-47. Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (RJ, SP, RS). Comments: Species occurring on shallow sandy bottoms.

Macrochiridothea stebbingi Ohlin, 1901
Description and diagnosis: Ohlin, 1901: 289. References: Ohlin, 1901: 289, pl. 22, fig. 9; Moreira, 1972c: 397; 1973g: 13, figs. 1-3. Geographic distribution: South Atlantic. Falklands Is., Chile, Argentina, and Brazil (RS).

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Comments: Species found from intertidal to 309 m depth.

References
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Koening, M.L. 1972a. Ocorrência de Accalathura crenulata (Richardson, 1901) no Brasil (Isopoda, Paranthuridae). Trabalhos Oceanográficos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 13: 261-270. Koening, M.L. 1972b. Nota sobre a ocorrência de alguns isópodos no Norte e Nordeste do Brasil. Trabalhos Oceanográficos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 13: 237244. Koening, M.L. 1979. Ecological and systematic studies on the genus Alcirona Hansen, with special reference to Alcirona krebsii in Brazilian waters (Isopoda-Cirolanidae). Trabalhos Oceanográficos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 14: 21-30. Koening, M.L. 1980. Ocorrência do gênero Mesanthura Barnard, 1914 no Brasil. Descrição de Mesanthura brasiliensis n. sp. (Isopoda - Paranthuridae). Trabalhos Oceanográficos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 15: 357-364. Leach, W.E. 1818. Rocinela, Livoneca redmanni (In: Cuvier, F. (ed.), 1816-1830, Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles 5, Paris and Strasburg. Lemos de Castro, A. 1960. Quatro espécies novas brasileiras de Excorallana Stebbing, 1904. Arquivos do Museu Nacional 50: 61-77. Lemos de Castro, A. 1964. Redescrição de Excorallana quadricornis (Hansen) e chave de classificação para as espécies do gênero. Contribuições Avulsas do Instituto Oceanográfico, S Paulo(6): 1-6, 1 pl. Lemos de Castro, A. 1978. Descrição de uma espécie nova gigante do gênero Bathynomus Milne Edwards do litoral brasileiro (Isopoda, Cirolanidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 38(1): 37-44. Lemos de Castro, A. & Brum, I.N.S. 1969. Sobre as espécies de Excirolana Richardson do litoral atlântico das Américas (Isopoda, Cirolanidae). Boletim do Museu Nacional, N.S., Zoologia (271): 1-21. Lemos de Castro, A. & Lima, I.M.B. 1971. Ocorrências de Excorallana subtilis (Hansen), Excorallana oculata (Hansen), Excorallana warmingii (Hansen) e descrição de uma espécie nova Excorallana bicornis do litoral norte do Brasil. Arquivos do Museu de Historia Natural 1: 135-142, 5 pls. Lemos de Castro, A. & Lima, I.M.B. 1976a. Nova espécie de Cirolana Leach e ocorrência de Cirolana palifrons Barnard no litoral brasileiro. Atas da Sociedade de Biologia, Rio de Janeiro 18: 77-81. Lemos de Castro, A. & Lima, I.M.B. 1976b. Descrição de uma espécie nova brasileira de Excorallana (Isopoda, Excorallanidae). Atas da Sociedade de Biologia, Rio de Janeiro 18: 75-76. Mañe-Garzón, F. 1946. Nueva especie de crustaceo isopodo del Uruguay: Synidotea sphaeromiformis n. sp. Comunicaciones Zoologicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo 2(28): 1-7. Menzies, R.J. 1962. The zoogeography, ecology, and systematics of the Chilean marine Isopoda. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N.F. Avd 2, 57(11): 1-162. Menzies, R.J. & Barnard, J.L. 1959. Marine Isopoda on coastal shelf of southern California: systematics and ecology. Pacific Naturalist 1(11-12): 3-35. Menzies, R.J. & Frankenberg, D.1966. Handbook of the Common Marine Isopod Crustacea of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens, 93 pp. Menzies, R.J. & Glynn, P.W. 1968. The common marine isopod Crustacea of Puerto Rico. A handbook for marine biologists. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands 27: 1-133. Menzies, R.J. & Kruczynski, W.L. 1983. Isopoda Crustacea (exclusive of Epicaridea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 6(1): 1-126. Miers, E.J. 1881. Account of the zoological collections made during the survey of H.M. „Alert‟ in the Straits of Magellan and on the coast of Patagonia. VI. Crustacea. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London: 61-139.

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Milne Edwards, A. 1879. Sur un isopode gigantesque, des grandes profondeurs de la mer. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 88: 21-23. Moore, H.F. 1901. Report on Porto Rican Isopoda. United States Fish Commission Bulletin for 1900 2: 161-176. Moreira, P.S. 1971. Species of Serolis (Isopoda, Flabellifera) from southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 20: 85-144. Moreira, P.S. 1972a. Species of Eurydice (Isopoda, Flabellifera) from southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 21: 69-91. Moreira, P.S. 1972b. Species of marine Isopoda (Crustacea, Peracarida) from southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 21: 163-179. Moreira, P.S. 1972c. On the distribution of species of Macrochiridothea Ohlin, 1901 in southern Brazil (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 32(3): 395-399. Moreira, P.S. 1973a. Espécies de Isopoda (Crustacea, Peracarida). Programa Rio Grande do Sul II /Parte I. Publicação Especial do Instituto Oceanográfico (3): 213-229. Moreira, P.S. 1973b. The biology of species of Serolis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera): reproductive behavior of Serolis polaris Richardson, 1911. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 22: 109-122. Moreira, P.S. 1973c. Biologia de Serolis completa (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera). I. Estádios de desenvolvimento. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 22: 93-108. Moreira, P.S. 1973d. Arcturella sawayae, a new species of Isopoda Crustacea from southern Brazil. Boletim de Zoologia e Biologia Marinha, N.S. (30): 185-194. Moreira, P.S. 1973e. Behavioral aspects of Arcturella sawayae Moreira, 1973 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera). Boletim de Zoologia e Biologia Marinha, N.S. (30): 195-216. Moreira, P.S. 1973f. Food and feeding behavior of Arcturella sawayae Moreira, 1973 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera). Boletim de Zoologia e Biologia Marinha, N.S. (30): 217-232. Moreira, P.S. 1973g. Species of Macrochiridothea Ohlin, 1901 (Isooda, Valvifera) from southern Brazil, with notes on remaining species of the genus. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 22: 11-47. Moreira, P.S. 1974a. A new record of species of Serolis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera) from off southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 23: 89-101. Moreira, P.S. 1974b. New records of species of Serolis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera) from southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 23: 103-119. Moreira, P.S. 1974c. Cryptic protective coloration in Serolis laevis and Serolis polaris (Isopoda, Flabellifera). Crustaceana 27(1): 1-4, 1 pl. Moreira, P.S. 1974d. New records and a new species of Serolis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera) from southern Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 23: 121-153. Moreira, P.S. 1976a. Crustacea Isopoda collected during the OC/S “Almirante Saldanha” cruises in the southern South America. I. Species of Serolis (Flabellifera, Serolidae). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 25(1): 113-130. Moreira, P. S. 1976b. A remarkable new species of Serolis (Isopoda, Flabellifera) from the continental shelf of southern Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science 26(2): 216-224. Moreira, P.S. 1977a. New bathyal species of Serolis (Isopoda, Flabellifera) from the western South Atlantic Ocean. Crustaceana 33(2): 133-148. Moreira, P.S. 1977b. Crustacea Isopoda collected during the Oc/S “Almirante Saldanha”cruises in southern South America. II. Additions to the species of Serolis (Flabellifera, Serolidae). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 26: 257-272. Moreira, P.S. 1977c. A new deep-sea species of Bathygnathia (Isopoda, Gnathiidea) from the western South Atlantic Ocean. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 26: 11-19. Moreira, P.S. & Pires, A.M.S. 1977a. Janaira gracilis, a new genus and species of janirid isopod from Brazil. Crustaceana 33(1): 23-32.

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Moreira, P.S. & Pires, A.M.S. 1977b. Aspects of the breeding biology of Janaira gracilis Moreira & Pires (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 26: 181-199. Negoescu, I. & Wägele, J.W. 1984. World list of the anthuridean isopods (Crustacea, Isopoda, Anthuridea). Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle Grigoire Antipa 25: 99-146. Nordenstam, A. 1933. Marine Isopoda of the Families Serolidae, Idotheidae, Pseudidotheidae, Arcturidae, Parasellidae and Stenetriidae mainly from the South Atlantic. Swedish Antarctic Expedition 3(1): 1-284, 2 pls. Ohlin, A. 1901. Isopoda from Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia. I. Valvifera. Svenska Expedition Magellansländ 2(11): 261-306. Pallas, P.S. 1772. In: fasc. 9, Spicilegia Zoologica (quibus novae et obscurae animalium species illustrantur). 2 vols (1767) 1774-1780, Berlin. Perty, J.A. 1833. In: Delectus animalium articulatorum quae in itinere per Brasiliam annis 1817-20...collegerunt J. B. de Spix et C.F.P. de Martius, digessit, descripsit, pingenda curavit M. Perty 3, Monaco. Pires, A.M.S. 1977a. Desenvolvimento marsupial e pós-marsupial de Janaira gracilis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 26: 21-50. Pires, A.M.S. 1977b. Ciclo reprodutivo e flutuação anual da população de Janaira gracilis (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 26: 201-217. Pires, A.M.S. 1981a. Anthurids from intertidal and shallow infralittoral waters from southeastern Brazil (Isopoda: Anthuridea). Journal of Crustacean Biology 1(2): 211226. Pires, A.M.S. 1981b. The occurrence of Antias mulleri (Isopoda, Asellota) on the Brazilian coast and a description of the male. Crustaceana 40(2): 132-135. Pires, A.M.S. 1981c. Ecological study on littoral and infralittoral isopods from Ubatuba, Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 30(1): 27-40. Pires, A.M.S. 1982. Taxonomic revision of Bagatus (Isopoda, Asellota) with a discussion of ontogenetic polymorphism in males. Journal of Natural History 16: 227-259. Pires, A.M.S. 1985. The occurrence of Munna (Isopoda, Asellota) on the southern Brazilian coast, with a description of two new species. Crustaceana 48(1): 64-73. Pires, A.M.S. 1987. The contribution of isopods in the feeding of Sympterigia spp (Pisces: Rajidae) with a description of Ancinus gaucho sp.n. (Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 35(2): 115-122. Pires, A.M.S. 1995. The janirid isopods (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) living on the sea star Echinaster brasiliensis Müller & Troschel at São Sebastião Channel, southeastern Brazilian coast, with description of a new species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 12(2): 303-312. Pires, A.M.S. 1996. The gnathiids from the Brazilian southeastern continental shelf and slope: distribution, ecological notes and description of three new species. Spixiana 19: 1-16. Pires, A.M.S. & Moreira, P.S. 1975. Two new species of Synidotea (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera) from Brazil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico 24: 45-67. Poore, G.C. 1984. Redefinition of Munna and Uromunna (Crustacea: Isopoda: Munnidae), with descriptions of five species from coastal Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 96(2): 61-81. Richardson, H. 1900. Results of the Bramer-Agassiz Expedition to Brazil. II. The Isopoda Crustacea. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences 2: 157-159. Richardson, H. 1901. Key to the isopods of the Atlantic coast of North America with descriptions of new and little known species. Proceedings United States National Museum 23(1222): 493-579.

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