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Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission


									Condom Use

Presentation Objectives
By the end of this presentation you should be able to: • Relate the history and basic facts about condoms, myths and misconceptions; • Describe the male and female condoms and their use and effectiveness; • Demonstrate the use of the male and female condoms.

Basic Information What are condoms?

Condoms are sheathes that trap the sperm when a man climaxes (“comes”).
When used properly, condoms greatly protects against pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV.

History of Condoms A wall painting on one of the caves discovered in France provides evidence of condom use for more than 15,000 years (Parisot, 1987). Condoms are reported to have been used as a protection against STI since the 16th century and against unwanted pregnancy since the 18th century (Himes, 1963).

Types of Condoms




The Male Condom
• The male condom is also known as a sheath, a prophylactic, a rubber, “johnny”, sox, ….and the like! • A male condom is usually abut 7in (18 to 19cm) long and most are made of thin latex (i.e. form of rubber). • A polyurethane type of condom is also available for those who are allergic to latex

Male Condom Effectiveness
• Condom’s effectiveness largely depends on the person who uses it. • When used correctly, a condom is about 98% effective in preventing pregnancy and HIV infection.

The Female Condom
•The female condom was invented about 10 years ago. • Female condoms are made of a polyurethane plastic that is sturdier than the male latex condoms, thus offering less frequent breakage, improved comfort and longer shelf life. • Unlike latex male condoms female condoms are not affected by oil-based lubricants.

The Female Condom
• A woman needs to insert the female condom into her vagina before having sex.
• There are several “insert positions”. The condom may be inserted while lying down, or by standing with one leg on a chair or by squatting.

Female Condom Effectiveness
• Like the male condom, female condoms are highly effective when used correctively. • Effectiveness is also enhanced if the man is made aware of it to ensure that he does not put his penis outside it.

Advantages of Female Condoms
• The female condom does not constrict the penis like the latex condoms. • The polyurethane material in the female condoms allows the transfer of body heat thus improving sensation and enhancing sexual enjoyment. • Provides protection to women at risk for STI and HIV infection especially where sexual partners are uncooperative.

Advantages of Female Condoms
•The female condom can be inserted well before sexual intercourse. • Being sturdier than male condoms, the female condom is less subject to tearing. • No special storage arrangements are needed because polyurethane is not affected by changes in temperature and humidity. • Expiry date is 60 moths (5 years) from the date of manufacture.

Disadvantages of Female Condoms
•The female condom is relatively expensive because the polyurethane materials are more expensive than latex material used for the male condom. •Female condoms uses larger amount of materials too. •Younger girls may find it difficult to use during their first sexual experience.

Myths & Misconceptions •Condoms are contaminated with HIV.

• Condoms have holes.
• Condoms are too small for some men.

Correct Use of Male Condoms

Correct Use of Male Condoms

Correct Use of Male Condoms

Correct Use of Male Condoms

Correct Use of Male Condoms

Correct Use of Female Condoms

Correct Use of Female Condoms

Correct Use of Female Condoms

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