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									                                                                               Education and Health

 1   ON.12.02      Prohibit the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth

 2

 3WHEREAS, The Province of Ontario does not currently have legislation prohibiting the use of
4           indoor tanning equipment by youth under the age of 18; and

 5   WHEREAS,      Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) emitted from indoor tanning equipment
 6                 greatly increases the risk of melanoma, the deadliest and mostly preventable form
 7                 of skin cancer; and

 8   WHEREAS,      Melanoma is one of the most common cancers for youth between the ages of 15
 9                 and 34 and rates of incidence among these youth are rising significantly;
10                 therefore, be it

11   Resolved,     That the Ontario provincial council of The Catholic Women's League of Canada
12                 in 65th annual convention assembled, urge the Ontario provincial government to
13                 enact legislation to prohibit tanning salon owners and operators from providing
14                 tanning services to youth under 18 years of age and provide and enforce
15                 mandatory guidelines for tanning salon owners, operators and users; and be it
16                 further

17   Resolved,     That the Ontario Provincial Council of The Catholic Women’s League of Canada
18                 in 65th annual convention assembled, encourage its members to become
19                 informed about the dangers of exposure to ultraviolet radiation emitted from
20                 indoor tanning equipment; and be it further

21   Resolved,     That this resolution be forwarded through the national executive to the other ten
22                 provincial councils, encouraging them to become aware of this issue as it pertains
23                 to their province/territory, and to act on it, as deemed necessary/prudent.

24

25

26

27   Submitted by Ontario Provincial Council

28
                                                                                 Education and Health

29   ON.12.02       Prohibit the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth

30   Brief

31 Indoor tanning equipment poses a serious and potentially life-threatening carcinogenic risk. It is
32 morally incumbent on society to take immediate action to stop unnecessary exposure of youth
33 under the age of 18 to the known dangers of indoor tanning so as to prevent future deaths from
34 melanoma skin cancer.

35   Ultraviolet radiation exposure through indoor tanning equipment has been linked to all forms of
36   skin cancer (Alberta Health Services, 2010). Research has concluded that using tanning beds
37   before the age of 35 increases a person’s risk of developing melanoma skin cancer by 75%
38   (Canadian Cancer Society, 2011). Tanning equipment can emit ultraviolet radiation up to 10 to
39   15 times higher than the sun at noon (Alberta Health Services, 2010). In July 2009, the
40   International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an agency of the World Health
41   Organization, reclassified indoor tanning devices to the highest cancer risk category, Group 1 –
42   “carcinogenic to humans”, making a definitive link between tanning devices and cancer risk
43   (Ghisshasi et al, 2009).

44   Melanoma skin cancer has become the second most common form of cancer in young Ontarians
45   between the ages of 15 and 34 and is mostly preventable (Canadian Dermatology Association,
46   2011). Incidence rates of melanoma are increasing (World Health Organization, 2005; Canadian
47   Cancer Statistics, 2007). In Ontario, 26% of young women aged 16-24 are using indoor tanning
48   equipment (Canadian Cancer Society, 2010). Recent studies indicate that frequent tanners,
49   particularly adolescents and young adults show signs of addiction to tanning (Shulman & Fisher,
50   2009; Mitchell, 2010).

51   In 2005, the World Health Organization called on countries to place restrictions on the use of
52   indoor tanning equipment by children under the age of 18 (World Health Organization, 2005).
53   That same year Health Canada issued only voluntary Guidelines for Tanning Salon Owners,
54   Operators and Users, recommending that youth under 16 not use tanning equipment (Ministry of
55   Health, 2005). However, a study conducted by the Canadian Cancer Society in Toronto
56   overwhelmingly established that, on average, more than 85% of indoor tanning salons did not
57   comply with these guidelines (Canadian Cancer Society, 2007).

58   The health risks associated with indoor tanning have mobilized nations worldwide to enact
59   legislation prohibiting youth under 18 years of age from accessing indoor tanning equipment
60   (Canadian Cancer Society, 2011). In Canada, Nova Scotia and most recently British Columbia
61   are the only provinces that have implemented indoor tanning legislation (Kiritsis, 2010; Jabs,
62   2012).

63 With such compelling scientific and statistical evidence about the dangers of indoor tanning, it is
64 imperative that action be taken immediately.
                                                                           Education and Health

ON.12.02       Prohibit the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth

Works Cited:

Alberta Health Services (2010). “Artificial tanning and cancer“. Healthy Public Policy
        Information Sheet. Available online: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/poph/hi-poph-
        hpp-info-artificial-tanning-cancer.pdf

Canadian Cancer Society (Ontario Division) (2007). “Results from 2007 study of Toronto’s
        artificial tanning facilities”. Media Backgrounder. Available online:
        http://www.cancer.ca/ontario/about%20us/media%20centre/od-
        media%20releases/~/media/CCS/Ontario/Files%20List/English%20files%20heading/pd
        f%20not%20in%20publications%20section/Media%20release%20-
        %20Backgrounder%20-%20Artificial%20Tanning%20Facility%20Study.ashx

Canadian Cancer Society/National Cancer Institute of Canada: Canadian Cancer Statistics 2007,
        Toronto, Canada, 2007. Available online: http://www.cancercare.ns.ca/site-
        cc/media/cancercare/Skin_Cancer_Statistics.pdf

Canadian Cancer Society (November 2010). “Insight on cancer: Sun exposure and protective
        behaviours in Ontario,” insight on cancer volume eight. Available online:
        www.cancercare.on.ca\common\pages\UserFile.aspx?fileld=87528

Canadian Cancer Society (Fall 2011). “Preventing cancer through healthy public policy.
        Reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation.” Provincial Key facts action sheet.

Canadian Dermatology Association (2011). “Indoor Tanning is Out.” Website. Available online:
        http://www.dermatology.ca/indoortanning/index.html

Ghissassi et al. On behalf of the World Health Organization International Agency for Research
        on Cancer Monograph Working Group. “A review of human carcinogens—Part D:
        radiation,” The Lancet Oncology 2009; Volume 10, Issue 8:751-2. Available online:
        http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(09)70213-X/fulltext

Jabs, Ryan (March 20, 2012). “Province to ban young people from tanning beds”, Government of
        British Columbia Newsroom. Website Available online:
        http://www.newsroom.gov.bc.ca/2012/03/province-to-ban-young-people-from-tanning-
        beds.html

Kiritsis, Tony (November 22, 2010). “Province Restricts Tanning Bed Use”, Government of
          Nova Scotia Health Promotion and Protection. Media Release. Available online:
          http://www.gov.ns.ca/news/details.asp?id=20101122001
                                                                              Education and Health

Ministry of Health. (2005). Guidelines for Tanning Salon Owners, Operators and Users. Ottawa,
        Canada: Government of Canada.
        Available online: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/radiation/tan-bronzage/index-
        eng.php

Mitchell, A. A. (2010). Indoor tanning. Pediatrics for parents, 26(5-6), 16

Schulman, J.M., & Fisher, D.E. (2009). Indoor ultraviolet tanning and skin cancer; health risks
       and opportunities. Current Opinion in Oncology, 21(2), 144-149.
       doi:10.1097/CCO.0b013e3283252fc5

World Health Organization (March 17, 2005). “The World Health Organization recommends that
       no person under 18 should use a sunbed”, WHO Media Centre. Available online:
       http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2005/np07/en/#
                                                                         Education and Health

ON.12.02      Prohibit the use of indoor tanning equipment by youth



Action Plan

      encourage members to educate themselves about the dangers of ultraviolet radiation

      encourage members to write letters to the Provincial Minister of Health and Long -Term
       Care to enact legislation to prohibit access to indoor tanning equipment for youth under
       the age of 18

      encourage members to write letters to the Provincial Minister of Health and Long -Term
       Care to establish public education programs focusing on the dangers of indoor tanning
       particularly for youth under age 18

								
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