CHART: CHARACTERISTICS OF A CIVILIZATION OR CULTURE NAME: Alex Aronowitz-OCEANIA (1750-1914). DATE: 1/30/12 POLITICAL Maori Wars-British settlers vs Maori (1845-1872) (destruction of villages) Leaders, Elites King Kamehameha-open to foreigners Hawaiians fall to Western diseases. State Structure The Great Mahele-royal edict imposing Western ideas of private property on War Hawaiians. Diplomacy, Treaties 1893- Last Hawaiian monarch Queen Liliuokalani overthrown in Hawaaiian Courts, Laws Revolution. ECONOMIC Subsistence lifestyle based on fishing, hunting, or agriculture. Type of System “Spice Islands” Portuguese, Dutch, and English wanted the spices Technology, Industry because they were very valuable. Trade, Commerce Australia- sheep-ranching fueled British wool industry. Capital/Money New Zealand- Timber and resting place for whalers. Types of Businesses Hawaii- sugar RELIGIOUS Maori adopted Christianity-spread by British missionaries. Holy Books Maori nationalism-result of British as they scrambled to retain control Beliefs, Teachings of their tribal lands Conversion Sin/Salvation Deities SOCIAL No immunity to European diseasespopulation loss, social Family disintegration, and suffering. Gender Relations New Zealand Maori people experienced a period of disruption with the Social Classes arrival of Europeans such as disease, alcoholism, prostitution, and Inequalities firearms. Life Styles Inequalities between Europeans and natives. INTELLECTUAL , ARTS No written records Art, Music Writing, Literature Philosophy Math & Science Education NEAR: GEOGRAPHY Islands of southern Pacific- Australia, New Guinea, Micronesia, Location Melanesia, and Polynesia. Physical Movement Human/Environment Region NOTES: Magellan was the first European to wander into the South Pacific in 1521. First European James Cook-Hawaiian islands, King Kamehameha I used British help/firearms to unify his kingdom.
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