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GRADE 7 DENTAL HEALTH DENTAL HEALTH GRADE: 7 LESSON: 1 THEME: : FACTORS AFFECTING DENTAL HEALTH CONCEPT: THERE ARE A VARIETY OF DENTAL EMERGENCIES WHICH REQUIRE APPROPRIATE FIRST AID TREATMENT PREPARATION: 1 Materials for bird books or posters 2 Prepare a card for each dental emergency for Student Activity 2 3 Props such as a telephone, ice, scarf, etc for role playing in Student Activity 4 VOCABULARY: fracture, treatment, cold compress, orthodontic, immobilize, debris, embedded, irritation, appliance OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES Students will be able to: Students: Background Information Page - i) describe a variety of dental 1 Brainstorm a variety of dental Examples include knocked-out tooth, bitten tongue or lip, emergencies and the emergencies that may occur. broken tooth, toothache, possible fractured jaw, object stuck appropriate first aid treatments between teeth. 2 Discuss appropriate first aid treatments for Develop an experience chart as shown. various dental emergencies. DH 1.1 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES DH 1.2 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES DH 1.3 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES 3 illustrate appropriate first aid for a Have each student prepare one page for a big book illustrating specific dental emergency. appropriate first aid for a specific dental emergency. Place books at dental clinic or community health centre to be used as a teaching aid for younger children. 4 Role play appropriate first aid for Prepare a card outlining each of the dental emergencies listed in various dental emergencies. Student Activity 2. Have students work in pairs to role play appropriate first aid treatments while other students attempt to guess the situation being acted out. DH 1.4 DENTAL HEALTH GRADE: 7 LESSON: 2 THEME: DENTAL DISEASE CONCEPT: DENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS OF CHILDREN AND YOUTH ARE TREATABLE AND PREVENTABLE PREPARATION: 1 Prior to class invite a dental health worker to discuss common dental health problems of children and youth 2 Chart paper and felt markers 3 Prepare a class set of Nursing Bottle Mouth Pamphlet (Activity Sheet D53A, D53B) VOCABULARY: consequences, nursing bottle mouth, prevention, treatment, prolonged, frequent, reserve, pacifier OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES Students will be able to: Students: Background Information Page DH28 to 29 i) describe common dental health 1 Identify common dental health problems of This is a review of Grade 6, Lessons 3 and 4. problems of children and youth children and youth, their causes, prevention and treatment. Prior to class invite a dental health worker to discuss the causes, prevention and treatment of common dental health problems of children and youth. Include: - tooth decay - gum disease - orthodontic problems Ask the dental health worker to bring slides or videos, if possible. DH 2.5 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES 2 Write a poem about a common The poem should identify causes and prevention of the dental dental health problem. health problem. For example: An unfortunate girl from Clyde River The dentist she visited never She ate lots of junk And brushed once a month. This really wasn't too clever. One day when she smiled at the mirror The message she got was quite clear Now she flosses each day, Sees the dentist O.K., And smiles at herself without fear. - Barbara Hall ii) describe causes, charact- 3 Define and discuss causes, prevention, Refer to Activity Sheets D53A and D53B. eristics, consequences, treatment and consequences of nursing treatment and prevention bottle mouth. Have students read the brochure on nursing bottle mouth. Then of nursing bottle mouth have small groups each develop an experience chart such as the following. DH 2.6 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES DH 2.7 OBJECTIVES STUDENT ACTIVITIES TEACHER NOTES 4 Participate in a public education Brainstorm with students ways that they could teach others campaign to prevent nursing bottle about the causes, prevention and consequences of nursing bottle mouth. mouth. Allow each student or small groups of students to choose an assignment, based on the ideas brainstormed. For example: - identifying and talking to parents of young babies - preparing an information message for the local radio station - developing a brochure - talking to parents at prenatal or well baby clinics DH 2.8 NURSING BOTTLE MOUTH PAMPHLET D53A Side 1 John's story Is there any treatment for nursing bottle mouth? Rachel took her son, John, to the dental clinic after one of his front teeth broke off at the gum Once teeth are decayed, they cannot be line. The dental health worker told Rachel that restored to their original healthy condition. the tooth was so soft that John could have Dental health workers can only remove teeth, broken it eating spaghetti. After examining the cap them or fill them, depending upon how far rest of John stop teeth the dental health worker advanced the tooth decay process is told Rachel that John had a severe case of nursing bottle mouth. She decided to remove the Some dentists believe that nursing bottle other front tooth, put caps on four teeth, and mouth is the most serious dental problem in fillings in the rest. This was the mouth of a 19 the N W T It is much more common in the N month old child. W T than in southern Canada What is nursing bottle mouth? What are the long term effects of nursing bottle mouth? Nursing bottle mouth is tooth decay caused by prolonged, frequent sucking on a baby bottle Nursing bottle mouth does not affect the containing health of the permanent teeth However, if - formula baby teeth are missing they cannot reserve - juice the proper spaces for adult teeth They may - sweetened tea then grow in crooked or overcrowded and may - milk even have to be removed if they are too far - any beverage except water out of place Overcrowded teeth are more prone to tooth decay because they are harder Any liquid except water contains sugar, and to clean even natural" sugars such as those found in unsweetened fruit juice can cause tooth decay Children with teeth missing may have difficulty chewing some foods Also they may not be Nursing bottle mouth is usually the result of able to say certain words which depend on the letting a baby fall asleep with a bottle in his teeth for proper pronunciation. These are mouth While he sleeps the upper front teeth are words containing the sounds "th", "s" and "I". bathed in liquid If this liquid is anything other than water, the sugar in the liquid Directions: Photocopy D53A and D53B using double sided copying Then cut and fold along the dotted line to make a pamphlet. NURSING BOTTLE MOUTH PAMPHLET D53B Side 2 How can nursing bottle mouth be Most children start out in life with strong, Nursing Bottle Mouth prevented? healthy teeth. The key is parent education so that parents: raise their baby's head when sucking on a bottle so the liquid clears the mouth quickly, use a baby bottle only for feeding, not as a pacifier, and remove the bottle as soon as the feeding is over; do not let their baby fall asleep with a bottle containing milk, formula, juices or other sweetened liquids; give their baby bottles of water, or pacifiers at bed time, if the baby needs to suck in order to fall asleep; give their baby vitamins which contain fluoride (if the community does not have fluoridated water); start to clean their baby's teeth as soon as Help them stay that way! they appear: start dental visits before age two.
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