Greek Art, Architecture, Science and Math How does this art differ from the art we have seen before? (Mesopotamian, Egypt) • 1. Is this sculpture realistic? • 2. Why is it appealing? • 3. How is it an example of arête? (striving for perfection) Hellenic or Hellenistic? • What is the difference? • Hellenic: Classical Greek- to honor the gods, perfect , ideal, standard of beauty Hellenistic: Greek with Eastern influence- emotion, more life like, dramatic, more movement. Shows conflict between man and the gods. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Science and Math Pythagoras • One of the first Greek mathematical thinkers • Especially interested philosophy, music and math. The Pythagorean theorem: The sum of the areas of the two • Familiar for his squares on the legs (a and b) equals the area of the square on Pythagorean the hypotenuse (c). Archimedes • The most famous scientist in the Hellenistic period. “Give me a lever and a • Most known for place to stand on and I will move the earth” establishing the mathematical constant pi . • Also a distinguished inventor • Archimedes screw Lever: To multiply mechanical force that can be applied to another object. Used to lift water out of mines and lift irrigation water Eratosthenes • An astronomer that determined the earth was round and calculated the Earth’s circumference at 24,675 miles (he was only 185 miles off). Architecture • In Greek architecture, the most important form was the temple dedicated to the gods. • The most famous Greek temple was the Parthenon 3 types of columns Doric Ionic Corinthian 3-2-1 Closure • 3- Three differences between Hellenic and Hellenistic art. Be specific • 2- Two achievements the Greeks made in Science and math. Explain what they are. • 1- One contribution the Greeks made in architecture.
Pages to are hidden for
"Greek Art_ Architecture_ Science and Math"Please download to view full document