Earthquake preparedness checklist by BayAreaNewsGroup

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									                                                                            AN EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS GUIDE

                                     YOUR CHECKLIST                                           HOW TO STAY SAFE

Prepare                                 Secure your house                                                                                                                                                   RESOURCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                             n American Red Cross:

survival kit
Stocking up now on emergency
                                        How to prepare your home for
                                        an earthquake, and what to do
                                        around the house
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Provides disaster relief,
                                                                                                                                                                                                            including shelter, food and
                                                                                                                                                                                                            health services.
supplies can add to your safety         afterward:                                                                                                                                                          n Silicon Valley
and comfort after an earthquake.                                                                                                                                                                            chapter: 408-577-1000
Store enough supplies for at least                                                                                                                                                                          n Bay Area chapter
72 hours.                                                                                                                                                                                                   covers San Francisco, San
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mateo County and East
FOOD SUPPLIES                                                                                                                                                                                               Bay: 415-427-8000
   Water — 1 gallon per person per                                                                                                                                                                          n Palo Alto chapter is
day                                                                                                                                                                                                         for Palo Alto, Mountain
   Water purification tablets or                                                                                                                                                                            View and Los Altos:
chlorine bleach (boiling also is a
purifying method)                                                                                                                                                                                           n Santa Cruz County
                                           Secure appliances                                                                                                                                                chapter: 831-462-2881
   Nonperishable food high in           and tall furniture to wall
                                                                                                                                                                                                            n Traffic: Details on traffic
calories and nutrition: canned,         studs, not just to the                                                                                                                                              conditions in the Bay Area:
water-packed meats, granola bars,       wallboard. Appliances                                                                                                                                               511
dehydrated food, canned or dried        could move and rupture
fruit, canned or powdered milk;         gas or electric lines.
extra food for pets if necessary        Furniture could topple,
   Can opener (non-electric),           causing damage and
cooking and eating utensils             injuries.
   Baby supplies: formula, bottle,                 Wall                                                                                                                                             Place bed away from windows
pacifier, soap and baby wipes,                     studs                                                                                                                                          and glass skylights, which could
diapers, canned food and juice                                                                                                                                                                    shatter. Keep a flashlight, spare
                                                                                                                                                                                                  batteries and sturdy shoes under
EMERGENCY SUPPLIES                                                                                                                                                                                the bed. Shoes will protect you from
First aid                                                                                                                                                                                         broken glass on the floor.
   Antibiotic ointment                                                                                                                                                                              Strap water heater to studs in
   Latex gloves                                                                                                                                                                                   wall with a thick metal strap.
   Pain relievers
                                                                                                                                                                                          Stow away or secure mirrors, picture
   Diarrhea medication                                                                                                                                                                 frames and other fragile wall hangings until
Equipment                                                                                                                                                                              aftershocks subside.
   Flashlights (do not use                Closed blinds can prevent
matches, candles until you are          broken glass from flying into                                                                                                                    Secure cabinet doors with latches. During
sure there is no gas leaking)           the room.                                                                                                                                      earthquake, doors of kitchen cabinets typically
   Portable radio, spare batteries                                                                                                                                                     shake open and contents tumble to the floor.
   Camp stove                              Keep a fire extinguisher in the kitchen.                                                                                                    Keep heavier objects on lower shelves.
   Heavy gloves
                                           If water supply is cut off by an earthquake, drinking                                                                                         Consult a structural engineer to make
   Blankets or sleeping bags
                                        water is still available in your home in water heaters,                                                                                        sure that your home is bolted to the foundation
   Shovel                               toilet tanks, in-house plumbing and melted ice cubes.                                                                                          and that the structure is properly reinforced.
   Multipurpose dry chemical fire
extinguisher (ABC rating)
   Garden hose for siphoning and
firefighting                             After quake
   Adjustable wrench for turning
gas off
                                         SHUTTING OFF UTILITIES
   At least one change of clothing        GAS                                                                           WATER                                            ELECTRICITY
and a pair of sturdy shoes
                                                                                                                          Shut off                           OFF                                              o
                                                                                                                                                                                                             T shut off electricity, turn
FAMILY PLAN                                                                                                            water if a                                          Main                           off single breakers first, then
   Create a family evacuation plan                                                                                     quake causes                                       breaker                         switch off main breaker.
   Decide where your family will                                                                                       a leak in the
reunite if separated                                                                       ON                          house. In most                                      Single
   Keep a list of emergency phone                                                                                      cases, the                            ON           breakers
                                                                                      If you smell gas after an        water shutoff
                                                                                   earthquake, shut off the main       valve is the
   Know the safe and danger spots                                                  gas valve. Use a wrench to          first valve in the line after it comes
in each room in your house, work                                                   turn the valve either way until     out of the ground, before it enters                                                       Switch
and school                                                                         the valve is perpendicular to       the house. If you have trouble finding
   Make sure all family members                                                    the pipe. Attach a wrench to        this valve, you can shut off the water
know how to shut off gas, water                                                    the meter with a wire so it will    at the meter, using a special key you                                                Pull the main fuse blocks
                                                                                   be there when you need it.          can buy at a hardware store.                                                       out on older panels.
and electricity

                                                                                       DURING AN EARTHQUAKE
                                                                                 n If you are elderly or have a mobility
IF YOU ARE INDOORS                                                               impairment, remain where you are,
                                                                                                                                       IF YOU ARE OUTDOORS
Most people injured in earthquakes move more than five feet during the           bracing yourself in place.                            Find a clear spot away from buildings, trees,       In a mountainous area
shaking. Remember the following steps and move only a few steps to a                                                                   streetlights and power lines. Drop to the           In the mountains or near unstable slopes
nearby safe place:                                                               n If you are in bed, stay there, hold on, and         ground and stay there until the shaking             or cliffs, be alert for falling rocks and other
                                                                                 protect your head with a pillow. You are              stops. Don’t rush. Many injuries result from        debris that could be loosened by the
                                                                                 less likely to be injured if you stay in bed.         hasty attempts to take cover.                       earthquake. Landslides are often
                                                                                 Broken glass on the floor can injure you.
                                                                                                                                                                                           triggered by earthquakes.
                                                                                 n Stay away from windows. Windows can                 If you are in a vehicle
                                                                                 shatter with such force that you can be               Pull over to a clear location, stop, and stay       In a coastal area
                                                                                 injured by flying glass even if you are               there with your seat belt fastened until the        When the shaking stops, move
                                                                                 several feet away.                                    shaking stops. Stay away from trees, power          immediately to higher ground.
                                                                                 n Stay indoors until the shaking stops and            lines, poles, street signs, overpasses and          Tsunamis (large, destructive ocean
                                                                                 you are sure it is safe to exit. In buildings in      other overhead items that can fall during           waves) are often generated by
                                                                                 the United States, you are safer if you stay          earthquakes. Once the shaking has                   earthquakes.
                                                                                 where you are until the shaking stops. If you         stopped, proceed with caution. Avoid
                                                                                                                                       bridges or ramps that might have been               On public transportation
Drop, cover and hold on               n If there is no table or desk
                                                                                 go outside, move quickly away from the
                                                                                                                                                                                           BART, light rail or Caltrain typically will
                                                                                 building to prevent injury from falling debris.       damaged by the quake. Be alert for an
n Drop under a desk or table, and     nearby, get on the floor against an                                                                                                                  stop. Remain calm and follow instructions
                                                                                 n Fire alarm and sprinkler systems usually
                                                                                                                                       aftershock. Aftershocks can continue over
hold on. Be prepared to move          interior wall away from windows,                                                                                                                     from staff members, who have been
                                                                                 go off in buildings during an earthquake,             a period of weeks or months, depending
with whatever you are under.          bookcases or furniture that could                                                                                                                    trained to handle earthquake
Hold your position until shaking                                                 even if there is no fire. Check for and               on the magnitude of the main quake.
                                      fall on you. Protect your head and                                                                                                                   emergencies.
stops and it’s safe to move.          neck with your arms.                       extinguish small fires, and exit via the stairs.
Sources: American Red Cross, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Bay Area Regional Earthquake Preparedness Project, PG&E, KPIX-TV’s “How To Survive the Big One,” World Book                                             MERCURY NEWS

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