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How Water Softeners Work

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					How Water Softeners Work
The water you get in your home is “hard
 water”. Hard water is water that contains
 a lot of minerals – calcium, magnesium,
 and others. This type of water affects
 your home because the minerals inside
 the water dissolve and build up on the
 inside of pipes, water heaters, tea
 kettles, coffee makers and industrial
 machinery, reducing the efficiency and
 life of these objects.
It also reduces the ability of soap to
 lather, and make soaps and detergents
 lose effectiveness. You can combat hard
 water in various ways, including filtering
 it by distillation, by using reverse
 osmosis, adding a packaged chemical
 softener such as powdered borax or
 washing soda, or running it through a
 water softener.
It also reduces the ability of soap to
 lather, and make soaps and detergents
 lose effectiveness. You can combat hard
 water in various ways, including filtering
 it by distillation, by using reverse
 osmosis, adding a packaged chemical
 softener such as powdered borax or
 washing soda, or running it through a
 water softener.
Filtration in sink taps and refrigerator
 water dispensers improves water's taste,
 but its price makes it unworthy as a
 household solution. Packaged chemicals
 soften water in small batches, such as
 washing machine loads, but render the
 water undrinkable, take a toll on clothes,
 and, in some cases, contain phosphates
 that harm the environment.
To remove these minerals from hard
 water, a water softener is used most of
 the time. Water softeners are filters that
 remove these minerals from the water.
 Water softeners have 3 main
 components, a mineral tank, brine tank,
 and a control valve.
The mineral tank is where the water filter
 separates the water from the calcium
 and magnesium. The brine tank is where
 a highly concentrated solution of salt or
 potassium is stored.
 The control valve is the device that
  controls the flow of water into and out of
  the mineral and brine tanks during a
  process called “regeneration”. There are
  plastic beads that collect all of the
  minerals after being separated from the
  water. Over several cycles, calcium and
  magnesium replace all of the sodium in the
  beads, after which the unit can no longer
  soften water. To fix this problem, the
  softener enters a regeneration cycle during
  which it soaks the beads in a strong
  solution of water and salt.
The amount of sodium in the brine
 solution causes the calcium and
 magnesium ions in the beads to give
 way, and the beads are recharged with
 sodium.
After regeneration, the water softener
 flushes the remaining brine, plus all of
 the calcium and magnesium, through a
 drainpipe. The tank is then filled with
 water and rinsed, and the process then
 repeats itself.
Most home water softeners use the
 plastic bead and salt approach. The main
 difference between them is how they
 decide when to regenerate. Some
 softeners use electric timers that flush
 and recharge based on a regular
 schedule. Others use a computer that
 judges bead depletion based on water
 use. And some use a mechanical water
 meter to measure water use and begin
 the recharging process only when sodium
 exhaustion requires it.
With modern water softeners, it is very
 possible to take them along during
 moving. Installation techniques involve
 quick fitting connections, similar to those
 used for laundry machines.
All that has to be done is closing off the
 inlet and outlet valves of the softener
 and open up the bypass valve, allowing
 hard water to flow to the storage tank
 and household taps. After that the
 softener can be disconnected, moved to
 its new location and placed there.
Water softeners remain the most popular
 because they are the least costly and
 most effective way to get rid of the
 minerals in the water.



 Read more on water conditioners:
http://www.aquamanwater.com/

				
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Description: This type of water affects your home because the minerals inside the water dissolve and build up on the inside of pipes, water heaters, tea kettles, coffee makers and industrial machinery, reducing the efficiency and life of these objects.