_PowerShrink 2008_ - Louise Bourgeois.ChristineW by johnsonm


									By Christine Ward


•Louise Bourgeois is an artist best known for her massive ‘Spider’ Sculptures •Her work is often abstract and speaks in symbolic terms •In her early years she focused on painting but abandoned it in the 1940’s for her new found love of sculpture •Her early sculpture was composed of abstract and organic shapes often carved from wood •By the 1960’s she began to execute her work in rubber, bronze and stone http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/bourgeois/index.html


•Born in Paris in 1911! •Studied art at various prestigious schools in France such as the Ecole du Louvre and Academie des Beaux-Arts •Immigrated to the U.S. in 1938 and continued her studies at the Art Students League in New York •She was greatly influenced by the influx of European Surrealist artists who immigrated to the U.S. after WWII •For decades she has continued to create and exhibit her sculpture and even found the time to teach at the public schools in Great Neck, Long Island, as well as colleges based in New York City




Arched Figure


•Her childhood!
•The relationship between her and her parents as a child •Feelings of anger, betrayal and jealousy used in a playful manner

•Vulnerability and fragility
•Male and female form

Spider Couple



How did she get to this point?
When Bourgeois was only 11 she found out her father had betrayed her mother, and had an affair with the live-in English tutor! This lasted for ten years. At the same time this began, a young Bourgeois was waiting on her mother hand and foot after she had become ill with the Spanish flu. The combination of these traumas left Bourgeois with life long emotional scars. Bourgeois has kept diaries since 1923, these indicated the tension between rage, fear of abandonment, and guilt that she has suffered since childhood.

However, she has been able to channel and release this tension through art. In her world, “art can invoke and heal the deepest emotional wounds.”

http://pastexhibitions.guggenheim.org/ sackler_louise/index.html


What does this stuff mean?
•The image seen on the right is associated with the blind confidence in people who influenced Bourgeois’s life. •Sculpted, totem-like forms, became symbols for her family members throughout her career

Blind Leading The Blind, 1947-1949



•These are both studies of the calming effects of the heavens and the earth, and each reflects Bourgeois’s love of repetitive shapes
Cumulus 1, 1968

Clamart, 1968




The Red Rooms, 1994

The Nest, 1994

The Red Rooms is intended to expose moods from her childhood.

The Nest is symbolic of the well nurtured family.




Now that you all know a bit about Louise Bourgeois’s work, what do you think this sculpture represents??

Maman, 1999 cast 2003

www.ahpcs.org/images/NGC_Ottawa/N GC_Maman.jpg

•Does anyone interpret Louise Bourgeois’s work differently then what she intended? Or are her meanings clear? •Has anyone ever tried creating art that is symbolic? •If you haven’t, after seeing some of Bourgeois’s work,how do you think you would create a piece of art symbolic of an event in your life? (It could be happy or sad, anything) •What does everyone think about Bourgeois being so open with her past and with the meaning of her art?

•“Everything I do, was inspired by my early life.” •“My childhood has never lost its magic, it has never lost its mystery, and it has never lost its drama.” •“Once I was beset by anxiety but I pushed the fear away by studying the sky, determining when the moon would come out and when the sun would appear in the morning.” •“Art is manipulation without intervention.” •“Art is a guarantee of sanity. That is the most important thing I have said.”

•“Sometimes it is necessary to make a confrontation – and I like that.”
•“I am not what I am. I am what I do with my hands.”
www.sailfloat.wordpress.com http://quote.robertgenn.com/auth_search.php?authid=490

Artists She Has Influenced
•“Greatest artist ever.”
–Stella Vine

•“Few female artists have been recognized as truly important.” –Stella

•“Juxtaposition of sinister, controlling elements and full-on macho materials with a warm nurturing and cocoon like feminine side.” -Jane Wilson •“Incredible: she’s known all these great men and outlived them all.”-Dorothy

Louise Bourgeois has created a wide variety of work over the years. What do you see that these two pieces, although radically different, have in common? And, lets point out the obvious, how are these different?

The Night, 2001

Spider, 1997

•Louise Bourgeois’s work can be seen in the collections of most major museums around the world! Next time you go to a museum, make sure to look her up and check out her work. Even if you’re not an art buff, her work, especially the giant spiders will appeal to everybody! •Maman is located in Ottawa, Canada outside the entrance to the National Gallery of Canada

Here the piece is seen in Spain

•http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/bourgeois/index.html -


•http://answers.com/topic/louise-bourgeois - art encyclopedia- info •http://pastexhibitions.guggenheim.org/sackler_louise/index.html

•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louise_Bourgeois - info
•http://quote.robertgenn.com/auth_search.php?authid=490 - info •http://www.brooklynmuseum.org images images images

•www.tate.org.uk/.../images/works/056.jpg -

•www.artslant.com/.../show/2902-louise-bourgeois -

•www.ahpcs.org/images/NGC_Ottawa/N GC_Maman.jpg - images •www.michaeljamesarmstrong.com/.../louise-bourgeois/ •www.artnet.com/Artists/LotDetailPage.aspx?lot... •www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=6992 - images •www.brooklynrail.org/ - images •www.nysun.com images images images

•www.sailfloat.wordpress.com -images

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