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squawk_ The Loughborough Students Flying Club Newsletter Welcome to Loughborough Students Flying Club! Issue 11 Freshers October 08 We are in constant need for pilots to help us run our busy flying Whether learning to fly has been one of those long-term ambi- programme. tions you have been putting off until the right opportunity, you The club strives to provide a variety of flying events to airfields have a pilots license and you around the country; typically these include fly-ins to other airare looking to put it into good fields where we will arrange a BBQ, various flying related challenges and a camp-over, trips to various commercial flightuse with new challenges to keep you on the ball, or you are simtraining establishments, Air Traffic Units and Line Engineering ply keen on aviation and would facilities. like to take to the skies with us, We have a busy social calendar throughout the year, with a trip then we are here for you! to Nottingham to see the new James Bond Movie, our Christmas The strong partnership that LSFC has formed with Donair flying Party, the formal Annual Dinner event in the spring and, of club at East Midlands Airport has allowed the club to provide course, our weekly Monday flight training and aircraft hire at a more affordable rate to stunight socials. From Nodents. The following aircraft are available for training and for vember the first social hire:of every month will be · 7 x Cessna 152 / 150 Aerobat held in town and the · 3 x Piper PA 28 Warrior / Archer rest are held in the stu· 1 x Cessna 182 dents union at JC’s bar. · 1 x Piper PA-34 Seneca (Twin) LSFC Committee Autumn Term 2008 Events Calendar Freshers Evening - FREE!! Introduction, tour of flying club, food and social. See article on reverse. More Details www.lsflying.co.uk Night Qualification Although at this time of year, we are not inspired by the winter weather that is fast approaching, it may not all be bad news… As the nights draw in and we groan as we reach for the clocks to wind them back an hour, we can look forward to trying out some night flying. Granted, flying in the dark does not sound like quite as much fun as it does in the daylight, but it does relieve the pressure of knowing that the plane must be back at East Midlands before night-fall whilst trying to enjoy a rather lavish Sunday lunch on the north coast of France. Every aviator knows that one thing usually leads to another and a hour’s delay somewhere along the line may lead to an arrival only 10 minutes after nightfall; enough to get yourself into a real pickle! A new challenge such as a night rating or even an Instrument Meteorological Conditions Rating really would allow pilots to progress to the next stage of competency. After all, since East Midlands supports H24 OPS we may as well utilise it and fly at night. I’m sure Erika at Donair really appreciates me pointing that out!!! The night qualification itself requires a minimum total flying time of 5 hrs, including a cross country navigation exercise and some time in the circuit. Many of the local airfields support night flying by opening later for one night of the week; Leicester Airport for example open until 2000 on Thursdays after the clocks change and charge £24 for as many circuits as you like. Matthew Nutt Freshers Fly-in Fly over to Langar Parabase, spot-landing competition, BBQ and camp-over. The British Aircraft Industry, 1908 - 2008 From the early days of the Farnborough Balloon Factory to the present day Typhoon assembly at BAE System, Warton Fly-in & Tour of Phoenix Air Museum Fly over to Bruntingthorpe; home of the Vulcan XH558 and many other Cold War Era jets Bond Night Social to Nottingham for the premiere of “Quantum of Solace”. Marshall Aerospace Fly-in, tour of commercial/military aircraft modification facility and Cambridge airport tower. Gliding Taster Have fancied flying without power? Join us as we give gliding a go! CTC Flight Training Lecture Integrated and modular flight training providers CTC come to Loughborough. London City Airport Tour LCY has provided the city with a convenient European gateway since 1989 - soon to expand National Air Traffic Service Visit Visit to the En-route Control Centre for England and Wales at Swanwick, Hampshire. LSFC Christmas Party One of the most popular socials of the year www.lsflying.co.uk Page 1 Loughborough Students Flying Club - Squawk Feature - A318 Operations at London City Airport Having spent the summer working for Airbus in Filton, LSFC secretary Anton Alexeev writes about recent upgrades to the A320 series . London City Airport (LCY) is located in the East End of London, conveniently close to the City and the Canary Wharf business area. It is built on a brownfield site formerly occupied by the Royal Docks. A legacy of this can be seen in the fact that the airport is surrounded with water, giving it an ‘aircraft carrier’ sort of feel. The sole runway, Runway 10/28, is 4948’ by 98’, grooved concrete surface. Due to the presence of obstacles at both runway ends, the approach path angle is 5.5 degrees instead of 3 degrees found at most airports. For Runway 10, the approach path is quite close to the various tall buildings in the Canary Wharf area. Additionally, noise abatement procedures are in place at LCY due to the presence of residential areas in the immediate vicinity of the airport. For this reason, helicopter operations are not allowed at LCY. When the airport opened in the late 1980’s, the approach path angle was 7.5 degrees, and only DHC-7 four-engine turboprops could use the airport. Following several successive runway extensions, it was possible to reduce the approach angle to what it is now, and further aircraft types were certificated for LCY operations. Presently, the largest aircraft to operate into LCY is the Avro RJ100, a derivative of BAe 146. This aircraft type is no longer in production, and its economics of operation compare unfavourably with other modern aircraft of the same size category. As a replacement of RJ100 operations, an adaptation of the A320 family is a logical solution. Despite the initial projection of 600 airframes, over 3600 A320 Family aircraft have been delivered to date, with the majority of them still in operation with more than 170 airlines and 35 ‘bizjet’ operators. A318 is the smallest and also the most recent development of the A320 Family and was originally known as A319M3 (for ‘minus 3 fuselage frames’). More than 100 A318s have been sold to date. A business jet variant of the A318 is known as ‘A318 Elite’, which may be equipped with an Additional Centre Tank (ACT) in the rear cargo hold for increased range. Two powerplant options are available on the A318, CFM56-5 and PW6000. Due to sharing the same wing and engines (in case of CFM56) with other A320 Family aircraft, and due to its lower operating weights, A318 is somewhat of a hot-rod in terms of performance, and is well suited for short runway operations. However, to achieve the steep approach capability, some modifications were required. Obviously, to fly a much steeper approach, more drag would be required. Care needs to be taken not to reduce lift so as to increase the approach speed too much, which would clearly not be acceptable considering the runway length at LCY. The solution was to deploy two of the five spoilers per wing (spoilers 3 and 4) by 30 degrees only (i.e. half extended) for the steep approach. As such, this offered an acceptable trade-off between increase in drag and decrease in lift. At flare, spoilers 3 and 4 would auto-retract. A number of modifications were made to other aircraft systems, such as Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS), Elevator and Aileron Computer (ELAC), Brakes and Steering Control Unit (BSCU), Flight Warning Computer (FWC) etc. From a pilot’s viewpoint, steep approach mode is activated at the top of the approach by pressing a push-button on the overhead panel (lower RH side, next to the windscreen wipers control). Apart from an additional automatic call-out before flare, the approach can be flown just like any normal 3 degree approach. Because of this, no additional crew training is required to fly steep approaches on A318 aircraft. Of course, as for any other aircraft, the crew would still need to undergo operational training as required by the LCY operational regulations. According to the steep approach regulations, all aircraft must demonstrate a 2 degree margin above the stated approach path angle – this means that, in actual fact, the A318 had to demonstrate a 7.5 degree approach!! A total of 45 flights, comprising 70 flight hours and 220 landings (including touch-and-go’s) were conducted as a part of the flight test and certification effort. The test flights verified the handling and performance of the aircraft during steep approaches, especially during the landing flare. An additional goal was to validate the above-mentioned modifications to flight control logic and other systems. A number of flights had representatives of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) on the flightdeck. In addition to test flights, ground compatibility tests were carried out, as LCY is constrained in terms of apron space. Earlier this year, British Airways converted two of their A320 orders to A318s for delivery in 2009, with the view of operating London City to New York services. These two aircraft will be fitted with a low-density allbusiness class cabin layout. On the westbound leg, the flight will have to make a technical stop-over at Shannon (SNN), as the A318 is not capable of operating trans-Atlantic from LCY’s short runway. However, the passengers will not lose any time due to this, as they will be able to pre-clear U.S. immigration while at SNN (Dublin and Shannon are the only two European airports with such facilities). The return eastbound flight will be operated non-stop. It is hoped that the steep approach certification will encourage A318 operations into other ‘restricted’ airports and airfields. Additionally, using steep approaches will help to reduce the noise footprint of the aircraft, which may be important for operations into city centre airports (such as Stockholm Bromma, Reykjavik etc.). For further reading, London Airport Consultative Committee website (http://www. lcacc.org/) contains a wealth of information on all aspects of operation of London City Airport. LSFC intends to run a visit and tour of London City Airport during November this year. Keep an eye out for more details on our website www.lsflying.co.uk Quiz Answers for May Edition of Squawk 1. Which Helicopter holds the world helicopter speed record? Ans Westland Lynx Helicopter set the record of 249.1 mph (400.87 kph) on 11 August 1986 2. Who was the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic? Ans Charles Lindberg in the Sprit of St. Louis in May 1923 3. Which aircraft has recently finished refurbishment and is due to appear in airshows this summer? Ans Avro Vulcan XH558 4. What is the airport code for Nottingham East Midlands? Ans EGNX 5. What is the primary reason for heated windscreens in an airliner? Ans Reduce the brittleness of the glass and thereby improve it’s impact shatter resistant properties Freshers Evening - Free to all club members Wednesday 08 October 2008 As this is first social of the year, it is always a great night out and a chance for old members to meet new and to show you what LSFC is all about! It is essential for anyone wishing to go flying (which I guess is pretty much everyone!) to come along with us to Donair Flying Club at East Midlands Airport where there shall be an introduction to the club, the events we shall be holding, and the way in which we work. Following a short video, created last year, there will a briefing on flying in the area around East Midlands, safety issues, and what passengers can expect from flying in light aircraft. There will also be a tour of the club aircraft, including some of the slightly larger BizJets also operated by Donair. You can be assured that there will be lots to keep you entertained! After your tour of the club’s facilities, the coach will return us to the ‘Swan in the Rushes’ in Loughborough town centre where we have booked the function room for an all inclusive meal and skittles. Finally, we will go Want to Join LSFC? wherever the evening takes us! Details Warm up will be in JC’s from 1730. We will be picked up by Coach from the Union leaving promptly at 1800 to the Airport (approx 20 mins). Returning to Swan in the Rushes by 2100 To join the club see details to the right. To sign up to this social, contact the social sec Will email@example.com or come to see us! Full instructions can be found on our website www.lsflying.co.uk ; Click on the ‘How to Join’ link at the top of the homepage For more info see us at Freshers fair Sun 5 Oct or any Monday from 8pm JC’s Bar. 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"Squawk Oct 08"