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					Fighting Effects

Fighting Effects
Gun sights & binoculars  Bruising  Serious Injuries
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 Broken

Bone  Blown off Brain  Knife Impact  Blood Impact

By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars
* See your character lined up with a gun sight or being spied on with binoculars. * Blend Black & white image with the carefully shot footage
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When Shooting:
Don’t deliberately make the camera wobble • Don’t use a tripod • BEST: hold the camera as still as you can and let the natural wobble create the required look.
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By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars
We will try to accomplish something that looks like this:

By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars

Gunshot Look
1- Position the actor with some distance from the camera with the background that’s also some distance away.

2- when you Zoom in on the actor, s/he is sharp and the background is blurry.

By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars

Gunshot Look
3- Create this shape (circle & a cross) in Photoshop. (Save it as JPG)

4- Composite in the Editing software so the blending mode : Add / subtract / or Multiply 5- click the key frame and slightly drag the gun sight frame to slightly different position every few frames. 6- switch on Motion Blur so it appears blurred when it’s moved.
By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars

Binocular
1- Same setting as before: Shot with maximum space around the character.

2- Real binoculars: you just see one circle BUT It’s accepted / convention in movies to see two circles overlapping

By Salam Daher

Gun sight & binoculars

Binocular
3- change the blending mode in the software

4- Add a Gaussian Blur to the binoculars layer to soften the edges

NOTE: in real looking you see a sharp edge but this is accepted as a “real” look when watching movies
By Salam Daher

Bruising
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Following a major fight scene , it’s disappointing & unrealistic to the audience if actors show none of the signs of being beaten up. Bruises helps remind us of the character’s suffering, especially if it’s well done It can help fill a gap in the story especially if the fight scene happened off camera… the audience starts imagining what has happened

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By Salam Daher

Bruising

- Ordinary Makeup kit - Don’t be afraid of using unusual mixes of colors. - A real bruise mixture of colors includes Purple, Yellow & Brown
By Salam Daher

Bruising
Fresh Bruise (dark red): - Straight after a fight. -Darker on the bones & around the eyes

Swollen Bruise: - Few Hours after the fight - Get the actor to close one eye in a relaxed manner

By Salam Daher

Bruising
More aged bruise: - Add more purple and black - Dark blobs in the corners of the eye add a touch of realism

Several Days old: - Add green and yellow -make it uneven to show the process of healing

By Salam Daher

Bruising
Fading away: Makes sure the bruise fades away and doen NOT suddenly disappear. Green with dark patches over the bone

Bruised all over: -in general , it’s best to work on one side of the face only. -You can darken the other eye socket but keep the main bruising on one side of the face. - don’t make it look overdone

By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries
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Broken bones, blood, and gore look good on screen without the need for expensive equipment or makeup. These scene should be shown for few seconds , so the audience can experience shock without studying the horrific scene in too much detail Do NOT be tempted to use animal parts :
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Health issues  Smell bad under hot lights  Despite being real, it doesn’t look real on camera (fake gore look better than real thing)
By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

Final result

1- Broken leg

2 -Brain blown off
By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

Illusion of Broken Leg

-Get the actor to lie / sit on the floor with knee bent comfortably away from his body -Place his shoe on the end of his foot , pointing towards his back

By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

- Shoot from an angle that keeps the foot hidden behind the shoe -Once you know how it’s done, it looks fake…But this can really work for an audience.
By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

A sound effect can bring in to the effect of bone breaking: - Record the effect of a twig being snapped and edit this into the sequence. - The sound followed by the broken leg will convince the audience.

By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

Brain Blown off Fatal head wound cause by bullet impact
- Use the flesh of fruit such as Plums (or grapes) - The inside of the fruit has veins and is textured like flesh. - Dark skin is good for simulating torn flesh and blood clots

- Pile the shredded fruits on the floor where you intend to shoot the scene

By Salam Daher

Serious Injuries

Brain Blown off
Just before you shoot, pour fake blood over. Don’t overdo it.

-Position the actor so his head is over the simulated brains. -Pale make up can help the actor look dead -Create the entry wound with dark black makeup OR use a piece of shredded skin instead.

By Salam Daher

Knife Impact
- Stabbings are DANGEROUS to shoot, especially when a knife is being thrown around - Few tricks will make it SAFE & Convincing. - Takes some time to set up . -Sounds add a lot to it - Actors performance is as important as anything you can create with the effect

By Salam Daher

Knife Impact

- Get 2 identical knives - Carefully remove the blade (the handle will be stuck to the actor)

-Push the handle of the knife into a small modeling clay tightly against the plastic to make it secure.
-There should be NO wobble in the handle at all.

By Salam Daher

Knife Impact

- Cut a tiny hole in the clothing you want to pierce with the knife. - The hole should be smaller than the knife handle so the clay doesn’t show from the hole.

- Tap the modeling clay and knife to the actor’s chest or back

-When the clothing is pulled down, there should be no gaps. -The clothing should be loose enough so the clay does NOT show
By Salam Daher

Knife Impact

Method 1: - Let the actor throw the knife to an empty space -Use a CUT to connect this shot to the actor being hit

By Salam Daher

Knife Impact

Method 2 (better): -Show the actor wave the knife -As he pulls back to throw, he can drop the knife behind him (unseen by camera) -When he throws his hand forward, you pan rapidly to the left where the other actor is standing with the knife in his chest.
By Salam Daher

Knife Impact

- To the audience it will look as if the knife has been really thrown - After few moments, you can add the fake blood, and shoot from another angle to complete the effect.

By Salam Daher

Blood Impact
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When you character gets shot, you want to create a strong reaction. You can achieve this by:
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Good acting Sound effect Visible wound

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Take time and care to setup Seen for a fraction of a second It is worth the effort because strong visuals like this tell the story clearly Take your time to set up & practice this technique before you come to shoot Results are NOT guaranteed for the 1st trial.
By Salam Daher

Blood Impact
Fake Blood: -Corn Syrup -Red Food coloring (few drops of blue) -You can dilute with water -Don’t use too much syrup, it will become sticky.

-Pour your fake blood into the balloon and secure it to the end of a piece of tubing. -Use a rubber band to secure the balloon. -You can also use an empty blood bag (the tube is already secured)

By Salam Daher

Blood Impact
- Secure the blood bag into the actor’s chest/back with surgical tape. - Secure the tubing every few inches to make sure it doesn’t show.

-Lift the balloon UP so the blood falls away from the tip. -Carefully snip the end of the balloon with scissors. -If you let go now, you’ll get fake blood everywhere…So immediately tape the open end of the balloon to the actor’s chest. - Run the tubing down through the actor’s clothes. -an assistant will keep hold of one end, ready to blow through the tube. (a pump can also do the job)
By Salam Daher

Blood Impact

- Show the shooter taking aim and firing. -You can create a rush smoke from the gun by using the Ultra Cold Technique Ultra Cold technique - Emit smoke + light - Crop the clip and rotate it in software - Key-frame from opacity 0 to 80% and the scale to 110%
By Salam Daher

Blood Impact

- If you want to see the blood spray out rather than just soak through, cut a small hole through the t-shirt over the bag. -Once the shot has begun, call “fire” to cue the assistant to blow through the tube as hard as possible. (at the moment the blood bag will splash open) -The actor should NOT react before the bag explodes. -If may take few attempt to get the exact results. Rehearse and have spare clothes and extra equipment to repeat the setup.

By Salam Daher


				
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posted:11/25/2009
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