A Systems View of Fiscal Management - Virginia Head Start by hcj


									A Fiscal Systems View of
 Program Management

Virginia Head Start Association
             June 20, 2012
         Belinda Rinker, JD
Senior Advisor to the Office of Head Start
   Head Start
Early Head Start


Program    Fiscal
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                          D ata Info
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                          D ata Info
                        Fiscal System Elements

                    Facilities and                  Recordkeeping
                      Property                      and Reporting

Non-federal Share      Cost
  Cost Allocation                                   Procurement

       Financial Management Systems
                         45 CFR 74.21 or 45 CFR 92.20
 Accurate, current and complete disclosure of program finances.
 Records that adequately identify the source and application of funds.
 Effective control over and accountability for funds, property and
  program assets.
   Separation of fiscal duties
   Board member with fiscal management or accounting expertise
   Annual Financial Audit
 Comparison of actual outlays (amounts spent) with budgeted costs.
 Written procedures to minimize the time between drawdown and
  expenditure (payment) of costs and expenses.
 Written procedures for determining the reasonableness, allocability
  and allowability of costs (cost principles and the terms and conditions
  of the award).
 Accounting records supported by source documentation.
         Recordkeeping and Reporting
 Personnel files.
 Volunteer files.
 Food service and menu records.
   USDA Nutrition Assistance Programs
 Facilities and equipment records.
   Property inventory and facilities records
   Valid licenses and registrations required by Federal, State or local law
 Insurance records.
   General liability, property, student accident, title insurance (facilities)
 Fiscal records.
   Status of grant funds (budget, projected and actual)
   Cost are reasonable, allocable and allowable (cost principles)
 Fiscal reports.
   Internal: Board, Policy Council (monthly), budgets, aged payables
   External: Community, OHS, IRS, workers compensation, USDA
                    45 CFR 74.42, 74.44 or 45 CFR 92.36

 Written procurement procedure applicable to goods and services
   Complies with all Federal, State and local regulations: bid process,
    Davis-Bacon Act compliance
   Includes written code of conduct for employees engaged in awarding or
    administering contracts: related parties, conflicts of interest
 Contracts are accurate, complete, signed and up to date.
   Purchases of goods: supplies, equipment, vehicles
   Personal service contracts: nutrition consultant, mental health
   Delegate agency agreements
 Compensation for all employees meets the cost principle
  requirements: necessary, allocable and reasonable.
   Wages, benefits, bonus and incentives
   Executive Level II limitation is met ($179,700)
 Adequate records are available to support compensation.
   Time records for all non-exempt employees
   Payroll records for all employees
   Personnel activity reports
 Compensation costs for employees whose services benefit more
  than one program are property allocated.
 Compensation reporting (external) is timely, complete and
  accurate: IRS, state taxes, workers compensation, unemployment
 Future compensation benefit obligations are funded.
                              Cost Principles
                  2 CFR Part 220, 2 CFR Part 225 or 2 CFR Part 230
 Written procurement procedures to determine that all expenses are
  allowable, necessary and allocable.
 Adequate documentation supports expenditure.
   Allowable:
       Reasonable for performance of the award (see below)
       Consistent with policies and procedures and treated consistently
       Not charged to another program
       Adequately documented
       Cost limitations and exclusions are followed
   Reasonable: does not exceed what a prudent person would pay under
    similar circumstances at the time the decision was made.
       Generally recognized as ordinary and necessary
       Complies with sound business practices: arms length transactions
       Prudence was exercised in light of responsibilities
       Follows established practices and does not unjustifiably increase cost
              Cost Principles (Continued)
                2 CFR Part 220, 2 CFR Part 225 or 2 CFR Part 230

 Allocable: A cost is allocable (can be charged) to a particular grant if
  it is charged in accordance with the benefit to the grant:
   The cost is incurred specifically (100%) for the charged grant, or
   The cost benefits both the award and grant(s) and can be distributed
    between or among programs in reasonable proportion to the benefits
    received, or
   The expense is necessary to the overall operation of the organization,
    although a direct relationship to any particular grant cannot be shown.
 Costs may not be shifted from one grant to another to cover
  deficiencies in funding or avoid restrictions.
 The cost principles also apply to costs and expenses which are
  charged in accordance with a cost allocation plan (shared costs) and
  to costs which are claimed as non-federal share.
                   Non-federal Share
 The grantee agency must provide 20 percent of the total costs of the
  Head Start program unless a waiver has been granted.
   For every federal Head Start dollar received the grantee must provide
    twenty-five cents (absent a waiver)
   Criteria for application for waiver (written) are lack of community
    resources, initial costs, unanticipated cost increases, major disaster and
    community impact (See ACF-PI-HS-12-02)
 Allowable non-federal share costs meet applicable cost principles:
  necessary, reasonable and prudent.
 Adequate documentation is required to support non-federal share
 Except where specifically authorized by statute, other federal funds
  cannot be used as non-federal share.
                       Cost Allocation
 Cost allocation is required when costs are shared by two or more
   Includes costs shared between Head Start and Early Head Start
   Includes costs shared between either Head Start or Early Head Start
    and programs or services from another funding source
   Exception is either Head Start or Early Head Start and its associated
    USDA Nutrition Assistance Program
 Shared costs must be fairly allocated between or among the
  programs that benefit from those costs in accordance with a cost
  allocation plan.
 Grantees have the option to apply for a negotiated indirect cost rate
  or allocate indirect costs.
 Administrative costs (direct and/or indirect) cannot exceed 15% of
  the grantee’s overall Head Start grant.
                  Facilities and Property
              45 CFR Part 1309, 45 CFR Part 74 or 45 CFR Part 92

 Special requirements apply to all facilities which are purchased (initially
  or through mortgage payments), constructed or undergo major
  renovations using Head Start funds (in whole or in part).
 Special notices must be filed in the official (real property) records to
  protect federal funds used for facilities activities.
 Personal property (worth at least $5,000) must be included on a detailed
  inventory prepared every two years.
 Permission is required before a program can use any property purchased
  in whole or in part with Head Start funds as collateral for a loan,
  including lines of credit.
 Permission is required before any property worth $5,000 or more
  purchased in whole or in part with Head Start funds is sold or transferred.
 Detailed facilities and property records are required, including proof of
Virginia 2012 Monitoring Results
         No written procedures to determine
          reasonableness, allowability and allocability.
         Reporting to governing body and policy council.
           Credit card expenditures not included
           USDA meals and snacks not reported
         Training not provided to governing body and
          policy council for understanding and effective
         Inadequate equipment records.
         Repair, safety and security of materials,
          equipment and facilities.
         Failure to conduct criminal records checks.
Questions and Comments

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