Chapter 4_ Social Structure_ Social Interaction_ and by malj

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									Society, Social Structure,
   Social Interaction
n   Social Interaction: is the process by which
    people act toward or respond to other people
    and is the foundation for all relationships and
    groups within society.

n   Social Structure: is the stable pattern of social
    relationships that exists within a particular group
    of society
Why is “social structure” important??

“It is essential for the survival
 of society and well being of
 individuals…it connects us
 to the larger society.”
                Homelessness

n   How do we define homelessness?

n   Who are the homeless?

n   What are some stereotypes associated with
    homelessness?
          Relative Homelessness
                    vs.
          Absolute Homelessness
n   Relative Homelessness: describes the condition
    of those who have a physical shelter, but one
    that does not meet basic standards of health and
    safety (protection from elements, safe water,
    sanitation etc…)
n   Absolute Homelessness: describes the condition
    of people without physical shelter who sleep
    outdoors, in vehicles, abandoned buildings etc…
     How Much Do you Know about
          Homelessness?
1.   Most people choose to be homeless.
2.   The number of homeless persons in Canada has gradually
     declined over the past 30 years.
3.   Homelessness is often caused by racism and discrimination.
4.   Most homeless people are mentally ill.
5.   Men over the age of 50 make up most of Canada’s homeless
     population.
6.   The number of homeless adolescents has increased in the past
     decade.
7.   One out of every 4 homeless persons are children.
8.   There are approximately 20 000 homeless persons in Canada.
                        Answers
1.   Most people choose to be homeless. F
2.   The number of homeless persons in Canada has gradually
     declined over the past 30 years. F
3.   Homelessness is often caused by racism and discrimination.T
4.   Most homeless people are mentally ill. F
5.   Men over the age of 50 make up most of Canada’s homeless
     population. F
6.   The number of homeless adolescents has increased in the past
     decade. T
7.   One out of every 4 homeless persons are children. T
8.   There are approximately 20 000 homeless persons in Canada.
     F
FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE
  ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
n   Essential because it creates order and
    predictability in a society
n   Important for human development as we
    develop a self concept when we learn attitudes,
    values, and behaviours of the people around us
n   Gives us the ability to interpret the social
    situations we encounter
n   Social structure helps people make sense of their
    surroundings…ie. homeless
    CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE ON
       SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
n   Limits our options and places us in arbitrary
    categories not of our own choosing
n   There is more to the social structure than is
    readily visible
n   Reflects a system of relationships of domination
    of categories of people
n   Creates boundaries that define which persons or
    groups will be the “insiders” and which will be
    the “outsiders”
What would you do?
    Homeless
        SOCIAL MARGINALITY:
n   is the state of being part insider and part
    outsider in the social structure.

    n   Immigrants simultaneously share the life and
        traditions of two distinct groups.
                      STIGMA:
n   is any physical or social attribute or sign that so
    devalues a person’s social identity that
    disqualifies that person from full social
    acceptance.

    n   Criminal- prison uniform

								
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