Greek Art_ Architecture_ Science and Math by hcj

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									     Greek Art,
Architecture, Science
      and Math
How does this art differ from the art we
 have seen before? (Mesopotamian,
               Egypt)
                     • 1. Is this sculpture
                       realistic?
                     • 2. Why is it
                       appealing?
                     • 3. How is it an
                       example of arête?
                       (striving for
                       perfection)
  Hellenic or Hellenistic?
• What is the difference?
• Hellenic: Classical Greek- to honor the
  gods, perfect , ideal, standard of beauty


              Hellenistic: Greek with
              Eastern influence- emotion,
              more life like, dramatic, more
              movement. Shows conflict
              between man and the gods.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Science and Math
           Pythagoras
• One of the first
  Greek
  mathematical
  thinkers
• Especially
  interested
  philosophy, music
  and math.           The Pythagorean theorem: The
                      sum of the areas of the two
• Familiar for his    squares on the legs (a and b)
                      equals the area of the square on
  Pythagorean         the hypotenuse (c).
                Archimedes
• The most famous
  scientist in the
  Hellenistic period.                                         “Give me a lever and a
• Most known for                                              place to stand on and I
                                                              will move the earth”
  establishing the
  mathematical constant
  pi .
• Also a distinguished
  inventor
• Archimedes screw

                                                            Lever: To multiply
                                                            mechanical force that can be
                                                            applied to another object.
Used to lift water out of mines and lift irrigation water
         Eratosthenes
• An astronomer
  that determined the
  earth was round
  and calculated the
  Earth’s
  circumference at
  24,675 miles (he
  was only 185 miles
  off).
         Architecture
• In Greek architecture, the most
  important form was the temple
  dedicated to the gods.
• The most famous Greek temple was
  the Parthenon
3 types of
 columns
Doric
Ionic
Corinthian
            3-2-1 Closure
• 3- Three differences between Hellenic and
  Hellenistic art. Be specific

• 2- Two achievements the Greeks made in
  Science and math. Explain what they are.

• 1- One contribution the Greeks made in
  architecture.

								
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