Present Perfect vs. Present Progressive
Review experiences with present perfect; relate activities in present progressive.
Is it an experience or a situation?
Present Perfect • For experience: 1. The students have learned how to use their computers. 2. They already have memorized their log-ins. Present Progressive • For temporary events: 1. However, the students are learning vocabulary. 2. Therefore, they still are memorizing lots of new words.
Can you see the difference between experience and temporary events?
Temporary situations are progressive.
• Use progressive to question about now. Use do, sit, study, go, and hope. __ you __ English now? What __ Abdul __ today? Where __ you __ after class? Why __ all the students __ down? Who __ Joe __ to meet?
What is the dad planning to do?
1. 2. 3. 4.
Experience questions are perfect.
• • 1. 2. Use perfect to ask about experience: Use finish, enter, live, study, How many years __ you __ English? How much school __ you __? Where __ Gloria __ before here? Why __ Tomas entered college?
Does the fortune cookie tell the man’s experience?
For ongoing experience, use present perfect progressive.
Use present perfect progressive for ongoing experiences. It is difficult to drive the car because the wind has been blowing hard all day. Ted has been looking for the perfect job for almost a year. How long have you been studying English?
What kind of birthday experience is the woman in the picture having?
Present Perfect Progressive
Use it for repeated actions started past. Use hit, throw, jump 1. The football players __ each other hard. 2. The baseball players __ the ball. 3. The basketball players __ for the ball.
What kind of experience is the woman pictured having?
Read the counter clock in the black box above. How many seconds has the counter been on? It __ on for ___ seconds.
View another example of present perfect progressive.
If the bank blew up at midnight, and it is now ten o’clock, how long has money been falling? Money has been falling for __ hours. Money __ since __ .
Present Perfect Progressive
Use it for actions that have stopped recently and we can see a sign from that action. 1. Kelly has been working all night with the report. Means the report isn’t completed and she looks tired. 2. It has been raining. Means it’s not raining, but the ground still is wet. Does Kelly need
a new job?
• Present perfect is for experience: • It is about how many times someone has done something: 1. She has cooked and cleaned all day. 2. We have met twice a week for two months. 3. The students have learned a lot this semester.
Present progressive is ongoing: • It is about what is happening currently and temporarily: 1. How long have you been online?
2. I have been reading online for an hour. 3. The student has been reading a lot.
Can you use the right verb tense?
Where are the students go___? How many years have you stud___? When is Maria com___ to class? How much have you prepare__ for the vocabulary quizzes? After you finish college, what job are you go___ to do?
Has Phillip had a good day at school?
Can you use academic words?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Words: administration, authority, consistent, indicate, and previous. Are your quiz scores __ or not? Does a president have much __? Can you __ the meaning of core? In which city was your __ home? Which city has the __ of the US?
Have you learned the vocabulary yet?