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									Lectures and publications Tom Milo, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; educated at the Vossius Gymnasium, Amsterdam; followed by 4 years of Slavic Studies with Old Church Slavonic, Russian, Bulgarian & Macedonian at the University of Amsterdam, 6 years of Turkish Studies with Ottoman Turkish, Modern Turkish, Azeri & Yakut Turkic at the University of Leiden with additional Arabic Studies including Modern Standard Arabic as well as Egyptian, Lebanese and Moroccan Arabic at the University of Amsterdam. Obtained HGV (heavy goods vehicle) driving license and worked in Saudi Arabia in a Dutch trucking company 1976-77. This turned out to be an excellent way to improve conversational and driving skills in both Arabic and Turkish, as the firm mainly employed Turkish drivers on the roads between the North Sea and the Gulf. Served as a captain in the Royal Netherlands Army between 1980 and 1983 and did two tours of duty as an Arabic speaking officer in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. Worked as a freelancer producing Moroccan dialect translations for the Amsterdam City Council Information Office. Taught courses of Turkish and Moroccan colloquial Arabic. Incorporated DecoType (associate member of the Unicode Consortium) in 1985 together with two partners: Mirjam Somers, an architect and Peter Somers, an aircraft engineer. Unlike any other player in this field, DecoType develops font technology that takes into the equation the Islamic calligraphic tradition and the requirements for both modern and classical Arabic orthography. In addition to that, DecoType contributes conventional Arabic fonts to the Apple MacOSX and Classic OS, as well as Microsoft Office and Adobe PageMaker, PhotoShop and InDesign. The fundamental difference between Latin script and Arabic script makes computerizing Arabic script more than a matter of font design. DecoType has been working on Arabic script technology since 1982. In 1985 DecoType invented the concept of Dynamic Font (Smart Font, Intelligent Font) which was eventually licensed by Microsoft in the form of a Ruq'ah and a Naskh OLE-server (these projects gave Microsoft Typography the proof of concept for the emerging OpenType technology and the template for Micrsoft’s Arabic projects). A typical example of the impact of many major and minor inventions of DecoType in the field of Arabic script handling is the lam-lam-haa “Allah shortcut” for the Islamic theogram which was originally researched and tested for the unvowelled DecoType Ruq' ah project (1986) and consequently borrowed by Microsoft to become a de facto standard (although the concept is now outdated by the Unicode Standard and DecoType developed a more accurate concept to deal with this). For several years DecoType worked closely together with Tradigital (UK, Germany, Egypt) to whom DT provided research and development. Presently DecoType is working

together with WinSoft (Grenoble) on a comprehensive integration of its core invention, ACE (Arabic Calligraphic Engine), in the Adobe Creative Suite. Since 1995 regularly made – dozens of – contributions to the Unicode Conferences all over the world (Frankfort Germany, Santa Barbara CA, San Jose CA, Boston MA, Mainz Germany, Hong Kong, Washington DC, Amsterdam NL, Prague CZ) in the form of technical talks as well as tutorials about Arabic script as a typical case of “Cross-cultural Computing”. Some of these materials were also contributed to a number of conferences of the Association Typographique Internationale ATypI (The Hague, Leipzig, Copenhagen and Vancouver).

Preparing a doctoral dissertation under the guidance of Prof. J.J.Witkam (University of Leiden) with the working title Text representation of Arabic in the light of Information technology – graphemes, archigraphemes, transcription, reversible transcription, transliteration, encoding and script synthesis.
Publications and Publicity Overview 1975 1981 1982 1985 Inleiding Turks (Introducing Turkish, Volksuniversiteit Zaandam) Handboek Libanees Arabisch (Royal Netherlands Army Manual of Lebanese Arabic) Prototype Arabic letter modules (not yet produced) Turkse taalpolitiek en de Afschaffing van het Arabische schrift (Turkish language politics and abolishing of Arabic script; unpublished paper, English version in preparation) Design into Art: The antique Qur'an fragments of the Lodewijk Houthakker collection Januari - Interview Al Computer Magazine, Beirut 1 February - Interview De Telegraaf, NL newspaper lecture at United Nations Publishing department, NYC lecture at Cooper Union Art School, NYC lecture at Institute for Semitic Studies, University of Sydney, Sidney NSW, Australië lecture and publication about Right-to-left font design and Typography in Manuscripta Orientalia, St Petersburg, Melcom Conference Arabic script and typography - a historical overview, in Language Culture Type ed. John Berry May- interview Computable Magazine New input and output concepts under UNICODE (appeared in 2005) Lectures in Praag, CZ (March, Unicode Conference), Brest, Fr (May, TeX Conference), Mainz BRD

1989 1996 1997 1998 1999 2001 2002 2002

2003 2003

2004 2005

London (July, Institute for Ismaili Studies), Atlanta GA, USA (September, Unicode), Vancouver BC, CA (September, ATypI), Cambridge MA, USA (September, MIT, Agha Khan Program for Islamic Architecture) Washington DC, USA (October, World Bank) Washington DC, USA (October, US Library of Congress) Berlin, Germany (Koran Symposium at WiKo, Institute for advanced Study) Washington DC, USA (April, Unicode Conference) A Review of “Arabic Typography” by Huda Smitshuijzen in BiOr Berlin, Germany (April, Unicode)

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