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									Module: Food and Nutrition Lesson: High Five for Health




Meeting Overview
Introduction: Program/Education: Recreation: Snack/Craft/Service: Physical Activity: Activity Name Tags, “I Did It” questions Jiff the Joey Strives for 5 Wash Before You Bite Fitness Scavenger Hunt Cookbook Streamers Galore Time 10 minutes 35-40 minutes 15-20 minutes 10-15 minutes 10 minutes

Objectives for this Meeting
1. The children will brainstorm ways to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into their daily meals and snacks. 2. The children will become more aware of why it is important to eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day. 3. The children will understand that is important to wash all fruits and vegetables carefully before eating. 4.

Lesson Background
Physical: A proper warm-up before vigorous exercise safely prepares the muscles for the workload. Cold muscles are more susceptible to injury because they don’t absorb shock or impact as well as warm muscles. Warm muscles stretch better and allow greater range of motion for the joints. Oxygen easily releases from the blood when the muscles are warmed up gradually. Having oxygen readily available means you’ll breath easier and not become winded too early in the exercise session. Warming up also improves coordination, helps burn fat more easily and reduces abdominal heart responses brought about by sudden exercise. Perform stretching exercises near the end of the warm up when the muscles are warm. A warm-up can be just a slow version of the activity you are about to begin. For example, you can walk before jogging or jog before running. Before the movement activity, the children will perform an aerobic physical activity icebreaker (Ready, Set, Jump) such as participating in a game of tag, walking or jogging, or other physical activity ice breaker for 5 to 10 minutes to warm up their muscles. Warm up at a pace that gets the children’s heart beating fairly rapidly. Their breathing will be harder than normal, but not as hard as during the actual exercise.
High Five for Health Source: Jump Into Food and fitness, Michigan State University Extension, 2003

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Cool down after vigorous exercise. A 5 minute cool-down period allows your heart rate and breathing to return to normal. Slow walking will prevent blood from pooling in the legs. Blood pooling can cause dizziness and blackouts. Do stretching exercises again to prevent the muscles from getting sore and stiff. Always include a warm-up and cool down in a workout program. After the movement activity the children will cool down by doing a calming movement activity. Nutrition: The vegetable and fruit groups make up two bands on MyPyramid. Vegetables and fruits come in a rainbow of colors, flavors and textures. They are low in fat and are excellent sources of vitamin A, vitamin C and fiber. Vitamin A helps keep your skin healthy and helps your eyes see at night. Vitamin C helps in fighting diseases and helps our bodies heal cuts and bruises. Fruits are naturally sweet. Children need to learn that eating a variety of fruits and vegetables is important to help their bodies grow strong and stay healthy. In addition, fruits and vegetables add flavor, texture and color to meals and snacks. They are “portable” and can be enjoyed at any time. Fruits and vegetables are available in many forms—fresh, frozen, canned and dried. MyPyramid recommends we eat three to five servings from the vegetable group and 2 to 4 servings from the fruit group each day. When added together, the minimum number of servings we should eat from both groups is five servings, which inspired the slogan “5 A Day.” The national campaign, “5 A Day for Better Health,” aims to increase the number of servings of fruits and vegetables Americans eat everyday because of the associated benefit of helping reduce the risk of chronic disease. Eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables helps to prevent certain cancers (for example, lung, breast, colon and bladder cancers), heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. A serving in the fruit group includes on medium piece of fruit; ½ cup fresh, cooked, frozen or canned fruit; ¼ cup dried fruit; or ¾ cup 100 percent fruit juice. A serving in the vegetable group includes 1 cup raw, leafy vegetables; ½ cup cooked or raw chopped vegetables; or ¾ cup 100 percent vegetable juice.

Materials Needed
INTRODUCTION Name tags:  Name tags and holders  Extras  Markers for circling date “I Did It”  Kangaroo poster  “I Did It” form PROGRAM/EDUCATION Jiff the Joey Strives for Five:  MyPyramid poster (should already be at site)  “Strive for Five” handout (one for every 2 children)  Pencils (one for every 2 children) Wash Before You Bite:  Fresh fruits and vegetables (include hard and soft textured varieties)  Vegetable brush  Running water  Paper towels (optional)

High Five for Health Source: Jump Into Food and fitness, Michigan State University Extension, 2003

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RECREATION Fitness Scavenger Hunt:  Cones or other markers  Slips of paper (one per team plus a few less than one per cone)  Drinking water (make available to children as needed)  Music player and music (optional) SNACK/CRAFT/SERVICE  Cover for cookbook  Markers/colored pencils PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Streamers Galore:  Colorful streamers (choose colors typical of fruits and vegetables such as red, green, orange, yellow, blue and white)  Music player and music  Drinking water (make available as needed)

NAME TAGS  Hand out name tags and circle date of event  Fill out name tags for new children “I Did It”  Children should fill out “I Did It” form and put it on the Kangaroo (or in pouch?) o “Since the last time we met, have you tried any new foods?” Yes/No

JIFF THE JOEY STRIVES FOR 5 Before the meeting: 1. Read the Nutrition Background information for High Five for Health and familiarize yourself with the fruit and vegetable food groups. 2. Display the MyPyramid in your meeting space where everyone can see it. 3. Make one copy of the “Strive for Five” for each child. During the meeting: 1. Ask the children if they know what “Five A Day” means. Explain that it is the name of a national campaign to encourage people to eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables every day for better health. 2. Tell the group that most children and adults don’t eat enough fruits and vegetables, even though it’s important that we all try to eat lots of fruits and vegetables everyday. Fruits and vegetables help us to grow strong, have healthy skin and hair, do our best in sports and stay healthy. Emphasize that fruits and vegetables are not only good for us, but they are also fun to eat and can be eaten at any time. Some even come in their own packages, such as bananas. 3. Review with the group what counts as a serving for a fruit and vegetable food groups. Encourage them to think about when they eat fruits and vegetables by asking questions such as “Do you have fruit or juice with your breakfast everyday?” or “Do you add vegetables to pizza and fruit to your cereal or yogurt?”

High Five for Health Source: Jump Into Food and fitness, Michigan State University Extension, 2003

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4. Explain that they’ll have about 10 minutes to work together to brainstorm ideas for helping Jiff the Joey eat more fruits and vegetables. Next, divide the group into small work teams. Give each child a copy of “Strive for Five” handout and a pencil or pen. Use the handout to explain the activity. Explain that the column on the left has Jiff’s original meal—with very few fruits and vegetables in it. Instruct them to write their new meal or snack ideas for Jiff that has added fruits and vegetables. Before they begin, go over the rules for brainstorming with the group.

Leader Note: Have your children follow these rules as they do their brainstorming: Rule 1: Don’t judge ideas! Rule 2: It’s okay to be far-out! Rule 3: Think of as many ideas as you can. Rule 4: Piggyback on someone else’s ideas. You may want to write these rules on a sheet of newsprint and display it where all the kids an see it.

5. After about 10 minutes or when the teams seem to be done discussing and writing their ideas, have the teams take turns sharing their meal and snack changes with the whole group. As they listen to the team reports, encourage the children to think about ways they, too, can add more fruits and vegetables to their meals and snacks. Try This, Too!  Give each child a copy of the “Strive for Five” handout and have them track the fruits and vegetables they eat for a week.  When dividing children into groups, have the kids divide themselves up by sounding off with “1, 2, 3, 4, 5-5 a Day!”  Have the kids create a cheer or rhyme about eating five servings of fruits and vegetables a day. WASH BEFORE YOU BITE 1. Discuss with the group the importance of washing fruits and vegetables. Start by asking them where fruits and vegetables grow. (On trees, on plants, in the ground.) Explain that since fruits and vegetables grow outdoors, and on or in the ground, they may have dirt and dust on them after they’re harvested. It’s important to wash fruits and vegetables before eating or using them in order to remove the dirt and dust. Another reason for washing fruits and vegetables is that many people (such as farmers, food processing workers, grocery store employees and other shoppers) may handle fruits and vegetables before we eat them. 2. If the group’s snack for the day includes fresh fruits or vegetables, use those fruits and vegetables to demonstrate how to wash produce. Explain to the group that plain water is best for washing fruits and vegetables, because using soap might make the produce (fruits and vegetables) taste soapy. Fragile produce like grapes and spinach should be soaked for a few minutes and then rinsed. Use the vegetable brush to wash vegetables such as potatoes, carrots and turnips, and the skins of fruits such as melons. If you have room and time, have a few kids wash the produce after they wash their hands. 3. Wash your hands and remind the children that it’s important for them to wash their hands before they prepare and eat their meals and snacks. 4. Prepare the fruit or vegetable snack and serve it to the children. If you have time, have the children help you prepare the snack. Be sure to have your helpers wash their hands first! Talking It Over: Ask the group the following questions: Share It:  Why do we eat a variety of fruits and vegetables?  Why is it important to wash fruits and vegetables before using them?

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Process It:  What new information did you learn about fruits and vegetables?  How can you add more fruits and vegetables your own meals and snacks?  What did you learn about how fruits and vegetables should be washed? Generalize It:  How many servings of fruits and vegetables should you eat a day? Apply It:  How will you add fruits and vegetables into your day?

Fitness Scavenger Hunt: Before the meeting: 1. Use markers to write one activity on each index card. Some sample ideas are listed here but any activities that your group enjoys and that get the kids moving are acceptable. 1. Gallop for 15 seconds. Count seconds in Kangaroos. That is: 1 kangaroo. 2 kangaroo. 3 kangaroo. 2. Perform BIG arm circles: 10 forward, 10 backward, 10 with hands clasped together in front and moving in a figure 8 fashion. 3. Pretend to ice skate (or down hill or cross country ski), counting backwards from 50 to 1. 4. Do “crazy dancing” while singing “Happy Birthday” to the group member with a birthday date closest to your meeting. 5. Skip around the outside of the movement space. 6. Do 10 jumping jacks while making appropriate funny faces at your group. *****Add alternative activities for children with special needs**** 2. On other index cards (one card for each group of two to five children) make the group scavenger cards by writing out the activities above, using a different order on each card. For example, the first group scavenger card might have the order as:  Gallop  Crazy Dancing  Arm Circles  Ice Skating (or downhill or cross country skiing)  Skip  Jumping Jacks While the second group scavenger card would have:  Arm circles  Skip  Gallop  Ice Skating (or downhill or cross country skiing)  Jumping Jacks  Crazy Dancing The key is for each group to have a different order to follow. 3. Scatter the cones (or other markers) around the playing area. Place one individual activity card under each cone. You may want to use a few “decoy cones” (that is, extra cones that don’t have an activity underneath them.) During the meeting: 1. Tell the group they’re going on a “Fitness Scavenger Hunt.” Divide the group into teams of two to five people and have each team choose a fruit or vegetable team name. 2. Give each team one of the scavenger hunt cards. Read aloud or paraphrase the following information to the group:

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Each team’s scavenger hunt card has a set of activities printed on it. The activities are printed in a different order on each team’s card. The cones out in the playing area have index cards under them with activities printed on them. Your challenge is to find and do the activities under the cones in the order printed on your team’s card. You’ll have to travel from cone to cone as a team, using the movement I call out, like kangaroo jumping, skipping, galloping, taking giant steps, running or sliding. After you find the right cone, everyone on your team must perform the activity written on the slip. Make sure your team replaces the activity slip under the cone when you’re done. Then you move on to find the next activity on your card. Your team is done when you have found and performed all of activities in the order they’re written on your team scavenger hunt card and returned that card to the leader. Watch out! Not every cone has an activity card under it. 3. After the teams have completed one scavenger hunt, shuffle the scavenger cards among the teams. Have them go into another room or hide their eyes while you and a helper rearrange the index cards under the cones. Let them try the hunt again. (Leader Note: Vary the movements [such as kangaroo jumping, running, skipping, jumping, galloping, sliding, taking giant steps] the teams use to move from cone to cone.) Talking It Over: Ask the group the following questions: Share It:  Why do we warm up our muscles before starting to do exercise? Process It:  What did you learn about team work during the “Fitness Scavenger Hunt” activity? Generalize It:  Where can you use the warm-up activity you learned?  How do warm-up activities help you? Apply It:  Name some other situations you can use the relaxation stretches.

COOKBOOK Explain to the children that they will be making their very own cookbook. They will need to ask their mom and dad for a favorite recipe and bring it into the site by the deadline. All recipes will be collected, typed up and handed out at the end of Summer Survivor. Today, they will color and decorate their cookbook cover and write their name on the cookbook cover. (Encourage the children to draw favorite foods or healthy foods and activities.)

Physical Activity
STREAMERS GALORE Before the meeting: Make colorful streamers by cutting or tearing old sheets, towels, crepe paper or scarves into strips that are 30 inches to 36 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. During the meeting: 1. Have the children pick up one streamer each and find a space with enough room for them to move safely with the streamers so that they don’t hit or interfere with another person’s movements. Tell them they are going to play “Streamers Galore.” 2. Explain to the group that when the music starts they should move their streamers using as many arm patterns as possible. Encourage them to be creative and come up with their own routines. Tell them
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that no matter what pattern or routine they choose, they have to be moving the entire time the music is playing. You may wish to offer suggestions for streamer movements:  Form letters with the streamer movement.  Move the streamer at a low, medium and high rate of speed.  Switch the hand that you’re holding the streamer in.  Move the streamer through the legs, above the head, around the waist.  Throw the streamer in the air, catch it and keep it moving.  Make figure eights in front of their bodies.  Make large and small circles on each side of their bodies or above their heads. 3. Stop the music periodically and have the children move to a new spot by skipping, jumping, hopping or jogging, and then continue moving their streamers. Try This, Too:  Have each person work with two or three streamers.  Have the children work with a partner with several streamers. Talking It Over: Ask the group the following questions: Share It:  What did you like about this activity? Why? Process It:  How can you tell your muscles are warmed up? Is your heart beating faster? Are you sweating?

Take Home
  Family Newsletter “Strive for Five” handout

High Five for Health Source: Jump Into Food and fitness, Michigan State University Extension, 2003

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