Docstoc

Taking Hybrid Pigeonpea to the Doorsteps of Farmers

Document Sample
Taking Hybrid Pigeonpea to the Doorsteps of Farmers Powered By Docstoc
					Taking Hybrid Pigeonpea
     to the Doorsteps
        of Farmers
          Supported by
 National Food Security Mission
            of India
Partnerships
 ICRISAT, Patancheru
    MAU, Parbhani
     PKV , Akola
    ARS, Gulbarga
   GAU, SK Nagar*


     2007 - 2012
                 * Very poor cooperation
 MAJOR  Achievements
• Two high-yielding hybrids bred
• ICPH 2671 released in MP
• ICPH 2740 pre-release in AP & Mah
• On-station and on-farm testing 
• Seed prodn technology improved 
• Seed producers trained
• Links with partners developed
    Milestones in Research 
•   New CMS lines developed 
•   New fertility (>50) restorers identified 
•   Disease resistant hybrids bred 
•   White seeded hybrids bred 
•   Quality acceptance studies done
•   Genetic studies (Fr, seed color) done
•   Agronomy studies undertaken
•   Physiology studies under way
Promotion of Hybrid ICPH                    2671
•     160 -180 day maturity
•      High yield ; disease resistant  
•      Adapted to shallow vertisols
•      Suitable for pure and intercrop
•      Dark seed color ; high quality dal

Recommended for      parts of Maharashtra, 
 Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh
Performance of ICPH 2671 in MLTs’
        (43 locations ; 4 years)
Over all performance of ICPH 2671 in 
ON-FARM TRIALS (2007-2010)
State       Distt Farmers Mean yield (kg ha-1) %Gain
                          Hybrid           Check
Maha         7     782      969       717     35.1
A. P.        8     399      1411      907     55.6
Karnataka    4     184      1201      951     26.3
Jharkhand    9     288      1460      864     68.9
M. P.       10     360      1940     1326     46.3

Total             2013 1396          953     46.5
     ICPH 2671 in OFT’s (Mah)
               No.of  Area        Yield (kg ha-1)
System         demos. (ha)   Hybrid       Maruti
                                                    % Gain
Sole crop      637     211 1120*          913        23
PP + Maize      87      17   829*         598        39
PP + Soy        29      12   1250*        648        93
PP + Cottn      21      8    730*         648        13
PP + Gr’gm       8      3    916*         779        18
Total / Mean   782     251    969*        717
                                                    35 %
OFTs’ of ICPH 2671 in Jharkhand 
Locations       No of     Area(ha)      Yield ( kg ha-1)
                farmers              Hybrid (E)     Check
Z R S Darisai      22       2.50      1865        NA
K V K Gumla        22       5.00      1130        884
KVK Giridih         5         -       1160        NA
KVK Garhwa         33       10.0      1680        940
KVK Garhwa         38       10.0      1641        910
Daltanganj         14         -       1203        725
Dumra              54        7.9      1694        NA
Dhanbad            32         -       1843        NA
Hazaribag          68         -        932        NA
Gain (69%)         288      35.4      1460        864
Ranchi, Jharkhand



                                               ICPH 2671

 • Seven trials were conducted, Data awaited




                                                 Local
Yield of ICPH 2671 in OFTs in MP
  Location     ICPH 2671***   Asha
                               (C)
  Jabalpur        2310*       1690
  Narsinhpur      1950*       1500
  Rewa            2870*       1660
  Seoni           1525        1487
  Raisen          2600*       1400
  Harda           1165        1050
  Panna           1160*       500
      Mean        1940***     1326
  % Gain          46%          -
Dal recovery in ICPH 2671 
                                  Locs      Qty
                                            (kg)
                                  Akola     532

                                  Solapur   50

                                  ICRISAT 600

                                  Total     1182




Protein : 22%         Dal recovery: 70%  

Taste, cooking time & flavour: good as variety
    In 2010 
Hybrid ICPH 2671 
  released in 
Madhya Pradesh
        as
RV ICPH 2671
                       Hybrids in Myanmar
                 hy brid
        26 71 
    H 
ICP
“2009 Best Farmer Award” for harvesting bumper crop of 
ICPH 2671 at Chautukoor, Medak district. Andhra Pradesh
 Areas Identified for ICPH 2671
Maharashtra- Akola,Solapur,Osmanabad,Washim,
Parbhani, Latur and Beed


Madhya Pradesh – Jabalpur, Betul, Indore,
Seoni, Narsimpur, Mandla, Rewa, Chattarpur
Tikamgarh, Hoshangabad
Karnataka – Bijapur, and Bidar

Jharkhand – Ranchi, Garhwa, Palamu,
Chatra, Giridh, Dumka, Dhanbad and Gumla
Promotion of Hybrid ICPH            2740
•  180 -190 day maturity
•   Disease resistant
•   High yield
•    Adapted to deep vertisols
•    Suitable for pure and intercrop
•    Brown seed color
•    High quality dal
Recommended for parts of Maharashtra, A.P., 
  Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh
Performance of ICPH 2740 in MLTs’
       (4 Years ; 33 Locations)
        Asha group hybrid
Mean yield  of ICPH 2740 in OFTs’ 
 State      Hybrid   Asha(C)   %gain
 MP          1646     1194     37.9
 Maha       1643      1224      34.2
 AP         1063       650      63.5
   Mean     1451       1023    41.8
ICPH 2740 in Risod
ICPH 2740 in Basavapur, Medak district
   Areas Identified for ICPH 2740
Maharashtra-Amaravati, Jalgaon, Yavatmal,
Wardha
Andhra Pradesh- Medak, Rangareddy, Nalgonda,
Kurnool, Karimnagar, Nizamabad,Ananthpur and
Cuddapah
Madhya Pradesh – Jabalpur, Betul, Indore, Seoni,
Narsimpur, Mandla, Rewa, Chattarpur Tikamgarh,
Hoshangabad
Karnataka – Gulbarga, Bijapur, Bidar and
Raichur
 Yield of white seeded hybrids in
         Gujarat K-2010
Hybrid        DF    Yield       % Gain    Disease (%) 
                    (kg ha-1)            wilt             SM
ICPH 4119 122          2711      113      10           0
ICPH 4166 106          2686      111        0          0

Maruti ( C)   103      1273       -        5          93
  SEm+        0.7      78.3       -        -           -
  CV(%)       0.9       6.5       -        -           -
    Seed Production
                              Pre-requisites
•   Isolation 500 m or more
•   Presence of pollinator bees
•   Availability of pollen for extended periods
•   Inputs- irrigation, fertilizer, insect control
  A x R Seed Production
• Row ratio : 4:1  (3:1 or 2:1)
            (depending on bee population) 

• Spacing : Row to Row    .. upto 1 metre
                           Plant to Plant .. upto 8-12 inch


• Staggering : Sowings deferred by-   
-                                                            15d 
          1M : 4F

R
R   A    A    A     A    R
                         R




A Hybrid Seed Production Plot
      STAGERRING
BLOCK   - 1      ……    15 June
Areas identified for seed production
        in Andhra Pradesh
              yield kg ha-1

 Nizambad (1750)
 R.Reddy     (1258)
 Warangal (1063)
 ICRISAT (1100)
Areas Identified for Seed Production
in Madhya Pradesh
 Location   Area    Production    Yield
             (ha)      (kg)      (kg ha-1)
Jabalpur      1.5      2000       1333
Indore      0.15       340        2267
Rewa          1.0      1740       1740
Katni         3.0      4350       1450
Seoni         1.0      2500       2500
Tikamgarh     5.0     15200       3040
  Mean      11.65     26130               *****
                                 2242
Hybrid Seed Production
      Technology
•   It is as easy as other crops
•   Honey bees played important role
•   Proper agronomy
•   Environment also plays an imp. role
     • Suitable climate
     • Production plots surrounded by bushes that
       harbor pollinators
     • water body near plots helps a lot
 Problems identified
Ø Inadequate isolation
Ø Poor crop management
Ø Non-availability of pollinating insects
Ø Inadequate roguing

Ø Water-logging
Suggested Improvements in 
Seed Production Technology

• Fine tune agro practices
• Identify suitable areas [thru 
 pilot seed production programs]
• Train seed producers
• Bee hives if required
Comparative income from seed prdn.
        Item           Variety       Hybrid  Hy Seed 
                                  commercial prodn.

Production Cost                                 
                    Rs. 18,490   Rs. 18,450    Rs. 20,160

Grain yields        1000 kg      1500 kg       1000 kg
(kg/ha) (approx.)
Seed sale price     @ Rs.35/kg   @ Rs.35/kg    @ Rs.100

     Total          Rs. 35,000   Rs. 52,500    Rs. 100,000

Income [Rs.]        16,510       34,050         79,390
 SEED Quality control
• P’pea is a crop of 180-250 d
• Tradl GoT takes more time
• Use of morphological markers     
  (20 -25 days)
• Use of molecular markers
         (6 days)
    Steps Taken to Produce Pure 
            Hybrid Seed
v       Prodn of new nucleus seed (P1 x P1)
 
v Strict isolation for breeder seed
v Multiple rogueing operations
v Using the purest seed lots
v Frequent monitoring
 Steps taken to produce pure 
         hybrid seed

•  Select good seed producers
•  Training and monitoring
•  Using molecular markers 
•  Incorporate leaf markers 
•  Avoiding physical mixtures
      Use of Leaf Marker
    Male                     Female




                                               Hybrid
                                                Hybrid 
     Normal                                                 Normal
                         Obtuse
Use of SSR Markers
Looking  ahead …
  Grow hybrids on 
     1,00,000 ha 
        (2014)               
       *******
Looking  ahead …
Million $ Question --  can 
we do it ??
§ Identify seed producers 
§ Organize pilot seed programs in  
  different areas
§ Training of seed producers
§ Motivate  seed companies 
§ Follow quality measures
    Plan for 2012 (parent seed multi.)
Uni.   A x R        A x B    B (ha)   R (ha)   Total 
       (ha)         (ha)                       (ha)
ANGRAU    10           10        1        1       22
PDKV           10       10       1        1        22
MAU            10       10       1        1        22
RVRS           10       10       1        1        22
JNKVV          10       10       1        1        22
BAU            10       10       1        1        22
Gulbarga       10       10       1        1        22
 
Total                                           
    Plan for 2013 (Hybrid seed prod.)
    2013 season plan
Uni.       A x R (ha) A x B (ha) B (ha)   R (ha)   Total
ANGRAU         300        10         1        1        312
PDKV           300        10         1        1        312
MAU            300        10         1        1        312
RVRS           300        10         1        1        312
JNKVV          300        10         1        1        312
BAU            300        10         1        1        312
Gulbarga       300        10         1        1        312
                                                    
Total                                               
    Plan for 2014 (commercial crop)
State         Area (ha) Co-ordinator       Collaborators   Seed producers
AP             20,000    Dr CV Sameer      DoA, AP         NSC, SFCI, 
                         Kumar                             APSSDC
Maharashtra    20,000    Dr I A Madrap     DoA, MS         NSC, SFCI,MSSC

Karnataka      20,000    Dr P Dharmaraj    DoA, Kar        NSC, SFCI, KSC

MP 1           20,000    Dr AN Tikle       DoA, MP         NSC, SFCI, MPSC

M P 2          20,000    Dr SK Rao         DoA, MP         NSC, SFCI,MPSC
Jharkhand      20,000    Dr Z A Haider     DoA, Jhar       NSC, SFCI
                                                                    
Total         1,20,000                                      



                                         Note: Seed rate 5 kg/ha
.and the final question ?
CAN WE BREAK THE 
 YIELD BARRIER IN 
    PIGEONPEA         
        *******
TARGET   4-5 t / ha
 Farmer    Area    Hy yield     Con yield    % Advantage
            (m2)    (kg ha-1)   (kg ha-1 )


 Kale      450     3956         2044         94

 Sataya    1012    3951         2469         60

 Chopde  450       4667         3556         31
 Shotri     450    3889         2278         71

Crop mgmt, new hybrid, high input are the key
 How to achieve the National 
   Goal of self-sufficiency
vDevelop new high yielding hybrids
vDevelop hybrids for specific areas
vHigh level of disease resistance
vSeed quality control
vAdopt agronomy package
vProvide inputs
vEncourage farmers – good price
vHigh quality research back-up
Monitoring of 
pigeonpea hybrids 
in Farmers’ fields 
by NFSM expert 
Dr RK Gupta 2011
Yes, pigeonpea hybrids are here to stay
Thanks for your attention

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:6/26/2014
language:English
pages:55