The Basic In Grammar by forrests

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									The Basic In Grammar
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Astriana NH.
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Subject
Sentence Verbal &Nominal Sentence Verb Finite Verb Infinitive Verb Conjunction Preposition No and Not Auxiliary Verb

Sentence
• Sentence is an arrangement of words which has enough or perfect meaning at least consist of subject and predicate.  Kinds of Sentence  According to predicate a. Verbal Sentence b. Nominal Sentence

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Verbal &Nominal Sentence
• Verbal sentence => Kalimat yang menunjukan dimana terdapat kata kerja/yang dilakukan. Example : - He studies in school She - I write a letter He V+s/es - I walk in the street It

• Nominal Sentence =>Dalam kalimat ini tidak ada sesuatu yang dilakukan. Back Example :

Verb
• Verb => is a word that explains something about subject in the sentence.  The function of verb 1. Finite verb 2. Infinitive verb

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Finite Verb
• Finite verb => is limited verb for subject in the sentence. Or the first verb of the sentence without “to”.  Example : - She eats a banana today (simple present s+V1+O)
fV1

- She ate a banana yesterday today
fV2

(simple past s+V2+O)

- She has eaten a banana since morning today
aux fV3

(Present perfect s+have/has+V3+O)

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Infinitive Verb
• Infinitive verb => is unlimited verb for subject in the sentence. Use “TO” and it can be used as subject, object, adjective, adverb. N1 N1 I I  Example : - She wants to study to read to write English fv infv infv infv

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Conjunction
• Conjunction => is a word to connect between word and word. Word an sentence. Sentence and word, sentence and sentence which to be one sentence has the same part of speech. • The words : are, but, if, before, after, and, than, or, because.  Example : - That is table and chair n conj n • Sentence and Sentence  Example : - I can buy a book if there a many s p n conj
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Preposition
• Preposition => is a word to be put before or in front noun and pronoun. • The words are : - Before - For - By - On - While - After - Because of - Without - In Etc. • Preposition : noun or pronoun become adverb  Example :
- Before I go to school I pray Prep n - I come here after sleeping prep n Back

- A make a cake for you Adv - I kill the dog by the knife prep n
Adv

Adv Tina cries because of Amir Adv

No and Not
• No (Adjective) => is a word that qualifies or adds meaning to noun of pronoun.  Example : - I have no house Not - She has no money noun - I like no you Not - She invites no me at her birthday Pronoun • Not (Adverb) => is a word that declares or adds meaning to out of noun or pronoun. (Adj, V, Adv)  Example :
- He is not lazy  Not + Adj - I don’t know about him  Not + V - They aren’t here  Not + Adv Back

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• Kinds of auxiliary verb 1. Auxiliary Verb “to be” : am, is, are, was, were, been. Predicate is out verb (noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb)/p≠v I->am,you,we, They ->are, He, she, it -> is Example : - He is a teacher -> Noun - She is beautiful -> Adjective - This bag is his -> Pronoun - I am here -> Adverb 2. Auxiliary Verb “to do” : do, does, did. Predicate is verb/ p≠v in negative and interrogative sentence. I, you, we, they -> do, He, she, it -> does Example : (+) She writes a letter , (-) She doesn’t write a letter , (?) Does she write a letter. 3. Auxiliary Verb “to have” : have, has, had. 4. Auxiliary Verb “modals” : can, may, must, shall, will. Next

Auxiliary Verb

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