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Overview of conference agenda + Intro to Startonomics: how to create simple, actionable metrics to help startups make better decisions in product development & marketing.
Startup Metrics for Pirates AARRR! Dave McClure, Master of 500 Hats http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://www.500hats.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/ AAARRgenda • • • • • Measure Stuff. Keep It Simple. 5 Steps. Pirates. AARRR!* Don’t Be Teh FAIL. Conversion Matters. Biz Model WTF? 3 Q’s for Pirates & Founders. One Step at a Time: The Ass/Face Issue. * with some gusto, please Web 2.0: What’s So Special? 1. Startup Costs = Lower 2. # Users, Bandwidth = Bigger 3. Online Adv / E-Com = Still Growing* Collect Usage Metrics in Real-Time Make Decisions Based on User Behavior * up until 2 weeks ago, anyway. Just Gimme the GOOD Metrics. Users, Pages, Clicks, Emails, $$$...? Q: Which of these is best? How do you know? • 1,000,000 one-time, unregistered unique visitors the good stuff. • 500,000 visitors who view 2+ pages / stay 10+ sec • 200,000 visitors who clicked on a link or button • 20,000 registered users w/ email address • 2,000 passionate fans who refer 5+ users / mo. • 1,000 monthly subscribers @ $35/mo Passion vs. Precision • “Solve a Problem” = Passion • “Optimize the Solution” = Precision However… • “Precision” is Illusion; “data” is fuzzy • Collecting & Interpreting data takes time & effort • Keep Metrics Simple & Actionable AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Social Networks Apps & Widgets Domains SEM Blogs SEO PR Campaigns, Contests Affiliates Biz Dev Direct, Tel, TV Viral Loops Email ACQUISITION Emails & Alerts Homepage / Landing Page Product Features Affiliates, Contests Emails & widgets Blogs, RSS, News Feeds System Events & Time-based Features Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce Biz Dev Website.com Startup Metrics for Pirates • • • • • Acquisition: users come to site from various channels Activation: users enjoy 1st visit: "happy” experience Retention: users come back, visit site multiple times Referral: users like product enough to refer others Revenue: users conduct some monetization behavior AARRR! Don’t Be Teh FAIL. Business Plans are BULLSHIT Revenue Projections are Hockey Stick Delusions Features Don’t Matter… Usability + [Measured] Conversion Matters Offline PR, “Big-Bang” Launches are Stupid & Expensive Investors Don’t Know Your Business Any Better Than You Do Be Bold. Be Humble. 20% Inspiration + 80% Perspiration Long-term: Audacity + Creative Inspiration Short-term: Humility + Analytic Rigor Stuff That Matters: • • • • • Passion for Problem/Solution + Hypothesis of Customer Lifecycle 1-page Business Model: Prioritized List of (Users + Conversions) Critical, Few, Actionable Metrics + Dashboard of Measured User Behavior 1-pg Marketing Plan: (Channels + Campaigns) * (Volume, Cost, Conv %) Velocity of (Product Execution + Cycle Time of Testing) * Iteration Q: What’s My Business Model? Can be one of the following: 1. Get Users (= Acquisition, Referral) 2. Drive Usage (= Activation, Retention) 3. Make Money (= Revenue*) * ideally profitable revenue Note: eventually need to turn Users/Usage -> Money Role: Founder/CEO Q: Which Metrics? Why? A: Focus on Critical Few Actionable Metrics (if you don’t use the metric to make a decision, it’s not actionable) • Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle • Target ~3-5 Conversion Events (tip: Less = More) • Test, Measure, Iterate to Improve The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) Q1: What types of people use your website? • Visitor = Average User / Buyer • Contributor = Content Contributor / Seller • Distributor = Passionate Fan (unpaid) / Affiliate (paid) Q2: What actions could they take to help you or them ? Visitor Contributor Distributor (aka “Share Pimp”) Activation Retention Watch a slideshow Visit 1x/mo. for 3+ mo’s Submit a slideshow Submit “hi-qual” ppt (=> 1K views/yr) every mo. Share/Embed a slideshow Share/Embed => drive 100 visits/mo for 3+ mo’s Revenue Ad Click; Qualified Lead Generated $/mo Premium Sub; Pay $$+ for traffic or leads Drive 10+ Premium users; 1K+ Viewers TeachStreet: Eye Chart Madness 500Hats EXPLODES! in Board Mtg TeachStreet: Customer Types + Conversion Priorities TeachStreet: 1-Pag Business Model Focus, Focus, Focus! Teachers Activation •Claim Profile •Add Class Students •Contact Teacher •View 3 Pages SEO •Bounce Rate Retention •Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s •Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s Referral •Request Review % •Suggest Teacher % Role: Product / Engineering Q: What Features to Build? Why? A: Easy-to-Find, Fun, Useful, Unique Features that Increase Conversion • Wireframes = Conversion Steps • Measure, A/B Test, Iterate FAST (daily/weekly) • Optimize for Conversion Improvement – 80% on existing feature optimization – 20% on new feature development Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals… your mileage may vary) Stage Conversion Status Conv. % 60% Est. Value (*not* cost) $.05 Acquisition Activation Retention Referral Revenue Visitors -> Site/Widget/Landing Page (2+ pages, 10+ sec, 1+ clicks = don’t abandon) “Happy” 1st Visit; Usage/Signup (clicks/time/pages, email/profile reg, feature usage) Users Come Back; Multiple Visits (1-3x visits/mo; email/feed open rate / CTR) Users Refer Others (cust sat >=8; viral K factor > 1; ) Users Pay / Generate $$$ (first txn, break-even, target profitability) 15% $.25 5% $1 1% $5 2% $10 TeachStreet: Teacher “Claim Rate” (Seattle, Portland) TeachStreet: 45-day Claim Rates (Seattle, Portland) Design, Optimize for Conversion Role: Marketing / Sales Q: What channels? Which users? Why? A: High Volume (#), Low Cost ($), High Conv (%) • • • • • Design & Test Multiple Marketing Channels + Campaigns Select & Focus on Best-Performing Channels & Themes Optimize for conversion to target CTAs, not just site/landing page Match/Drive channel cost to/below revenue potential Low-Hanging Fruit: – Blogs – SEO/SEM – Landing Pages – Automated Emails Example Marketing Channels disclaimer: estimates of vol, cost/user, time & effort are subjective – actual costs are dependent on your specific business Channel Viral / Referral Email Volume depends on CTA; size of accessible social networks / # users depends on CTA, size of your house lists, email signups Depends on # blogs in your segment, competitive scenario Cost/user low/zero Time to implement Low for FB social networks; med/hi for normal sites Low Mktg Effort low Prod Effort low/med low/med low/med low/med (med = create templates) low/zero (med = CMS, prof design) med/hi Blogs / Bloggers low/med Low (if just you blogging); med (if you're setting up big CMS / evangelizing to other bloggers) Medium (depends on your search geeks) Low/med (depends on your marketing) low/med (depends on contest, site, campaign) Low/med low medium (develop story, build contacts) med/hi (capture metrics, generate reports) med/hi (need to build affiliate program, capture metrics, generated reports) medium med-high low/med SEO depends on your keywords Low/zero low/zero SEM depends on your keywords Depends Low/med low/med (landing pages = med) low/zero (med = prof contest site) med/hi (depends on complexity) Low (redirects/co-brand?) low/zero med/hi (reports, co-branding) med/hi (depends on rqd tracking & reporting) low/zero low/zero if no system; Med/hi if integrated SFA Med/hi (production cost) Contest small unless big prize $ (don’t, keep it under $5K) Depends on CTA; size of accessible sites, level of adoption + bloggers depends on keywords, domain costs depends on your business & audience & news depends on partner, size of customer base, conversion depends on economics depends on geography depends on target demographics low/med Med Widget domains PR Biz Dev / Partner Affiliate / Lead Gen Direct / radio Telemarketin g TV low/med depends depends med-high med low med Med/hi Med/hi Med/hi med-high med/hi Med/hi High Potentially large (if you spend) High Med-high High One Step at a Time. 1. Make a Good Product: Activation & Retention 2. Market the Product: Acquisition & Referral 3. Make Money: Revenue & Profitability “You probably can’t save your Ass and your Face at the same time… choose carefully.” – me STARTonomics Sessions • • • • AARRR! Product 101: Killer Apps Startup Scalability Fun => Functional • • • • • • • Internet Marketing 101 SEO Kung Fu Social Media, Social Objects Arch Viral: Loops & Apps Getting PAID. Customer Service = Hot Sexy Funding Secret$ • Designr ❤ Developr • Sit, Stay, Click! = Activation & Retention Links & Resources Additional References: • “Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion”, Robert Cialdini (book) • “Putting the Fun in Functional”, Amy Jo Kim (etech 2006 preso) • “Futuristic Play”, Andrew Chen (blog) • “Don’t Make Me Think”, Steve Krug (book) • “A Theory of Fun”, Raph Koster (book, website) • “Designing for the Social Web”, Joshua Porter (book, website)
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