Enterprise Windows Decisions 2003 by forrests

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Decision Point – Windows 2000 or Windows 2003 Server?

Jeremy Moskowitz moskowitz-inc.com

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• MCSE, MCT, CNA– Principal Moskowitz, inc. (moskowitz-inc.com)
•Written for Windows and 2003 Magazine, MCP Magazine, ENT Magazine, BackOffice, Windows NT and others •Authored Sybex’s Windows 2000:

Group Policy, Profiles, and IntelliMirror
ISBN: 0-7821-2881-5
• Co-Authored SAMS

Teach Yourself Windows 2000 Server in 24-hours
ISBN: 0-6723-1940-3 • Authored RTP’s DGEM (RTP) and DGWIT

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Windows’ new Name
 Internal name – NT 5.2 • Codename: Whistler
 Original name released to press – Windows 2002  Renamed to Windows .Net 2003 Server as • Standard Server • Enterprise Server • Datacenter Server • Web Server  Final name

•

Windows Server 2003

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How major is the leap?
 NT 3.5 to 3.51 • Minor but significant
 Took 1.5 years

 NT 3.51 to 4.0 • Major release

 Took two years

 NT 4.0 to Windows 2000 • Major release
 Took four years

 Windows 2000 to Windows 2003 Server • Major or Minor? • Many new features
 Took almost 3 years

 Moral of story: Time not most significant factor

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Great Win2003 Stuff
 Lots of LITTLE things…

• • • • • •

More secure right out of the box  Share and NTFS permissions changes MFT moved to 1/3 from front of disk – frees front of volume for executables and data files CHKDSK up to 700% faster

ADMT Version 2 does password migration
Dozens of new command-line utilities to go GUI-Less AD Support for 1 billion objects

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The Big Question

Do you need it?
Or.. do you keep rolling out Windows 2000?

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Keeping Score
 Are you a big, medium or small business? • Big = Greater than 500 clients, 15 or more
servers

• •

Medium = 100-599 clients, 5-14 servers Small = Less than 100 clients, 1-4 servers

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Keeping Score
 Recommendation to seriously consider Windows 2003 Server if…

• • • •

Big = Add up to 40 points or more

Medium = Add up to 30 points or more
Small = Add up to 20 points or more

 To start…
Give yourself 10 points…

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Is your business mostly Windows NT, or mostly Windows 2000?

•Windows NT support is going away •http://www.microsoft.com/ntserver/ProductInfo/ Availability/Retiring.asp
•D-Day #1: January 1, 2004: No non-security hotfixes •D-Day #2: January 1, 2005: No paid or online support

•Windows 2000 was an investment •Very stable •Support for years to come •Easy upgrade to Win2003 server  Big sized W2k business + 5 points  Medium sized W2k business + 3 points  Small sized W2k business + 2 points

 Big sized NT business  Small sized NT business

+ 15 points + 5 points

 Medium sized NT business + 10 points

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Win2003’s IIS 6.0
•IIS 6.0 Highlights •Kernel-mode operation •Built-in Lockdown Wizard •Bandwidth throttling that really works •Default logon now Network (not Interactive) •Just a whole lot faster and secure
 Heavy IIS use + 10 points  Medium IIS use + 5 points  Light IIS use + 2 points

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• Add 2 points if IIS will be used in public address space (in front of firewall)

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Win2003 Clustering
Highlights: •Bigger clusters •Datacenter: 8 nodes (was 4 nodes for W2k) •Enterprise: 4 nodes (was 2 nodes for W2k) •Standard: (Still not supported) •Network Load Balancing now supported on •Standard Server •Terminal Services
 Heavy Clustering/NLB use  Medium Clustering/NLB use + 4 points + 2 points

 Light or no Clustering/NLB use

+ 1 point

• Add 2 points if NLB will be used for Terminal Services

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Win2003 and Exchange Compatibility
 Deployed Exchange 5.5 or 2000?
•
E2000 AND E5.5 ARE NOT compatible on Win2003 servers due to IIS change in metabase

•Heavy - 5 points •Medium - 4 points •Light - 2 points

E2000 will still run on W2k servers in Win2003 domain

http://www.microsoft.com/exchan ge/evaluation/ti/TiWin2003.doc

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Win2003 AD Branch-Office Improvements
Highlights: •KCC streamlined – less need for manual connections (F) •Large number of sites handled well (F) •Can set bridgehead to not compress data

•These highlights require all DCs in the (D) domain and (F) forest to be Win2003 server

•New DCs can be populated from tape / other media
 Many Branch Offices (50+) + 6 points

 Some Branch Offices (30-49) + 3 points

 Few Branch Offices (1-30)
 No Branch Offices

+ 2 points
+ 0 points

Win2003 AD Inter-company Improvements
Highlights: •Cross Forest Trusts (F) •Domain Controller Renaming (D) •Domain Renaming (F) •Schema entry “nullify” (F)

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•These highlights require all DCs in the (D) domain and (F) forest to be Win2003 server

 More than two domains and two forests + 5 points  Two domains or two forests  One domain + 4 points + 1 point

•Planning on an acquisition in 3-12 months?

+3 points

•Planning on a company rename in 3-12 months? +3 points

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Win2003 and In-place upgrades
 Highlights:

• • •

Standard Server

 Min: 550 MHz, min 256MB, max 4GB
Enterprise Server  Min: 733MHz, min 256MB, max 32GB Datacenter Server  Min: 733MHz, min 1GB, max 64GB Web Server (new)  Min: 550MHz, min 256MB RAM, max 2GB

Somewhat stronger minimums and recommended specs

•

 Keep your current servers  Plan to upgrade to modern-speed servers memory and PCI boards

- 3 points + 5 points + 7 points

 Plan to upgrade to modern-speed servers with hot-swap

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Win2003 and Older Hardware
 Highlights:

• • •

Only the best drivers survive and are included Standard VGA drivers for all but a few adapters  Could mean 640x480 @ 60Hz support only Many “white-box” network cards left out  Only major chipsets supported: 3COM, DEC, IBM, etc

 Have compatible NIC and VGA hardware  Have incompatible NIC and VGA hardware  Unknown?

+ 5 points - 3 points -1 point

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Win2003 Pilot Plans
Highlights: •New OS requires new rounds of application testing •New IIS requires new rounds of web-application programming and testing •New lab and/or pilot required
 More than five custom applications  Two to five custom applications  One or two custom applications - 3 points - 2 points - 1 point

•Have equipment for test-lab already?

+ 2. No? - 2

•Have pilot population for Win2003 rollout? +1. No? +0

Win2003 and Terminal Services

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Highlights: •RDP 5.2 on 2003 Server •More “forgiving” connection over the Internet •RDP 5.1 clients (XP) •24-bit color •Native clipboard redirection •Native client printer and drive redirection •Bandwidth throttling for lan vs. dial-up connections •Time zone redirection
 Heavy TS use  Medium TS use  Light TS use  No TS use + 4 points + 3 points + 2 point + 0 points

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Win2003 without WinXP
Highlights: •XP Required for: Volume Shadow Copy (VSC) •VSC = New feature which allows users to undelete/rollback own files •XP Required for: UPN Caching •UPN Caching = Allows users to log on without always touching GC •XP Required for: Secure 802.1x Wireless with 2003 Certificates •XP Required for: Full Terminal Services RDP 5.1 client for 2003’s RDP 5.2 server
 In 1 year, will XP be fully rolled out?  In 1 year, will XP be rolled out to half of your users?  In 1 year, will XP be rolled out + 2 points + 5 points

to less than half of your users?

- 2 points

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Windows 2003 and Group Policy
Highlights: •DcGPOFix •New “GPMC” console •Folder Redirection to Homedrive •XP gets 180 new Group Policies added to Windows 2003. •GPO Backup and Restore

GPMC License requires at least one Windows 2003 Domain Controller.
From FAQ: “You may install an unlimited number of copies of GPMC in your environment, provided you have at least one valid license for Windows Server 2003.”

 Lots of Group Policies?  Just starting Group Policy?  No plans for W2003 server?

+ 5 points +2 points -4 points

(GPMC is just that cool)

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Win2003 and SAN/NAS support
 Highlights: • Exposes API for accessing LUN information • Permits restructuring RAID arrays from OS • Boot to SAN/NAS • Replaces functionality now only available in proprietary

•

solutions Destined to become the “Interface of Choice” for proprietary solutions

 Have SAN/NAS today  Installing SAN/NAS within 1 year  No plans for SAN/NAS within 1 year

+ 4 points + 3 points + 1 points

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Final Thoughts
 Can you skip Windows2003? • If you’re in NT:

 Probably not – you’ll want new servers, which may not have NT drivers  Your company data will be on UNSUPPORTED platform by end of 2004 • No non-security NT hotfixes

 Lifecycle chart for most MS business products: • http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;en-us;LifeWin
 If you’re on 2000:

 If you’re mostly Windows 2000 – you’ll be missing out on some great new features  And… (see next slide)

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Final Thoughts
 Is it already paid for? • Do you have MS’s “Software Assurance” licensing
with W2k?  You get it when it ships!  Only time, energy and hardware deployment costs

 If it’s not paid for… • All Client CALs need to be upgraded with first
Windows 2003 server

•

Use the score card – judge for yourself!

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Score Review
 Recommendation to seriously consider Windows 2003 Server if… • Big = Add up to 40 points or more • Medium = Add up to 30 points or more • Small = Add up to 20 points or more
 To End… who’s going?

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•Windows 2000 Training

Make Contact!
•Sever

•Professional and •Active Directory •Windows XP Training •Windows 2003 Server Training •Consulting for Windows upgrades and migrations

Jeremy Moskowitz jeremym@moskowitz-inc.com


								
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