Oral Presentation Guidelines

Document Sample
Oral Presentation Guidelines Powered By Docstoc
					Oral Presentation Guidelines

        Mary Westervelt
    Technical Communication
General principles

1. Oral medium ≠ Written medium
2. Nerves complicate things.
3. PowerPoint isn’t All.

8/5/2014                          2
  Oral versus written

Different medium
Same goal: meet audience needs for

8/5/2014                         3
What do they need to know?

n   What’s the goal of the presentation?
    ® Think ‘thesis’, not just ‘topic’
n   What’s the plan for the presentation?
n   Where are you in the presentation?
Convey the message orally!
Choose words carefully:
n   Organization keywords
n   Short sentences
n   Simpler vocabulary
n   Examples
n   Paraphrase

8/5/2014                     5
Convey the message!
Use your voice.
  n   I can’t hear you from the back row

  n   That was      great until   the end…

  n   Alittleinflectionwouldhelpmecatchtheimportantwords

  à Stress / pause / repeat
Convey the message!
Five points for effective body language:
n Face the audience.

n Make eye contact.

n Move! But not too much.

n Use gestures that convey the message.

n Don’t let dress distract.
General principles revisited

1. Oral ≠ Written!
2. Nerves complicate things
3. PowerPoint isn’t All

8/5/2014                       8
2. Nerves complicate things

Most important:
n Take time to prepare.

n Plan how to hand off between
  group members.
n Practice - with a critical audience.

8/5/2014                                 9
Nerves: A BIG help:

n Check out the space beforehand.
n Practice in that space.

8/5/2014                            10
Nerves: The Big Day

n   Remember that you’re ready.
n   Remember that you have a message
    you want to convey.
n   Breathe!

8/5/2014                               11

1. Oral ≠ Written
2. Nerves complicate things
3. PowerPoint isn’t All

8/5/2014                      12
Concern about anthropogenic climate change has stimulated
research and investment into
n   technologies that limit CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels
n   technologies that remove CO2 directly from the atmosphere.

Near pure streams of CO2 are produced
n  from point sources or
n  from the atmosphere

The methods for are
n  retrofitting power plants to separate CO2 from flue gas using various solvents,
n  separating nitrogen from air prior to combustion to enable pure oxygen
n  employing the watergas-shift reaction in a gasification plant to enable hydrogen
   –oxygen combustion in a hydrogen gas turbine
n  capturing CO2 directly from the atmosphere using solvents with a chemical
   process designed to regenerate the solvents.
House, K.Z., House, C.H., Schrag, D.P., & Aziz, M.J. (2007) Electrochemical acceleration of chemical weathering
    as an energetically feasible approach to mitigating anthropogenic climate change. Environ.Sci.Technol.

8/5/2014                                                                                                    13
Carbon capture and storage
Traditional methods
n  Limit CO2 emissions
n      Remove CO2 using solvents

Our method
n  Enhance solubility of CO2 in the ocean
n      Neutralize CO2 through reaction with Si

8/5/2014                                         14
6 Principal Air Pollutants

8/5/2014                     15
           Ozone Down
           Source: Environmental Protection Agency 2007 report

                                          Years 1980-2006

8/5/2014                                                         16
GDP up, Emissions down
Source: Environmental Protection Agency 2006 report

8/5/2014                    epa.gov/airtrends/sixpoll.html   17
Indicate scale in photos.

       Photo by Mark Fickett Posted on Wikimedia Commons 13 Jun 2012

8/5/2014                                                               18
Ppt = vehicle; You = driver!
n Read slides

n Use complex slides

n Use unintelligible slides

n Use irrelevant or distracting slides

n Rush through slides

8/5/2014                                 19
You’re in charge! Four tips:
n   Tell listeners how each slide fits into
    overall presentation
n   Text slides: Use as outline
n   Graphics: Interpret, don’t just read
n   Blank the image to remove distraction
     n     Use the b key (blanks computer screen)
     n     Blank the projector

8/5/2014                                            20
Five final suggestions for slide
n   Number slides
n   Keep font large and dark
n   Include a guide showing where you are in the
n   Have a backup plan (Handouts? Chalk talk?)
n   Be prepared for questions
     n Prepare answers

     n Prepare slides

8/5/2014                                       21
Actual Emissions
1980 - 2006
Source: Environmental Protection Agency 2007 report

8/5/2014                                              22
On ESE Senior Design Website

Layout of slides:
    Sample PowerPoint Presentation
Powerpoint tips:
    Do’s and Don’ts of Presentation

8/5/2014                              23
Sample slides from
1. Center for Embedded Network Sensing
  2004 presentation
2. ESE Senior Design 2007 presentations

8/5/2014                              24
    Background: Cardiovascular

8/5/2014                         25
                  Immediate Goals
n   Initiate development of sensor systems and
    algorithms leading to capability for stroke and other
    cardiovascular disease detection
    n   Sensing requirements include
         n    Blood oxygen
         n    Pulse
         n    Gait
         n    Weight
         n    Speech queries
n   Blood oxygen and pulse information available now
n   Posture and gait identification current priority
    n   Identify posture, limp, run, walk, stand, etc.

             8/5/2014                                    26
8/5/2014   27
8/5/2014   28
Final Helps

On course website:
n Guidelines (Good/bad examples)

n Rubric raters will use

TCP Communication Fellows

8/5/2014                           29

Shared By: