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					                                         Input Mask: Small Wind Turbine SWT                                                                       Small Wind Turbine Yield Es
                                                                                                          Vi in m/s       Pi in W




                                                                                              C u r v e
                            SWT Model*                                                                       1                                    www.iwes.fraunhofer.de
     Rotor Diameter D in Meter*                                                                              2                                    www.windmonitor.de
             Rated Power in Watt                                                                             3
                    Data Source                                                                              4                                    This spreadsheet allows you to
                                                                                                             5                                    or change an existing entry. The
                   1"                                                                                        6                                    complete power curve to perform
    P                                                                                                        7                                    Unknown data points may be in




                                                                                              P o w e r
  in W             1"                                                                                        8                                    use the input mask to add a new
                                                                                                             9                                    insert or change data in row 27
                   1"
                                                                                                             10
                   1"                                                                                        11                                   Conversion
                   0"                                                                                        12                                                         feet in met
                                                                                                             13                                   Rotor diameter in feet:
                   0"                                                                                        14                                   Rotor Diameter in metre:
                   0"                                                                                        15                                      rectangular rotor area in




                                                                                              S W T
                        0            5              10           15               20                         16                                   Rectangular rotor area (VAWT e
                                                                      Vi in m/s                              17                                   Rotor width in meter:
                                                                                                             18                                   Rotor height in meter:
                                           Click Here To Confirm Entry                                       19                                   Rotor area:
* required field                                                                                             20                                   Equivalent circular rotor diamete
 A ... Z                                  1 ... 9

                   Model                    Rotor        Rated         Data            Power Curve with Vi in m/s
                                          Diameter       Power        Source           and Pi in W
                                            in m          in W                             1           2          3                  4     6         6         7
Synthetic   Power Curve 10-m-Rotor                  10                                             0                  0        140   520   1440      2560      4000
Synthetic   Power Curve 1-m-Rotor                    1                                             0                  0          1     5     14        26        40
Synthetic   Power Curve 3-m-Rotor                    3                                             0                  0         10    50    130       230       360
Synthetic   Power Curve 5-m-Rotor                    5                                             0                  0         35   130    360       640      1000
Synthetic   Power Curve 7-m-Rotor                    7                                             0                  0         70   250    700      1250      1960
 Wind Turbine Yield Estimator V2.2010


wes.fraunhofer.de
windmonitor.de

 preadsheet allows you to add a new SWT model
 nge an existing entry. The estimator requires the
 ete power curve to perform yield estimations.
own data points may be interpolated. You can
 e input mask to add a new model or directly
 or change data in row 27 and below.


                 feet in meter:
diameter in feet:                     ft
Diameter in metre:                    m
 ctangular rotor area in circular diameter:
ngular rotor area (VAWT etc.)
width in meter:                       m
height in meter:                      m
                                      m2
alent circular rotor diameter D       m




                 8        9        10       11       12      13      14      15      16       17       18       19       20
                 5680     7560      9080    10800    13200   15400   16800   16000        0        0        0        0        0
                   57       76        95      110      132     154     168     160        0        0        0        0        0
                  510      680       820      970     1190    1390    1510    1440        0        0        0        0        0
                 1420     1890      2270     2700     3300    3850    4200    4000        0        0        0        0        0
                 2780     3700      4450     5300     6570    7550    8230    7840        0        0        0        0        0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zo             alpha
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor
Small Wind Turbine Yield Estimator V2.2010                                                                                                                   Pi
                                                                                                                                                                     1.600"                                                                          0,30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0,00911882
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0,0079049    0,14285714
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0,14
Input Site Data
   Measurement      Height          10         m                       Project Data
                                                                           Location                                                                                  1.400"                                                                                                                                                                                  0,00963976         0,144
                                                                                                                                                            in W                                                                                     0,25
Average Wind Speed V ave          4,4          m/s                                                                                                                   1.200"                                                                                                                                                                                  0,00918281           0,143
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0,20
    Roughness Length z0           0,1          m         4,40                     Notes                                                                              1.000"
                                               estimated:                                                                    26. Mrz. 2010                            800"                                                                           0,15

        Scale Parameter c                      5,0 m/s                                                                                                                600"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0,10
           Shape Factor k             2                  4,97                                                                                                         400"
                                                           2           Terrain                                                                                                                                                                       0,05        alpha    Roughness Class                                           m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Roughness Length Landscape Type
                                Rayleigh Distribution                   Agricultural land with some houses and 8 m tall sheltering
                                                                                                                                                                      200"                                                                                       0,0924                                     0          0,0002       Water surface*
                               1,225           kg/m3                    hedgerows with a distance of approx. 500 m*                                                      0"                                                                          0,00        0,1200                                   0,5           0,0024       Completely open terrain with a smooth surface, e.g.concrete runways in airports, mowed grass, etc.*
             Air Density ρ
                                                                                                                                                                              0                 5                10            15               20
                                                                       Nabenhöhe: 18 m                                                                                                                                              Vi in m/s                    0,1428                                    1            0,0091       wind shear exponent: α = 0,143 (appr. 1/7 power law)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0,1721   between 1 and 1,5                               0,03       Open agricultural area without fences and hedgerows and very scattered buildings. Only softly rounded hills*
Small Wind Turbine Data                                                Output Table                                                                                                                               Actual turbine performance    may vary!


 3,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor                           Hub            Average       Annual energy output Eout        Conversion              Annual specific energy         Wind power         SWT         Increase in  Wind speed bin               0,1922                                   1,5            0,055       Agricultural land with some houses and 8 m tall sheltering hedgerows with a distance of approx. 1250 m*
                                                                  height            wind                                            rate                                                 density          average        Eout with with highest annual
                                                                                   speed                                                                                                                   power                          output Max
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          height                                 0,2097   between 1,5 and 2                              0,085       other
                                                                       h            Vave        Power Curve       20 %          Power Curve                Wind    Output SWT                                                          Vmax Eout
                                    20         %                       m            m/s         kWh/a            kWh/a                                  (kWh/m2)/a (kWh/m2)/a             W/m2             W/m2                          m/s            Eout,i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       kWh/a     0,2171                                    2               0,1       Agricultural land with some houses and 8 m tall sheltering hedgerows with a distance of approx. 500 m*
          Conversion Rate           10         %                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0,2381   between 2 and 2,5                               0,15       other                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Height above ground: 10 18 m above ground: 40 m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Hub height: mHeight                               Average wind speed: 5 m/s Average wind speed: 5,7 m/s        Average wind speed: 4,4 m/s
        Uncertainty Factor
                                               m                   18               5,0         1 631             1 772
                                                                                                                  20 %              18 %                1 254           231               143               26            100 %           8             267      0,2556                                   2,5                0,2     Agricultural land with many houses, shrubs and plants, or 8 m tall sheltering hedgerows with a distance of approx. 250 m*                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Average wind Average wind Average wind speed: 5,7 m/s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   speed: 4,4 m/s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                speed: 5 m/s
              Hub Height            18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0,2852   between 2,5 and 3                                  0,3     other                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,4          5,0         5,7
          Rotor Diameter           3
                                7,07           m2
                                               m                    10
                                                                    15              4,4
                                                                                    4,8          1 186
                                                                                                 1 488            1 236
                                                                                                                  1 592             19 %
                                                                                                                                    19 %                1 874
                                                                                                                                                          126           168
                                                                                                                                                                        211               100
                                                                                                                                                                                          129               19
                                                                                                                                                                                                            24            73 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          91 %            7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7             221
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        254      0,3107
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0,3554                                     3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3,5                0,4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0,6     Villages, small towns, agricultural land with many or tall sheltering hedgerows, forests & very rough & uneven terrain*
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Larger cities with tall buildings*                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     above        Hub
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     HeightJahr ground:760m Height above ground:760m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 8 18 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8 10 h height: 760m      8 40 h
        Rotor Swept Area
        SWT Data Source                                             20
                                                                    25              5,1
                                                                                    5,3          1 715
                                                                                                 1 896            1 882
                                                                                                                  2 130             18 %
                                                                                                                                    18 %                1 332
                                                                                                                                                        1 507           243
                                                                                                                                                                        268               152
                                                                                                                                                                                          172               28
                                                                                                                                                                                                            31            105 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          116 %           8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8             278
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        299      0,5457                                    4                 1,6     Very largefrei übersetzt tall buildings and skycrapers *WAsP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Definitionen cities with nach dem Europäischen Windatlas,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0 bis 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4 bis 9     3 391 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5 146 h     2 796 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5 474 h      2 195 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5 558 h

                                                            P reasl 30              5,4          2 045            2 348             17 %                1 661           289               190               33            125 %           8             313                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               10 bis 14    221 h        480 h        951 h
  Vi              P Wind,i      Pi           C P,i                  35              5,6          2 172            2 542             17 %                1 798           307               205               35            133 %           8             324                                  Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor         3,0                3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 > 15           2h          10 h         56 h                                                                                                                                 Power Duration Curve
  m/s                W          W                                   40              5,7          2 281            2 719             17 %                1 923           323               220               37            140 %           8             333          X    Select SWT                                SWT Type         SWT Diameter                 Data Source               Height (m)                                                                           Hub Height              Height (m)                                                                  Hub Height              Height (m)                                                                              Hub Height              Height (m)                                                      Hub Height              Height (m)                                                            Hub Height              Height (m)                                                                         Hub Height                Height (m)                                                                                 Hub Height                Height (m)                                                                           Hub Height                Height W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Hours per Year P > 0 (m)                                             Hub Height   Power              Height (m)
   1                      4       0         0,00            0                                                                                                                                                                                                        0    10,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 10-m-Rotor Synthetic Power Curve 10-m-Rotor10,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10,0                                        Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10             15             20            25            30       35      40            18   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10            15          20        25        30        35        40            18   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10            15          20           25             30           35            40         18   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10         15         20      25      30      35      40            18   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         10          15           20      25       30       35       40            18   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       10         15          20          25          30          35          40              18     Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10           15          20               25          30          35           40              18     Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         10           15        20          25             30            35          40           18   Binned Wind Speed10          15     20     25     30     35     40           18   Curve   Binned Wind Speed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10            15        20        25        30        35        40
   2                     35       0         0,00            0          Estimations for annual average wind speed and annual                                                               Energy distribution of generated electricity, i. e.                        0                                                               1,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 1-m-Rotor Synthetic Power Curve 1-m-Rotor 1,00                           (m/s)      Weibull Distribution                                                                              (m/s)      Specific Power in the Wind (W/m2)                                                        (m/s)      Specific Power in the Wind (W/m2) depending on cut in cut off wind speed power curve                 (m/s)      Average Power SWT (W)                                                        (m/s)      Annual Energy Output (kWh)                                                         (m/s)      Hours per year                                                                                    (m/s)                                                                                                                (m/s)      Hours per Year P > 0 W                                                                            (m/s)          8760        8760   8760   8760   8760   8760   8760         8760       0   v < vin
   3                    117      10         0,09           10          energy output at different heights                                                                                 annual energy oputput in each wind speed bin                           X                                                                   3,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor 3,00                                1         0,078        0,066         0,059         0,055         0,051     0,049   0,047        0,062       1         0,05        0,04         0,04       0,03      0,03      0,03      0,03         0,04       1         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00        1        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00       1        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00       1       675   h     574   h     515   h     475   h     446   h     424   h     405   h        535   h       1       686   h       583   h     523   h         482   h      453   h     430   h      411   h        544   h        1          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0        1                                                                                        1
   4                    277      50         0,18           50                                                                                                                                                                                                        0    5,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 5-m-Rotor Synthetic Power Curve 5-m-Rotor 5,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5,0                                              2         0,138        0,119         0,108         0,101         0,095     0,091   0,087        0,112       2         0,68        0,59         0,53       0,49      0,47      0,44      0,43         0,55       2         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00        2        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00       2        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00       2     1.195   h   1.035   h     939   h     873   h     824   h     786   h     754   h        973   h       2     1.216   h     1.052   h     954   h         887   h      836   h     797   h      765   h        988   h        2          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0        2                                                                                        2
                                                                 h      45                                                                      2 500                             350
   5                    541     130         0,24          130                                                                                              AEP        AEPi                                                               10 m                        0                                                               7,0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7,0 m • Synthetic Power Curve 7-m-Rotor Synthetic Power Curve 7-m-Rotor 7,00                                3         0,169        0,151         0,139         0,131         0,125     0,120   0,116        0,144       3         2,79        2,50         2,31       2,17      2,07      1,98      1,91         2,37       3         2,79         2,50         2,31         2,17         2,07        1,98         1,91         2,37        3        1,69       1,51        1,39    1,31    1,25    1,20    1,16         1,44       3       13,31       11,90       10,99     10,35     9,85     9,46     9,13        11,32       3     1.464   h   1.309   h   1.209   h   1.138   h   1.083   h   1.040   h   1.004   h      1.244   h       3     1.489   h     1.330   h   1.228   h       1.155   h    1.099   h   1.055   h    1.018   h      1.264   h        3       6741        7009       7166        7271        7347             7404        7449         7112        3        6741         7009   7166   7271   7347   7404   7449         7112      10       3       77   %      80   %    82   %    83   %    84   %    85   %    85   %
                                                                                          Annual Average Wind Speed
   6                    935     230         0,25          230   in m    40
                                                                                                                                                         in kWh      in kWh       300                                                                                0                                                                                                                4         0,170        0,158         0,150         0,144         0,138     0,134   0,131        0,153       4         6,64        6,21         5,88       5,63      5,43      5,26      5,12         6,00       4         6,64         6,21         5,88         5,63         5,43        5,26         5,12         6,00        4        8,48       7,92        7,50    7,18    6,92    6,71    6,53         7,66       4       66,82       62,42       59,15     56,62    54,59    52,90    51,47        60,36       4     1.470   h   1.373   h   1.301   h   1.245   h   1.201   h   1.164   h   1.132   h      1.327   h       4     1.495   h     1.395   h   1.321   h       1.264   h    1.218   h   1.181   h    1.148   h      1.348   h        4       5277        5701       5957        6133        6263             6364        6445         5867        4        5277         5701   5957   6133   6263   6364   6445         5867      50       4       60   %      65   %    68   %    70   %    71   %    73   %    74   %
                                                                                          AEP                                                                                                                                            Hub Height 18 m
   7                1   485     360         0,24          360           35                                                                      2 000                                                                                                                0                                                                                                                5         0,147        0,145         0,142         0,139         0,136     0,134   0,132        0,144       5        11,27       11,14        10,90      10,67     10,45     10,25     10,07        11,00       5        11,27        11,14        10,90        10,67        10,45       10,25        10,07        11,00        5       19,13      18,91       18,51   18,11   17,74   17,41   17,11        18,68       5      150,81      149,09      145,95    142,79   139,88   137,24   134,86       147,25       5     1.276   h   1.261   h   1.235   h   1.208   h   1.183   h   1.161   h   1.141   h      1.246   h       5     1.298   h     1.282   h   1.254   h       1.226   h    1.201   h   1.178   h    1.157   h      1.265   h        5       3808        4328       4656        4888        5063             5200        5313         4540        5        3808         4328   4656   4888   5063   5200   5313         4540     130       5       43   %      49   %    53   %    56   %    58   %    59   %    61   %
                                                                                                                                                                                  250                                                    40 m
   8                2   217     510         0,23          510           30                                                                                                                                                                                           0                                                                                                                6         0,113        0,120         0,122         0,123         0,122     0,122   0,121        0,121       6        14,96       15,85        16,14      16,22     16,20     16,14     16,05        16,06       6        14,96        15,85        16,14        16,22        16,20       16,14        16,05        16,06        6       26,00      27,55       28,07   28,20   28,17   28,06   27,91        27,93       6      205,02      217,22      221,28    222,34   222,08   221,21   220,03       220,17       6       980   h   1.039   h   1.058   h   1.063   h   1.062   h   1.058   h   1.052   h      1.053   h       6       997   h     1.055   h   1.074   h       1.079   h    1.078   h   1.073   h    1.067   h      1.069   h        6       2532        3067       3421        3680        3879             4040        4172         3294        6        2532         3067   3421   3680   3879   4040   4172         3294     230       6       29   %      35   %    39   %    42   %    44   %    46   %    48   %
   9                3   156     680         0,22          680                                                                                   1 500                             200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                7         0,078        0,090         0,096         0,099         0,101     0,103   0,104        0,094       7        16,36       18,82        20,09      20,83     21,29     21,59     21,79        19,67       7        16,36        18,82        20,09        20,83        21,29       21,59        21,79        19,67        7       28,04      32,24       34,43   35,70   36,49   37,00   37,33        33,70       7      221,08      254,19      271,41    281,44   287,68   291,70   294,34       265,69       7       675   h     776   h     829   h     860   h     879   h     891   h     899   h        812   h       7       687   h       789   h     842   h         873   h      892   h     904   h      912   h        824   h        7       1552        2028       2363        2617        2818             2982        3120         2242        7        1552         2028   2363   2617   2818   2982   3120         2242     360       7       18   %      23   %    27   %    30   %    32   %    34   %    36   %
  10                4   330     820         0,19          820           25                                                                                                                                                                                           0                                                                                                                8         0,048        0,061         0,069         0,074         0,078     0,081   0,083        0,066       8        15,20       19,21        21,65      23,28     24,44     25,30     25,95        20,80       8        15,20        19,21        21,65        23,28        24,44       25,30        25,95        20,80        8       24,72      31,24       35,21   37,87   39,75   41,14   42,21        33,83       8      194,91      246,29      277,63    298,55   313,39   324,38   332,78       266,70       8       420   h     531   h     599   h     644   h     676   h     699   h     718   h        575   h       8       428   h       540   h     608   h         654   h      686   h     710   h      728   h        584   h        8        876        1252       1534        1757        1939             2091        2221         1430        8         876         1252   1534   1757   1939   2091   2221         1430     510       8       10   %      14   %    18   %    20   %    22   %    24   %    25   %
  11                5   763     970         0,17          970           20                                                                                                        150                                                                                0                                                                                                                9         0,027        0,039         0,046         0,052         0,056     0,059   0,062        0,043       9        12,23       17,19        20,61      23,10     24,99     26,47     27,67        19,38       9        12,23        17,19        20,61        23,10        24,99       26,47        27,67        19,38        9       18,62      26,19       31,39   35,18   38,05   40,32   42,15        29,52       9      146,81      206,45      247,48    277,33   300,02   317,87   332,28       232,73       9       237   h     334   h     400   h     448   h     485   h     514   h     537   h        376   h       9       242   h       339   h     406   h         455   h      492   h     522   h      545   h        382   h        9        456         721        936        1113        1263             1391        1503          855        9         456          721    936   1113   1263   1391   1503          855     680       9        5   %       8   %    11   %    13   %    14   %    16   %    17   %
                                                                                                                                                1 000
  12                7   481   1 190         0,16         1190           15                                                                                                                                                                                           0                                                                                                               10         0,014        0,022         0,029         0,034         0,038     0,041   0,044        0,026      10         8,63       13,68        17,56      20,61     23,06     25,07     26,77        16,12      10         8,63        13,68        17,56        20,61        23,06       25,07        26,77        16,12       10       11,55      18,31       23,51   27,59   30,87   33,57   35,83        21,59      10       91,08      144,36      185,35    217,50   243,36   264,65   282,51       170,20      10       122   h     194   h     249   h     292   h     326   h     355   h     379   h        228   h      10       124   h       197   h     252   h         296   h      331   h     360   h      384   h        232   h       10        219         387        536         665         778              877         966          479       10         219          387    536    665    778    877    966          479     820      10        2   %       4   %     6   %     8   %     9   %    10   %    11   %
                                                                                                                                                                                  100
  13                9   512   1 390         0,15         1390                                                                                                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                               11         0,007        0,012         0,017         0,020         0,024     0,027   0,029        0,015      11         5,40        9,76        13,52      16,69     19,38     21,70     23,70        12,09      11         5,40         9,76        13,52        16,69        19,38       21,70        23,70        12,09       11        6,42      11,61       16,08   19,86   23,06   25,82   28,20        14,39      11       50,61       91,54      126,81    156,57   181,84   203,53   222,36       113,41      11        57   h     104   h     144   h     178   h     206   h     231   h     252   h        129   h      11        58   h       105   h     146   h         180   h      209   h     234   h      256   h        131   h       11         96         193        287         373         451              522         587          250       11          96          193    287    373    451    522    587          250     970      11        1   %       2   %     3   %     4   %     5   %     6   %     7   %
                                                                        10                                                                      500
  14               11   880   1 510         0,13         1510                                                                                                                      50                                                                                0                                                                                                               12         0,003        0,006         0,009         0,012         0,014     0,016   0,018        0,008      12         3,01        6,29         9,47      12,36     14,95     17,27     19,36         8,23      12         3,01         6,29         9,47        12,36        14,95       17,27        19,36         8,23       12        3,38       7,07       10,65   13,90   16,81   19,42   21,76         9,25      12       26,67       55,75       83,93    109,58   132,56   153,12   171,59        72,93      12        25   h      52   h      78   h     101   h     122   h     142   h     159   h         67   h      12        25   h        52   h      79   h         103   h      124   h     144   h      161   h         68   h       12         39          89        143         196         245              292         335          122       12          39           89    143    196    245    292    335          122    1190      12        0   %       1   %     2   %     2   %     3   %     3   %     4   %
  15               14   612   1 440         0,10         1440              5                                                                                                                                                                                         0                                                                                                               13         0,001        0,003         0,005         0,006         0,008     0,009   0,011        0,004      13         1,50        3,68         6,07       8,42     10,64     12,72     14,65         5,11      13         1,50         3,68         6,07         8,42        10,64       12,72        14,65         5,11       13        1,55       3,80        6,27    8,69   10,99   13,14   15,14         5,28      13       12,25       29,98       49,41     68,53    86,66   103,60   119,34        41,60      13        10   h      24   h      39   h      54   h      69   h      82   h      94   h         33   h      13        10   h        24   h      40   h          55   h       70   h      83   h       96   h         33   h       13         14          38         66          94         123              150         176           54       13          14           38     66     94    123    150    176           54    1390      13        0   %       0   %     1   %     1   %     1   %     2   %     2   %
  16               17   734       0         0,00            0              0                                                                    0                                   0                                                                                0                                                                                                               14         0,000        0,001         0,002         0,003         0,004     0,005   0,006        0,002      14         0,68        1,97         3,57       5,29      7,01      8,70     10,33         2,91      14         0,68         1,97         3,57         5,29         7,01        8,70        10,33         2,91       14        0,61       1,77        3,21    4,75    6,30    7,82    9,28         2,61      14        4,80       13,92       25,29     37,45    49,69    61,64    73,15        20,59      14         3   h      10   h      18   h      27   h      36   h      45   h      53   h         15   h      14         4   h        10   h      19   h          28   h       37   h      46   h       54   h         15   h       14          5          14         27          40          54               68          82           21       14           5           14     27     40     54     68     82           21    1510      14        0   %       0   %     0   %     0   %     1   %     1   %     1   %
  17               21   271       0         0,00            0               3,0                  4,0                  5,0                 6,0                                            1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20                          0                                                                                                               15         0,000        0,000         0,001         0,001         0,002     0,003   0,003        0,001      15         0,28        0,96         1,94       3,08      4,30      5,55      6,80         1,52      15         0,28         0,96         1,94         3,08         4,30        5,55         6,80         1,52       15        0,19       0,67        1,35    2,14    2,99    3,86    4,74         1,06      15        1,51        5,27       10,64     16,90    23,60    30,46    37,33         8,35      15         1   h       4   h       8   h      13   h      18   h      23   h      29   h          6   h      15         1   h         4   h       8   h          13   h       18   h      24   h       29   h          6   h       15          1           4          8          13          18               23          29            6       15           1            4      8     13     18     23     29            6    1440      15        0   %       0   %     0   %     0   %     0   %     0   %     0   %
  18               25   250       0         0,00            0                                                               Vave in m/s                                                                                                       Vi in m/s              0                                                                                                               16         0,000        0,000         0,000         0,001         0,001     0,001   0,002        0,000      16         0,10        0,43         0,97       1,66      2,45      3,30      4,19         0,73      16         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00       16        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00      16        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00      16         0   h       1   h       3   h       6   h       8   h      11   h      14   h          3   h      16         0   h         2   h       3   h           6   h        9   h      12   h       15   h          3   h       16          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0       16                                                                                       16
  19               29   696       0         0,00            0                                                                                                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                               17         0,000        0,000         0,000         0,000         0,000     0,001   0,001        0,000      17         0,03        0,18         0,45       0,84      1,31      1,84      2,42         0,33      17         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00       17        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00      17        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00      17         0   h       1   h       1   h       2   h       4   h       5   h       7   h          1   h      17         0   h         1   h       1   h           2   h        4   h       5   h        7   h          1   h       17          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0       17                                                                                       17
  20               34   636       0         0,00            0                                                                                                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                               18         0,000        0,000         0,000         0,000         0,000     0,000   0,000        0,000      18         0,01        0,07         0,19       0,39      0,65      0,96      1,32         0,13      18         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00       18        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00      18        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00      18         0   h       0   h       0   h       1   h       2   h       2   h       3   h          0   h      18         0   h         0   h       0   h           1   h        2   h       2   h        3   h          0   h       18          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0       18                                                                                       18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                               19         0,000        0,000         0,000         0,000         0,000     0,000   0,000        0,000      19         0,00        0,02         0,08       0,17      0,30      0,47      0,67         0,05      19         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00       19        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00      19        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00      19         0   h       0   h       0   h       0   h       1   h       1   h       1   h          0   h      19         0   h         0   h       0   h           0   h        1   h       1   h        1   h          0   h       19          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0       19                                                                                       19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                               20         0,000        0,000         0,000         0,000         0,000     0,000   0,000        0,000      20         0,00        0,01         0,03       0,07      0,13      0,22      0,33         0,02      20         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00         0,00        0,00         0,00         0,00       20        0,00       0,00        0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00    0,00         0,00      20        0,00        0,00        0,00      0,00     0,00     0,00     0,00         0,00      20         0   h       0   h       0   h       0   h       0   h       0   h       1   h          0   h      20         0   h         0   h       0   h           0   h        0   h       0   h        1   h          0   h       20          0           0          0           0           0                0           0            0       20                                                                                       20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                                                                                                                4,964       ∑       874,41     1126,28      1331,53    1506,73   1660,60   1798,36   1923,43      1253,71       ∑       866,76      1114,62      1311,48      1474,69      1613,76     1734,61      1841,21      1237,50                                                                                                                                                                                                    8.611   h   8.620   h   8.626   h   8.629   h   8.632   h   8.633   h   8.635   h      8.624   h   Total:    8.760   h     8.760   h   8.760   h       8.760   h    8.760   h   8.760   h    8.760   h      8.760   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0                                                                                                                          4,968        5,405         5,715         5,956         6,153     6,319   6,463        5,602
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 #REF!                 #REF!                         #REF!          #REF!          #REF!         #REF!
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Hub Height
        18
    100 %


     81   %
     67   %
     52   %
     38   %
     26   %
     16   %
     10   %
      5   %
      3   %
      1   %
      1   %
      0   %
      0   %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Pi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  in W




                                                                                                                                                                                                      200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  600
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  800




                                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.600

                                                                                                                                                                                           686.401865091518




                                                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                                                           543.706569733814
                                                                                                                                                                                           411.157974909641

                                                                                                                                                                                           1215.66358027859




                                                                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                                                                                                                           988.26813116235
                                                                                                                                                                                           765.329557800929

                                                                                                                                                                                           1489.06249113183




                                                                                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                                                                                           1264.05627034821
                                                                                                                                                                                           1018.4882737334

                                                                                                                                                                                               1495.07583946122




                                                                                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                                                                                                               1348.42142469416
                                                                                                                                                                                               1148.46449209976

                                                                                                                                                                                                    1297.74122976729




                                                                                                                                                                                    5
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1265.24986791658
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1157.3291792785

                                                                                                                                                                                                            997.212051669578




                                                                                                                                                                                    6
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1069.34620622938
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1067.269212761

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    686.998488530831




                                                                                                                                                                                    7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    824.415316763717
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    912.143397585963

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               427.535818794465




                                                                                                                                                                                    8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               584.169759337264




comparison the values for hub heights of 10 m and 40 m are also shown.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               727.953986237409

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          241.52000486072


                                                                                                                                                                                    9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          382.307491924628
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          545.144743357697

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        124.263042725239
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        231.85243294769
                                                                                                                                                                                    10



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        384.35382901902

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 58.3672667822502
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 130.606816512436
                                                                                                                                                                                    11




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 255.736257225553

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               25.0724000727095
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               68.4598666457721
                                                                                                                                                                                    12




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               160.862861000818

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9.86277919720722
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            33.4348933448522
This bar chart shows the power curve of the selected wind turbine, i. e. the power output in watt for each binned wind speed.
                                                                                                                                                                                    13




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            95.7854033875871
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Power Curve & Power Duration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Synthetic Power Curve 3-m-Rotor




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.55654732986478
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      15.2302332851215
                                                                                                                                                                                    14




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      54.0470468247641

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.17662946113827
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.47607473532339
                                                                                                                                                                                    15




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  28.9220891149485

                                                                                                                                                                                           0.357371280161608
                                                                                                                                                                                           2.57218849600942
                                                                                                                                                                                    16




                                                                                                                                                                                           14.6878884786746

                                                                                                                                                                                           0.099701822289809
                                                                                                                                                                                           0.954803691003446
                                                                                                                                                                                    17




                                                                                                                                                                                           7.08265035842781
Additionallythe annual electricity production hours of each wind speed bin is given for different hub heights.The values for the entered hub height are shown in yellow. For




                                                                                                                                                                                           0.0255613915585802
                                                                                                                                                                                           0.331390591966743
                                                                                                                                                                                    18




                                                                                                                                                                                           3.24439258083302

                                                                                                                                                                                           0.00602457902864417
                                                                                                                                                                                           0.107583065630513
                                                                                                                                                                                    19




                                                                                                                                                                                           1.41232622472141
                                                                                                                                                                               Vi in m/s




                                                                                                                                                                                           0.0013057725085092
                                                                                                                                                                                           0.0326785740902644
                                                                                                                                                                                    20




                                                                                                                                                                                           0.584438020360654
                                                                                      Operational Modes and Annual Duration*
                                            *Simplified Illustration. Actual operational modes depend on power characteristics of the wind turbine, e.g. start-up and
                                                                                              shut-down wind speeds.



                                                          8 000 h


         Hours per Year



                                                          6 000 h




                                                          4 000 h




                                                          2 000 h




                                                               0h
                                 Height above ground: 10 m                                            Hub height: 18 m                     Height above ground: 40 m
                                                                        Average wind speed: 4,4 m/s            Average wind speed: 5 m/s                  Average wind speed: 5,7 m/s
Reduced power output or no power output due to overspeed                            2h                                   10 h                                        56 h
protection, e.g. passive pitch or furling at wind speeds above 14 m/s
High to maximum power output at wind speeds between 10 m/s and                    221 h                                  480 h                                       951 h
14 m/s
Moderate power output at wind speeds between 4 m/s to 10 m/s                     5 146 h                               5 474 h                                     5 558 h
Standstill, idling, very low power output at wind speeds less than 4             3 391 h                               2 796 h                                     2 195 h
m/s (calm)
                                                                                                                  Wind Speed Distribution

              0,18
Frequency
   of                                                                                                                                                   10 m            Hub Height 18 m            40 m
Occurence 0,16



              0,14



              0,12



              0,10



              0,08



              0,06



              0,04



              0,02



              0,00

                         1         2         3        4         5         6         7        8         9        10        11        12       13        14        15        16       17        18        19in m/s
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   20




This bar chart shows the wind speed distribution,i. e. the frequency of occurence for each binned wind speed. The bars for the entered hub height are shown in yellow. For comparison the values for alternative
hub heights of 10 m and 40 m are also shown.

				
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posted:6/28/2014
language:German
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