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Women's Health

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									          INTRODUCTION
n   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9J9
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    =1&list=AL94UKMTqg-
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Women’s Health

         Developed by
   D. Ann Currie, R.N.,M.S.N.
             2012
WOMEN’S HEALTH
n   Health Promotion
n   Prevention of Health problems
n   Assessment of women
n   Health Concerns of women
n   Reproductive concerns
n   Contraception
n   Infertility
n   Sexuality
WOMEN’S HEALTH
n   Cont.
n   STI’s
n   Violence against women
HEALTH PROMOTION
n   EARLY HEALTH CARE
n   HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
n   PRECONCEPTION CARE
n   PRENATAL CARE
n   WELL-WOMAN CARE
n   FERTILITY CONTROL
n   EDUCATION
Barriers to seeking health care
n   Financial issues
n   Cultural issues
n   Gender issues
Conditions And Characteristics
that increase health risks in
women
n   Age
n   Social/cultural
n   Health behaviors
n   Smoking
n   Substance use and abuse
n   Nutrition
n   Stress
n   Sexual practices
Anticipatory Guidance for
Health Promotion and Illness
Prevention
n   Nutrition
n   Exercise
n   Stress Management
n   Substance Use Cessation
n   Safer Sexual Practices
n   Health Screening
n   Health risk Prevention
Goal
n   Maintaining Optimum Health is a goal
    for all Women
Knowlegde alone is not
enough to bring about healthy
behaviors
Essential components of
health maintenance are
identification of unrecognized
problems and potential risks
and the education and health
promotion needed to reduce
them.
Health Promotion
n   Pender describes health promotion as
    the motivation to increase well-being
    and actualize health potential
Prevention
n   Pender describes prevention as the
    desire to avoid illness, detect it early, or
    maintain optimal functioning when
    illness is present
Nutrition
n   Nutritional deficiencies
n   Obesity
n   Eating Disorders
n   other considerations
Physical Fitness and Exercise

n   Exercise contributes to good health by
    lowering risks for a variety of conditions
    that are influenced by obesity and a
    sedentary lifestyle
n   Exercise contributes to stress reduction
    and weight maintaince
Physical Fitness and Exercise
n   Aerobic exercise produces
    cardiovascular involvement.
n   Anaerobic exercise, such as weight
    training, improves individual muscle
    mass without stress on cardiovascular
    system.
n   Weight- bearing aerobic exercises such
    as walking, running, dancing, or racket
    ball are need for cardiovascular and
    bone health
Physical fitness and exercise
n   Breathing
n   weight-bearing
n   weight lifting
n   alternative to weight lifting
n   ***Kegel exercise*****
Physical Clinical Manifestation
of Stress
n   Headache             n   Indigestion
n   Dizziness or faint   n   Nausea, vomiting
    feeling              n   Diarrhea
n   muscle tension       n   Constipation
n   Backache             n   Loss of appetite
n   Grinding teeth       n   Shortness ot breath
n   Skin rash or hives   n   Pounding heart
n   Sweaty palms         n   Frequent colds
                         n   Chest pain
Risks For Cancer
n   Cervical Cancer
n   Endometrial cancer
n   Ovarian cancer
n   Breast cancer
n   Lung cancer
n   Colon cancer
n   Skin cancer
Risks for Cervical Cancer
n   Early age of first sexual intercourse
n   Cigarette smoking
n   HPV
n   Multiple sexual partners
Risks for Endometrial Cancer
n   Nulliparity
n   Unopposed estrogen therapy
n   infertility
n   diabetes mellitus
n   early menarche
n   late menopause
n   Others
Risks for Ovarian Cancer
n   Family history
n   Having no children
n   having children late in life
Risks for other gynecologic
cancers
n   Cancers of vulva and vagina have been
    link to HPV and HSV
Risks for Breast Cancer
n   Family history
n   Early Menarche
n   Late menopause
n   Nulliparity
n   Having children late in life
n   Estrogen therapy
Environmental and Workplace
Hazards
n   Pathogenic agents
    (viruses,bacteria,fungi,parasites)
n   Natural and synthetic chemicals
n   Natural toxins from animals, insects,
    and plants.
n   Pesticides,hydrocarbons,tobacco,fuels,a
    nd drugs
Environmental and Workplace
Hazards
n   Cont.
n   Radiation
n   Food substances
n   Physical objects
n   Noise
n   Temperature extremes
n   Physical energy
STRESS MANAGEMENT
n   Causes of stress:
n   Work
n   Family
n   Health
n   Finical problems
n   Surroundings
n   School- Nursing
n   other
Substance Use Cessation
n   Tobacco
n   Alcohol
n   Drugs
n   Caffiene
Tobacco Use Cessation
n   The Four A’s
n   ASK
n   ASSESS
n   ADVISE
n   ASSIST
    National Groups Providing
Information and Support for
Chemical dependency

n   Alcoholics Anonymous
n   COCAINE hotline-1-800-cocaine
n   Narcotics Anonymous
n   National Alcohol and Drug Abuse
    Hotline-
n   1-800-2526465
Safer Sexual Practices
n   Correct use of condoms
n   Select sexual partners with extreme
    care.
n   Ask partner about history of STI’s or
    Testing
n   No exchange of body fluids-
    oral,genital,or rectal
n   Use of spermicides containing
    nonoxynol-9 with condoms
Health Screening
n   Physical Examination
n   Diagnostic Tests/Laboratory Tests
Physical Examination
n   Blood pressure       n   Oral cavity
n   Height and Weight        examination
n   Pelvic examination   n   Complete Physical
n   Breast examination       examination
n   Skin Examination
Diagnostic Tests
n   Blood cholesterol    n   Fasting Blood sugar
    level                n   Hearing screening
n   Papanicolacou        n   eye examinatio
    smear                n   STD screening
n   Mammography              TB skin test
n   Fecal occult blood   n   Endometrial biopsy
    test                 n   Ultrasound of
n   Sigmoidoscopy            abdomen
n   Colonoscopy
Health Risk Prevention
n   Prevention of injuries
n   Prevention of diseases
n   Education
n   Implementing safety guidelines
n   Immunizations
Prevention of injuries
n   Common sense         n   Protection from sun
n   Wear seat belts in   n   Handle and store
    cars                     firearms
n   Wear Helmets when        appropriately
    riding bikes,        n   Avoid dangerous
    motorcycles or           situations
    skating              n   Smoke alarms in
n   Drive safely             houses
n   Water safety         n   Keep stairways clear
Prevention of disease
n   WASH HANDS          n   Reduce stress
n   Immunizations       n   Safe sexual practices
n   Decrease Risk       n   Annual physical
    factors                 examination
n   Healthy lifesytle   n   Wash Hands
n   Nutritional diet
n   Exercise
QUESTIONS
Thank You
n   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_v9
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