Unit 8 Adventure (DOC) by forrests


									Unit 8 Adventure Lesson 1 Adventure Holidays I. 单词拼写 1. All the children listened to his a________ with eager attention. 2. Today a lot of farmland has become d_______ because many trees have been cut down. 3. Among many p_______ , I think Zhu Jun is one of the best ones 4. He has got an m_____ illness, which forces his family into poverty. 5. After a long t_____ walk, he wanted to have a good rest. 6. He could see a ship on the h_______ at last after floating for many days at sea. 7. The Chinese government is working together with other countries and international o_______ to provide easy access to hospitals and clinics for low-income families. 8. If you fee u_______, call me at once. 9. He has been there for many time ,so he knew the r______ quite well. 10. A________ in Shanghai is expensive. It is very difficult for a family with low-income to buy a new house. 11. - What's the m_______ distance you've swum? - 10,000 meters. 12. Then he smiled and told me I would receive an e______ $100 a year! 13. Is English an o_______ lesson, or does everyone have to learn it? 14. Chinese d_______ greatly from Japanese in pronunciation. 15. After the test, he was a______ to know the result from the teacher. II.短语归纳 1.起飞 6.梦想 2。 就在此刻 7。 急流泛舟 3。极限运动 8。一条山路 4。 也,和,同样 5。攀岩 9。 感到疲倦 10。考虑

11.在地平线上 12。长途跋涉旅行 13。旅行安排 14。 从伦敦直飞北京 15。旅行途中 16.特殊的服务 17。直接回家 18。在海边 19。强健的体魄 20。每组最多人数 III.根据课文填空 day’s cooking including Tibet for later important hostels how while prefer afterwards fantastic go flights camping amazing relax comfortable who

Just imagine. You are walking along a mountain path in the Himalayas. You are feeling tired. You are thinking about _____ far there is to go. Then, suddenly you are here! And the ______ Mount Qomolangma is on the horizon. It looks great. A few minutes ______ , you arrived at the camp. The food _____ on the fire smells great and _____ you are having a hot cup of tea, you ______ and watch the sun ______ down. At diner, the food tastes ________. You talk with other people in the group about everything you have seen and done during your _____ hiking. If you are looking _____ experiences like this. Adventure 2004 is the organization for you. At Adventure 2000 we also think that good travel arrangements are _______. We organize all the _____ for you: from London to Beijing direct, from Beijing to Lahsa and bus travel in ______.

Accommodation is in ______ hotels in Beijing and Lahsa, ______ on the trek and one-or two- person tents for _______. There are also special offers for people ______ don’t want to go straight home _______. If you like history, there is a trip to Western China. For people who ____ to spend some time on the coast, we can organize your travel and accommodation. The hike costs £2,5000 _______ all the flights and accommodation. Maximum group size is 15 people. IV 单项选择 1.-Our maths teacher wanted you to do your homework again. -I can just imagine him ______that. A. say B. saying C. to say 2.- His long ______ speech made the audience very ______ . - No wonder many people fell asleep. A. tiring„tiring B. tired„tired C. tiring„tired

D. said

D. tired„tiring

3. Chinese differs greatly _____ Japanese ______ pronunciation. A. from„in B. with„at C. from„on D. in„from 4. ______ in London, he met Mary , ______ became his wife at last. A. When„that B. Since„whose C. After„who D. While„who 5. The mountain wind _____ as much as three inches of snow overnight. A. took out B. took over C. took from D. took off 6.I prefer to stay at home rather than _____ to see him. A. went B. go C. going D. gone 7.She as well as her mother ______ English in a middle school. A. teach B. to teach C. teaching 8.-Who is the student ______ in the library ? -He comes from Tibet. A. who read B. that reading 9.- Doing it like this means _______ time. -I didn’t mean ______ it. C. reading D. teaches

D. he is reading

A. wasting„to do B. to waste„doing C. waste„do 10. –How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? - That ______ me fine.

D. wasting„doing

A. fits B. meets C. satisfies D. suits 11. Mary kept on weighing herself to see how much ______ she was getting. A. heavier B. heavy C. the heavier D. the heaviest 12.-Susan, will you please go and empty the drawer? - ________? A. What for B. What is it C. How is it

D. How come

13. He has been to many countries, so he often tell us all _____ he has seen and heard in the countries. A. which B. that C. who D. what 14. My mind wasn’t on what he was saying so. I am afraid I _____ half of it. A. was missing B. had missed C. will miss D. missed 15. Twenty people went to his house and attended his birthday party, me _____.


A. including V.翻译句子

B. to include

C. include

D. included

1. 闭上眼睛,设想你在森林里。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 烤在火上的食物散发着诱人的香味,你喝着热茶,轻松地欣赏着落日下山的美景。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 在长途跋涉中,厨师会备好美味食品,搬运工则会帮你搬运你们的行李。这样就意味着 你能尽情享受旅行了。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 彼得车开得很快,这样做很危险。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 我已经邀请了戴安娜,她就住在我隔壁。 ______________________________________________________________________________ Lesson 2 Extreme Sports

I.单词拼写 1. Instead of simply trying to defeat the other team or set a new record, many e_______ sports are about beauty, harmony and trills. 2. The words “g_______” and “gym” come from the Greek language, for it was in Greece that Olympic competition started. 3. There is a s_______ between the sisters. 4. It is e_______ four o'clock, not one minute more nor one minute less. 5. He r______ his life to save the boy who fell into the water. 6. As the end of the game grew nearer, the crowd's e________ increased. 7. There are v_______ ways of getting to the station. 8. The cars f______ in a steady stream along the main road. 9. A good sleeping bag is an essential part of every camper’s e________. 10. All work and no play makes Jack a d_______ boy. II.短语归纳 1.蹦极运动 2. 冰下潜水 3. 空中冲浪滑翔(运动) 4. 动力雪橇滑降 5。为了(某一 目的) 6。 出现,到场 7。决定不履行(允诺的事)8。 使理解(某事)9。参加,从事 10.喜欢 11。急流漂流 12。安装 13。完成 14。颠倒地,倒置地 15。最后一刻 III 单项选择 1. ______ let her brother continue his study, she had to leave school and do manual work in the town. A. So as to B. In order to C. In order that D. So that 2. She shut he window _______ she might keep the insects out. A. in order to B. so as to C. in order that D. in order 3. He risked _______ so as to get the important information from the enemy. A. arresting B. being arrested C. to be arrested D. to arrest 4. He was not equipped ______ enough ability for the job. A. with B. in C. on 5. _____ the new _____of our library arrived? A. Have„equipments B. Has„ equipment D. of


C. Has„equipments D. Have„equipment 6. Helen always helps her mother even though going to school _____ most of her day. A. takes up B. makes up C. saves up D. puts up 7. You can take anything from the shelf and read, but please ______ the books when you’ve finished with them. A. put on B. put down C. put back D. put off 8. –Will you come to join us in singing the song ? - As soon as I get through _____ my homework, I’ll do it. A. in B. at C. out D. with 9. The Congress _____ a special committee to look into the matter. A. set up B. set out C. set to D. set off 10. At the meeting he didn’t _______ well, so everyone was in a puzzle about his idea. A. get out B. get across C. get off D. get away 11. If you have promised to come, you will not _____. A. back up B. back out C. back down D. back away 12. The most important thing about cotton in history is _____ part that is played in ______ Industrial Revolution. A. ×; × B. the; × 13.-What’s that terrible noise? C. the; the D. a; the

-The neighbors ______ for a party. A. have prepared B. are preparing C. prepare D. will prepare 14.The discussion ____ alive when an interesting topic was brought in. A. was coming B. had come C. has come D. came 15.-So you missed the meeting. - _______. I got there five minutes before it finished. A. Not at all I.单词拼写 1. The guider told all the t_______ that they would arrived at the next camp at about 9 p.m. 2. Did you hear of the story “ The E_______ New Clothes”? 3. The prisoner was brought to c______ for trial. 4. I was a_______ by the news of George's sudden death. 5. There's a large variety of g_______ in the shops. 6. They asked me so many questions that I got c_______. 7. Gas and coal are f______. 8. If we want everyone to be healthy, w______ and happy,, strict birth control is quite essential. 9. Like a_______, like book. 10. The teacher gave us a d_______ of the new words yesterday . 11. The man made a s________ to the police. 12. It’s good to your health drinking a small q______ of milk in he morning. 13. This is the p______ who have us a talk last month. B. Not exactly C. Not especially Lesson 3 Marco Polo D. Not really


14. We can make shoes from the s_____ of animals. II.短语归纳 1. 轮流 2. (坏事)突然发生,爆发 3. 关进监狱 4。 坚持(某种)说法 5。和„做生 意 6。 了解 7。 给„留下深刻的印象 8。 全国 9。 纸币 10。 做笔录 11。最畅 销的书 12。用黄金和白银砌成 13。被„所震撼 14。 对„感到困惑 15。 可用的 III.从下面方框里选择合适的词填空。 decided trade China stopped sea took customs war so while prisoners famous who called coal unfortunately Europe Italian spent travels

Marco Polo was an ______ explorer who traveled through many parts of Asia. He was born in Venice, Italy in 1254. His father, Nicolo Polo was a _____ merchant. He often ______ long periods at sea away from Marco. One day Nicolo ______ to bring Marco on a trip to ______. The ship ______ at ports in America, Russia, Persia and Macedonia and it ______ 6 years to get to China. Marco was greatly surprised at Chinese ______ and skills such as using ______ for heating, paper money, noodle-making and many other things. _______, when they returned to Venice many years later, Genoa and Venice were at ______. Marco joined the Venetian troops and was caught by Genoa’s forces.______ in prison, Marco entertained _______ by telling them of his _______. One prisoner liked them _____ much that he wrote a book about Marco’s travels ______ The Description of the World. This book became _______ after Marco’s death. The book influenced Christopher Columbus, ______ tried to find a different ______ route between Asia and ______. The book also informed people about the world beyond Europe’s borders. IV 单项选择 1.- I think you should phone Jeanne and say sorry to her. -__________ . It was her fault. A. No way B. Not possible C. No chance 2. It was autumn _____ his wife returned from Spain. D. Not at all.

A. since B. when C. before D. that 3. He set out soon after dark ______ home an hour later. A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived D. and arrived 4. –Sorry to have interrupted you, please go on. - Where was I? - You ______ you didn’t like your father’s job. A. had said B. said C. were saying D. had been saying 5。I don’t know where are my glasses, _______ I can’t read anything. A. with which B. by which C. without which D. in which 6. Taiwan is part of China, _______ is known to all the world. A. what B. as C. that D. such 7. The reason _____ she explained seemed reasonable. A. why B. that C. what D. if 8. To my _______, he was able to recite the whole poem from memory. A. amaze B. amazed C. amazement D. amazing 9. The foreigners are ______ by the _______ achievements that the Chinese have

made recently in socialist construction A. amazing„amazing B. amazed„amazed C. amazed„amazing D. amazing„amazed 10.The instructions on the box are very ________. A. confused B. confusing C. confusion

D. confuse

11.He was against the law and put into _______ last month for robbery. A. the prison B. a prison C. prison D. prison 12.When it stopped, people got on the bus ________. A. in turn B. on the turn C. by turn D. at every turn 13. The May Fourth Movement against imperialism and feudalism _____ in Beijing in 1919. A. broke down B. broke out C. broke into D. broke up 14. We firmly ______ the fundamental principles of Marxism- Leninism. A. stand up B. stand about C. stand by D. stand back 15. The pollutant will give off a large _______ of heat. A. quantity B. sum C. number V.翻译句子 D. lot

1. 马可也相应地被中国的美丽和强大所震撼。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 他回到家乡后不久,一场区域性的战争在他家乡附近爆发了。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 虽然人们爱读他的书,但许多人认为马可写的东西太离奇而不足信。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 但马可总是信守他所讲的每一个故事。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 他在中国参观的第一个博物馆是历史博物馆。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 语法归纳 1.State or activity verbs
在英语动词当中,有些动词表示动作,我们把它们称之为 activity verb ,有些动词表示状态, 我们把这类动词叫做 state verb。第一类动词可用作一般现在时和现在进行时,而第二类动词 多用于一般现在时,而不用于进行时态。 He gets up at six every morning.他每天早晨六点钟起床。 (动作) He is getting up now. 他现在正在起床。 (动作) It seems that yu are right.似乎你是对的。 (状态) 有些动词既可用作表示动作,也可用作表示状态,但在意义有区别。 He has two elder brothers and a younger sister.他有两个哥哥和一个妹妹。 (状态) He is having his breakafast. 他在吃早饭。 (动作) They are holding a meeting.他们在开会。 (动作) The can holds two gallons.这个桶能装两加仑。 (状态) She is holding a large box.她提着一只大箱子(动作) I still hold that his idea is wrong.我仍然认为他的观点是错的。 (状态) People are lying on the beach.人们躺在海滩上。 The city lies on the coast. 这座城市位于海岸边。


常用表示状态的动词有: mean seem concern hate dislike detest(厌恶、憎恨) surprise major(主修) cintains hold matter depend resemble(象、类似) guess suppose imagine own belong to deserve (应受、值得)admire adore(崇拜、爱慕) appear be believe belong consist desire (期 望、希望)despair doubt envy exist feel fit forget have hear hope impress(留下印 象) include involve(包括、使陷于) keep know lack last like love need owe(感激、 把„归功于) please possess9 拥有) prefer prove realize recognize remember require satisfy(满足) seat see smell sound suspect (怀疑、猜想)think understand wish etc.

What do you mean? 你是什么意思? This concerns everyone of us.这关系到我们每个人。 We hate such people.我们讨厌这样的人。 All this surprises me.这一切使我吃惊。 She majors in English.她主修英语。 The box contains a necklace.盒子里有一条项链。 Your age doesn’t matter.你的年龄没有关系。 It depends on the weather.这要看天气如何。 Jim resembles his sister.吉姆长得像他姐姐。 I guess that’s the only solution.我想这是唯一的解决办法。 We own the house.这是我们的房子。 This book belongs to me.这本书是我的。 I don’t deserve the honor.我不配得到这个荣誉。 有一些动词表示一个极为短暂的动作,也可用于一般现在时。 I declare this exhibition open.我宣布展览会开幕。 It’s a lovely place. – I agree. 这是一个招人喜欢的地方。- 我同意。 The Bible says love of money is the root of all evil.圣经说爱财是万恶之源。 I advise you to withdraw.我劝你退出。 I promise you that I will be there.我答应你我会去。 This, I admit, is my favorite activity.这个我承认是我最喜欢的活动。 With this letter I enclose a photograph. 随信附上一张照片。 I flatly refuse to do what you say.我断然拒绝做你说的事。 I regret my ignorance on the subject.对这个问题无知我感到遗憾。 有少数表示极为短暂的动作动词,可用于进行时态,表示反复做某个动作或“即将„”。 He is jumping up and down.他上下地跳着。 John is nodding his head.约翰频频点头。 Why is she blinking her eyes?她为什么老眨眼睛? The train is arriving.火车即将到达。 The Boeing 747 is taking off.那架波音 747 即将起飞。 The old man is dying.老人生命垂危。 动词 be 有时用于进行时态,表示一时的表现。 I’m being serious.我是说正经的。 I know I’m being selfish.我知道我这样做是自私的。 H is being terribly friendly to us.他对我们表现得友好之极。 2.Relative clauses (III) Defining and non-defining clauses


定语从句主要用来修饰它前面的先行词(名词或代词)的从句,所以又称形容词从句。根 据与先行词的关系,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从 句对所修饰词的意思加以限制,表示“„.的人(事物) 。非限制性定语从句对所修辞没有 限制意义的作用,而只补充一点情况,与主句关系不紧密,把它们拿掉,主句照样成立。 它们和所修饰的名词之间常加一个逗号,译成汉语时另起一个句子,仿佛是并列句。定语 从句主要考查引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词;介词+引导词以及非限制性定语从句。 具体考点如下: 考点一:引导定语从句的引导词有关系代词(who, whom, which, that, whose,as) 和关系副词( when, where, why)等。但是当下列情况出现时,对引导词有特殊要求。 1.当先行词是 all, everything, nothing, something, little, much 时;当先行词 被 all, no, some, any, every, a few, a little, much, only, very 修饰时;当先 行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时,定语从句的引导词用 that。例: All that you want are here.你需要的全在这儿。 There is no person that doesn’t make mistakes. 没有人不犯错误。 This is the best film that I have ever seen.这是我看过得最好一部电影。 2.“the same ...as”, such...as”中的 as 可以指人或物。 例: Such furniture as is very popular is expensive.像那样的流行家具很贵。 We have successfully done the same experiment as you did.我们和你们一样成功 地做了这个试验。 3.why 引导表示原因的定语从句,其先行词一般是 reason。当主句主语是 reason 时, 作主句表语的成分不能有 because 和 because of。其结构一般为 the reason why„is that„,或者 the reason that„is that„,如: He did not tell us the reason why he was late again.他没告诉我们他又迟到的 原因。 The reason why(that)he didnt come is that he was ill.他没来的原因是他病了。 4.当定语从句为 there be 句型时,关系代词只能用 that。 This is the fastest train that there is to Beijing.这是开往北京的特快列车。 5.当主句是以 which 或 who 开头的特殊疑问句时,关系代词只能用 that。 Who is the girl that is talking with Mr. Brown.和布朗先生谈话的那个女孩是谁? 6.如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词,并同时兼指人和物时,关系代词用 that。 We are talking about the people and countries that we have visited。我们在 谈论我们参观的国家和拜访的人。 考点二:在“介词+which/whom”的结构中,介词的选择取决于三种情况: 1.定语从句中谓语动词或表语的搭配; This is the college in which I am studying.这就是我在学习的大学。 He is the man about whom we are talking.他就是我们在谈论的人。 2.先行词与介词的习惯搭配; 当先行词表示“领域、方面”时,如:aspect, respect, area, field 等,用 in which; 当先行词表示“价格、利率、速度”时,如:rate, price, speed 等,用 at which; 当先行词表示“程度”时,如:degree, extent 等,用 to which; 当先行词表示“根据、依据、基础”时,如:grounds, foundation, basis 等,用 on which; The speed at which the machine operates is shown on the meter.


仪表上显示出这台机器的运转的速度。 It is useful to be able to predict the extent to which a price change will affect supply and demand. 能够预测价格如何影响供需是很有用的。 3.当定语从句为最高级时只能用 of which;否则用其他介词 I have five dictionaries ,of which Longman Dictionary is the best.我有五部 字典, 朗曼是最好的。 I have five dictionaries ,among which Longman Dictionary is published in UK. 我有五部字典,朗曼是在英国出版的字典之一。 注意:不可拆分的动词短语介词不能提前,如 put up with;有的短语可能有不同的介词搭 配,此时需要根据上下文来确定。如:be familiar with / to ; compare with / to . 考 点三:当先行词为表示时间的名词(如:time, day, year, week, month, occasion)或 地点的名词(如:place, room, city, country)时,一般用关系副词 when 和 where.分别 相当于 in which, at which, on which。但是当这些表示时间或地点的名词作从句的宾语 时,则要用关系代词 that 或 which. I cant forget the days when(in which) I lived with you.我不能忘记和你在一起居住 的日子。 Can you tell me the day when (on which) the first satellite was sent into space? 你能告诉我第一颗人造卫星是什么时候上天的? China is the only country where(in which ) wild pandas can be found.中国是唯一 能发现大熊猫的地方。 I’ll never forget the village where I spent my childhood.我将永远不会忘记我度 过童年的那个村庄。 I will never forget the days that (which) I spent in Beijing University. 我将永 远不会忘记我在北大度过的日子。 (本句 days 作 spend 的宾语, 故用关系代词 that / which ) I have never been to Beijing, but it’s the place that I most want to visit.我 没去过北京,但是它是我最向往的地方。(本句 place 作 visit 的宾语。) 考点四:非限定性定语从句不能用 that 引导,一般用引导词 which/as 或 who/whom(指人) , 非限定性定语从句既可以修饰主句的部分内容,也可修饰主句的全部内容。as 引导的非限 定性定语从句既可以放在主句之前,也可以放在主句之后,但 which 或 who 引导的非限定 性定语从句不能放在主句前面。若主句与从句内容上不一致,或从句对主句内容起反对、 排斥、否定等作用时,多用 which;而 as 只能用于主句和从句内容一致时。 She has married again, as was expected. 她又结婚了,这是大家意料中的事。 She has married again, which was unexpected. 她又结婚了, 真没想到。 As we all know, the moon is a satellite of the earth.我们都知道,月球是地球的卫 星。 The large area is covered with thick snow, which affects people’s life greatly. 大面积的地方有积雪,这样给人们的生活带来极大的不便。 His speech, which bored us to death, was over at last.他的讲话终于结束了,我们 对此讨厌极了。 Her sister, who lived in another city, was coming to visit her.她的妹妹住在另一 个城市,她要来看她。 语法巩固 I.单项选择 1._____ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.


A. Which B. When C. What D. As 2. Anyway, that evening, ______ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A. when B. where C. what D. which 3. There are two buildings , ________ stands nearly a hundred feet high. A. the larger B. the large of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which 4. What surprised me was not what he said but the way ______ he said it. A. which B. that C. who D. what 5. The English play ______ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 6. I work in a business _____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A. how B. which C. where D. that 7. A fast restaurant is the place _______, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly. A. which B. where C. there D. what 8.The place ______ the bridge is supposed to be built should be _____ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where B. at which; which C. at which; where D. which; in which 9.I have many friends, _____ some are businessmen. A. of them B. from which C. who of 10. -Why does she always ask you for help? -There is no one else ______, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn 11. If a shop has chairs ______ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that B. which C. when D. where 12. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ____ effects the people are still suffering. A. that B. whose C. those D. what 13. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ______ he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students’ Union. A. during which time B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that time 14. Her sister has become a lawyer, _____ she wants to be. A. who B. that C. what D. which 15.I don’t want ______ like I’m speaking ill of anybody, but the manger’s plan is unfair. A. to sound B. to be sounded C. sounding II.单句改错 1. Everything your parents have done it is good to you. D. to have sounded

D. of whom


2. The place where I visited yesterday is very beautiful. 3. Do you have anything which you don’t understand ? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. This is the best TV which is made in China. My uncle has come back from abroad, that I haven’t met for along time. This is the ring in which she spent 1000 dollars. Which we know, China is a developing country. Such teachers who know Tom think him bright. The house is belonging to Dr. Smith.

10. He was knowing that he was wrong at that time. III.翻译句子 1. 我知道在地震中幸好没有一个人死亡。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 他又犯了同样的错误,这使得老师很生气。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 他的包被偷了,他把所有的钱都放在了那里。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 正如我们预料的,他准时来参加了那个聚会。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 斯密斯先生几个月前作了一个报告,他下周将再来。 ______________________________________________________________________________ Lesson 4 Journey to the Antarctic Communication Workshop I.单词拼写 1. We are going to invite a N________ as our guide. 2. The have made good p_______ for the coming examination. 3. On their way to the next camp their s_______ broke down, so they had to walked there. 4. I was s______ when I heard about your accident. 5. Setting _______ is very important, because they can help you so, be and experience everything you want in life. 6. His a_______ is to become a great scientist in the future. 7. The doctor told him it was h_______ to cure his disease, but he is still alive today. 8. He is c________ in spite of his illness. 9. In the past, studying abroad was a d_______ dream for most people. 10. I can finish the difficult task w_______ five days. 11. She became weaker and weaker because of s_______. 12. The old machine won't f_______ properly if you don't oil it regularly. 13. A good teacher should have great p______ when dealing with a naughty student. 14. What’s your n_______? Are you from Britain? 15. What is you’re a______ in life? 16. In order to reduce pollution, people prefer to work by public t________ instead of by car. 17. He o______ a man slipping into his neighbor’s house.


18. Advertisement has many advantages and some d________. 19. The man's s________ was surprising, as the doctors thought he would die. 20. It rained heavily, so he had to stand in the s_______ at the bus stop. II.短语归纳 1. 在途中 2。 不能运转,失败 3。 用完,耗尽 4。 继续做某事 5。 为„作准备 6. 一度,曾经 7。开始,进行 8。漆黑的极地冬夜 9。很快地前进/进步很快 10。 感到 震惊 11.筋疲力尽 12。 在做„有困难 13。 以„结束 14. 篝火 15。 古遗迹 III.根据课文填空 within bases spent exploration who little outside though meet certainly writing price shocked shown realize cheerful however proved plants fall

The return journey was one of the worst in the history of the _______. The men were soon exhausted and were running out of food. The weather conditions were terrible. Scott started to _______ their hopeless situation.

“„we are very ______ but what each man feels in his heart I can only guess. Putting on our shoes in the morning is getting slower and slower.”
_______, on their way back they found time to look for tocks. They carried 20 kilos of rocks all the way with them. Later, these rocks _____ that at one time in the distant past the Antarctic was covered by ______. Then disaster soon came. Edgar Evans had a terrible disease and died after a bad ______. The next to go was Captain Oates, _______ was having difficulty walking. Scott recorded his death.

“ Scott reaches the Pole, but with _____ to celebrate.” “ He said, ‘I am just going _____ and I may be some time.’ We knew that poor Oates was walking to his death, but _____ we tried to stop him, we knew that it was the act of a brave man and an English gentleman. We all hope to _____ the end with a similar spirit, and _______ the end is not far.”
Scott and two of his team members carried on and got ______ eleven miles of one of their food _____. But then a terrible storm started and they could not leave their tent. Scott ______ some of his last hours ______. He wrote a letter full of sadness to his wife Kathleen:

“ I could tell you lots and lots about this journey. What stories you would have for the boy„ But what a ______ to pay.
Scott’s diary also told the story of their end:

We are getting weaker and weaker and the end can’t be far. It seems a pity, but I do not think I can write more.”
The news of Scott’s death ______ the world. He had failed to win the race to the Pole, but the extraordinary courage ______ by Captain Scott and his men made them into heroes. IV 单项选择 1. _______ her way home, he found a wallet on the ground and he managed to return it to its owner. A. In B. On C. By D. To

2. The lift ______, so we had to walk up the stairs. A. broke out B. broke off C. broke down 3. He is always running ______ money before payday. A. out on B. out C. out of 4. I’ll _____ with my writing till the bell rings.

D. broke up D. out at

A. carry out B. carry on C. carry off D. carry away 5. A suspected man was observed _____ the bank and then he went out of it. A. enter B. to enter C. entered D. entering 6. When his father knew that his son had made the same mistake, his _____ ran out. A. patience B. confidence C. courage D. spirit 7. Neighbors _______ that such an attack could happen in their area. A. shocked B. shocking C. were shocking D. were shocked 8. Linda worked for Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, _____ as 3M。 A. knowing B. known C. being known D. to be known 9. The picture _____ on he wall is painted by my nephew. A. having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung 10.The funds are _____ and it is not possible for the government to meet all the needs, but a series of programs and the development of local and nationwide health care networks are signs that the government is serious about the health care. A. limit B. limited C. limiting D. limitless 11. He sent me an E-mail, _____ to get further information. A. hoped B. hoping C. to hope D. hope 12. We can’t have that sort of thing ______ again. A. to happen B. happened C. happening 13. I’m beginning _____ that I am wrong again. A. realizing B. realized C. to realize D. be happening D. realize

14. On the back wall _____ two large oil painting. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. hanging 15. When I went in the office, I found my English teacher is busy _____ his lessons. A. prepare B. preparing for C. to prepare for D. preparing V.翻译句子 1. 先是,他的两个摩托雪橇坏了,后来马匹开始应付不了大雪和严寒的天气。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 不久他们筋疲力尽,而且随身所带的干粮就要吃光了。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 接下来离开的是欧茨上校,他行走都很艰难。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 斯科特上校和两名同伴继续向前,到达距离食物储存处不足 11 英里的地方。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 尽管他们输掉了奔向南极的竞赛, 但斯科特上校和他的伙伴们所表现的非凡勇气足以使 他们成为英雄。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 单元检测


I.单项选择 1. -Is Jack still that naughty? -Not always. Look! He ______ a good boy. A. will be B. is C. is always being 2. Mrs. Brown is forgetful but she ______ her key. D. is being

A. has already lost B. is always losing C. hasn’t lost D. never loses 3. –Do I have to take this medicine? It ______ so terrible. A. tastes B. is tasting C. is tasted 4. –Do you still remember the accident? - Yes, actually I have experienced nothing ______. A. but frightened C. more frightened 5. –Are you ready to leave? D. has tasted

B. except frightening D. more frightening

-Almost. I’ll be ready to go as soon as I _____ putting the clean dishes away. A. get through B. give up C. go on D. set about 6. If we don’t start out now, we must risk _____ the train. A. miss B. missing C. being missed D. to miss 7. There was a terrible noise _____ the sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed 8. His words were very ______. Everyone got _____ at the bright future described in his speech. A. exciting„exciting B. excited„exciting C. exciting„excited D. excited„excited 9. If I had more time, I would ______ golf a hobby. A. take over B. take up C. take one

D. take off

10. I want to buy a pair of shoes to _____ this suit. A. go over B. go through C. go with D. go back 11. The actress who had been thought highly of ______ to be a great disappointment. A. turned down B. turned in 12. Listen! _______. A. There the bell goes C. turned out D. turned up

B. The bell there goes

C. The bell goes there D. There goes the bell 13. E-mail, as well as telephone, _____ an important role in daily communication. A. play B. played C. plays D. are playing 14. Finally, the thief handed everything _____ he had stolen to the police. A. which B. what C. whatever D. that 15. I shall never forget those years _____ I lived in the country with the farmers, ______ has a great effect on my life. A. that„which B. when„which C. which„that D. when„who 16. Every one of you , _____ up along the road. Be quick, for a welcoming ceremony is ready to start. A. is lined B. are lined 17. There _____. C. line D. is lining


A.come they B. they come C. they are coming D. they will come 18. The Olympic Games, _____ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. to be first playing D. first played 19. –When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. - They _______ be ready by 12:00 A. can B. should C. might D. need 20. Here are four choices, which do you think is the best _____? A. choices B. that C. ones 21. Has it announced _____ the meeting is put off. A. when B. if C. which 22. If you keep on, you will succeed _______. A. in time B. at one time C. at the same time 23. The way he did was different ______ we were used to. D. / D. what D. on time

A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which 24. Have a ____ of these apples. They are sweet and delicious. A. look B. taste C. smell D. feel 25. Go and have ______ before we set out. A. some sleep B. the sleep C. sleep II.完形填空 D. a good sleep

I ran into a stranger as he passed by. “I’m so sorry!” was my reply. Then he said, “ Excuse me to„ I wasn’t ___1__ watching for you.” We were very polite, this stranger and I. Then we went ___2__ our way after saying goodbye. But at ___3___, a different story is told. How we treat our loved ones, young and old. Later in the kitchen, as I ___4___ our meal, my daughter walked up to me, very still. When I turned, I ___5__ knocked her down. “ Get out of the way!” I shouted with a frown(皱眉). She stepped away silently, with her little heart___6__. I didn’t realize how rudely I had spoken. That night, when I lay ___7___ in bed, God’s quiet voice spoke to me and said, “ While ___8__ with a stranger, you are calm and polite, but with those you love, you are QUICK to excite„ Go look around on the kitchen floor, you’ll find some flowers there by the ___9___. Those are the flowers she brought for you. She __10___ them herself – pink, yellow, and your favorite blue. She stood there quietly and you never saw the ____11__ in her eyes.” By this time, I felt sad and small and now my own tears had began to fall. I quietly went and knelt by her ___12___: Wake up, my dear,” I said, “Are these the flowers you picked up for me?” She smiled, “ I found them out by the tree, I ___13__ them in a napkin, just for you. I knew you’d like them, especially the ____14__.” I said, “ I am so sorry that I missed them today„ And I __15___ have fussed(大惊小怪)at you that way „.” And she whispered, “Mommy, that’s okay „ I still love you ___16___.” I hugged her and said, “ I love you, too and I LOVE the flowers.” Do you know that: if you die tomorrow, the __17___ you are working for could easily replace you in a matter of days. But the family you leave __18___ will feel


the loss for the rest of their lives. And come to think of it, we pour ourselves more into our __19__ than into our families – an unwise investment( 投资)indeed. Remember that ___20___ =(F)ATHER –A(ND) – (M)OTHER –(I) – (L)OVE – (Y)OU 1. A. ever B. even C. just D. right 2. A. to B. in C. on D. for 3. A. school 4. A. cooked 5. A. already 6. A. lost 7. A. asleep 8. A. dealing 9. A. floor 10. A. grew 11. A. tears 12. A. desk 13. A. wrapped 14. A. pink 15. A. needn’t 16. A. indeed 17. A. company 18. A. for 19. A. books 20. A. REPECT IV.阅读理解 A After giving a talk at a high school, I was asked to pay a visit to a special student. An illness had kept the boy home, but he had expressed an interest in meeting me, and it would mean a great deal to him. I agreed. During the nine-mile drive to his home, I found out something about Matthew. He had muscular dystrophy(肌营养不良). When he was born, the doctor told his parents that he would not live to five, and then they were told he would not make it to ten. Now he was thirteen. He wanted to meet me because I was a gold-medal power lifter, and I knew about overcoming obstacles and going for my dreams. I spent over an hour talking to Matthew. Never once did he complain or ask, “Why me?” He spoke about winning and succeeding and going for his dreams. Obviously, he knew what he was talking about. He didn’t mention that his classmates had made fun of him because he was different. He just talked about his hopes for the future, and how one day he wanted to lift weight with me. When we finished talking, I went to my briefcase and pulled out the first gold medal I won and put it around his neck. I told him he was more of a winner and knew more about success and overcoming obstacles that ever would. He looked at it for a moment, then took it off and handed it back to me. He said, “You are a champion. You earned that medal. Someday when I get to the Olympics and B. work B. had B. hardly B. missed B. awake B. meeting B. kitchen B. bought B. expressions B. bed B. covered B. yellow B. shouldn’t B. besides B. country B. with B. loss B. WARMTH C. home C. ate C. rudely C. beaten C. afraid C. going C. window C. picked C. smiles C. body C. put C. blue C. mustn’t C. anything C. place C. behind C. meal C. FAMILY D. office D. took D. nearly D. broken D. alive D. talking D. door D. fetched D. joy D. knees D. help D. black D. can’t D. anyway D. state D. to D. work D. FRIEND


win my own medal, I will show it to you.” Last summer I received a letter from Matthew’s parents telling me that Matthew had passed away. They wanted me to have a letter he had written to me a few days before: Dear Rick, My mom said I should send you a thank-you letter for the picture you sent me. I also want to let you know that the doctors tell me that I don’t have long to live any more. But I still smile as much as I can. I told you someday I was going to the Olympics and win a gold medal. But I know now I will never get to do that. But I know I’m a champion, and God knows that, too. When I get to Heaven, God will give me my medal and when you get there, I will show it to you. Thank you for loving me. 1. Matthew wanted to meet the author because_______________. A. he was interested in weight lifting B. he wanted to get a gold medal C. he admired the author very much D. he wanted the author to know him 2. The underlined part “Why me?” “___________”. A. Why do you come to see me? B. Why do I have to stay at home? C. Why does the disease fall on me? D. Why not give a gold medal to me? 3. We can infer from the passage that _____________. A. Matthew is a determined boy B. Rick used to have the same disease C. Matthew became a champion finally D. Rick regarded Matthew as normal 4. Matthew refused the author’s medal because _______________. A. he wanted the picture instead B. he would not be pitied by others C. he did not know he would die soon D. he thought he himself could earn one in the future B Fame troubled Marie Curie and also her husband, because science was their world and in their world of science fame and honor had no value. One day, when a writer for a newspaper tried to ask Marie about herself and her thoughts and her belief, she answered him, “In science we must be interested in things, not in persons.” Much of the real character and spirit of this unusual woman is found in these few words, which she was later often to repeat. One evening, at a big party, a friend asked if she would like to see the king of Greece, who was also in paragraph 3 probably means


a guest. She answered in her simple manner, “I don’t see the value of it.” Then, seeing that she had hurt the feeling of her friend, she quickly added, “But„but„of course, I shall do whatever you please, just as you please. 5. The valuable thing to Marie Curie was ________. A. science and research B. fame and honor C. character and spirit D. persons and things 6. Marie Curie’s friend was interested in ________. A. things B. Marie Curie C. Marie’s husband D. Marie Curie and the king of Greece 7. The reason why Marie Curie’s friend suggested she meet the king of Greece was that ________. A. her friend came from Greece B. her friend enjoyed meeting great persons C. her friend was an official D. her friend knew the king of Greece well 8. According to Marie’s character and spirit we should ______. A. try hard to get fame and honor B. sing high praise for officials C. always attend parties and meetings D. fix our attention upon our work and study C What's your earliest childhood memory? Can you remember the first time you heard thunder or watched a television program? Adults seldom recall events much earlier than the year or so before entering school, just as children younger than three or four rarely retain (保持)any memory of specific, personal experiences. A variety of explanations have been proposed by psychologists 心理学家) for this "childhood amnesia"( 记 ( 忆缺失,健忘).One argues that the hippocampus, the region of the brain which is responsible for forming memories, does not mature(成熟)until about the age of two. But the most popular theory maintains (主张)that, since adults do not think like children, they cannot access(接近) childhood memories. Adults think in words, and their life memories are like stories. But when they search through their mental files for early childhood memories to add to this verbal life story, they don't find any that fit the pattern. It's like trying to find a Chinese word in an English dictionary. Now psychologist Annette Simms offers a new explanation for childhood amnesia. She argues that there simply aren't any early childhood memories to recall. According to Dr. Simms, children need to learn to use someone else's spoken


description of their personal experiences in order to turn their own short-term, quickly forgotten impressions of these experiences into long-term memories. In other words, children have to talk about their experiences and hear others talk about them - Mother talking about the afternoon spent looking for crabs(蟹) at the beach or Dad asking them about their day at Ocean Park. Without this verbal reinforcement, says Dr. Simms, children cannot form permanent(永久的,持久的) memories of their personal experiences. 9.According to the passage, it is widely believed that _____. A. it is impossible for an adult to recall his(or her) childhood experiences B. adults and children have different brain structures C. adults think in words while children think in images D. adults virtually have no access to their childhood memories 10.The word "hippocampus" probably means___________. A. a research center engaged in the study of human brains B. a psychological research department of a university C. a miniature (tiny)campus formulated in one's childhood memory D. a part of the brain in charge of the formation of memories 11."Trying to find a Chinese word in an English dictionary" is stated in the passage to show that_______. A. adults and children have different memory patterns B. it is unlikely to find a Chinese word in an English dictionary C. Chinese and English are totally different languages D. memories are in some way connected with languages 12.According to Annette Simms,_______________. A. verbal reinforcement is necessary for children to have permanent memories B. there does not exist such things as childhood memories C. children's brains are mature enough to form permanent memories D. children are generally inexperienced and unable to remember things they don't understand V. 短文改错 Skateboards have been round since 1970s , but they have recently become popular again. Many teenagers discovered the skateboard for a result of TV shows, films, and competitions such as X Games. The X Games are like the Olympic Games for sports are less familiar to us than sports like football and basketball. A new generation of sports are capturing the hearts and mind of people who are wiling to try something

1.__________ 2___________ 3.__________ 4.__________ 5.__________ 6.__________ 7.__________

new. These new sports are call “extreme sports” and all 8.__________ center in the “X - factor” – the pure joy of doing something 9.__________ that you didn’t think you could do and overcome your fears. 10.__________ VI.书面表达 根据以下内容写一篇日记。 1 昨天与同学外出野餐,按计划要爬西山。


2 早上在校门口集合 7 点出发。 3 不久下小雨,继续骑车,一小时后到达山脚。 4 雨停,爬上山顶,领略美景。 5 照像,唱歌,跳跃,做游戏,下棋,午餐,玩得开心。 7. 午餐后下山,4 点回家。筋疲力尽。 8. 时间 5 月 20 日,星期三。


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