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					               CHARTER

                OF THE

ELECTRIC PROPULSION TECHNICAL COMMITTEE




                  Page 1
EPTC Charter                                                                       January 4, 1999


                 ELECTRIC PROPULSION TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
                                 CHARTER


I. SCOPE
   The Electric Propulsion Technical Committee (EPTC) is an advocate group for research,
development, and applications involving electric thrusters and propulsion systems for satellites
and spacecraft. In this context, electric propulsion means those forms of rocket propulsion that
use electricity to add energy to a fluid propellant. This includes electric heating of a gaseous
propellant as well as direct acceleration of an electrically conductive propellant by electric or
magnetic fields.
   The committee’s purview encompasses design, development, and certification of components
and systems; systems integration on spacecraft: research in relevant technologies; educational
support; and political advocacy. With representation from many countries, the EPTC is an
international open forum on the current status and emerging technology needs in this field.


II. PURPOSE
   The purpose of the EPTC is to promote the development and use of spacecraft electric
propulsion. This includes fostering understanding of electric propulsion among policy makers
and as well as among space systems designers and technologists, and it involves encouraging the
improvement of electric propulsion technology by supporting technical interchange among
universities, government agencies, and industry. The committee works to improve education
pertaining to electric propulsion and related technical fields, and it is an advocate for technical
excellence in mission analyses, system optimization, trade studies, and economic assessments.


III. ACTIVITIES
   The principal activities and responsibilities of the EPTC are:
      Support the AIAA Propulsion and Energy Group with policy direction and key personnel
       for the annual Joint Propulsion Conference (JPC).
      Provide educational programs by sponsoring or co-sponsoring conference sessions, short
       courses, student competitions, workshops, and other conferences.
      Advocate policy to AIAA on electric propulsion topics of national interest, and partici-
       pate in AIAA advocacy events such as Congressional Visits Day.
      Facilitate the review and publishing of electric propulsion articles.
      Encourage technical interchange among companies, government agencies, and
       universities to advance electric propulsion technology, standards, and systems
       integration.
      Establish liaisons with other TC’s and technical societies with related interests.
      Honor technical contributors through awards, nominations for AIAA Fellow, and recom-
       mendations for member upgrades.
      Ensure an active membership that is representative of the electric propulsion community.


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EPTC Charter                                                                     January 4, 1999


IV. OFFICERS
   The EPTC will have three officers: Chair, Vice-Chair (Chair-elect), and Secretary. The term
of the Chair shall be two years and shall be coincident with the annual Technical Committee
membership cycle established by the AIAA (now May 1 to April 30). The Vice-Chair, who shall
also be the Chair-elect, shall normally be elected at the JPC immediately following the beginning
of a new Chair’s term, but in any event not less than nine months prior to the termination of the
current Chair’s term. The Secretary shall be appointed by the Chair, subject to confirmation by
the EPTC membership. The term of the Secretary shall be two years, with subsequent one-year
reappointments allowable contingent on membership approval.


V. MEMBERSHIP
   The committee membership will broadly represent organizations in industry, government,
academia, and foreign countries, with approximately equal numbers of members from each of
these four categories. Members will be from a variety of disciplines and backgrounds pertaining
to spacecraft electric propulsion. Generally, organizations with current activities involving
spacecraft electric propulsion are encouraged to support one or two members on the EPTC.
   In accordance with general guidelines laid out by the AIAA and with any specific ones
adopted by the EPTC (including those given here in Section V), a Membership Subcommittee
comprising the Chair, Vice-Chair, an international member, and (optionally) an at-large member
shall select new members for the EPTC from among nominations submitted to the AIAA for
EPTC membership.          Initial appointments are for three-year terms.      Ongoing annual
reappointments are permitted provided that some positions are opened each year for new
members.


VI. MEETINGS
   Each year during the JPC the EPTC will hold an annual all-members meeting. Every other
year, a second meeting will be held at the biannual International Electric Propulsion Conference,
provided that a quorum of EPTC officers and members is attending the conference. At the
discretion of the Chair, an additional meeting may be convened at an industrial, academic, or
government facility to provide the membership with first-hand exposure to technical develop-
ments, products, and/or mission systems. Subcommittees shall meet in person or by tele-
conference as required to fulfill their responsibilities. An ad hoc meeting of the Steering
Subcommittee may be held in January during the AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting in conjunc-
tion with the EPTC Chair’s attendance at the Propulsion and Energy Group meeting and the
EPTC JPC Conference Organizer’s attendance at the JPC organizational meeting, each held
yearly at that conference.


VII. CORRESPONDENCE
   Official correspondence of the EPTC will be forwarded through the Chair or Secretary, as
appropriate. Copies of official correspondence will be provided to all members of the EPTC.




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EPTC Charter                                                                      January 4, 1999


VIII. SUBCOMMITTEES
   The activities of the EPTC will be conducted by the seven standing subcommittees listed
below and by ad hoc subcommittees established by the EPTC Chair when required for special
functions. Members of the EPTC shall each participate on one or more subcommittees, by
appointment of the Chair.
   The standing subcommittees are:
      Steering
      Membership
      Conference
      Communications
      Education
      External Affairs
      Technical Affairs

   The compositions of the standing subcommittees are shown in the figure below, and their
responsibilities are described in Section IX.

                                     EPTC Subcommittees




IX. SUBCOMMITTEE RESPONSIBILITIES
   The responsibilities of the standing subcommittees and their annual schedules of activities are
described in the following sections.


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EPTC Charter                                                                    January 4, 1999


1. STEERING

    Responsibilities:
       Update the EPTC Three-Year Plan annually.
       Review annually the electric propulsion industry trends, uses, needs, and issues and
        develop an action agenda for committee consideration.
       Prepare annual report and submit it to the Propulsion & Energy Group Director.

    Yearly Activity:

           Activity                          Output                         Schedule
       Three-Year Plan          Distribute draft update for      May
                                 comment
                                 Present to EPTC for approval     At JPC Meeting
       Trends and Issues        Review of industry trends and    At JPC Meeting
                                 issues
       Action Agenda            Distribute action agenda         August
       EPTC Annual Report       Submit to P&E Director           January




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EPTC Charter                                                                    January 4, 1999


2. MEMBERSHIP

    Responsibilities:
       Select new members. Maintain balanced numbers of industry, government, university,
        and international members.
       Update and maintain EPTC membership roster, with affiliation, address, phone number,
        fax number, email address, subcommittee(s), and year of selection to the EPTC.
       Maintain subcommittee assignment listings.
       Transmit communications concerning membership application forms, ground rules,
        supervisory approval forms and termination dates. Provide letter of welcome for new
        EPTC members and letter of appreciation for outgoing members.
       Nominate EPTC members for the positions of Vice-Chair (Chair-elect) and Secretary.
       Respond to requests for AIAA nominations for various functions as requested.

    Yearly Activity:

           Activity                          Output                          Schedule
       AIAA EPTC roster          Select new members. Submit      February
                                  roster update to AIAA
                                  technical activities manager
      Membership directory       Distribute update               May and September
      Membership listing         Post on EPTC Website            May and September
      Membership overview        Submit to P&E Group             JPC and Reno meetings
    (Members and affiliations)    Director
      Membership                 Recommend representation        As required
    development                   for industry, university,
                                  government, and
                                  international
      Letter of Welcome to       Send letter for EPTC Chair’s    May
    new committee members         signature
      Certificate of             Send certificate. Request       June
    Appreciation to outgoing      Technical Committee
    members                       Handbook be transferred to
                                  incoming members.
       Nominate committee        Ballot with biographical        Prior to annual meeting at
    officers                      sketch of nominees              JPC
       Suggest individuals for   Background information on       As requested by AIAA
    functions as requested        individual to requester
       Nominate individuals      Send letter and background      January
    for AIAA Fellow Grade         information
       EPTC Annual Report        Submit input to Chair           December
       Activity report           Summary of membership           At each EPTC meeting


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EPTC Charter                                                                       January 4, 1999


3. CONFERENCE

    Responsibilities:
       Organize Electric Propulsion sessions for the JPC. (See guidelines in Appendix I.)
       Organize committee for selecting the best Electric Propulsion paper presented at the JPC,
        and notify AIAA Honors and Awards focal of selection. (See Selection Criteria
        document in Appendix II.)
       Represent EPTC on AIAA P&E Group quality improvement teams for the JPC.
       Organize Electric Propulsion sessions at other conferences.
       Coordinate AIAA co-sponsorship of International Electric Propulsion Conferences.

    Yearly Activity:

              Activity                       Output                             Schedule
       Call for Papers           Provide Call for Papers to          Several months prior to
                                  AIAA                                previous JPC
      Plan JPC sessions          Attend JPC planning meeting         At previous JPC
    (See Appendix I and           Assign abstracts to sessions        November - December
    Also JPC planning guide)      Discuss planning with Chair         December
                                  Attend JPC planning meeting         Aerospace Sciences Meeting
                                  Submit sessions plan                Per AIAA schedule (Jan-Feb)
                                  Send letters to session chairs      March - April
                                  Conference summary report           EPTC annual meeting at JPC
       Best Paper Award          Send selection criteria to          One month before the JPC
                                  sessions chairs and solicit
                                  nominations
                                  Receive nominated paper             Immediately after the JPC
                                  copies from session chairs
                                  Send copies of 10 finalist          October
                                  papers to selection committee
                                  Select winner from selection        December
                                  committee ballots and notify
                                  EPTC Chair and AIAA
                                  Annual summary report               EPTC annual meeting at JPC
       EPTC Annual Report        Submit input to Chair               December




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EPTC Charter                                                                      January 4, 1999


4. COMMUNICATIONS

    Responsibilities:
       Prepare minutes of each EPTC meeting and submit to Chair. (Chair edits, approves, and
        distributes the minutes by email.)
       Publish EPTC newsletter.
       Write Electric Propulsion Highlights article for December issue of Aerospace America.
       Prepare and annually update an EPTC informational brochure.
       Update and maintain EPTC Website.
       Post the minutes, newsletter, and Highlights article, membership list, and brochure on the
        Website.

    Yearly Activity:

          Activity                             Output                        Schedule
       Meeting minutes            Submit minutes to Chair and      After each meeting
                                   Website Editor
       Newsletter                 Collect inputs                   August - September
                                   Publish newsletter               November
      Highlights Article for      Solicit inputs                   At and following JPC
    Aerospace America
                                   Write and submit article         September
       EPTC Brochure              Annual update                    EPTC annual meeting at JPC
       EPTC Annual Report         Submit input to Chair            December
       Activity report            Summary of accomplishments       At each EPTC meeting




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EPTC Charter                                                                       January 4, 1999


5. EDUCATION

    Responsibilities:
       Initiate courses for the working engineer to improve technical proficiency in electric pro-
        pulsion, such as conducting a short course in conjunction with the JPC.
       Review the status of electric propulsion subject material currently being offered in engin-
        eering curricula, and advocate how new material may be introduced into the curricula.
       Sponsor student design and paper competitions.
       Solicit applications for and select recipient of EPTC graduate student scholarship award.

    Yearly Activity:

             Activity                       Output                          Schedule
       Short Course              Course outline and objectives     Annual meeting at JPC
                                  for EPTC approval
                                  Coordinate course scheduling      As required
                                  with AIAA Education focal
                                  Conduct course                    Biannually at JPC, or as
                                                                    decided by EPTC
       Home study programs,      Organize material                 As decided by EPTC
    videos, seminars
       EPTC graduate student     Prepare and send scholarship      August
    scholarship                   announcement to universities
                                  and AIAA for publication
                                  Select winner. Notify AIAA,       March
                                  winner, and EPTC Chair.
                                  Prepare scholarship award         March
                                  article for Aerospace America
      Materials to educate       Present projects for EPTC         At each EPTC meeting
    and encourage public          approval
    support
      AIAA educational           Assist AIAA                       As required
    materials
      Engineering curricula      Evaluate engineering              As suggested by EPTC
                                  curricula
       Speakers                  Provide speakers to universi-     As requested
                                  ties and AIAA local chapters
       EPTC annual report        Submit input to Chair             December
       Activity report           Summary of accomplishments        At each EPTC meeting




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EPTC Charter                                                                       January 4, 1999


6. EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

    Responsibilities:
       Represent EPTC at AIAA advocacy events such as Congressional Visits Day.
       Conduct other political and external advocacy activities as are appropriate.
       Prepare position papers and informational material for advocacy activities. Also, provide
        this material to the Website Editor.
       Provide two representatives for the selection of the Wylde Propulsion Award recipient.
       Establish and maintain liaisons with other AIAA Technical Committees and other
        societies, such as the Aerospace Power and Plasma Physics TC’s and the ASME.
       Maintain liaisons with the Electric Rocket Propulsion Society, including consultation and
        coordination regarding meetings, courses, and nominations for EPTC membership.

    Yearly Activity:

          Activity                            Output                          Schedule
     Wylde Propulsion            Chair the Wylde Propulsion         Every fourth year award*
    Award                         Award Committee
                                  Participate in selection of        Yearly
                                  award recipient
      Congressional Visits       Prepare informational packet       February
    Day                           and review with Chair
                                  Attend CVD in Washington           March
                                  Prepare synopsis and submit        March
                                  to Chair and Website Editor
       Advocacy                  Annual report of activities        At JPC meeting
       Liaisons                  Annual report of activities        At JPC meeting
       EPTC annual report        Submit input to Chair              December
       Activity report           Summary of accomplishments         At each EPTC meeting
* Each year the four propulsion TC’s (solid propulsion, liquid propulsion, electric propulsion,
and propellants and combustion) select a recipient for the Wylde Propulsion Award. Two Wylde
Committee members are appointed from each of the four propulsion TC’s, and each year the
Chair of the Wylde Committee rotates to another propulsion TC.




                                             Page 10
EPTC Charter                                                                         January 4, 1999


7. TECHNICAL AFFAIRS

    Responsibilities:
       Support AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power.
       Provide focal point for technical expertise in each main discipline of electric propulsion.
       Facilitate public access to technical information on historically significant electric
        propulsion systems.
       Encourage the use of history as a teacher for future electric propulsion systems.
       Organize session every few years at the JPC to provide a forum for the presentation of
        electric propulsion related historical materials.
       Provide continuing liaison with AIAA standards activities committee and other technical
        society propulsion standards groups.
       Organize and implement methods of standardization.

    Yearly Activity:

            Activity                           Output                        Schedule
       Solicit papers for         Papers                            Throughout the year.
    journal publication.
       Provide reviewers for      Reviewers                         Throughout the year.
    the Journal of Propulsion
    and Power.
       JPC session on electric    Select session theme              During previous JPC
    propulsion history
                                   Invite papers                     September
       History advocacy           Special projects                  Select at JPC meeting
       Article on Electric        Write and submit article          As directed by EPTC
    Propulsion Technologies
    for Aerospace America
       Standards Working          Recommend standards               Report status
    Group                          projects to be supported by
                                   EPTC and STC
                                   Implement applicable projects     As required
       Standards projects         Perform tasks as determined       As required
                                   by AIAA standard focal
       EPTC annual report         Submit input to Chair             December
       Activity report            Summary of accomplishments        At each EPTC meeting




                                               Page 11
EPTC Charter                                          January 4, 1999




                             APPENDIX I

           GUIDELINES FOR PLANNING JPC TECHNICAL SESSIONS




                              Page 12
EPTC Charter                                                                              January 4, 1999

                            EPTC JPC Conference Organizer Guidelines

JPC (June/July)    Prepare new Call for Papers prior to previous year’s JPC.
                   Attend planning meeting at previous year’s JPC.
October            Make list of potential session chairpersons and begin contacting them to confirm that they
                    would be willing to serve. Do not assign EPTC Chair as a session chairperson.
                   Plan a special panel session if desired. Find a chairperson to organize it.
November           Abstracts arrive. Return incomplete ones for revision before accepting them.
                   Invite foreign papers (and additional U.S. ones if necessary) for Programs Overview session.
                    (Invited authors need not prepare a written paper unless they wish to.)
December           Organize papers into sessions.
                     6 papers in a session is best; 7 is good; do 5 or 8 only as necessary.
                   Prepare AIAA Session Planning Sheets.
                   Plan the sessions schedule.
                     Avoid scheduling an author for presentations in two concurrent sessions.
                   Assign co-chairs to sessions (two per session).
                     Generally, try to assign sessions within the chairpersons’ areas of expertise.
                    * Avoid assigning someone to a session in which another person from the same
                         organization is presenting a paper. (This prevents a conflict of interest in
                         making the best paper nomination for the session.)
                    * Avoid assigning a chairperson to any session running concurrently with another session in
                         which that person is a presenter.
                     Pair foreign chairs with U.S. ones.
January (early)    Attend JPC planning meeting (often at the Aerospace Sciences Meeting in Reno early in
                    January). This is when rooms are picked for sessions.
                     Be prepared with information about sizes of rooms needed for the sessions.
                     Attempt to obtain adjacent rooms for concurrent sessions.
January (mid)      Submit final Session Planning Sheets to JPC Technical Program Chair.
February           Write to all co-chairs with directive to contact all authors and inform you of their status.
                    Include Session Planning Sheet (AIAA will also send this to them) and Best Paper selection
                    criteria document, with instruction to obtain 2-3 copies of each author’s paper before the
                    conference if at all possible (to enable a head start on the nomination selection).
April (early)      Send paper additions and withdrawals to JPC Technical Program Chair.
April-May          Call the co-chairs to check on status of papers in their sessions.
                   Compile list of paper withdrawals and send to JPC Technical Program Chair for inclusion on
                    conference errata sheet.
June               Determine who next year’s EP Technical Chair will be and submit new Call for Papers to
                    AIAA.
Week before JPC    E-mail complete withdrawals list with latest additions to AIAA paper coordinator. This is used
                    for putting “Withdrawn” signs in place of withdrawn papers in paper sales room.
At JPC             Inform paper sales persons of any additional withdrawals.
                   At EPTC meeting, give a briefing summarizing the conference, the number of EP sessions and
                    papers, the number of withdrawals, etc.
After JPC          Provide electronic copy of list of session chairs’ addresses, phone numbers, and email addresses
                    to the chairperson of the Best Paper Award selection committee.
                   Update the list of authors who have withdrawn papers each year from the JPC with those who
                    withdrew this year.
                   Pass on the JPC technical chair material, including electronic files, to next year’s chair.


                                                  Page 13
EPTC Charter                                             January 4, 1999




                             APPENDIX II

               SELECTION PROCESS FOR BEST PAPER AWARDS




                              Page 14
EPTC Charter                                                                       January 4, 1999


                                                           ELECTRIC PROPULSION
                                                         TECHNICAL COMMITTEE




                  SELECTION PROCESS FOR BEST PAPER AWARDS


A. PURPOSE

  The purpose of the Electric Propulsion Technical Committee (EPTC) Best Paper Award is to
  provide professional recognition to the author(s) whose paper is judged to make the most
  significant contribution to the electric propulsion (EP) community at the annual AIAA Joint
  Propulsion Conference (JPC).


B. SELECTION FORMAT

  1. Nominations

     The co-chairs of each EP session at the JPC, except the overview plenary session, are
     entitled to nominate the paper they judge to be the best paper of those presented in their
     session. If they cannot decide between two equally qualified papers, they may nominate
     both papers. They may also decline to nominate any paper if, in their opinion, none meet
     the minimum criteria for best paper. The session co-chairs are to provide a copy of each
     nominated paper to the chair of the Best Paper Selection Panel (selected as described
     below) during or immediately following the conference.

  2. Selection Committee

     Following each conference, the Best Paper Selection Panel shall be organized by a panel
     chairperson designated by the EPTC Chair and the EPTC Conference Subcommittee
     Chair. It shall consist of 10 of the JPC EP session co-chairs selected by the panel chair.
     In choosing from among the session co-chairs, consideration shall be given to avoiding
     any conflict of interest that may arise with regard to any of the 10 finalist papers and to
     achieving an appropriate representation of International members. The members of the
     selection panel shall vote by ballot in accordance with instructions provided by the panel
     chair. The chair shall compile the ballots, but shall not cast a vote unless there is a tie, as
     noted below.

  3. Preliminary Evaluation




                                            Page 15
EPTC Charter                                                                    January 4, 1999

     If more than 10 papers are nominated, the selection panel chair shall evaluate the
     nominated papers and select 10 for distribution to the panel. At the chair's discretion,
     other members of the panel may be called upon to assist in this initial screening.
     Distribution to the panel shall be by mail following the conference.

  4. Judging

     All the finalist papers from the conference shall be reviewed and rated by each member
     of the selection panel, except the chair. Each will then vote for his or her top three
     choices, in order of preference, with 3 points assigned to the first choice, 2 points to the
     second, and 1 point to the third. The paper accumulating the highest point total will be
     winner of the best paper award for the conference. In the event of tie, a vote shall be
     taken with only the tied papers contending. If there is a second tie, the panel chair shall
     cast the deciding vote.


C. SELECTION CRITERIA

  The following criteria shall be used in evaluating conference papers for the best paper award.

  1. Originality (30% of score)

     Originality is a measure of the creativity or inventiveness of the author. It is rated
     according to the extent to which the author's achievements pertaining to electric propul-
     sion have never before been accomplished. For the present purpose, it should be
     construed as encompassing new achievements in any of the following categories:
     physical creation, analytical technique, system concept, experimental method, trade
     study, or state-of-the-art survey and assessment. The paper must present work that earns
     the attribute of originality by a specific contribution to the author's technical field. The
     assessment of originality is to be based on what the judge knows of past and current
     developments in the field of the author's work.

  2. Significance (30% of score)

     The paper must make a significant contribution to the electric propulsion literature by
     accomplishing one or more of the following:

     a.   Addressing and solving a technical issue of substantial import.
     b.   Reporting on a significant development or flight program.
     c.   Evaluating important future applications and requirements.
     d.   Surveying and critically assessing the current state of knowledge.

     The conclusions must be relevant, and the recommendations presented should be feasible
     and practical. The problem(s) addressed should not be uncommon or obscure, and the
     solution(s) presented should be a useful aid in resolving other similar problems.

  3. Completeness (20% of score)

     Completeness refers to the wholeness of the work as presented in the paper. It is not
     concerned specifically with how the paper is composed (that is judged under Preparation


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EPTC Charter                                                                   January 4, 1999

     below); rather, it is a rating of the author's ability to formulate and pursue a technical
     program that is professional and meritorious. The work should be marked by a unity and
     continuity of parts and should show an interdependence among these parts. As an
     example, an experimental program must be marked by a concept or phenomenon to be
     investigated; the formulation of an experiment; the design, build-up, and check-out of
     experimental equipment; the running of the test; the gathering and interpretation of data;
     and the establishment of conclusions.

     All the needed parts should be present; each should have a completeness of its own; and
     the interdependence among them should be such that omitting any of them destroys to
     some extent the integrity of the entire work. The work must exhibit a high level of
     accomplishment and cohesion. The judge should consider the question: Are there gaps or
     missing pieces in the work as presented in the paper?

  4. Preparation (20% of score)

     Clarity. The paper must be well written, so that the material is presented clearly and the
     conclusion developed logically. That is, the paper should conform to recognized
     standards of literary style, be complete and thorough but concise, contain clearly
     understandable and effective illustrations, and be readily comprehensible to engineers in
     the field of interest of the paper. For clarity in conveying ideas to the reader, the
     author(s) must use the proper choice of words, effective sentence structure, correct
     spelling and punctuation, and appropriate paragraphing, as well as show accuracy and
     skill in the use of formulae, graphs, and diagrams.

     Organization. The paper must have a logical organization and be cohesive. There
     should be an abstract stating the object, scope, and results. The body of the paper should
     generally include a statement of purpose, description of problem, means of solution,
     results, and conclusion.

     References. Acknowledgment of the work of others by citing references is mandatory.
     This is not only a courtesy, but is valuable content showing how the current work is
     related to work already accomplished. The citations must show the author's familiarity
     with the work of others. The references must be adequate in number, yet also reflect a
     judicious choice of pertinent papers, and they should be correct.


D. AWARD

  The EPTC Best Paper Award will be a certificate presented to each author of the winning
  paper during the awards luncheon at the next JPC. The selection panel chair shall be
  responsible for ensuring timely selection of the award winner and for informing the Awards
  Liaison at AIAA Headquarters in time for including a citation on the luncheon agenda.
  (Typically the AIAA needs the selection in April.) The AIAA will send a letter to the award
  recipient(s) to notify them of the award and invite them to the upcoming JPC for the award
  presentation. The AIAA will prepare the award certificate(s) and arrange for the award
  presentation.




                                          Page 17
                                              EPTC Best Paper Evaluation Form

Paper No.                           Title:                                                                  Author:
                                                              Scoring Criteria
Originality (30% of score)

    Originality is a measure of the creativity or inventiveness of the author. It is rated according to the extent to which the author's
achievements pertaining to electric propulsion have never before been accomplished. For the present purpose, it should be construed as
encompassing new achievements in any of the following categories: physical creation, analytical technique, system concept, experimental
method, trade study, or state-of-the-art survey and assessment. The paper must present work that earns the attribute of originality by a
specific contribution to the author's technical field. The assessment of originality is to be based on what the judge knows of past and
current developments in the field of the author's work.

Significance (30% of score)
   The paper must make a contribution to the electric propulsion literature by accomplishing one or more of the following:

       a.   Addressing and solving a technical issue of substantial import.
       b.   Reporting on a significant development or flight program.
       c.   Evaluating important future applications and requirements.
       d.   Surveying and critically assessing the current state of knowledge.

   The analyses and conclusions must be relevant and correct, and the recommendations presented should be feasible. The problem(s)
addressed should not be uncommon or obscure, and the solution(s) presented should be a useful aid in resolving other similar problems.

Completeness (20% of score)
    Completeness refers to the wholeness of the author's work as presented in the paper. It is not concerned specifically with how the paper
is composed (that is judged under Preparation below); rather, it is a rating of the author's ability to formulate and pursue a technical
program that is professional and meritorious. The work should be marked by a unity and continuity of parts and should show an
interdependence among these parts. As an example, an experimental program must be marked by a concept or phenomenon to be
investigated; the formulation of an experiment; the design, build-up, and check-out of experimental equipment; the running of the test; the
gathering and interpretation of data; and the establishment of conclusions.
    All the needed parts should be present; each should have a completeness of its own; and the interdependence among them should be
such that omitting any of them destroys to some extent the integrity of the entire work. The work must exhibit a high level of accomplish-
ment and cohesion. The judge should consider the question: Are there gaps or missing pieces in the work as presented in the paper?

Preparation (20% of score)
    Clarity. The paper must be well written, so that the material is presented clearly and the conclusion developed logically. That is, the
paper should conform to recognized standards of literary style, be complete and thorough but concise, contain clearly understandable and
effective illustrations, and be readily comprehensible to engineers in the field of interest of the paper. For clarity in conveying ideas to the
reader, the author(s) must use the proper choice of words, effective sentence structure, correct spelling and punctuation, and appropriate
paragraphing, as well as show accuracy and skill in the use of formulae, graphs, and diagrams.
    Organization. The paper must have a logical organization and be cohesive. There should be an abstract stating the object, scope, and
results. The body of the paper should generally include a statement of purpose, description of problem, means of solution, results, and
conclusion.
    References. Acknowledgement of the work of others by citing references is mandatory. This is not only a courtesy, but is valuable
content showing how the current work is related to work already accomplished. The citations must show the author's familiarity with the
work of others. The references must be adequate in number, yet also reflect a judicious choice of pertinent papers, and they should be
correct.

                                                                 Scoring Worksheet
                                                Satisfactory                                                               Outstanding
                                                      1                   2                 3                 4                 5
  Originality of the work                             q                   q                 q                 q                 q      30%
  Significance to electric propulsion community       q                   q                 q                 q                 q      30%
  Completeness of the reported work                   q                   q                 q                 q                 q      20%
  Preparation                                         q                   q                 q                 q                 q      20%
    Clarity of the text and illustrations            m                    m                 m                 m                 m
    Organization of the paper                        m                    m                 m                 m                 m
    References to work of others                     m                    m                 m                 m                 m

                                                                                                        Weighted average score:




                                                                                                                                    May 9, 1998

				
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