Integration and Settlement Experiences of Immigrant Seniors by forrests


									Aging amongst our Immigrants: New Policy and Program Issues
8th International Metropolis Conference Vienna, Austria
Sept. 15-19, 2003

Workshop Presenters
Douglas Durst, Workshop Coordinator, University of Regina, Canada Karen Kraal, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Rick Wolf, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Nadia Mouddab, Utrecht, Netherlands. Kavita Ram, Extendicare, Regina, Canada. Joanne Durst, Extendicare, Regina, Canada Fatima Sadiqi, Dhar El.Mahraz, Morocco. Moha Ennaji, Dhar El.Mahraz, Morocco. Nadia Mouddab, Utrecht, Netherlands.

The Integration Experiences of Immigrant Seniors
Funded by:

Prairie Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Integration
Metropolis Project, Canada Supported by:

Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy University of Regina, Canada

Christa Freiler’s Formative Conceptual Framework

Social Inclusion Model
1. Economic Issues 2. Spatial Utilization 3. Relationships and Connectedness 4. Functional Capacities and Roles 5. Empowerment and a Sense of Efficacy

Ethnic Origins in Canada
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 75+ 65-74 45-64 25-44 Under 25 Sask 65+ Br.Fr.Cdn Other

Research Objectives
1. To determine how many immigrants are using institutional care in Regina, 2. To determine how the caregiver’s perceive the situation of multiculturalism in their facility in relation to attitudes of assimilation versus integration, 3. To determine how many caregivers, nurses and paraprofessional and support staff , identify themselves as a member of a visible minority, 4. To explore issues of racism, sexism and ageism in these facilities,

Institutional Care Issues for Elderly Immigrant Residents
Kavita Ram, M.S.W. Joanne Durst, M.S.W. Extendicare Homes, Regina, Canada

Research Objectives Continued
5. To identify and list special programs, services and accommodations to diverse and multicultural customs and practices – assimilation versus integration practices (eg. celebration or recognition of cultural festivals such as Hanukkah and Ramadan, and accommodating special diet and personal care customs), 6. To identify and list practical recommendations for improved service, and 7. To identify gaps in knowledge for future research.

Research Methods
special care homes (approximately 45) in Regina a self-administered questionnaire on the number of immigrant and visible minorities who are residents and staff. in-depth interviews with the nursing directors, recreation coordinators and others. in-depth interviews with 10 residents of a non-dominant cultural background (“key informants”)

Loneliness and South Asian Immigrant Seniors
Frequency Percent

Yes No

29 62

32 68

Loneliness and S.A. Senior Immigrants
Frequency 1 to 3 4 to 9 10 to 20
20 Plus

Percent 41 24 21

12 7 6




Reasons for Loneliness
Children Widowhood Divorce Extended Family Resources - $$, Language, Esteem Mother Country

Solutions to Loneliness
Senior’s Home Ethnic Senior’s Programs Community Help Language Development Volunteers More visits from Children/Grandchildren

How often do you feel lonely?
Less than 10yrs More than 10yrs

Female Male Never Occasionally Frequently
All the time

Female Male 53 40 5

46 39 8

63 6 31

56 33 11

South Asian Canadian Immigrants
96 South Asian Immigrants in a Prairie City 43 Males and 53 Females Ages from 60-85 62% married, 27% widowed 42% Sikh, 38% Hindu, 13% Christian Born: 81% India, 12% Pakistanian

Sense of Belonging: South Asian
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Self Children Grandchild More S.A. Equal More Cdn

Housing of S.A. Seniors
Majority family sponsored Living alone uncommon Majority in single dwelling homes Majority “satisfied” with housing Majority feel safe walking in neighbourhood “getting a ride” most common transport

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